DoD SBIR FY05.3 - SOLICITATION SELECTIONS w/ ABSTRACTS
Navy - MDA - OSD

---------- NAVY ----------

83 Phase I Selections from the 05.3 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
ARETE ASSOC.
P.O. Box 6024
Sherman Oaks, CA 91413
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 571-8660
Mr. Thomas Reilly
NAVY 05-138      Selected for Award
Title:Expendable Electro-Optic Infrared Camera System
Abstract:Due to the limited number of P-3 aircraft, the most economical and expeditious way to enhance operations and ensure crew safety is to incorporate a low-cost expendable Sonochute Launched Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) or (SL-UAS). Due to size, power, and weight limitations it is unrealistic to apply traditional gimbal technology to these small vehicles, however, the stability of the platforms, coupled with their small field-of-view sensor necessitates the capability to command and stabilize their sensors to provide useful imagery. By using a MEMS Scan Mirror we will be able to address the power, size, and weight restrictions of the UAS that prohibit the use of traditional gimbal technology, while providing a stabilized pointing system with a large field-of-regard for the IR camera imagery. Additional benefits of the system include: . Pointing capability allows for 90o circular Field-of-Regard (FOR) . Inertial image stabilization allowing for longer integration periods while maintaining Modulation Transfer Function (MTF) . Step-Stare capability allows for buildup of mosaiced scenes

B.E. MEYERS & CO., INC.
14540 NE 91st Street
Redmond, WA 98052
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 881-6648
Dr. Charles E. Hamilton
NAVY 05-138      Selected for Award
Title:Expendable Electro-Optic Infrared Camera System
Abstract:The Navy has a need for low-cost cameras to be used in disposable UAV's for maritime reconnaissance. B.E. Meyers offers a suite of three cameras, enabling viewing anytime in a 24-hr day, in all sorts of weather conditions. For low-scattering environments, including rain or mist, ultra-sensitive CCD's, with electronic shuttering capability and an optional LED illuminator, enable imaging under conditions ranging from daylight to overcast starlight. In high-scattering, low-visibility conditions, such as fog, a low-cost microbolometer LWIR camera images by detecting thermal signatures of the scene. All cameras are able to identify humans easily, and recognize or identify small weapons. The cameras are electronically imaged stabilized using chip-level gyros to sense three orthogonal rotations. Averaged, camera costs remain below $1.5K. Cameras are cradled in a pan & tilt mechanism that has a mirror to define the viewing direction. The complete pan/tilt/zoom camera package occupies a 2.5" diameter cylindrical space, and weighs 2 lbs., conforming to Coyote UAV requirements. Among proposed activities are: 1) lab and field testing of all camera systems, with comparison to standard CCDs and Gen III night vision, 2) shake testing of an gyro-stabilized camera, and 3) Preliminary Design development leading into Phase II.

HOOD TECHNOLOGY CORP.
1750 Country Club Road
Hood River, OR 97031
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(541) 387-2288
Dr. Andy von Flotow
NAVY 05-138      Selected for Award
Title:Expendable Electro-Optic Infrared Camera System
Abstract:The side looking camera of Sono-buoy launch UAV can be stabilized using a two axis system with limited travel, solid state gyros for feedback and torque motors. This technology is available on Hood Technology's existing AltiCam turrets. The new system would however fit in a 3x3 inch space, unlike the 7inch space for AltiCam. Two imagers, the Sony FCB-IX10 and the FLIR Omega are imagers that meet size and cost requirements. We also propose an outer roll stage to decouple UAV trajectory and imaging.

LAKOTA TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS, INC.
PO Box 1180
Laurel, MD 20725
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 725-1700
Mr. J. Robert Pence
NAVY 05-139      Selected for Award
Title:Data Distribution Service in Linux Kernel Module
Abstract:The Publish/Subscribe (Pub/Sub) paradigm has become a key component of the Navy Open Systems Architecture (OA) initiative. The finalization of the Data Distribution Service (DDS) specification by the Object Management Group has solidified a common approach for performing data centric distributed computing for real-time applications. However, there are potential latencies induced in the data exchanges that occur through DDS compliant product as a result of the context switching that occurs as the computing device switching between user and kernel space. This SBIR is focused on determining the feasibility of implementing the DDS specification as a Linux Kernel Module (LKM). If a successful, DDS LKM can be created, the resultant performance of this implementation vice a DDS that is solely resident in the user space will also be measured. Additionally, Lakota is proposing the incorporation of functionality within this Kernel module that will support Adaptive Resource Management to ensure that the requested Quality of Service agreements are maintained.

REAL-TIME INNOVATIONS
3975 Freedom Circle, 6th Floor
Santa Clara, CA 95054
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 200-4753
Mr. Joe Schlesselman
NAVY 05-139      Selected for Award
Title:Data Distribution Service in Linux Kernel Module
Abstract:Real-Time Innovations (RTI) proposes to develop an implementation of the Object Management Group (OMG) Data Distribution Service (DDS) for Real-Time Systems that runs in Linux Kernel space. This implementation will be based upon NDDS 4.0, a DDS product uniquely suited to fit into an OS Kernel space. The modular architecture of NDDS allows significant performance improvement possibilities, which are discussed in detail in this proposal. Far beyond the usual expectations for a Phase I SBIR, we intend to have completed work produced by this effort rolled into our standard product at the end of the Phase I Option. This Phase I effort will culminate in a high-quality proof-of-concept design, testable code, and quantifiable performance results. Much development work will remain to optimize and fully test our solution during Phase II, but we are confident of our ambitious approach.

ADVANCED CERAMICS RESEARCH, INC.
3292 E. Hemisphere Loop
Tucson, AZ 85706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 573-6300
Mr. Jason Douglas
NAVY 05-140      Selected for Award
Title:Expendable Ad Hoc Networked Data Link System
Abstract:Coded Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (COFDM) continues to be a preferred solution for wireless broadband data transfer. Currently many Commercial-Off-The-Shelf (COTS) solutions are available with a wide range of performance optimizations from low cost 802.11.g using 64 carriers to more expensive Digital Video Broadcasting - Terrestrial (DVB-T) solutions supporting over 8000 carriers. Advanced Ceramics Research, partnering with RTI's Center for Advance Networking Research, proposes to leverage their existing joint research UAV RF links, optimizing for a low cost and long distance RF link for expendable SL-UAV applications. The phase I effort will investigate existing COTS technologies with limited modifications in conjunction with a highly efficient RF technology for reaching a 50 nautical mile range while minimizing the radio Doppler effects from motion of the P-3 and SL-UAV.

AERONIX, INC.
1775 W. Hibiscus Blvd., Suite 200
Melbourne, FL 32901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 984-1671
Mr. Geoffrey Miller
NAVY 05-140      Selected for Award
Title:Expendable Ad Hoc Networked Data Link System
Abstract:The increasing need to provide information to the warfighter is driving the need for innovative sensor systems. This SBIR addresses the need to incorporate UAV operational capability into the P-3 aircraft in support of its many diverse missions. Benefits to UAV usage with the P3 include cost economics, enhanced operations, and crew safety. Currently there are no commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) Ad Hoc Networked Data Link Systems in use today that meet all of the needs for UAV applications by the P3. Current commercial solutions are high cost, too large, have limited range, operate only in commercial frequencies and do not have encryption. Aeronix is proposing, per this SBIR, to provide a SL-UAV Data Link that is based upon the COTS IEEE 802.16D specification but is enhanced for DoD military requirements. Aeronix will directly leverage its existing 802.16 Rev D software radio (SCA compliant) solution which has been designed to provide 65.5 Mbps throughput over ranges up to 70 miles with beam antennas.

EFFICIENT CHANNEL CODING
600 Safeguard Plaza, Suite 100
Brookyln Hts, OH 44131
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 635-1610
Dr. Russell A. Fuerst
NAVY 05-140      Selected for Award
Title:Expendable Ad Hoc Networked Data Link System
Abstract:The objective of the WiMax Expendable Ad-hoc networked Sonochute Launched (WEASL) Data Link Module is to address the deficiencies in the current Unmanned Air Systems (UAS) communication links by designing an low-cost, expendable ad-hoc networked data link capable of supporting multiple Sonochute Launched Unmanned Air Vehicles (SL-UAV). The intent of the digital communication system would allow for a common physical interface for various sensor payloads and an IP v6 data interface for various software/user applications. The WEASL data link module would provide large bandwidth for increased data throughput and routing of ad-hoc network traffic and be robust enough to work under difficult channel conditions over a large operational distance. The link would be able to adaptively adjust its' bandwidth to maintain link integrity and Quality of Service (QoS) in Line of Sight (LOS) operational conditions. It is anticipated that the use of the COTS WiMAX (IEEE 802.16) standard with a modified carrier frequency for the air interface could satisfy all the requirements for the physical link and be compliant with IP v6 protocols useful for interfacing with various payloads and providing routing functionality onboard the UAS to include ad-hoc networking capabilities.

TIME DOMAIN CORP.
7057 Old Madison Pike, Suite 250
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 428-6403
Mr. William Beeler
NAVY 05-140      Selected for Award
Title:Expendable Ad Hoc Networked Data Link System
Abstract:Time Domain Corporation (TDC) proposes using an Ultra-wideband (UWB) communication system to provide a reliable multi-kilometer RF link between an aircraft such as a P-3 and sonochute launched unmanned aerial vehicles (SL-UAVs) like the Coyote. The intended UWB receiver uses coherent integration to pull signals from the noise and to reconstruct and decode the information symbols. TDC has demonstrated several long range line of sight (LOS) ground-to-ground links (approximately 15 km) using a high gain directional receive antenna, and shorter range LOS ground-to-UAV links (approximately 1 km) using very small omni-directional antennas and effective isotropic radiated power (E.I.R.P.) of 9.5 dBm = 9 mW. TDC's UWB physical layer supports standard packet-based networking protocols including Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP). TDC has demonstrated multi-node TDMA networks for communications applications. For this project, TDC will identify requirements, design a UWB signaling structure, and analyze the link budget and LPI/LPD characteristics associated with the proposed solution. Based on the analyses, TDC will define a prototype system to be built and tested in Phase II. The program will determine feasibility of meeting size, weight, and power consumption requirements with UWB radios that support the network requirements for communications between the P-3 and SL-UAVs.

CONTROLEX CORP.
16005 Sherman Way, Suite 105
Van Nuys, CA 91406
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 780-8877
Mr. Bruce Kaufman
NAVY 05-141      Selected for Award
Title:A Very High Speed TeraByte Solid State Mass Memory Implemented with Stacked Die
Abstract:Proposed is the use of breakthrough technique to develop a TeraByte solid state mass memory (SSMM)for network-centric avionic applications. The memory portion will be implemented with 16 high multiple die stacks. Transfer rates of 250MBytes/S are achieved by a novel scheme for interleaving banks of NAND flash chips. The proposed SSMM is a dual port unit, supporting PCI Express and legacy 1553 ports. Extensive use is made of proprietary IP ported to FPGAs to handle complex memory management and I/O activities

SEAKR ENGINEERING, INC.
6221 S. Racine Circle
Centennial, CO 80111
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 784-7706
Mr. Brett Koritnik
NAVY 05-141      Selected for Award
Title:High Density Solid State Memory for Avionic Network Applications
Abstract:In their current state, memory density and its associated packaging costs will be a limiting factor in supporting the various Network Centric Warfare (NCW) mission capability packages that tomorrow's aircraft will be asked to perform. Any rugged memory platform, whether it is currently being developed or is a future revolutionary technology, will need to increase density to accommodate the need. The goal is to provide 5 to 10 times today's memory capacity and be able to operate in harsh military environments and provide features such as safe memory management, high speed network connectivity and long term reliable operations. There are several diverse and innovative technologies that are currently evolving that have the promise of satisfying these mission needs during the three-phase SBIR program. This SBIR Phase I study will investigate the advancement paths of a diverse group of memory technologies in the context of refined DoD requirements. Further, this study will focus on identifying which of these advancements could best meet the needs and how the DoD may be able to influence the direction of such advancements.

EPSILON LAMBDA ELECTRONICS CORP.
396 Fenton Lane, Suite 601
West Chicago, IL 60185
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 293-7118
Mr. Robert M. Knox
NAVY 05-142      Selected for Award
Title:Real Time Wireless Network for Avionics Applications
Abstract:The US Navy has identified the need to develop and demonstrate innovative technologies that leverage existing and emerging commercial real-time wireless circuitry by upconversion of frequency to 60 GHz for short range, high security applications. This topic proposes to gain the advantages of emerging microwave commercial off-the-shelf technology by upconverting to 60 GHz (V-band) where atmospheric absorption inhibits the ability of enemy forces to intercept or jam the communications network. Proposed is a wireless network for avionics applications operating at 60 GHz that is (1) light-weight, (2) low-cost, (3) highly reliable and capable of very wide bandwidth (4) operates in hazy or dusty environment, and (5) operates with low power drain. The network will have seamless interoperability with local nodes that can operate in a wireless network, but with extended connection and backward compatibility to existing wired networks. It will have high data capacity and high data rate transfer. It can be implemented in either a client-server network or an ad-hoc configuration to serve the needs of mobile and fixed nodes whether in direct line-of-sight or as an omni-directional local area network cell (non line-of-sight). Design considerations will include consideration of operation with adaptive power level to minimize detection.

MAXENTRIC TECHNOLOGIES LLC
2071 Lemoine Avenue Suite 302
Fort Lee, NJ 07024
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 272-8800
Mr. Houman Ghajari
NAVY 05-142      Selected for Award
Title:W Band, Real Time Wireless Network for Avionics Applications
Abstract:The 60 GHz frequency band possesses the potential for secure, low-power, and high-data rate communication links. MaXentric's 60 GHz ViFi system is an effective method that overcomes the current challenges of deploying reliable 60 GHz networks. ViFi's architecture has undergone detailed analysis and is capable of meeting the temporal accuracy constraints of avionics applications. ViFi's chosen air interface is well suited for intensive multi-path environments and will facilitate mathematical modeling to determine network stability, accuracy, and robustness.

RESERVOIR LABS., INC.
632 Broadway, Suite 803
New York, NY 10012
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(212) 780-0527
Dr. Peter Mattson
NAVY 05-143      Selected for Award
Title:High performance IP networking over the backplane with next generation protocol factoring
Abstract:High-performance embedded systems often comprise multiple single-board computers (SBCs) connected via a common backplane bus. The SBCs usually communicate using the Internet Protocol (IP) over Ethernet, but using Ethernet requires that the system contain an Ethernet switch and, potentially, additional cabling. The logical alternative is to enable IP-based communication over the backplane, taking advantage of the backplane's performance potential. We propose high-performance, Linux-based, IP-compatible process-to-process communication using standard multicomputer backplanes for physical data transport. Because backplane accesses are privileged operations, the implementation must reside in the Linux kernel, and hence will consist of one or more loadable kernel modules. The software architecture will provide a framework for IP-compatible communication across general shared-memory interconnects. Distinct components within the framework will support specific standards such as Versa Module Eurocard (VME) and Compact PCI (cPCI), and will exploit optional performance-enhancing features of common devices (e.g., DMA). This structure will provide the flexibility to support both future backplane protocols and enhanced feature sets in future backplane adapter devices. Since the reliability of the communication protocol is critical to the stability of a distributed system, we also propose applying Reservoir's expertise with dynamic and formal verification to the implementation.

TWIN OAKS COMPUTING, LLC
1315 Clarkes Circle
Castle Rock, CO 80109
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 947-6958
Mrs. Nina Tucker
NAVY 05-143      Selected for Award
Title:Backplane Internet Protocol Connectivity in Linux
Abstract:The objective of this effort is to demonstrate the applicability of the versa module eurocard (VME) backplane and the compact peripheral component interconnect (cPCI) backplane as transport mediums for Internet Protocol (IP) packets in the Linux kernel. In addition, we will identify the requirements, design, and estimated performance of a Linux 2.6.2*n kernel device driver to support this connectivity. The opportunity is significant because performance and cost benefits may be realized by providing IP connectivity across the backplane.

ADVANCED MATERIALS & PROCESSES
104 Inwood Drive
San Marcos, TX 78666
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 557-7461
Dr. John L. Massingill, Jr.
NAVY 05-144      Selected for Award
Title:Sealant Application Process and Technology Development
Abstract:Advanced Materials & Processes (AMP) has identified a viable approach for applying Class B or C sealants that will meet quality criteria for thickness, porosity, continuity, and application time. The project will develop a rapid dispensing process for consistent application of the minimum weight of sealants to solid surfaces. Current methods are time consuming and applicator dependent, resulting in unwanted variation in quality and excessive weight. The process will give consistent results in confined spaces. The process will uniformly spread sealant over the faying surface in a minimum amount sufficient to provide a continuous bead of sealant "squeeze out" along all flange edges after the parts are assembled. Polysulfide sealants typically have a part A and a part B with a viscosity of about 2000+ Poise with a mix ratio that is critical to the performance of the sealant. AMP has identified hand held, pneumatic and electric proportional pumps/dispensers and disposable static mixers with bead and ribbon nozzles as a potential solution to meet the need for accurate control of variable mix ratio, thickness, porosity, and application time. Once this accurate control is established, then robotic application of the sealant with optical confirmation of continuity and bead size will be modeled and then implemented.

TIAX LLC
15 Acorn Park
Cambridge, MA 02140
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 498-5848
Dr. Jacqueline Ashmore
NAVY 05-144      Selected for Award
Title:Sealant Application Process and Technology Development
Abstract:Sealants are currently applied manually to aircraft which is a time-consuming process that results in unwanted variation in sealant thickness and quality, making a controlled and reliable automated application method extremely advantageous. We propose novel technology for spraying to deliver a controlled high-speed jet of sealant droplets, which will impact and adhere to the surface to be coated. Three fabrication issues which are particularly important in the design process are (i) keeping the spray head small to enable sealant to be applied to target surfaces in confined spaces, (ii) making the application process rapid, and (iii) generating a uniform sealant bead, and we explain how our proposed design satisfies these criteria. We choose a spray method which minimizes nonuniformity in the sealant bead, and additionally propose evaluation of post-processing methods to increase the bead quality after application. The TIAX approach combines successful methods for handling highly viscous materials with spray delivery which is currently used for less viscous fluids. We present our approach and discuss the construction of the device. The proposal also includes a description of a number of features which ensure that the device is reliable, robust, and easy to use.

COMPOSITE APPLICATIONS, INC.
19649 70th Ave. So.
Kent, WA 98032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(253) 872-0870
Mr. Kurt Gustafson
NAVY 05-145      Selected for Award
Title:Core Milling Processes and Technologies
Abstract:Core cutting is one aspect of advavced composite manufacturing that has traditionally lagged behind other composite materials and manufacturing processes, until the recent development of the highly successful CNC Ultrasonic Cutting Process. This process substantially eliminates the resulting dust and many other objectionable aspects of machining details from a sheet or block of core in an otherwise modern, clean manufacturing environment. Ultrasonic cutting, relative to composite manufacturing, was initially envisioned by the developers as primarily a superior method of cutting single andmultiple layers of prepreg, as a way to minimize the wear resulting from the abrasive nature of the combinations of fibers and resin systems. Therefore, the development of the ultrasonic cutting tools was primarily limited to short knives. When it was determined that ultrasonic cutting was a superior method of machining honeycomb, longer knives and other types of ultrasonic cutters were developed, which satisfy the requirements for a greatly improved process of cutting most types of core. However, loaded core materials (military programs) have not been available to the technology developers. Therefore this project will explore what additional developments, enhancements and new processes are required to address the problems of machining loaded core, including Total Process Time.

THIRD WAVE SYSTEMS, INC.
7900 West 78th St., Suite 250
Minneapolis, MN 55439
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 832-5515
Dr. Troy D. Marusich
NAVY 05-145      Selected for Award
Title:Improved Loaded Core Milling Process
Abstract:Military aircraft utilize advanced materials like loaded core composites for superior strength, weight, fatigue and stealth properties in parts such as ailerons, flaps, runners, leading edges and rudders. While new processes like ultrasonic machining for cutting and shaping of loaded cores are an improvement over traditional milling methods to reduce dust, they are slow and suffer from rapid tool wear. Our Phase I project will demonstrate innovative loaded core milling modeling and process technology the Navy needs to reduce cycle time by 50% while maintaining or improving tool life. Teaming with Lockheed Martin, we will: (a) Apply physics-based modeling to address thermal, tool life and material removal rate (MRR) problems inherent in ultrasonic machining of loaded cores; (b) Meet program requirements by working with suppliers to achieve a 50% cycle time reduction; (c) Reduce scrap due to fraying and workpiece inaccuracies; (d) Eliminate trial-and-error testing; (e) Predict forces, temperature, tool wear and workpiece quality; and (f) Establish process parameters and tooling to improve MRR and tool life. Our three-phased development program will: (a) Demonstrate modeling for process representation; (b) Identify conditions for improved cycle time and tool life; and (c) Formulate a plan to integrate modeling and ultrasonic machining system.

BECK ENGINEERING
3319 21st Ave NW
Gig Harbor, WA 98335
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(306) 876-9710
Dr. Douglas S. Beck
NAVY 05-146      Selected for Award
Title:Compact Powerfeed Drill for Limited Access Drilling
Abstract:The Navy needs a compact drill with controlled powerfeed for drilling holes in limited access areas of aircraft structures. We propose to adapt technology we are developing for a compact high-speed high-power milling spindle to develop a compact powerfeed drill for the Navy. Our drill uses compact high-stiffness large-damping hydrostatic bearings which: minimize the distance from the centerline of the spindle to the top of the drill housing; minimize the overall size and weight of the drill; and provide a large amount of damping, which leads to smooth holes and long tool life. Our drill uses direct liquid-turbine drive, which can generate large torques in a compact space claim with few parts that can wear. Our drill uses a hydraulic feed system to generate required controlled thrust forces with a compact cavity size. In Phase I, we will: develop a design for a pre-prototype drill; provide a simulation of our drill machining provided F-35 part models; and demonstrate a breadboard compact powerfeed drill. In Phase II, we will build and demonstrate a prototype drill. In Phase III, we will sell our compact powerfeed drill to the government and the private sector.

METIS DESIGN CORP.
222 Third Street, Suite 3121
Cambridge, MA 02142
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 661-5616
Ms. Kristin Jugenheimer
NAVY 05-146      Selected for Award
Title:Limited Access Precision Drilling
Abstract:The complex structural and assembly design of the F-35 requires precision hole drilling in areas with limited human access. Current drilling methods are limited to small, handheld, right-angle power-feed drill motors and manual, non-power-feed drill motors, which may compromise operator safety and hole quality. Metis Design Corporation (MDC) has developed an initial concept for a right-angle power-feed drilling device for applications with limited access to the desired hole location. The device uses a torsionally stiff flexible shaft to convey rotary power to the drillbit paired with conventional technology for thrust and positional accuracy. Further, the device is anchored to the work piece with a clamp, which increases both operator safety and hole quality. In addition, the power-feed system features automatic peck-drilling cycles for optimal drilling of stacks of composite materials. The proposed research includes finalizing the conceptual design and simulating the system, developing plans for construction and testing of the device, and functional testing of critical components.

SYSFLEX, INC.
200 E. Dana St. #8
Mountain View, CA 94041
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 814-1076
Mr. Peter C. Salmon
NAVY 05-146      Selected for Award
Title:Limited Access Drilling
Abstract:A powerful and rugged 1-inch diameter drilling machine includes independently controlled drill and feed motors. Electrostatic motor technology is employed for creating high torque in a compact size. Commercial ion implantation techniques are used to create highly charged regions on disk rotors. The controller is an attached module that employs a variable frequency control algorithm. The algorithm provides fine grained control and updates every 5 microseconds. Automated drilling is supported, including the ability to sense and prevent jamming of the drill bit. The control algorithm adapts the speed and feed rate for different drill diameters and different materials such as aluminum, titanium, and composite. The tool will be rugged, reliable, low-maintenance, easy to use in tight spaces, well-powered, automatically controlled, safe, and operable using hands-free operation. It will have a faster cycle time than current methods because the controller will enable it to operate at maximum feed rates, while avoiding problems like delamination and jamming. It will be capable of making multiple drilling passes automatically, for example if accumulated shavings create a problem. Other problems such as tool breakage, poor hole quality, re-work, delamination, burrs, and operator fatigue should be avoided.

TOOLING TECHNOLOGIES
11680 Brittmoore Park Dr
Houston, TX 77041
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(713) 722-8501
Mr. James Sullivan
NAVY 05-146      Selected for Award
Title:Limited Access Drilling
Abstract:Tooling Technologies has the experience and knowledge to develop a limited access drilling unit for the mating process of the Lockheed Martin F35 program. Tooling Technologies, in a joint design and development venture with Lockheed Martins' Fort Worth facility, has developed and produced a new inline, state of the art drill motor that has significantly reduced processing time while still producing quality holes. This unit utilizes an air over oil concept to produce the force required for self feed, differentiating itself from virtually all gear driven positive feed drill motors currently in use. Tooling Technologies then designed a model utilizing the same force technology of the inline except in a right angle configuration. This model meets the F35 specifications except for the size requirements. The opportunity will be to design a smaller right angle drill using the same drilling technologies of the two previous models. This action will enable companies such as Lockheed Martin Aerospace to capture significant cost savings in the form of reduced processing time (cost per hole) and the reduction and or elimination of scrap and rework. In conclusion, Tooling Technologies has proven it has the ability and personnel to design, manufacture and commercialize the proposed drill.

GCAS, INC.
1531 Grand Avenue, Suite A
San Marcos, CA 92078
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 591-4227
Dr. Tuan Le
NAVY 05-147      Awarded: 10FEB06
Title:A Logic Model-based Decision Expert Planning Tool for Ship Modernization
Abstract:In this proposal we present the design of an interactive and dynamic Ship Modernization Planning System based on the Logic Modeling paradigm. The Logic Model based approach allows us to devise the planning system's architecture that supports outcome-based planning and evaluation at multi levels of authority and collaboration. In addition, this architecture naturally integrates assumptions and external factors that contribute to the success or failure of a plan. Plans are interactively and dynamically generated and adapted by a Plan Authoring module that lies at the heart of the planning system. Plan generation, execution, and evaluation are supported by Expert Decision Support technology solution and governed by a Process Coordination module. This allows Participating Acquisition Resource Managers to efficiently plan, coordinate, model and track all aspects of ship modernization. With a Web-based User Interface module, the planning system will allow users to access to adaptive and interactive resource management, budgeting, cost control, risk identification and mitigation, conflict alerts, efficiency analysis and configuration management. Considered as a crucial part of our effort towards building such a planning system, we will develop a Software Build Plan and a Software Prototype to demonstrate the feasibility of the Phase I effort.

STOTTLER HENKE ASSOC., INC.
951 Mariner's Island Blvd., STE 360
San Mateo, CA 94404
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 616-1291
Dr. Eric Domeshek
NAVY 05-147      Awarded: 10FEB06
Title:Web-Based Acquisition Coordination Tools with Embedded Expertise
Abstract:Modernizing naval vessels is a tremendously complex task, requiring coordinated effort by representatives of many different organizations, and subject to frequently shifting temporal, fiscal, physical, and technological constraints. The Navy lacks automated tools to support key modernization decision-makers. In particular, Participating Managers (PARMs) need coordination and decision support in modeling, planning, and tracking projects. Filling this need defines the vision underlying Acquisition Decision Expert Planning Technology for Modernization (ADEPT-M). Our approach to realizing ADEPT-M draws on our extensive experience building and applying Artificial Intelligence (AI) tools including decision-aids, planners, simulations, and knowledge management environments for military problems. It also draws on our proven capability integrating core visualization, knowledge representation, inference, and intelligent behavior control capabilities in web-based environments to support distributed work. In this Phase I project, we propose to (1) identify the requirements for an effective ADEPT-M system, (2) define an appropriate overarching technology architecture responsive to those requirements, (3) develop a corresponding software system design and build plan, and (4) produce a limited proof-of-concept demonstration with supporting documentation. The ultimate ADEPT-M system will provide an innovative mix of collaboration and expert-system decision-support capabilities for modeling, planning, and tracking ship modernization in an easily useable and available web-based format.

JOB PERFORMANCE SYSTEMS, INC.
1240 N. Pitt St,
Alexandria, VA 22314
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 683-5805
Dr. Lee Ann Wadsworth
NAVY 05-148      Awarded: 14FEB06
Title:Hybrid Sailor performance and training
Abstract:We offer a strategy to define the work and worker characteristics of the new Hybrid Sailor for a new class of ship the Navy is developing to meet demands of the global war on terrorism and unanticipated threats. Due to technology and reduced manning, the work for any particular rating will likely be different from ships of similar size and mission. Therefore, we propose to develop proof of concept for a selection system to recruit and select sailors into this new class. In Phase I we will conduct a futuristic job analysis which will include conducting interviews, focus groups and surveys to identify the SkillObjects (work tasks and related knowledges, skills, abilities and tools). Then tasks will be apportioned among the new "ratings" on the ship and aptitude standards developed for one Hybrid Sailor rating; we anticipate that stress management will be at least one of the important aptitudes. The final step will be to develop a plan to select, administer and validate a selection system for the Hybrid Sailor. In Phase II we propose to develop and validate a prototype test and in Phase III we will expand the process to all other Hybrid Sailors.

PROGENY SYSTEMS CORP.
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 368-6107
Dr. Michael Hertz
NAVY 05-148      Awarded: 14FEB06
Title:Hybrid Sailor performance and training
Abstract:The U.S. Navy requires Sailors who can engage in multi-tasking, high stress, team oriented missions without degradation in any of the tasks and with minimal requirements for training. In order to select these Sailors an assessment battery must be developed to provide a method by which to accurately and efficiently place individuals in jobs that fit their strengths and weaknesses. Our approach will include a comprehensive literature review, task analysis, select validated instrument to measure personality traits, and integrate the findings into the Navy's existing infrastructure. Our research design will include both concurrent and predictive validation approaches.

ASSETT, INC.
8616 Phoenix Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 365-2200
Mr. Wayne Jakubowski
NAVY 05-149      Awarded: 07FEB06
Title:Combat Systems of the Future
Abstract:The combination of Systems Engineering, Cognitive Engineering, and the concept of Human-Computer Collaboration together devise an innovative path forward towards intelligent automation and ultimately reduced manning. The process for improving decision making in an environment of tremendous uncertainty is extremely challenging. Our current sensor-function approach to combat systems has resulted in layer upon layer of operator requirements and analysis, no longer tenable for the future. As budget pressures continue towards improved efficiency and the emphasis towards smaller, autonomous vehicles gains more ground, the need for "intelligence-based" systems will compound. Technology available today provides "disruptive" opportunities that are wasted within a "refinement/restructure/reorganization" methodology. It is time to re-engineer our thinking and enable the Future Combat System.

MIKEL, INC.
151 Martine St
Fall River, MA 02723
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 675-2681
Mr. Brian Guimond
NAVY 05-149      Awarded: 07FEB06
Title:Combat Systems of the Future
Abstract:Present submarine combat operations place tremendous stress on operators, coordinators, and commanding officers in assimilating and filtering acoustic and non acoustic sensor, weapon, intelligence and environmental data necessary to carry out assigned missions. The result often leads to errors or long time delays increasing own ship vulnerability and limiting mission success. The planned introduction of advanced sensors, weapons and communications to counter the advanced threat will further aggravate the existing combat system information management problems. A new advanced combat system design is proposed that must provide improved information management capabilities to maintain tactical control in all scenarios including high contact density environments and optimally employ improved sensors, weapons, vehicles, and tactics needed to counter advanced threats. Each function within the new future combat system will be fully defined in terms of expected input data types, quality and rates and required output data that will be used in other functions. Physical models will also be described for each of the new functions. Each function will be explored to determine the feasibility of using artificial intelligence or heuristic inference rule sets (knowledge base) or numerical algorithms to increase automation with the goal of reduced manning.

RITE-SOLUTIONS
110 W. Broad Street, P.O. Box 1060
Pawcatuck, CT 06379
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(401) 847-3399
Mr. John G. DePrimo
NAVY 05-149      Awarded: 07FEB06
Title:Combat Systems of the Future
Abstract:In conjunction with data set definitions and other background efforts, the Rite Solutions' team will investigate the feasibility of a Command Decision Support System (CDSS) providing high level advisory, decision support and human interface capabilities to ship's command personnel (CO and OOD). This system will be investigated using a highly structured Human Systems Integration (HSI) process and will be enabled by advanced AI-based decision support technologies (e.g., expert systems, neural networks, intelligent agents) and advanced 3D visualization technology. The system's envisioned capabilities will include enhanced situational awareness for command personnel with automated assessment, advice, warnings and alerts to maximize ship's safety and collision avoidance. Application of this technology will lead to reduced manning without compromising mission performance or safety of ship.

AEPTEC MICROSYSTEMS, INC.
700 King Farm Boulevard, Suite 600
Rockville, MD 20850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 670-6779
Mr. John Gorton
NAVY 05-150      Awarded: 21FEB06
Title:Automated Generation of Maintenance Work Packages
Abstract:Maintenance related activities represent a substantial portion of the Total Ownership Costs of any system. A significant portion of the total maintenance expenditure can be attributed to both direct and indirect (hidden) costs associated with maintenance planning activities. Automation can play a key role in reducing these costs by minimizing the time currently spent by sailors in the identification of a maintenance action(s), correlating and presenting information necessary to perform a maintenance action(s) and by ensuring that all necessary resources e.g. tools, parts, etc. are available to the sailor. The central thrust of this SBIR proposal is to develop a concept to address technical data format and storage requirements as well as package delivery to a maintenance technician so that navy technicians can have automatically generated fault or failure specific maintenance work packages based upon data received by current and future shipboard equipment health management systems without human intervention in an open architecture environment.

BEACON INTERACTIVE SYSTEMS
30 Spinelli Place
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 453-5503
Ms. ML Mackey
NAVY 05-150      Awarded: 21FEB06
Title:Automated Generation of Maintenance Work Packages
Abstract:Our vision for Automated Work Package generation is the innovative combination of the in-the-moment gathering of the proper data, information and knowledge as well as the proper presentation of that data in a useful and meaningful way that helps the maintainer accomplish a job. The need is for the convergence of many different sources of data and information in an iterative process. It begins with a problem on, or planned maintenance for, a system or sub system. If there is a fault being generated from Equipment Health Management (or the Mission Readiness Support System), maintenance decision support will determine what action should be taken. There is then the need to understand the availability of resources and to schedule those resources. Once it is understood what is to be done, when, where (ship or shore) and by whom, the proper set of information can be structured for use in the maintenance execution. Work Package generation takes into account the need, available resources, the data and the ability to assemble everything into a package (or display) for the maintainer. The work package is, in essence, the data and information displayed in the moment of need based upon the context of the situation.

RLW, INC.
2029 Cato Avenue
State College, PA 16801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 574-6469
Mr. Pete Sisa
NAVY 05-150      Awarded: 21FEB06
Title:Automated Generation of Maintenance Work Packages
Abstract:RLW proposes to deliver an architecture framework in DODAF format that defines the functions, processes, applications that require and enable automation of the shipboard maintenance process for future platforms. This DODAF formatted deliverable will also include a plan for demonstrating the proposed capability. This framework will then serve as basis for Phase II of this effort. The departure point for this work will be the current legacy environment and work done by RLW under an ongoing NAVSUP sponsored effort (Machinery Health Monitoring Sense & Respond Logistics) that has demonstrated the ability to automatically generate a work order candidate (Form 4790.2K)and order associated parts. This ongoing NAVSUP demonstration also provides a significant leverage opportunity, affording access to a realistic test environment at LBES on live machinery. A small scale demo will be performed at LBES, delivering a complete formal work package at the point of maintenance. In addition to its SxNAP(TM) platform for identification of machinery faults, RLW will bring to bear its significant and growing Navy ship maintenance process subject matter and domain expertise. RLW will incorporate in its investigation developments in the Maintenance Figure of Merit (MFOM) arena and Navy ERP as appropriate.

APPLIED PHYSICAL SCIENCES CORP.
2 State Street, Suite 300
New London, CT 06320
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 440-3253
Dr. Robert Gorman
NAVY 05-151      Awarded: 23FEB06
Title:Shock and Vibration Mounting System for Machinery and Electronics
Abstract:Shock mitigation and vibration isolation of electronics, machinery and other selected components are critical in the design and safe operation of Naval surface combatants. Based on the different forcing functions and constraints that characterize 1. shock loading, and 2. vibration isolation of potentially noisy equipment, two classes of mounts have evolved. Neither class performs satisfactorily for both types of inputs. We are proposing herein to develop a new family of low cost passive combined mounts that perform well for both. Under normal operating conditions, the mount will exhibit characteristics of a vibration isolation mount. It will be relatively soft (five Hz. resonance) and will attenuate equipment vibrational forces transmitted through it over a broad range of frequencies. Under shock loading, the isolation aspect of the mount will be snubbed and the mounts will become highly dissipative, relatively stiff and will allow displacements of up to a few inches to absorb shock loads. Applied Physical Sciences Corp with support from Anteon's ETC Division and Enidine proposes to: develop a number of concepts; perform basic analysis on them; build test samples of the most promising; and perform limited shock and isolation transmissibility tests on them.

CREARE, INC.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Dr. B. Scott May
NAVY 05-151      Awarded: 23FEB06
Title:Reconfigurable Shock and Vibration Isolator
Abstract:Navy ships, including the new DD(X), engaging in challenging missions, such as littoral and ASW operations, require greater vibration isolation and shock mitigation than is available with mounts that are currently available. Creare proposes an innovative mount that can achieve unsurpassed absorption of shock energy in a compact package while providing excellent vibration isolation at normal load levels. A single mount design can protect a wide range of loads, while the design can be scaled easily such that only a few sizes will be required to protect equipment ranging from 0.5 lb to 10,000 lbs in weight. At the time of installation, the natural frequency of the mount can be customized independently of setting the maximum force that the mount can transmit during a shock event. The mounts will be highly durable, resistant to environmental effects, straightforward to install in new or retrofit applications, require no maintenance, and exhibit low life-cycle cost. We will demonstrate the feasibility of our innovation during Phase I in the laboratory with a proof-of-concept prototype. During Phase II, we will fabricate and test prototype units at Creare and provide several prototype units for an application selected by the Navy for ship trials.

INFOSCITEX CORP.
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 890-1338
Mr. Jeremiah Slade
NAVY 05-151      Awarded: 23FEB06
Title:Shock and Vibration Mounting System using Electroactive Polymers with an Interpenetrating Polymer Network
Abstract:To achieve the level of acoustic stealth required by the DD(X) a system of isolation mounts is required that can be used throughout the ship to minimize the transmission of vibration energy from machinery and electronics to the ship's hull. This system will also need to protect equipment from the effects of shock, and prevent vibrations from the hull being transmitted to sensitive acoustic interrogation systems. Infoscitex (IST) is proposing to implement a revolutionary method for integrating both active and passive damping of shock and vibrations into a single mounting system. Vibrations traveling between equipment and the ship's hull will be actively cancelled using dynamically controlled electroactive polymers (EAP). These EAP devices will be built using stacks of dielectric elastomers (DE) separated by compliant electrodes. In addition to being controllable, these DEs will also be engineered to include an interpenetrating polymer network (IPN) that will provide superior passive damping performance over a wide range of environmental temperatures and vibrational frequencies. This combination of material technologies will result in an electrodynamically driven rubber mount which will allow shock and vibrations to be damped more effectively than with conventional mounting systems.

KAZAK COMPOSITES, INC.
10F GIll Street
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(207) 371-2568
Mr. Michael McAleenan
NAVY 05-151      Awarded: 23FEB06
Title:Unique Hybrid Composite Structures as Shock/Vibration Isolators
Abstract:An innovative shock and vibration isolator is proposed. Its unique hybrid material structure will mitigate unfavorable weight, cost and space consequences imposed by today's isolators. It will address shock and vibration mitigation within the same isolation system. Commonality of design will allow scale-up to isolate large and heavy machinery, and scale-down to isolate sensitive electronics. The proposed isolator consists of a unique material combination, resulting in a highly resilient global structure. In a previous program, KaZaK demonstrated an automated manufacturing technology that can be readily adapted to manufacture components of any size, and at low cost. Application of the proposed hybrid technology in vibration and especially in shock isolation, where space is limited, can lead to a number of benefits including excellent recovering capability, good energy dissipation, frequency independent behavior, strain hardening at large displacements, and stable hysteretic behavior. KaZaK will draw upon our considerable experience with the proposed device for other load scenarios, and move rapidly to Phase I design, fabrication and testing of full scale devices. Results from Phase I tests will provide the Navy with a quick look at viability of this major innovation to shock and vibration technology.

SPECTRUM RESEARCH CORP.
165 Jordan Road
Troy, NY 12180
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 283-7660
Mr. Michael J. Ampela
NAVY 05-151      Awarded: 23FEB06
Title:Shock and Vibration Mounting System for Machinery and Electronics
Abstract:The Navy has long recognized the need for a truly low cost, high performance shock and vibration mitigation system. As ships are becoming more and more electric, the lethality, survivability, and mobility of a surface combatant vessel hinges on a vast array of densely packed equipment that must survive multiple shock impacts. In addition, it is further required that the transmission of vibrations through the mounts be kept extremely low during stealth mode. The engineering requirements for shock mitigation and vibration isolation tend to compete directly against one another. This has led to the development of sophisticated hydraulic and active suspension systems to meet the demanding performance requirements. Unfortunately these systems tend to be expensive, bulky, and complex. To satisfy the present need, Spectrum Research Corporation proposes to develop a new mount technology that is based on the innovative use of passive technologies coupled with semi-active technology to augment performance, and to provide a limited range of adjustability of the static properties. A novel preloaded spring implementation is proposed in addition to a magnetorheological (MR) damper unit designed to provide some tunability. The Phase I result shall include the fabrication of a prototype mount that is ready for UERD testing.

AEPCO, INC.
15800 Crabbs Branch Way
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 670-6770
Mr. Robert Clarke
NAVY 05-152      Awarded: 08FEB06
Title:Autonomous Movement of Containers from Ship to Shore
Abstract:AEPCO has developed plans for a system that will alleviate the vast majority of difficulties associated with supply and sustainment transfers. The name of the system is the Autonomous Sustainment Cargo Container (ASCC) delivery system and its plans and description are on file with the United States Patent and Trademark Office. The ASCC meets the identified needs set forth in the solicitation by providing an apparatus, method and system for delivery of large volumes of commercial cargo containers to a primitive beach. This concept provides an ASCC for use in transferring cargo in support of cross-shore operations. The ASCC is comprised of a standard ISO shipping container fitted with a transporter unit. The transporter unit itself is comprised of a propulsion section and a control complex. The propulsion section consists of an engine module, a propulsion module, and a structure module. In turn, the control complex itself is comprised of an antenna, any necessary navigation lighting, a navigation processor, an inventory processor and a communications segment (with associated telecommunication interfaces and software input/output ports). A floatation unit may be attached to the other end of the ISO container to aid in recovery, sea keeping, trim, and reduction of impact risks.

ART ANDERSON ASSOC.
202 Pacific Avenue
Bremerton, WA 98337
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(360) 479-5600
Mr. Ralph Duncan
NAVY 05-152      Awarded: 08FEB06
Title:Autonomous Movement of Containers from Ship to Shore
Abstract:The Art Anderson Associates team will develop a Portable Autonomous TEU Transfer System (PATTS), which will be used in conjunction with a Container carrying USV (CSV), to enable the autonomous movement of containers from ship to shore.

CRAFT ENGINEERING ASSOC., INC.
2102 48th Street
Hampton, VA 23661
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 825-1516
Dr. J. Dexter Bird, III
NAVY 05-152      Awarded: 08FEB06
Title:Autonomous Movement of Containers from Ship to Shore
Abstract:The goal of this proposal is to develop a method of transferring cargo from the ship to the shore autonomously and precisely by integrating positioning technologies with an airfoil that is towed and launched from existing high speed vessels. The airfoil will be self-contained, reusable, and can be readily attached to the cargo.

KAZAK COMPOSITES, INC.
10F GIll Street
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(207) 371-2568
Mr. Michael McAleenan
NAVY 05-152      Awarded: 08FEB06
Title:Autonomous, Low Cost, Impact-Resistant, Inflatable ISO Container Transports
Abstract:Transporting millions of pounds of combat equipment and supplies involves ship deployment, at-sea offloading and ship-to-shore transit as quickly and efficiently as possible. Logistics over the shore (LOTS) operations occur where there are no ports or deep water access, where ports have been destroyed or severely damaged, or where ports exist but do not have the equipment to transfer cargo. Current LOTS equipment offloads onto causeway systems used as floating platforms between ships and other watercraft, introducing extra, inefficient container "picks" to each movement. As an alternative to legacy LOTS technology, KaZaK is proposing design and demonstration of a simple, tough, lightweight system that automates movement of 20 and 40 foot ISO containers to and from shore without many of the intermediate steps now required. The envisioned autonomous system will include components that facilitate efficient loading and off-loading of containers directly into the sea, minimize ISO container "picks", limit seawater contact, reduce need for intermediate transport vessels, and rapidly reconfigure the ISO container for sea and land transit. KaZaK's macro-composite materials will play an important part in design of structural elements of the system. These low cost materials provide significant advantage for impact resistance, ease of repair and weight.

MILLENWORKS
1361 Valencia Avenue
Tustin, CA 92780
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 426-5511
Mr. Chris Culbertson
NAVY 05-152      Awarded: 08FEB06
Title:Autonomous Ship-to-Shore Container Delivery System
Abstract:The ability for a container ship to autonomously deliver its cargo ashore when deep-water ports are unavailable will act as a force multiplier in future military engagements, freeing scarce rotorcraft and amphibious assets to perform other battlefield tasks. MillenWorks has developed two conceptual systems to accomplish this. The first concept is optimized to provide high ship-to-shore delivery speed while requiring minimal manpower to deploy. The second system requires more time and manpower to deploy, but provides superior life cycle costs and more efficient storage aboard ship. Both systems utilize a simplified waypoint-following navigation system with collision avoidance algorithms to safely pilot the container into a port or onto a beach.

KAZAK COMPOSITES, INC.
10F GIll Street
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(207) 371-2568
Mr. Michael McAleenan
NAVY 05-153      Awarded: 16FEB06
Title:Toughened, Low Cost, Re-configurable Stowage System
Abstract:Watercraft mission modules are provided to the Navy with custom cradles specific to the vessel. These cradles are often not designed to meet shock and vibration requirements, are difficult to store when not in use and often have different systems and operational parameters. Variations in mission module cradles are due to a range of parameters in size, weight and geometric configurations that could vary from a 7.5 inch diameter, 5.5 feet long, OOV weighing as little as 80 lbs to a deep vee power boat that is 9 feet wide, 40 feet long, weighing 25,000 lbs. The difficulty of designing a multi-vessel cradle to meet Mil Spec 901d, grade B shock requirements are significantly increased due to this wide range of vessel weights. Designating the cradle as Shock Grade B identifies its operation as not essential to the safety or mission capability of the ship, but could become a hazard to personnel. KaZaK and Oldenburg Group are proposing two options consisting of tough, lightweight structures. The first system is a compact 2 - dimensional structure designed to withstand Grade B shock, while the other consists of a Grade B resilient mount system with reconfigurable decks.

MARITIME APPLIED PHYSICS CORP.
1850 Frankfurst Avenue
Baltimore, MD 21226
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(443) 524-3330
Dr. James Chafe
NAVY 05-153      Awarded: 16FEB06
Title:Ruggedized, Reconfigurable, Watercraft Stowage System
Abstract:This proposal contains an innovative approach and supporting technical elements of a reconfigurable stowage system that will safely and securely stow a wide variety of watercraft in a Naval shipboard environment.

SAFE, INC.
6536 E. Gainsborough Rd.
Scottsdale, AZ 85251
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 659-8607
Mr. Stanley P. Desjardins
NAVY 05-153      Awarded: 16FEB06
Title:Ruggedized, Reconfigurable, Watercraft Stowage System
Abstract:A universal, reconfigurable self-contained watercraft stowage system has been developed which is designed to eliminate the need for customized cradle systems currently in use for Navy/Marine/Coast Guard mission modules (HSB, Spartan, RMS/RMV, RHIB, UUV, SDV systems). This will preserve precious deck space on Navy vessels and potentially save money via hardware standardization. The stowage system has an integral shock/vibration isolator specially developed to attenuate such energy for all stowage system configurations and for all specified mission modules. It is estimated that this innovative device is rapidly reconfigurable within 30 minutes by a single person.

ADAPTIVE INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS
2636 Fireside Circle
Lexington, KY 40513
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(859) 223-8058
Dr. YuMing Zhang
NAVY 05-154      Awarded: 09FEB06
Title:Sensor Torch Based Adaptive Intelligent Control for Circumferential Welding of Pipes
Abstract:Orbital pipe welding systems can function like skilled welders, to certain extent, who can move the torch very smoothly/evenly. However, their adjustment of welding parameters is not a true emulation of skilled welders who observe the weld pool and adjust welding parameters based on the observation of the weld pool rather than simply the location around the clock. This SBIR project aims at the development of an adaptive intelligent control technology which can adaptively adjust welding parameters based on an observation of the weld pool surface like a skilled welder but does not require the torch be moved smoothly/evenly. One of the major innovations associated with the proposed technology is a so-called "torch sensor" which can measure the depth of the weld pool surface like a skilled welder. This sensor torch can be carried by a human welder and can last "forever" as a regular welding torch does. Another major innovation is the so-called quasi-keyhole technology which achieves the desired weld joint penetration every cycle so that the response of the control system to fluctuations/variations in welder's operations and joint preparation etc. is truly real-time. Phase I project is designed to verify the feasibility of the proposed technology.

NORAN-LAND ENGINEERING CORP.
5555 Garden Grove, Suite 300
Westminster, CA 92683
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 899-1220
Mr. Tony Abbey
NAVY 05-154      Awarded: 09FEB06
Title:Automated Ship Assembly Lifting and Handling Calculations for Distortion Control (ShipLift)
Abstract:Develop a system that uses ShipConstructor and NEiNastran as the basis for analysis to determine optimum lifting and handling methods for panel, sub-assemblies and assemblies to reduce or eliminate distortion (both permanent plastic set and temporary elastic deformation).

PRECISION LIGHT SYSTEMS, LLC
18 Pleasant St.
Brunswick, ME 04011
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(207) 636-7224
Mr. Paul Blomquist
NAVY 05-154      Awarded: 09FEB06
Title:Low Distortion Panel Line Upgrade Program
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I project proposal addresses the development of technology for cost effectively upgrading existing shipyard panel line stiffener-to-plate welding to a low-distortion hybrid laser process. The Phase I project establishes the technical and financial viability of the Laser/Gas Metal Arc Welding (LGMAW) process to manufacture flat panel assemblies. A major task in Phase I is the demonstration of a welding system capable of being retro-0fit into existing shipyard panel line production systems without great impact and expense. In addition, Phase I activities will encompass the analysis of the market potential for such a system.

WELDQC, INC.
1165 Chambers Road
Columbus, OH 43212
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 487-7207
Dr. Darren Barborak
NAVY 05-154      Awarded: 09FEB06
Title:IMPROVEMENT OF PIPE FABRICATION WITH WELD PENETRATION MONITORING
Abstract:Gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW) is the most widely used manufacturing process for producing high-quality welds in piping for Navy ship construction. The majority of welds in these piping applications must achieve complete penetration of the weld joint. However, in practice, a variety of factors affect the ability to consistently produce complete penetration welds: including variations in material thickness, material chemical composition, joint preparation, and joint fit-up tolerances. It is both costly, and difficult, if not impossible; to adequately control all of the variables that affect weld penetration. WeldQC proposes to evaluate the feasibility of developing a system for monitoring the state of weld penetration and providing feedback to welders. The design of the system would allow easy integration onto existing shipyard welding systems, and would provide information to the welder, allowing them to adjust the welding process as needed to consistently achieve complete penetration.

LUNA INNOVATIONS, INC.
2851 Commerce Street
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 552-5128
Dr. Fritz Friedersdorf
NAVY 05-155      Awarded: 16FEB06
Title:High Friction Nanocomposite Coating for Radar Absorption
Abstract:Existing coating systems used for flight decks function as high friction surfaces that are corrosion and wear resistant. These coatings do not have radar absorbing properties to reduce radar cross-section of sea vehicles. Luna proposes to develop an economical, durable, corrosion resistant deck coating that has high friction and radar absorbing properties. Luna will utilize novel VOC-free resin chemistry, environmentally safe corrosion inhibitors and a combination of developmental nanomaterials and commercially available absorbers to achieve the desired combination of properties. The radar absorbing components of the coating will be based on a mixture of inorganic soft-magnetic particles and organic nanomaterials to achieve the desired coating permeability, permittivity, and graded properties to produce an effective broadband radar absorbing coating. The nanomaterials will allow for a lighter weight coating than can be produced with traditional radar absorbing materials while cost will be controlled by also using commercially available absorbers. The coating system will be formulated to be applied and repaired using conventional coating application processes and will have excellent durability, friction, wear resistance and corrosion performance to meet the existing Military requirements for non-skid coatings. The flight deck coating will be safe for workers to apply, VOC-free and use non-toxic corrosion inhibitors.

MICROCELL TECHNOLOGIES
410 Great Road, Suite C-2
Littleton, MA 01460
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 952-6947
Mr. Richard M. Formato
NAVY 05-155      Awarded: 16FEB06
Title:Durable, Non-Skid, Radar Absorbing Coating System for use on Marine Flight Decks
Abstract:Currently available flight deck coating systems, utilized where fluctuating temperatures and heavy traffic/load areas are normal, have poor/negligible performance in the areas of reduced radar signature return. New coatings must be developed that maintain a high coefficient of friction and excellent adhesion to the decking while simultaneously functioning as a radar absorbing material (RAM) over DD(X) design frequencies. Typical of current non-skid coating systems, new RAM coatings must be resistant to sunlight/UV, seawater and shipboard chemicals, while demonstrating excellent wear, impact and corrosion resistance. The coating must be able to be applied by rolling/spraying, must be repairable in service, and must not add excessive weight or VOCs. During Phase I, Microcell Technologies, LLC and its teaming partners, Neo-Advent Technologies and R&F Products, will synthesize RAM coatings using a combination of novel components and processing techniques. Phase I will demonstrate the feasibility of fabricating non-skid / RAM coating systems. During Phase II & III, the team will finalize the coating formulation to MIL-PRF-24667B by working with the US Navy, the DD(X) prime contractor and our commercialization partner, ITW American Safety Technologies. The overall project goal is to perform RAM coating validation testing and NAVAIR/NAVSEA certification for use on a Navy ship.

TDA RESEARCH, INC.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 940-2317
Dr. Silvia Luebben
NAVY 05-155      Awarded: 16FEB06
Title:Durable, Low-Radar Signature Non-Skid Coating for Flight Deck
Abstract:In this Phase I SBIR Project, TDA Research, Inc. (TDA) will develop a durable, corrosion- resistant, non-skid coating system for flight decks with a significantly reduced radar signature compared to the current state-of-the-art landing materials for aircraft carriers. The new coating system will achieve reduction of the radar signature by combining a careful design of the coating surface with the use of specialty radar absorbing materials. The new coating system will be tested in the Phase I for its friction properties, corrosion resistance, and radar signature.

TEXAS RESEARCH INSTITUTE AUSTIN, INC.
9063 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-2101
Dr. George Hansen
NAVY 05-155      Awarded: 16FEB06
Title:Durable, Low Radar Signature Return, Flight Deck Coating System
Abstract:Surface combatant non-skid improvement has received high level attention over the past decade. Limited durability affecting logistical flexibility was recently ranked among the top five issues addressed by Navy PEO Carriers. Most commercially available non-skids utilize volatile organic compounds to achieve the abrasive texture. Solvents have a negative environmental impact and this is an important concern to DoD. Emerging generations of tactical Navy ships continue to press new requirements on non-skid performance. Until now these coatings have been used principally for slip resistance on flight decks, hangers and walkways, and to provide corrosion resistance. However, they have poor to negligible performance with respect to reduced radar signature. Thus, it is a primary objective of this SBIR topic to develop and demonstrate a high-friction, durable marine coating system that provides a low radar signature return for flight decks. This proposal summarizes work to be performed in the adaptation, testing and evaluation of TRI's Tough Grip nonskid coating for use on low observable Naval surface combatants such as the DDX series. Tough Grip has been demonstrated on the USS Kennedy and Truman flight decks, is patented and approved for use by the Navy.

AEPTEC MICROSYSTEMS, INC.
700 King Farm Boulevard, Suite 600
Rockville, MD 20850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 670-6779
Mr. John Gorton
NAVY 05-156      Awarded: 09FEB06
Title:Maintenance Performance Assessment
Abstract:In order to meet reduced manning and cost goals, existing and future Navy ships are utilizing sensors and other automated technologies to monitor equipment health and provide accurate information to end users. Onboard future surface ships, it is envisioned that maintenance planning will be automated and maintenance procedures will be delivered to the technician in an electronic format on interactive media. With the reduced manning goals of these future ships, monitoring and control maintenance backlog will be critical to maintaining the material condition of the ship. In addition, poor maintenance performance can be precursor by similar problems associated with operating procedures, technical data, and training. The information required to determine if any of these problems exists, but without proper procedures and mechanisms for collecting the data and metrics to evaluate the data, these problems can remain hidden from visibility, especially in a reduced manning environment where crew members will be broadly trained and multi-tasked. This Phase I proposal will develop a concept design for an automated maintenance performance assessment capability that can be integrated into the automated maintenance environments of both DDX and LCS.

PROGENY SYSTEMS CORP.
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 368-6107
Dr. Michael Hertz
NAVY 05-156      Awarded: 09FEB06
Title:Maintenance Performance Assessment
Abstract:The central goal of this topic is to develop a data infrastructure that supports the performance evaluation of work package completion by using information stored throughout the non-tactical applications already onboard U.S. Navy ships. It proposes to develop a set of web based application tools, based around various statistical methodologies, for use in evaluating a broad base of maintenance processes and efficiency issues. The proposal includes digital data collection methods and equipment and transfer of information from ship-to-shore, and vice versa, using the Distance Support (DS)/Non-Tactical Data Processing System (NTDPS) Architecture currently being fielded. The proposal also addresses shore based information collaboration as part of NAVSEA's Distance Support Initiative.

WILLIAMS-PYRO, INC.
200 Greenleaf St.
Fort Worth, TX 76107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(817) 872-1500
Ms. Nithya Ramaswami
NAVY 05-156      Awarded: 09FEB06
Title:Maintenance Performance Assessment
Abstract:Williams-Pyro, Inc. proposes to develop a "Smart Maintenance Performance Assessment and Correction Tool" (Smart-MPACT) that can verify and validate (1) Equipment health management: Processes that lead to maintenance actions; (2) Work package generation: Maintenance procedures that are delivered to technicians; and (3) Maintenance execution planning: Maintenance action that is performed. Smart-MPACT will use an interactive portable maintenance aid (like a PDA) that can collect technicians' input and recommendations, as well as performance data during the maintenance action to determine the applicability and effectiveness of procedures and the accuracy of information provided for conducting repairs. WPI's system will then transmit this information through a wired/wireless medium to the engineering officer of the watch. Smart-MPACT will analyze information using the following complementary procedures: (1) Multivariate control charts to establish control limits and (2) Data mining methods to identify the causes of delay and/or process deviation. Smart-MPACT will also provide a feedback mechanism through a web interface to allow for review and possible correction. Smart-MPACT will validate all maintenance actions for applicability and effectiveness and use this information to deliver the correct data, material, and personnel to minimize process deviations and/or delays for future maintenance planning.

CONTROL POWER CO.
310 Executive Dr.
Troy, MI 48083
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(248) 583-1020
Mr. Bill Presley
NAVY 05-157      Awarded: 06FEB06
Title:Dynamic Positioning and Motion Control during Cargo Transfer Operations
Abstract:The Phase I proposal for the Navy will be an assessment of commercial products and control needs relative to dynamic positioning and motion control (motion cancellation via a multi-degree of freedom platform). Phase I includes computer simulations to identify ship to ship wave and wake interactions, development of control equations for landing craft steering and propulsion system, and control equations for a multi-degree of freedom motion platform. This system will cancel out hull motion during the off-loading of cargo in a Sea State 3 environment. There does exist an option for Phase I which is an evaluation of added LCU1600 hull control surfaces as an alternative for motion cancellation.

CRAFT ENGINEERING ASSOC., INC.
2102 48th Street
Hampton, VA 23661
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 825-1516
Dr. J. Dexter Bird, III
NAVY 05-157      Awarded: 06FEB06
Title:Dynamic Positioning and Motion Control during Cargo Transfer Operations
Abstract:The goal of this proposal is to develop a portable dynamic positioning system appropriate for an LCU-sized vessel participating in large ship to small ship cargo transfer operations. The main innovation over existing dynamic positioning systems is the exploitation of the LCU's propulsion system and the inclusion of active pitch and roll damping in the algorithm.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive, Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5248
Dr. Ravi Patankar
NAVY 05-157      Awarded: 06FEB06
Title:A Novel Observer-based Synchronization Control of Ship Rendezvous Operations using Portable Actuators
Abstract:Intelligent Automation, Inc. in collaboration with Rolls Royce and Michigan Technological University proposes a physical state observer for the larger ship and consequent implementation of synchronization controller for the smaller ship. Toward this end, theoretical results have recently been obtained which were subsequently demonstrated in laboratory experiments. Exponential convergence of the closed-loop errors for position keeping during trajectory tracking was experimentally demonstrated. We plan to further enhance the tracking control using recent results on external synchronization in robotics and analyzing the impact of delayed disturbances on the synchronized ships. No assumptions on the availability of a dynamic model for the larger ship will be made. The advantage of this technique is that the observer requires only position/attitude measurements for both ships. This makes the approach applicable to rendezvous operations with various ships without requiring any tuning or modifications. The research will (i) develop a simulation model for the smaller ship (ii) design an observer-controller combination and drive the observer with available field data (iii) based on design considerations and control analysis, propose the sensors for observation and portable actuators for control action, and their placement (iv) assess the robustness of synchronization in presence of disturbances and ship interactions.

THRUSTMASTER OF TEXAS, INC.
12227 FM-529
Houston, TX 77041
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(713) 937-6295
Mr. Joe Bekker
NAVY 05-157      Awarded: 06FEB06
Title:Dynamic Positioning and Motion Control during Cargo Transfer Operations
Abstract:This research demonstrates the feasability of developing easily deployable systems for dynamic positioning and motion dampening of lightering vessels while taking on cargo from primary cargo supply motherships in the open sea at sea state 3 and optionally up to sea state 4.

ENERGENT CORP.
2321 S. Pullman St.
Santa Ana, CA 92705
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 261-7533
Mr. Lance Hays
NAVY 05-158      Awarded: 08FEB06
Title:Dual Pressure Euler Turbine for Fuel Cell Energy Recovery
Abstract:A dual pressure Euler turbine (dpEt)is proposed to recover energy from a hydrogen membrane raffinate flow. A tradeoff study between using the shaft power to drive an electric generator or the system air compressor will be conducted. A two-stage dpEt nozzle and turbine rotor will be designed and fabricated. Tests will be conducted in an existing casing and high pressure nitrogen test system to verify performance. A full size dpEt and generator and hot gas test system will be designed to qualify the unit for a 500 kW fuel cell system.

GENERAL VORTEX ENERGY, INC.
1306 FM 1092 STE 403
Missouri City, TX 77459
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(713) 202-2985
Dr. Anatoli Borissov
NAVY 05-158      Awarded: 08FEB06
Title:Fuel Cell Energy Recovery
Abstract:The mission of GVE with this research grant is to develop high power density, high-efficiency energy recovery system for fuel cell system. Utilization of its patented Jirnov Vortex Turbine (JVT) bottoming cycle engine will increase the overall efficiency of fuel cell. The robust design of the JVT allows using a fuel cell raffinate stream for the bottoming cycle. The fuel cell stream consists of high enthalpy gases such as 0.065 H2, 0.41 H2O, 0.019 CO, 0.20 CO2, 0.016 CH4, 0.29 N2, and H2S. The stream temperature is 400C (673.1K), pressure is 7 Bars (709275 Pa) and flow rate is 900 Kg/hr (0.250 Kg/s). The stream is not combustible, but presents the highly corrosion mixture. Available fuel cell stream waste energy is 100kW. Energy recovered with the General Vortex Energy Inc., Positive Displacement Rotary Expander (PDRE) is about 60 kW. The conventional energy recovery technologies require further separation of hydrogen, water and H2S and then using the stream in the waste energy recovery system (heat exchanger), piston expander or turbine. First, the bottoming cycle based on the piston expander and turbine is not as efficient as the JVT cycle. Second, the separation devices will increase the volume and mass of the bottoming cycle device and reduce the power density. Another conventional method of energy recovery is using the heat exchanger to transfer the energy of fuel cell stream to some closed bottoming cycle. In this case efficiency is reduced by the heat exchanger and complicated by closed cycle device. Thus the power density and overall efficiency will suffer again.

PRECISION COMBUSTION, INC.
410 Sackett Point Road
North Haven, CT 06473
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 287-3700
Dr. Subir Roychoudhury
NAVY 05-158      Awarded: 08FEB06
Title:Energy Recovery For Efficient Use Of Navy Fuels For Hydrogen Generation
Abstract:Precision Combustion, Inc. (PCI) is proposing to develop a hydrogen generation system for PEM fuel cells using a novel catalytic steam reforming process, capable of utilizing Navy logistic fuels efficiently for improving overall system efficiency. The steam reformer, will be based upon PCI's patented and trademarked Microlithr substrate technology. This technology will be modeled and developed in the Phase I program for application in a prototype system to be developed in the Phase II.

SYSTEMS & PROCESSES ENGINEERING CORP.(SPEC)
101 West Sixth Street, Suite 200
Austin, TX 78701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 479-7732
Dr. Burt Fowler
NAVY 05-158      Awarded: 08FEB06
Title:MEMS Water Separator for Fuel Cell Systems
Abstract:Systems and Processes Engineering Corporation (SPEC) proposes a microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) approach to fabricate a compact, lightweight, efficient water recovery system for distributed shipboard power systems and unmanned air and undersea vehicles for United States Navy applications. The use of reformed naval logistic diesel fuel such as NATO F-76 and new H2 separation membrane technology allows high-purity H2 to be delivered to fuel cell power systems. Recovering water from the H2 separator membrane raffinate stream while maintaining membrane pressure will result in increased overall system efficiency of advanced energy delivery systems. Using MEMS fabrication techniques will enable reductions in system size and weight leading to improvements in water recovery efficiency. The SPEC design incorporates micro-machined silicon flowplates with integrated cooling channels to extract water from the raffinate stream in a highly efficient manner. Microfluidic channels isolated from the raffinate stream cool the flowplates to condense water vapor from the stream. Separate microfluidic pores collect the liquid water and transport it using capillary force. The MEMS approach also allows the use of electrostatic dehumidification technology to be incorporated into the water separator and thus provides further size reduction and efficiency improvements.

TDA RESEARCH, INC.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 940-2321
Dr. Girish Srinivas
NAVY 05-158      Awarded: 08FEB06
Title:Novel Energy Recovery System
Abstract:Fuel cells are a high efficiency, low footprint and low noise technology that can generate electricity for critical and non-critical military applications aboard Navy ships. Typically shipboard systems are in the 500kWe range. PEM fuel cells only operate on hydrogen gas (H2), that must be relatively free of sulfur and carbon monoxide. In conventional systems, logistics fuel is reformed into hydrogen, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and methane. This gas is shifted to increase the hydrogen concentration and then processed in a membrane module where pure hydrogen is extracted for the fuel cell. The gases that do not diffuse through the membrane have currently-unused fuel value. This results in current systems with system efficiencies of only 40%. TDA Research, Inc. (TDA) has developed a process that increases the overall system efficiency from 40% to more than 50%. In our system the energy content of the raffinate is chemically captured and then indirectly transferred to the reformer, eliminating the need to burn extra logistics fuel to supply the endothermic heat of reforming. In Phase I TDA will demonstrate the concept and approach using a laboratory reactor at process temperatures and pressures. We will then conduct a detailed process design and economic analysis.

AEPTEC MICROSYSTEMS, INC.
700 King Farm Boulevard, Suite 600
Rockville, MD 20850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 670-6779
Mr. Jing Lin
NAVY 05-159      Awarded: 07FEB06
Title:Wireless Pressure Sensors With Built-In Calibration Capability
Abstract:Embedded sensors are finding widespread use in military systems, demanding that accuracy be assured for the entire life cycles of these systems. The U.S. Navy ensures the accuracy of shipboard sensors via scheduled calibrations and/or maintenance procedures (a manually intensive process). Developing new sensors with automated calibration capability is of primary importance. Leveraging research and simulation work currently being conducted by the University of California (UC) and the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS), 3eTI will demonstrate the feasibility of a wireless MEMS pressure sensor with built-in calibration (BIC). The proposed work will be based upon the conceptual design consisting of the following three primary components: 1) an integrated MEMS sensor/actuator system, 2) a wireless communication network; and 3) a power-harvesting device tailored for a typical shipboard environment. The integrated sensor/actuator system has two operation modes, i.e., the sensing mode and the calibration mode. The overall objective is to demonstrate the feasibility of the wireless MEMS pressure sensor with built-in calibration. Phase I will focus on demonstrating the most important functionality of this design, i.e., automated calibration over a wireless network. The 3eTI Team will conduct this demonstration by hybridizing bench scale testing with computer simulations and provide a prototype design by developing the key component technological milestones.

ARISETEK, LLC
2927 Club Oak
Fayetteville, AR 72701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 324-1645
Mr. Joseph Mallon
NAVY 05-159      Awarded: 07FEB06
Title:Wireless Sensor Enabling Self Calibration and Condition Based Maintenance
Abstract:This SBIR proposal is for development of a ruggedized pressure sensor having capability to monitor its' own health, recalibrate if necessary, and wirelessly report its' status along with measured values. The proposed sensor substantially reduces the need for re-calibration by employing aerospace-proven silicon MEMS technology and digital compensation circuitry. Ongoing comparisons of redundant sensors will provide diagnostic information on hard failures and identify soft failures requiring calibration. Self calibration is accomplished without requiring service interruption to operate isolation valves by employing a simple, cost-effective Simulated Pressure Generator (SPG). For slope calibration, a short duration positive pressure pulse is applied to determine sensor sensitivity. For null calibration, the SPG provides a negative pressure pulse which, coupled with composite sensor technology, allows the sensing element to be momentarily decoupled from the applied pressure. An algorithm will be applied to self calibrate both slope and null offset. Initial analysis confirms that a battery pack can be designed to provide standalone power for a period of two years. Phase I deliverables include prototype test results demonstrating feasibility of SPG and battery pack functionality; component and wireless design; plans for fabrication and procurement of key components; and a technology development roadmap with Phase II/III milestones.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive, Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4760
Dr. Dan Xiang
NAVY 05-159      Awarded: 07FEB06
Title:MEMS-Based Capacitive Pressure Sensors with Self-Calibration Capability
Abstract:In this proposal, Intelligent Automation Inc. (IAI) along with its subcontractor, Professor Lynn Fuller, from Rochester Institute of Technology, proposes to develop innovative sensor architectures, electronics, and software techniques to provide the pressure sensor with capabilities of built-in self-testing and undertaking wireless communication to transmit relevant data. This effort will result in the development of a miniature, low power, self-calibrating, wireless smart sensor system that will be suitable for monitoring the pressure of mechanized control systems in surface ships and submarines. The key innovation of our proposed approach lies in the novel design and development of a Micro-Electro-Mechanical-System (MEMS) based capacitive pressure sensor. The proposed design allows for an accurate electrostatic force to be generated and applied to the sensor's diaphragm, and the simultaneous precise measurement of the resulting displacement of the diaphragm caused as a result of the application of that force. This unique ability provides us the capability to assess a sensor's health by evaluating the changes in the diaphragm's mechanical properties that contribute to the drifts in the sensor's sensitivity and linearity. Advanced electric circuits and embedded real-time algorithms will be developed to implement optimal controls and accurate measurements for pressure readouts, sensor self-calibration, and wireless communications.

MIDE TECHNOLOGY CORP.
200 Boston Avenue Suite 1000
Medford, MA 02155
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 306-0609
Dr. Marthinus C. van Schoor
NAVY 05-159      Awarded: 07FEB06
Title:Self Calibrating Wireless Pressure Sensor (SCWPS)
Abstract:Mid is proposing to develop a novel resonant frequency pressure sensor that includes a self-calibrating feature. The pressure sensor has piezo-electric elements bonded to a pressure sensing membrane. Under pressure, the membrane stretches changing the resonant frequencies of the membrane. The piezoelectric elements are used to detect the shift(s) in resonant frequency and the pressure is obtained using a lookup table. Since the approach depends on a dynamic signal, it avoids many of the sensor drift problems associated with supply voltages and noise. Creep of the membrane, the major reason why the sensor will loose accuracy is detected by monitoring the cavity resonant frequency of the reference pressure cavity. Again lookup tables are used to self-calibrate the sensor and thus maintain the accuracy of the output. Phase II will refine the sensor design, add a self-powered feature using Mid's energy harvesting technology. Industrialization and in fleet testing of an advanced prototypes will achieve a Technology Readiness Level of 5 to 6. In Phase III Mid will work with the Navy and commercial industry, to develop a packaged, commercial family of wireless pressure sensors with built-in calibration capability covering the full pneumatics and fluids types and ranges required.

BEACON INTERACTIVE SYSTEMS
30 Spinelli Place
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 453-5501
Mr. Mike MacEwen
NAVY 05-160      Awarded: 23FEB06
Title:Automation of Equipment/System Isolation and Safety Tag-out for Maintenance Actions
Abstract:Maintenance tag-out is a procedure that is part of many maintenance actions that happen daily whether onboard a ship in a maintenance depot or even a manufacturing environment. Typically, this is a manual and paper-based task that consumes considerable time and effort. Our vision is to create a modular software solution with three major areas of functionality. These are 1) the determination of the need for tag-out; 2) support of the tag-out process; and 3) automatic isolation. Together these will enable users to quickly and safely tag-out systems or components. Based on our open architecture and modular approach, it can be the first step along the path to an increasingly automated process The solution will include the capability to build performance models and do time-based studies in order to isolate best practices and optimized tag-out schemes and configurations. Over time, this will lead to an even greater reduction in MTTR.

FOARD SYSTEMS DESIGN, INC.
1906 Hwy. 54E, Suite 200E
Durham, NC 27713
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 544-2979
Mr. William W. Foard
NAVY 05-160      Awarded: 23FEB06
Title:Automation of Equipment/System Isolation and Safety Tag-out for Maintenance Actions
Abstract:The proposal outlines the use of rapid protyping techniques to create a functional small scale feasibility system and documentation to provide a demonstration of the features needed in a full-scale automated isolation and tag-out system. It will use a highly innovative, patented network control technology that provides a reliable, low cost means to interconnect thousands of remote sensor and control devices. The prototype will be based on existing controller products and software that provide a graphical user interface, ease of configuration, and built in network self-diagnostic capabilities.

PROGENY SYSTEMS CORP.
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 449-1272
Mr. Michael Dickey
NAVY 05-160      Awarded: 23FEB06
Title:Automation of Equipment/System Isolation and Safety Tag-out for Maintenance Actions
Abstract:Develop and demonstrate a means of automating the functions inherent in isolating and tagging out a system(s) or component(s) that require maintenance

APTIMA, INC.
12 Gill Street, Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2458
Dr. Enio E. Velazco
NAVY 05-161      Awarded: 03FEB06
Title:Knowledge and Experiences of Expert Labor (KEEL)
Abstract:The shipbuilding industry has a large number of workers that are close to retirement. With their departure a great deal of expertise, wisdom, and institutional knowledge will be leaving the workforce. This loss could lead to inefficiency and higher costs in the shipbuilding process. A method of capturing and transferring this experience and knowledge to junior workers would reduce the impact of the departure of the expert workers. KEEL, the envisioned product of this SBIR, is a unique tool that will accelerate the training of junior workers by facilitating the transfer of knowledge from experienced workers even years after their retirement. The core of the tool is a knowledge framework based on dimensions within the shipbuilding process that are known to affect productivity. Two interfaces will touch the knowledge framework: a knowledge capture interface and a knowledge playback interface. The knowledge capture interface will systematically elicit the experiences and lessons of the retiring workforce. The knowledge playback interface will allow the junior employee to access these lessons when in need of guidance.

KNOWLEDGE SYSTEMS SOLUTIONS, INC.
10455 Pacific Center Court, Suite 285
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 657-2121
Mr. Kenneth Wolsey
NAVY 05-161      Awarded: 03FEB06
Title:Improved Work Performance in a Shipbuilding Environment
Abstract:KSS recognizes the complexity involved in the ship lifecycle. A significant step in improving this process is to convert implicit knowledge into explicit knowledge as knowledge bases that capture, organize, manage, store, and find knowledge and information so they can be reused and improved throughout the lifecycle. Modeling this knowledge in knowledge bases gives the Navy and shipbuilders a significant new capability to model and simulate projects, systems, and processes to plan, coordinate, model and track all aspects of ship modernization. KSS has identified a feasible solution that can be incrementally implemented to capture the knowledge and experience of an aging and retiring workforce, leveraging three important knowledge resources; the Internet, the desktop/private server networks, and personal knowledge bases.

ASSETT, INC.
8616 Phoenix Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 365-8970
Mr. Galen Plunkett
NAVY 05-162      Awarded: 22FEB06
Title:Obsolescence Management Decision Making and Planning Tool
Abstract:The pace of technology advancements with corresponding products applicable to a wide variety of uses necessitates the incorporation of systemic technology related planning. This SBIR will demonstrate an approach that provides solution alternatives and supporting quantitative analysis capabilities for decision making and planning to support truly proactive obsolescence management. ASSETT Inc. proposes to combine its technology refresh planning methodology, currently implemented across the US Submarine Force, and our successful initial efforts on our SBIR N05-053 TIPP tool development with the lessons learned from similar support to commercial technology firms. In using open and documented standards, ASSETT's proposed Obsolescence Management Decision Making and Planning (OMDP) tool will be applicable to both government and commercial customers, as well as, seamlessly integrating with an organization's current technical and management processes. The resultant product is projected to: (1) focus on proactive obsolescence management, (2) identify appropriate front-end design approaches to plan for and avoid obsolescence impacts, and (3) relate system capability sustainment as a function of technology refresh. Results from this tool will be easily configurable to support a wide variety of complimentary decision support systems.

DECISIVE ANALYTICS CORP.
1235 South Clark Street, Suite 400
Arlington, VA 22202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 414-5106
Mr. Mike Colony
NAVY 05-162      Awarded: 22FEB06
Title:Obsolescence Management Decision Making and Planning Tool
Abstract:The scope and complexity of the DD(X) design, which includes the integration of new advanced combat systems in a Total Ship Computing Environment (TSCE), is unprecedented for the U.S. Navy. The intent of the DD(X) program is to incrementally insert new technologies into each block build of DD(X) ships over the next fifteen years. The result of this approach will be a fleet of ships in which many components used in each block may be different, as advances in technology and microelectronics will cause components used in the first ship to become obsolete, before the last ship goes into production. Considering that the service life of ships and military weapons systems is increasing while the manufacturing life of many critical components is getting shorter, addressing and planning obsolescence mitigation and Diminishing Manufacturing Sources and Material Shortages (DMSMS) actions early will save time, reduce lifetime costs and increase availability of critical systems. The goal of this research is to utilize state-of-the-art technologies within a web-based architecture to provide Obsolescence Managers with an analysis tool suite that performs analysis at any level, from component to ship segment and continuously and autonomously updates reports, allowing them to confidently develop realistic obsolescence mitigation strategies.

GALORATH, INC.
100 North Sepulveda Blvd., Suite 1801
El Segundo, CA 90245
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 414-3222
Mr. Lee Fischman
NAVY 05-162      Awarded: 22FEB06
Title:Obsolescence Management Decision Making and Planning Tool
Abstract:Large capital systems, particularly military hardware, are expected to last many years longer than the refresh cycle of their component technologies. Weapons systems will be fielded containing relatively obsolescent components, perhaps even before initial deployment. The question is, to what extent should obsolescence be allowed to impact mission requirements, and how can obsolescence costs best be mitigated? In today's cost estimating models, obsolescence is not even directly accounted for, despite its impact. As the pace of technological change quickens and technologies obsolesce more rapidly, the need to plan for and mitigate its effects will grow. Galorath will develop a complete obsolescence planning system and fully integrate this into its SEER-H hardware cost prediction tool. This will enable seamless integration of obsolescence awareness and planning with a complete development, production, operations and support cost analysis tool. SEER-H is among the most widely used, commercially available hardware costing solutions. The addition of obsolescence planning would translate into instant customer success and leverage DoD goals as an already large and growing user base gains access to it. These users are largely Defense contractors who would thus be able to engage in more sophisticated obsolescence planning for Government systems.

PROGENY SYSTEMS CORP.
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 368-6107
Dr. Michael Hertz
NAVY 05-162      Awarded: 22FEB06
Title:Obsolescence Management Decision Making and Planning Tool
Abstract:Progeny Systems proposes to create a Bayesian Decision Network (BDN) based simulation that relates program and technical variables and makes projections as to the Total Ownership Cost of a system. This proposal discusses an incremental approach to the creation of a simulation environment that would enable the sponsor to clearly see the impacts of various technological and organizational decisions. Through accurate modeling and optimizing technology insertion, Progeny Systems can facilitate and enable the Navy with the ability to apply mature and cutting edge technologies that optimize the technical composition of the system.

HARMONIA, INC.
1715 Pratt Drive, Suite 2820
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 951-5901
Dr. Marc Abrams
NAVY 05-163      Selected for Award
Title:Tools for Rapid Insertion or Adaptation of Combat System Capabilities
Abstract:We propose developing the Software Analysis through Visual Extraction (SAVE) tool, a visual programming and architecture adaptation plugin to Harmonia's Legacy Analysis Workbench (LAW). SAVE is specifically targeted at providing new functionality to model, visualize, and extract design artifacts and architectural components from combat system architectures and software. The existing system is modeled behind the scenes in platform-independent XML, allowing us to design visualizations for the modeling language and apply them to multiple importable implementation languages. Our model is constructed by translating existing software into the XML modeling language. We then manipulate the model using SAVE and generate the adapted system from the new model. The model provides the foundational representation that allows us to modify and adapt code structures on the fly for rapid deployment to the warfighter.

INNOVATIVE DEFENSE TECHNOLOGIES
3150 South Street, NW, Suite PH2A
Washington, DC 20007
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(202) 293-1225
Mr. Richard W. Carroll
NAVY 05-163      Selected for Award
Title:The Innovative Application of Commercial Automated Testing Tools for Rapid Insertion or Adapation of Combat System Capabilities
Abstract:The Navy's systems today are largely software based, growing in complexity, and becoming more and more dependent on the successful re-use of software developed from other programs. Despite the advances in development practices and tools, the goals of accelerating the rate at which systems can be delivered and reducing their costs cannot be met by simply writing software faster without comparable improvement in the practices and tools for testing the software. A very significant cost, schedule, and technical advantage over conventional methods is possible using predominately existing or emerging testing methodologies and COTS tools to provide rapid, affordable and comprehensive automatic testing and re-testing for combat system developments or modifications. These automated testing processes and tools will enable swift insertion of innovative and advanced combat system technologies into the complex open-architecture framework of naval tactical and surveillance operations.

INSTAKNOW.COM, INC.
1624 Raspberry Court
Edison, NJ 08817
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(908) 754-9500
Mr. Paul Khandekar
NAVY 05-163      Selected for Award
Title:Tools for Rapid Insertion or Adaptation of Combat System Capabilities
Abstract:Instaknow Inc. has developed a highly unique, patented real-time process automation platform, the Instaknow-ACE r (Active Collaboration Engine). Instaknow-ACE implements the SOA and BPM capabilities in a radically advanced manner, using "Non-intrusive Model Driven Architecture (n-MDA)". Once the composite choreographic business solution is modeled using friendly graphical interfaces, the model becomes the live operational solution, without needing additional programming and without costly XML modifications to existing applications. By avoiding programming costs in the composite layer and eliminating the need for XML programming changes to all other systems, n-MDA materializes the "Agile Enterprise" benefits of SOA and BPM without the major expense, time and risk of heavily programmed, intrusive deployments. Extensive discussions with other system owners about XML formats and standards are avoided because Instaknow-ACE can do real-time interactions with any other application without XML, using patented "non-intrusive interaction" technology advances. Instaknow's "No Change to Existing Systems" process automation approach results in avoidance of huge amount of technical analysis, design, coding, testing efforts and costs, freeing up technology staff and budgets to deliver other new, strategically valuable business systems. An operation that can respond quickly to changing business requirements, automate and empower decision-making, create real time collaboration across the enterprise and the Web, while leveraging existing systems, can now be achieved with minimal resources and investment.

VARILOG RESEARCH, INC.
5020 Sunnyside Ave., Suite 203
Beltsville, MD 20705
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 474-3676
Dr. Robert B. Scher
NAVY 05-163      Selected for Award
Title:Tools for Rapid Insertion or Adaptation of Combat System Capabilities
Abstract:A software tool/component for improving platform identification performance in shipboard Combat Direction systems is proposed. The component, once embedded in an overall system, will provide an extensible foundation for the addition or refinement of sensors and off-board data sources, thus enabling rapid insertion of new technologies. A specification for the component will be developed in light of existing ID processing architecture as distributed among sensors, the Combat Direction system core, and human operators. Methods for deriving the additional data required to achieve ID improvement will be investigated.

---------- MDA ----------

177 Phase I Selections from the 05.3 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
CORNERSTONE RESEARCH GROUP, INC.
2750 Indian Ripple Rd.
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-1877
Matthew C Everhart
MDA 05-001      Selected for Award
Title:Fail-Safe Thermal Activation Components for Insensitive Munitions
Abstract:Cornerstone Research Group, Inc. (CRG), proposes the development of heat-activated pressure venting mechanisms actuated by shape memory polymers (SMP) as a means for meeting insensitive munitions (IM) requirements for ammunition containers. SMP composite materials provide the same strength as conventional composites at normal operating temperatures. However, at a threshold activation temperature, these novel materials soften to a controlled modulus of elasticity and thereby allow a predictable deformation under load. Upon cooling below the activation temperature, the material reverts to its original strength, but retains the new shape to which it deformed while soft. SMP-actuated pressure venting mechanisms coupled with conventional ammunition containers will provide failsafe venting during fast and slow cook-offs. Also, the development of these pressure venting mechanisms will offer the ability to produce non-electronic temperature monitoring systems.

PHYSICAL SCIENCES, INC.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Dr. Ana Racoveanu
MDA 05-001      Selected for Award
Title:Developing Insensitive Munitions Technology for Missile Defense
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) and its team member, Aerojet, propose to evaluate Insensitive Munitions (IM) compliant propellants for large diameter SRMs by using a novel energetic mixed furazan plasticizer with low sensitivity, good energy and good density. It is recognized that "energy compartmentalization" is critical to reducing the response of energetic propellants to unplanned stimuli. This plasticizer is expected to be superior to current plasticizers (e.g. Butyl NENA) in that it does not contain a thermally unstable nitrato group and shock sensitive nitramine group, but does contain the favorable nitrofurazan group. The proposed nitrofurazan plasticizer will impart better propellant IM response through the reduction in propensity for fuel fire, shock or bullet/frag ignition. PSI will provide Aerojet with 25 grams of the nitrofurazan for testing by Small Scale Gap Test and Calorimetry. On a potential Phase II program, PSI will scale-up the synthesis and Aerojet will formulate the plasticizer in a propellant mixture and provide more thorough propellant characterization. PSI and Aerojet will show a path to the nitrofurazan commercial manufacture.

PHYSICAL SCIENCES, INC.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Dr. Bryan V. Bergeron
MDA 05-001      Selected for Award
Title:Insensitive Nanomaterial-Impregnated Solid Rocket Propellant
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop and test new solid rocket propellant formulations that incorporate innovative oxidizer/fuel nanocomposites in binders. The energy release rates of the highly exothermic nanocomposite reactions will be increased due to the intimate contact between the fuel and oxidizer particles at nanoscale dimensions. The particle size and size distribution will be measured and found to be homogeneous throughout the samples. These nanocomposites will be mixed with various binders and standard additives to increase propulsion performance. Reaction mixtures will be combusted in a nitrogen environment and the pressure and temperature responses will be measured. The materials will be tested for impact and friction sensitivity. In Phase II, new ingredients will be synthesized, characterized, incorporated within formulations, modeled, and combusted to meet or exceed current IM test criteria.

CAE-NET
1033 Third Avenue SW, Suite 210
Carmel, IN 46032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(317) 496-2884
Dr. Josh Nema
MDA 05-002      Selected for Award
Title:Developing New Insensitive Munitions Packaging Solutions for Missile Defense
Abstract:Dr. Nema, Principal Investigator for this proposal, is currently working on a smaller diameter project for DoD. We are working on Torpedoes, Missiles, and lunch tubes which have failed the DoD codes for fast cook off, slow cook off, 50 caliber high speed bullet penetration, and fragment impact. We have made considerable progress through use of Modeling and Simulation tools such as LS-DYNA, ANSYS Multi-Physics and the INERTIA Engineering System. INERTIA Multi-physics Engineering system has been developed by Dr. Nema during the last 18 years. He is also teaching modeling, simulation, and applied finite element analysis at Indiana University, Purdue University-Indianapolis(IUPUI). Our current applied research is focused on exactly the same IM compliance such as STANAG 4375, STANAG 4396, STANAG 4439, STANAG 4382, STANAG 4241, MIL-STD-2105, and MIL-STD-2105B. The objective of this program is to develop innovative insensitive munitions packaging concepts to protect solid rocket motors (SRM) greater then 12 inches in diameter or greater from unplanned stimuli such as heat, shock and bullet/fragment impact. Our current simulation models show that bullet and fragment temperatures are higher that propellant igniting temperature. We have also found out that due to current highly conductive material used in SRMs, inside temperature is higher that igniting temperature of propellant due to high rate of fast cook off radiation force and high conductive properties. SRMs react to fire flame fast cook off and oven slow cook off. Technical objective of this proposal is to continue our Anti-Ballistic anti radiation applied research for greater than six inch missiles, lunch tubes and gas generators. We are simulating a special polymer-ceramic- fabric composite structure as protective container for four missiles containers. Are initial results for six inch tubes are very good.

LUNA INNOVATIONS, INC.
2851 Commerce Street
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 552-5128
Dr. Aaron Small
MDA 05-002      Selected for Award
Title:Flame Retardant Ballistic Materials for Missile Defense
Abstract:Missile defense systems are now required to conform to the insensitive munitions requirements of MIL STD 2105C. Meeting such requirements in the ballistic missile defense system will require a layered approach involving modified shipping containers and canisters, improvements in solid rocket motor casings, and less sensitive solid rocket propellant. For mobile defense systems deployed in forward positions (such as PAC-3 and THAAD), it is particularly useful to address the container/canister since any improvements made to meet MIL STD 2105C will also prolong the field life of systems exposed to incoming fire. In the case of PAC-3, the canister is the shipping container. In the case of THAAD, it is field transported in a MRP. As such, weight is of key concern in both systems. Luna Innovations will examine lightweight, flame retardant ballistic laminates as well as potential design modifications to existing canisters that will mitigate thermal and ballistic threats.

MECHANICAL SOLUTIONS, INC.
11 Apollo Drive
Whippany, NJ 07981
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 326-9920
Mr. Keith B. Olasin
MDA 05-002      Selected for Award
Title:Developing New Insensitive Munitions Packaging Solutions for Missile Defense
Abstract:Driven partly by a succession of catastrophic accidents, the U.S. armed services began insensitive munitions (IM) technology development some time ago. However, most of these efforts to date, including new packaging technologies, have focused on tactical applications such as bombs, small missiles, and tank ammunition, and have effectively left the large solid-fueled rocket IM state-of-the-art dangerously far behind. Mechanical Solutions, Inc.'s (MSI) proposed project will develop a system of complimentary mechanical designs that will bring IM technology to large solid rocket motor (SRM) packaging. Generally the most common IM threat to large SRMs is unplanned thermal energy input from sources such as external fires or from the friction of penetrating bullets and projectiles, which can cause the propellant to auto-ignite. MSI's IM packaging system will consist of simple, reliable, shape memory alloy activated vents located strategically to eliminate confinement, a layer of light weight syntactic foam to provide substantial impact energy absorption and thermal insulation, an outer ballistic layer for additional high velocity fragment impact protection, and an internal solid lubricant transfer system to reduce friction heat energy if projectile penetration of the SRM occurs. These individual threat-optimized IM technologies will function together to create a comprehensive IM packaging system.

V SYSTEM COMPOSITES/DR TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
1015 E. Discovery Lane
Anaheim, CA 92801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 619-8560
Mr. Scott Holmes
MDA 05-002      Selected for Award
Title:Integrated Composite Armor and Structure for Lightweight Shipping Containers and Launch Canisters for Ballistic Impact Protection of Interceptor Solid Rocket Motors ( PVSC05-055)
Abstract:Missile solid rocket motors (SRMs) are vulnerable to small arms fire and blast fragments that may penetrate the missile motor case during transportation and deployment, resulting in potential loss of the launcher, launcher crew and complement of missiles. The challenges is to provide a low cost and lightweight armor solution that will protect the shipping containers and missile launch canisters from small arms fire and blast fragment threats while meeting insensitive munitions (IM) criteria. The VSC Team proposes an innovative, low cost and producible integrated armor and composite structure packaging solution that mitigates IM threats for large diameter SRMs by improving ballistic protection. This innovative IM packaging solution uses V System Composites (VSC) HyPerSHIELD ballistic protection concept coupled with the HyPerVARTMr composite manufacturing process for building large, affordable unitized structures with aerospace level quality. In Phase I, feasibility of these IM packaging improvements will be developed and demonstrated for the Kinetic Energy Interceptor (KEI) missile system through design, analysis, and material characterization testing. The Phase II program will build on Phase I concepts with the design, fabrication and testing of prototype sub-scale articles that verify analysis predictions, and evaluate ballistic performance of the integrally armored composite structure against IM threats.

WRIGHT MATERIALS RESEARCH CO.
1187 Richfield Center
Beavercreek, OH 45430
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 431-8811
Dr. Seng C. Tan
MDA 05-002      Selected for Award
Title:Lightweight shipping container for solid rocket motor with Insensitive Munitions
Abstract:It is desirable to manufacture shipping containers for large solid rocket motors (SRM) insensitive munitions (IM) up to 50-in in diameter. Shipping or packaging containers of SRM should have good thermal insulation, lightweight, ballistic resistant, high temperature, corrosion resistant, and damage resistant properties in addition to several IM requirements. Missiles are usually transported in a container and are fired from a separate device. Currently used shipping containers for MDA SRMs do not have sufficient combined ballistic resistant capability and IM characteristics. Each container weighs several thousand pounds and some of them do not have flame resistant properties. This makes the SRM and missiles very vulnerable in their container during shipping. In this SBIR project Wright Materials Research Co. will team up with Lockheed Martin Missile and Fire Control (LMMFC-D) to manufacture and evaluate lightweight hybrid composites for MDA's applications. The proposed technology will be most beneficial to MDA's systems including shipping containers for very large SRMs, Ground Based Interceptor (GBI) missile containers, Patriot Advanced Capability-3 (PAC-3), Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) missiles, and missile cases. In particular, we will develop and manufacture IM shipping containers for SRM up to 50-in in diameter. In addition to the desirable properties mentioned above the proposed shipping containers should be able to defeat level III ball and level IV AP threats. Our preliminary studies indicate that our foamed composites can defeat LPS and NIJ level IV rounds at close vicinity. The proposed hybrid composites should also have the ability to defeat high speed fragmentation impact that MDA systems encounter. If successfully developed, the proposed lightweight containers would have an immediate niche market in the shipping and transportation and insulation industries.

MILTEC CORP.
678 Discovery Drive
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 428-1407
Mr. Marvin Magill
MDA 05-003      Selected for Award
Title:Developing Insensitive Munitions Modeling and Simulations for Missile Defense
Abstract:The effective design of weapon systems is often dependent upon the proper explosives and propellant formulations being not only enhanced in performance but still being safe to handle and use. Understanding the phenomena, which determines the degree of sensitivity the particular propellant/explosive composition has to stressful events, is critical to understanding and predicting its behavior. Our approach will look at behavior correlations among empirical test data, infrared spectrometry data, hydrocode and statistical analysis to establish if there is a relationship in chemical bonding structure or makeup to the sensitivity of an explosive to impact. In industry the use of infrared spectroscopy is common; more specifically Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR/FTIS) in this case, is of interest for analysis of binder HTPB. One potential approach to defining sensitivity is to define an algorithm to characterize insensitive munitions (IM). In this case the modified Jacobs-Roslund High Explosive Initiation (HEI) model equations will be applied. Background research of previous documentation of interest that can potentially be applied to IM analysis will be done. This data will be organized into a relational database. Correlation of data into baseline sets and review of test results which would be expected from performing FTIR samples for IM's will be conducted. Based on the empirical test results, code analysis, FTIR data, hydrocode, Cheetah simulations and sensitivity algorithm parameters of interest, a representative approach will be developed to achieve an algorithm which describes sensitivity on an IM to impact.

BODKIN DESIGN & ENGINEERING, LLC
P.O. Box 81386
Wellesley, MA 02481
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 795-1968
Mr. Andrew Bodkin
MDA 05-004      Selected for Award
Title:Hyperspectral/Multispectral imaging for transient events
Abstract:The development of a multiband, stand-off detector with both MWIR imaging, hyper-spectral imaging, and ultra-high-resolution, high-speed Fourier transform spectroscopy is proposed. In the Phase I work, a high-rate, multiband, spatial heterodyne spectrometer will be developed to analyze missile intercept products of combustion.

NOVASPECTRA, INC.
777 Silver Spur Road, Suite 112
Rolling Hills Estate, CA 90274
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 408-3225
Dr. William S. Chan
MDA 05-004      Selected for Award
Title:100-KHz Hyper-spectral FPAs for Transient Events
Abstract:We propose to develop three ultra-fast focal plane arrays (FPAs) with 100 K frames per second and dynamically tunable over the 0.20-1.20 micron spectral range to obtain spatial as well as spectral images of a transient fireball evolved from an interceptor kill. These images are then used for assessing the nature of the kill. Each FPA consists of 256x256 fast PIN photodiodes each integrated with a micro interferometer tunable to pass wavebands at a microsecond speed to provide fast hyper-spectral images. The first FPA covers the 0.20 - 0.40 micron range; the second the 0.40 - 0.80 micron range, and the third 0.80 - 1.20 micron range. By partitioning the FPA into 8 segments, each containing A/D converters and interface circuits, massively-parallel readout at a data rate of 64 Gbps is achieved to sustain a FPA frame rate in excess of 100 KHz. The FPAs are fabricated entirely of silicon (Si) for robustness, reliability and producibility using commercial foundries for production at low cost. Depending on the kill assessment procedure, the post-FPA parallel processing can store up to 10 thousand frames for analysis. Phase I will analyze, model and design the FPA structures and layouts for 100 KHz speed, delineate the processes for fabrication and fabricate a simple structure to demonstrate its fabricability. Phase II will fabricate the FPAs based on the model established in Phase I and test it with supporting optics and electronics for 100 KHz frame rate. Phase III will prototype and test the 100 KHz FPAs.

SCIENTIFIC SOLUTIONS, INC.
55 Middlesex street
Chelmsford, MA 01863
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 251-4554
Dr. John Noto
MDA 05-004      Selected for Award
Title:Quad channel hyperspectral imager for high speed atomic spectral characterization
Abstract:Proposed here is a novel approach to multi-spectral imaging that can be used for post-kill fireball analysis. This technology will allow for the rapid determination of the metallic content of a fireball. Using recently developed technology this system has a narrower bandwidth and greater continuum rejection of any competing system. In Phase I a brass-board prototype of the essential dispersing element will be constructed and in Phase II several imaging system will be developed. Each system will have a variable FOV and plate scale as well as sensitivity from 350 nm to 1000nm. The data cube produced by this hyperspectral imager is small enough to not be too taxing for most telemetry systems.

SPECTRAL SCIENCES, INC.
4 Fourth Avenue
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 273-4770
Dr. Marsha Fox
MDA 05-004      Selected for Award
Title:Hyperspectral/Multispectral imaging for transient events
Abstract:There is a long-standing need for the development of fast single-frame spectral imaging instrumentation, also known as a "snapshot" or "flash" spectral imager, to study fast transient phenomena where retrieval of 3-dimensional hyperspectral data cubes provides crucial information. Spectral Sciences, Inc. proposes to develop the Multiplexing Array Spectral Camera (MASC) a snapshot spectral imager which acquires multiplexed spatial and spectral data with high optical collection efficiency and with the speed limited only by the readout time of the detector circuitry. The concept proposed allows a wide range of design tradeoffs for specific applications, and uses relatively mature component technologies to reduce the development risk. The performance of the instrument, as modeled in this proposal, indicates that projected MDA requirements for advanced transient target sensing can be satisfied. The concept offers a foundation on which further advanced spectral imagers can be based, with unprecedented flexibility in spectral, spatial and temporal data acquisition. In Phase I we will build and test a feasibility demonstration prototype, and develop an engineering design for a Phase II system. In Phase II, we will construct a pre-production prototype instrument suitable for low-volume production.

AMERICAN GNC CORP.
888 Easy Street
Simi Valley, CA 93065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 582-0582
Dr. Tasso Politopoulos
MDA 05-005      Selected for Award
Title:Low Cost, High Data Rate MEMS IMU for Exo-Atmospheric Seeker
Abstract:The objective of this project is to demonstrate an innovative approach to integrate the AGNC MEMS coremicro IMU and Sensor Electronics in a way that reduces weight, size and cost of the Integrated IMU/Sensor Electronics for exo-atmospheric seeker performance enhancement. This Phase I project will demonstrate the feasibility of realizing low cost, high data rate coremicro IMUs for exo-atmospheric Integrated IMU/Sensor Electronics. As such, the proposed evaluation of this premier technology can render AGNCs proposed low cost, high data rate coremicro IMU technology the best possible solution for pursuing the IMU technology component of MDAs exo-atmospheric Integrated IMU/Sensor Electronics topic. In Phase I, efforts are focused on assessing needs, identifying requirements and conducting analytical/experimental tests and demonstration for results using coremicro IMU to establish performance criteria and design specifications leading to subsequent prototype development in Phase II. Furthermore, the AGNC IMU testing and calibration system shall be utilized for design evaluation. Through efforts of the project, Integrated IMU/Sensor Electronics will be further enhanced in reliability, accuracy, size, weight, and data rate to fully meet the Integrated IMU/Sensor Electronics requirements.

AVYD DEVICES, INC.
2925 COLLEGE AVENUE, UNIT A-1
COSTA MESA, CA 92626
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 751-8553
Dr. Honnavalli R Vydyanath
MDA 05-005      Selected for Award
Title:Multi-Color LWIR/LWIR FPA Technology For Exo-Atmospheric Seeker Performance Enhancement
Abstract:Phase I effort focuses on demonstrating the feasibility of our approach to develop a technology to fabricate large format Multi-Color HgCdTe FPAs. In Phase II, we plan to validate the feasibility established in Phase I with demonstration and delivery of large format two-dimensional arrays hybridized to silicon Read Out Integrated Circuits (ROICs).

RADIANCE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
350 Wynn Drive
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 489-8963
Dr. Andrew Thies
MDA 05-005      Selected for Award
Title:Exo-Atmospheric Seeker Performance Enhancement
Abstract:An all-reflective zoom telescope for EKV is proposed to provide a larger field-of-view (FOV) that would shorten search time, enable resolution of objects at longer acquisition ranges, improve on-board discrimination performance, and improve resolution in end game, thereby enhancing aim-point selection. Efforts include the design of the optical surfaces meeting the EKV form factor prescription, optomechanical design of the telescope, electrical design of the actuation system, assessment of the telescope performance relative to system requirements, and development of fabrication and test plans.

BREAULT RESEARCH ORGANIZATION
6400 E. Grant Road, Suite 350
Tucson, AZ 85715
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 721-0500
Dr. Gary Peterson
MDA 05-006      Selected for Award
Title:Requirements Definition and Preliminary Design for a Stray Light Test Station
Abstract:The Missile Defense Agency (MDA) seeks innovations that "ease the effort required to perform integration and testing." One specific MDA interest is "metrology technologies for the rejection of stray light." Controlling stray light in ballistic missile defense (BMD) sensors is essential to target detection, discrimination and acquisition. Defense sensors must contend with the sun, the moon, the earth limb, and countermeasures, at virtually any angle relative to the sensor boresight. If a sensor is blinded by the sun or lured away by a countermeasure the result is no different than a failed launch. Therefore, mission assurance depends on defining realistic stray light requirements, designing sensors to meet those requirements, and verifying (by test) sensor stray light performance. This proposal response addresses stray light testing. In Phase 1 work we plan to define requirements and complete the preliminary design for a stray light test station for missile defense sensors.

LUNA INNOVATIONS, INC.
2851 Commerce Street
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 552-5128
Mr. Barry Polakowski
MDA 05-006      Selected for Award
Title:Manufacturing and Assembly of Innovative Electro-Optical Components and Systems
Abstract:Fiber optic data links are inherently protected from radiation and can provide significant weight savings for space-based applications. The goal of this SBIR is to create a distributed fiber optic bus to connect modular electronics within a space vehicle which would also improve bandwidth without modifying the current electronics designs. The output of the Phase I shall be a system configuration document which will be used to create a functional prototype during the Phase II effort.

GALAXY COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTORS, INC.
9922 E. Montgomery #7
Spokane, WA 99206
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(509) 892-1114
Mr. Gordon Dallas
MDA 05-007      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Sensor Materials for Space
Abstract:GaSb substrates have advantages that make them attractive for implementation of very long wavelength infrared (VLWIR) detectors with higher operating temperatures for stealth and space based applications. A significant processing issue for detector fabrication based upon InAs/GaSb and related strained layer superlattices (SLS) is the substrate transmissivity in the VLWIR range. In order to preclude substrate thinning for backside illuminated devices, a extremely low n-type substrate is desired. An opportunity exists to modify the Czochralski growth process to minimize the Ga antisite defect formation and significantly reduce the residual p-type carrier concentration. Using a modified melt stoichiometry, a faster liquid/solid interface rotation speed, and a slow cool ramp profile at the critical temperatures for vacancy formation/vacancy clustering, an extremely low doped n-GaSb boule may be fabricated. Hall Effect carrier concentration and FTIR transmissivity of substrates as a function of boule length will be examined. Deliverables for MBE SLS growth will be supplied to MDA and Raytheon. Phase II will incorporate a boule pull rate parameter and the establishment of a manufacturing process for larger diameter VLWIR suitable substrates. Commercialization of the GaSb substrate surface preparation process is regarded with high probability.

SVT ASSOC., INC.
7620 Executive Drive
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 934-2100
Dr. Aaron Moy
MDA 05-007      Selected for Award
Title:Improvement of Type II Superlattices by H-Plasma
Abstract:SVT Associates proposes an innovative atomic Hydrogen enhanced growth and surface preparation technique for high performance Type-II superlattice focal plane array fabrication. This material system is capable of infrared detection from 2 to > 30 micron, depending on layer composition and thickness. Photodetector arrays using this material are of great interest to the DoD for various applications including, in particular, optical detection and tracking of missiles. Hydrogen atomic flux has already been shown to improve other III-V growth, such as InAs. Applying the Hydrogen treatment to the superlattice should result in smoother substrate surfaces, higher material purity and more abrupt superlattice interfaces, all important factors that should significantly enhance device operation. We intend to characterize the positive effects of this Hydrogen process in superlattice structures in Phase I. In Phase II we will refine the Hydrogen process to realize Type-II superlattice discrete detectors and detector arrays.

CAPESYM, INC.
6 Huron Drive, Suite 1B
Natick, MA 01760
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 653-7100
Dr. Matthew Overholt
MDA 05-008      Selected for Award
Title:Low Defect LWIR Substrates by the Detached Growth Method
Abstract:This proposal is focused on the development of a novel method for the growth of low-dislocation-density, high-purity, and low-precipitate-concentration CdZnTe and CdSeTe crystals for use as substrates for MCT detectors. This work is motivated by the observation that II-VI compound semiconductors grown detached from the containment wall in space, as well as other materials grown on earth, have exhibited significantly lower dislocation density and higher purity. This program will seek to grow detached Cd(Zn,Se)Te crystals through the development of a feedback-controlled detached growth process, where the signals generated by a non-intrusive sensor are used to maintain a detachment gap of the order of 50-100 microns between the growing crystal and the ampoule.

EPIR TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
590 Territorial Drive, Suite B
Bolingbrook, IL 60440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 771-0203
Mr. Rasdip Singh
MDA 05-008      Selected for Award
Title:Lattice Matched Substrates for Mercury Cadmium Telluride growth by MBE
Abstract:Many advanced HgCdTe (MCT) infrared detector structures are grown by the molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) technique, which is especially sensitive to small imperfections, impurities, precipitates, and polishing damage on the substrate surface. In order to achieve very high crystalline quality MCT structures, the substrate surface must be of superior quality (MBE-quality). EPIR demonstrated the ability to create superior CZT surfaces using innovative non-contact and pressure dependent polishing methods and our proprietary chemical polishing solutions. Our polished CZT substrates were qualified by growing MCT epi-layers by MBE. These MBE epi-layers exhibited state-of-the-art X-ray FWHM values and low (10^5 cm-2) etch pit density. In the Phase I effort, we will substantially improve the quality of our CZT substrate surfaces using the new, fully automated, ultra-high-precision polishing system designed and fabricated by EPIR. The system is capable of batch polishing very large (up to 64 cm^2) area substrates. We propose innovative ideas to create a true "epi-ready" CZT surface and eliminate the need for end-user surface pretreatments prior to MBE growth. We will grow and characterize MCT by MBE to qualify our polished substrates and work with our industrial partners to commercialize "epi-ready" MBE-quality CZT substrates.

ADA TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
8100 Shaffer Parkway, Suite #130
Littleton, CO 80127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 792-5615
Dr. Tom Campbell
MDA 05-009      Selected for Award
Title:Innovative Concepts for Next Generation Infrared Detector Arrays for Missile Defense
Abstract:ADA Technologies proposes to develop advanced quality semiconductor substrates to address the needs of the Missile Defense Agency for research and development of innovative ideas leading to the development of a new class of sensitive infrared Focal Plane Arrays (FPAs) suitable for missile defense sensors and commercialization. Since GaSb substrates are prone to defect migration and elemental diffusion into the epitaxial layers, traditional GaSb wafers can reduce detectivity of type-II heterostructure layers InGaSb/InAs and thus impede fabrication of high quality FPAs. The proposed research will study a new class of substrate materials as a replacement for GaSb. New materials will be designed during bulk crystal growth to eliminate defect migration and contain elemental diffusion relative to epitaxial growth of the critical detection layers. In collaboration with an industrial world leader in IR detector device fabrication, the program will accelerate commercialization of the novel substrate material. By providing this new substrate material to the MDA, it will become feasible to detect, track, and discriminate future threats to our national security.

EPIR TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
590 Territorial Drive, Suite B
Bolingbrook, IL 60440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 771-0203
Mr. Chad Fulk
MDA 05-009      Selected for Award
Title:PbSnTe Thermoelectric Cooled Focal Plane Arrays on Novel Silicon Based Substrates
Abstract:The MDA's request to detect, track and discriminate long range targets requires infrared focal plane arrays (IRFPAs) that have higher sensitivities, longer cutoff wavelengths (>14 m), larger formats (> 256 x 256), and higher operating temperatures than the current infrared technology. PbSnTe is an ideal material for the MDA's requirements. Its carrier mobilities and quantum efficiencies are comparable or even higher than HgCdTe in the mid (3-6 m) and far (6-14 m) infrared. In addition, it has been reported that PbSnTe heterojunction detectors have the ability to operate at room temperature. However, viable solutions still need to be found to alleviate the materials obdurate elastic problems. In Phase I, EPIR Technologies will epitaxially grow PbSnTe on silicon with a CdTe/ZnTe buffer layer. This buffer will partially alleviate the lattice mismatch and provide superior adherence to the substrate. The silicon substrate does not suffer from the instability of the typically used CaF2 and BaF2 buffers and will allow for easy integration into existing IRFPA technologies. EPIR Technologies will then demonstrate high temperature operation of single element detectors. In Phase II, EPIR Technologies will address thermal mismatch issues though compliant technologies.

ITN ENERGY SYSTEMS, INC.
8130 Shaffer Pkwy
Littleton, CO 80127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 285-5107
Dr. Brian Berland
MDA 05-009      Selected for Award
Title:Uncooled BLIP Detector for Next Generation Infrared (IR) Focal Plane Arrays (FPAs)
Abstract:The ITN team proposes to design and develop a revolutionary uncooled IR detector that is compatible with large format focal place arrays. By dramatically decreasing thermal conduction noise and Johnson noise, the proposed sensor enables BLIP sensitivity resulting in a 50 times increase in detector sensitivity over state-of-the-art technologies. Preliminary analysis projects a specific detectivity of 1.1E10 cm-Hz^0.5/W and NETD much less than 1 mK. The proposed BLIP detector will have a cutoff wavelength greater than 14 microns, a time constant of ~3msec, and require very little power (~40nanoWatts per pixel). In addition, the BLIP detector will be fabricated with standard thin-film technologies that provide high pixel uniformity, decreased cost, and inherent stability in high radiation environments.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
IT Division, 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Alexander Naumov
MDA 05-009      Selected for Award
Title:Gamma Focal Plane Array
Abstract:Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new gamma focal plane array (gamma-FPA) that is highly sensitive in the mid- and long-wave infrared (MWIR/LWIR) regions, requires no cooling, and has high resolution and improved uniformity. Its operation is based on the exponential sensitivity of the rotational viscosity (gamma) of liquid crystal (LC) to temperature variation (MWIR/LWIR irradiation). The resonance absorption of MWIR/LWIR irradiation by LC molecules, and absorption of a wide range of wavelengths by carbon nanotube pixels raises LC temperatures. The resulting viscosity variation is precisely controlled by capacitance variation across each gamma-FPA pixel. The transient nematic effect and low LC bulk give the gamma-FPA millisecond speed. Because at readout, the LC molecules are rotated through the full available angular range, the gamma-FPA is polarization insensitive. The cost of the gamma-FPA will be kept low because it is based on well-developed LC display technology. In Phase I POC will demonstrate a laboratory prototype exhibiting multicolor detection in the MWIR/LWIR spectrum. In Phase II POC will design and fabricate a working prototype suitable for real environments--missile seekers or space-based satellites. In Phase III POC will improve performance and integrate the gamma-FPA into an MDA seeker.

QMAGIQ, LLC
One Tara Boulevard, Suite 102
Nashua, NH 03062
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 821-3092
Dr. Mani Sundaram
MDA 05-009      Selected for Award
Title:Dramatic Improvement In The Quantum Efficiency Of Large-Format Longwave Infrared Focal Plane Arrays
Abstract:We will demonstrate a dramatic 3x to 5x increase (over the state of the art) in the external quantum efficiency (QE) of longwave infrared (LWIR) focal plane arrays (FPAs) fabricated from quantum well infrared photodetectors. We will develop AND DELIVER a 320x256 LWIR FPA with this improved performance in Phase 1 itself. In Phase 2, we will develop and deliver a sensor engine consisting of a 640x512 version of this FPA in an integrated dewar cooler assembly.

MATERIALS & ELECTROCHEMICAL RESEARCH (MER) CORP.
7960 S. Kolb Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 574-1980
Dr. Dr. W. Kowbel
MDA 05-010      Selected for Award
Title:An Integrated SiC-SiC Composite Optical Seeker Assembly
Abstract:Currently used Al components for the optical seeker structure suffer from low specific modulus. As a result, re-design efforts with Al components, lack full realization of weight savings. The use of SiC-SiC composites for optical structures provides for significant weight savings, combined with improved structural performance. Combination of SiC-SiC structural components with SiC-SiC optical components, offers numerous design advantages (matched CTE). This proposal offer unique materials and optical fabrication approaches leading to a fully integrated SiC-SiC composite optical seeker assembly

RADIANCE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
350 Wynn Drive
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 489-8963
Dr. Andrew Thies
MDA 05-010      Selected for Award
Title:Low Cost, Strapdown Integrated Seeker
Abstract:The cost, mass, and performance of the homing seeker in systems such as THAAD are primarily driven by the requirement for precision target detection, tracking, and imaging for aimpoint selection in the presence of shock and vibration from aerodynamic buffeting and propulsion system operation. These systems require precision gyros, very low friction gimbals, and fairly large torquer motors for stability and pointing; and usually stabilize the focal plane assembly. This proposal presents a lower cost, lower weight solution for Line-of-Sight (LOS) pointing and stabilization. It utilizes a breakthrough in piezoelectric devices known as PBP actuators. The PBP technology overcomes the disadvantages of earlier piezoelectric control devices. The PBP based Fast Stabilization Mirrors (FSM's) will provide a lighter, lower power, smaller part count, and lower cost solution to LOS tracking and stabilization.

SCHAFER CORP.
321 Billerica Road
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 338-2865
Dr. William Goodman
MDA 05-010      Selected for Award
Title:Low Cost, Strapdown Integrated Seeker
Abstract:MDA and Army SMDC are interested in image stabilization technologies for the THAAD strapdown IR seeker and other BMD interceptor systems. In Phase I Schafer shall obtain detailed requirements from BAE Systems for state-off-the-art field-of-regard (FOR) and field-of-view (FOV) mirror instruments. We shall use these requirements to create a conceptual design for a 2-axis, servo-controlled FOR mirror with a closed-loop bandwidth >100 Hz, an elevation (vertical) range of 0-45 degrees (arbitrary origin), an azimuth (horizontal) range of +/- 5 degrees, and <10 micro-radian resolution. We shall also perform a complete design for a 1-2 cm, servo-controlled 2-axis laser pointing mirror with a closed loop bandwidth of 10 kHz, +/- 5 degrees range in both axes, and <1 micro-radian precision. Together with our partner SEO Precision a demonstration instrument shall be produced which will capitalize on technologies employed in our FAST-SLMST fast steering mirror product line. Schafer's high stiffness, lightweight SLMST and SiC-SLMST will provide the enabling lightweight mirror technology for both stabilization instruments. SLMST and SiC-SLMST foam core mirror technologies are capable of providing low mass moment of inertia and a 1st fundamental frequency that exceeds that of a beryllium mirror of the same weight.

CU AEROSPACE
60 Hazelwood Drive
Champaign, IL 61820
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(217) 333-8274
Dr. David Carroll
MDA 05-011      Selected for Award
Title:Improved Iodine Injection, Mixing and Pressure Recovery
Abstract:The primary objective of CU Aerospace's Phase I work will be to investigate innovative iodine injection concepts for the chemical oxygen-iodine laser (COIL) that improve mixing at higher total pressures. The designs will be made to significantly improve the pressure recovery of COIL systems while retaining efficiency. The results of the Phase I research will lay the foundation for developing a highly advanced COIL iodine injection scheme for improved pressure recovery in Phase II. Our team partner the University of New Mexico will assist CU Aerospace to perform cold flow PLIF experiments to examine the mixing character of the flow of a candidate method for injecting iodine. Design computations to investigate optimal injection configurations for gain magnitude and distribution, and chemical efficiency, will also be performed. This research will lead directly to designs that will be fabricated and tested extensively with detailed diagnostics to evaluate each design's performance attributes in Phase II with a goal of 250 Torr pressure recovery within the COIL cavity while maintaining flow uniformity both in species mixture and density. Use of the well-calibrated and economical COIL facility at the University of Illinois will allow these advanced concepts to be implemented and examined in detail.

ATMOSPHERIC & ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, INC.
131 Hartwell Avenue
Lexington, MA 02421
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 761-2288
Mr. George D Modica
MDA 05-012      Selected for Award
Title:Improved Optical Turbulence Forecasts
Abstract:We propose a Phase I SBIR project to define a forecast system to predict lower stratospheric and upper tropospheric optical turbulence. The application will be designed to be implemented within the Airborne Laser Atmospheric Decision Aid (ADA). The application will utilize as input data from the Air Force Weather Agency's theater numerical weather prediction (NWP) model. During Phase I, several candidate optical turbulence parameterizations will be examined for inclusion into the ADA. An innovative feature of our proposed application will operate on the input NWP model data to simulate an ensemble spread from a single NWP model forecast, enabling generation of a probablistic optical turbulence product that is capable of revealing nearby (in state space) meteorological and optical turbulence "regimes." Each ensemble member is used as input to two or more diagnostic optical turbulence algorithms. The set of ensemble optical turbulence forecasts are converted into probability density functions, and provided to the ADA. The forecast system will be designed to be configurable, modular, and conform to accepted software engineering standards.

NORTHWEST RESEARCH ASSOC., INC.
P.O. Box 3027
Bellevue, WA 98009
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 415-9701
Dr. Joseph Werne
MDA 05-012      Selected for Award
Title:Optical Turbulence Forecasting for Directed Energy and Laser Communication Systems
Abstract:This proposal addresses the development of advanced optical- turbulence forecasting tools to aid design, testing, and operations for applications involving laser propagation through the atmosphere. These include laser-weapons systems, free-space optical communication, and astronomical observations. Recent advances in atmospheric-dynamics research (measurement, simulation, and theory), in concert with a related MDA project, present a unique opportunity for optical-turbulence forecasting that is significantly better than what is currently available. By adapting this research, we can develop optical turbulence forecasts which simultaneously predict model expectation values and model uncertainty, allowing for the possibility of real-time evaluation of forecast skill without an ensemble procedure. The approach involves using Bayesian Hierarchical Modeling to combine NWP output with high- resolution measurement data and results from very high-resolution numerical simulations we have done of specific atmospheric processes. The methodology is well suited to the development of an improved Atmospheric Decision Aid (ADA) for the Airborne Laser (ABL), which we believe will be much more appropriate, accurate, and reliable than the existing ABL ADA. The approach is novel and has several significant advantages which we propose to explore during this Phase I effort.

ACULIGHT CORP.
11805 North Creek Parkway S., Suite 113
Bothell, WA 98011
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 482-1100
Dr. Fabio Di Teodoro
MDA 05-013      Selected for Award
Title:Eyesafe Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Laser for Laser Ranging
Abstract:We propose a novel approach, based on emerging photonic crystal fiber technology, to generate high peak and average power in multi-kHz repetition-rate pulses at eye-safe wavelengths. The proposed optical source is configured to be packaged in a compact and rugged fashion, exhibit low power consumption in compliance with requirements of airborne applications, and produce an output of excellent beam quality. If successful, the work accomplished through the Phase II of this program will result in the delivery of an eye-safe laser transmitter ideally suited for a wide variety of military 3D imaging LADAR systems.

ARETE ASSOC.
P.O. Box 6024
Sherman Oaks, CA 91413
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 571-8660
Dr. James Murray
MDA 05-013      Selected for Award
Title:Eyesafe Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Laser for Laser Ranging
Abstract:Within the past decade, ballistic missiles have emerged as major threats to American and friendly armed forces. As of early 1998, at least 30 nations were known to have more than 10,000 ballistic missiles in their arsenals and the threat is growing daily. Several of these countries are also known to be pursuing development or to have developed nuclear, chemical and biological capabilities for their missiles. To counter this threat the Missile Defense Agency (MDA) has sponsored the development of the Airborne Laser (ABL), which is a system centered around a high-energy chemical oxygen iodine laser (COIL) carried aboard a modified Boeing 747-400F freighter. Airborne Laser (ABL) will locate and track missiles in the boost phase of their flight, then accurately point and fire the high-energy laser, destroying enemy missiles near their launch areas. This proposal addresses critical new technology for the ABL tracking function contained within the Active Ranging System (ARS). The currently deployed ARS utilizes a CO2 laser rangefinder to generate both a range and instantaneous radial velocity of the missile with respect to the airborne platform. Although the technology that is employed is mature and highly functional, the emission of the CO2 laser at 11.15 Ym is not eyesafe, and is therefore hazardous to humans. Eyesafe operation of the laser rangefinder is a goal for the Next Generation Active Ranging System (NGARS), which will utilize a transmitter that operates between 1.4 and 1.6 mm and newly developed InGaAs avalanche photo-diodes (APD) that are sensitive in this region. Not only is eyesafe operation important for ABL; it is becoming a standard requirement on new laser rangefinder and laser radar (ladar) systems. The primary goal of this SBIR program is to develop an eyesafe all-fiber high power laser transmitter for the NGARS that will meet or exceed the performance specifications for the NGARS. This effort will lead to affordable commercialized eyesafe laser rangefinder and imaging ladar systems.

Q PEAK, INC.
135 South Road
Bedford, MA 01730
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 275-9535
Dr. Yelena Isyanova
MDA 05-013      Selected for Award
Title:Eyesafe Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Source for Laser Ranging
Abstract:Q-Peak, Inc. proposes to develop a ~2-ns pulse, high-power, 10-kHz repetition rate, 1504-nm source based on the combination of an efficient, high-power, diode-pumped Nd:YLF master oscillator - power amplifier (MOPA) system and a double-pumped, KTA crystal-based optical parametric oscillator (OPO) for laser ranging applications. The overall goal of the program is to design and build a short-pulse, single-frequency source with average power of 100 W. In the Phase I effort we propose to design and build a short-pulse diode-pumped, Q-switched, Nd:YLF oscillator and a double-pass amplifier based on our multipass slab design generating >15 W of average power at a 10 kHz pulse rate. The Phase I effort will also include analysis and preliminary design of the entire two-channel MOPA and the OPO converter to the eyesafe wavelength range. A prototype system suitable for application as an airborne Lidar Transmitter will be built and delivered to MDA at the end of the Phase II program.

NLIGHT PHOTONICS
5408 NE 88th Street, Bldg E
Vancouver, WA 98665
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(360) 518-1081
Dr. Paul Crump
MDA 05-014      Selected for Award
Title:Highly Reliable, High Power Cryogenic Red Diode Lasers
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to eliminate the catastrophic optical damage that limits the peak operating power of cryogenically operated visible red (630-nm) laser diodes. The method to be applied is band gap disordering by Zn-diffusion. This will be the first time this technique has ever been applied to high power visible red laser diodes. It will also be the first application of band gap disordering in a system intended for cryogenic operation. nLight Photonics, through programs with Directed Energy Solutions, has pushed the absolute state of the art in red diode lasers operating at 665-nm (room temperature) and 630-nm (cryogenic temperatures). Peak powers of 90W and 50% electrical-to-optical efficiency have been achieved from a 1-cm wide bar of 1-mm cavity length. Individual emitters have achieved 6.3W peak power while operating at room temperature. Through these programs the limiting mechanism in achieving higher powers is no longer the thermal escape of carriers, but the catastrophic failure of the optical facets under the intense optical field power densities.

SPIRE CORP.
One Patriots Park
Bedford, MA 01730
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 275-6000
Dr. Kurt J. Linden
MDA 05-014      Selected for Award
Title:Highly Reliable, High Power Cryogenic Red Diode Lasers
Abstract:This Phase I Small Business Innovation Research project is aimed at modeling and designing a cryogenic high power red diode laser array for use in optically pumping 100 kW level cryogenic lasers for missile defense and other applications. It is advantageous to operate lasers at cryogenic temperatures because in this environment they have greatly improved heat transfer characteristics, reduced laser thresholds, and increased device reliability. Phase I will develop a conceptual design for cryogenic 630 nm diode laser bars, consisting of individual emitters with output in excess of 0.5 W per emitter. The design will include the epitaxial layer structure, the individual emitter structure, the laser bar geometry, laser bar mounting onto laser headers, laser bar combining into multi-bar laser arrays, and heat spreader design. Mathematical models will be established, and design tradeoffs will be studied to predict device performance and performance limits. A plan for laser array performance measurement will be prepared, and preliminary experimental data will be obtained. Spire has extensive prior experience with high power diode laser array bar fabrication and multi-bar array manufacturing, and is currently manufacturing red LED and red laser products using in-house designed and MOCVD-grown epitaxial wafers in its state-of-the-art semiconductor manufacturing foundry.

ION OPTICS, INC.
411 Waverley Oaks Road, Suite 144
Waltham, MA 02452
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 788-8777
Dr. Irina Puscasu
MDA 05-015      Selected for Award
Title:Rugged cryogenic tuned heat rejection materials
Abstract:Ion Optics proposes to develop innovative 2D plasmonic-photonic crystal coatings for improved thermal rejection and stray light control for space tracking and surveillance systems. These coatings will survive rapid cycling to cryogenic temperatures. Photonic crystals are a new class of periodic structures with controllable electromagnetic radiation properties through changes in materials and geometry. Coupling modes in the photonic crystal to plasmons at the surface of a metallic array of holes further enhances the spectral control. By dramatically improving the ratio between visible absorptance and infrared emittance in lightweight, compact and switchable 2D metallo-dielectric photonic crystal device, it becomes possible to achieve better scatter supression and heat rejection. Phase 1 research will investigate optical properties for a variety of 2D metallo-dielectric photonic crystal structures on silicon and polymer substrates. These structures have potential for large conformal area fabrication by micromolding that would allow scaling design to any system shape and power output. Another future interest is for active control with tunable plasmonic-photonic crystals to match the desired wavelength range and the thermodynamic cycles of space-borne or airborne systems. Benefits to MDA also include reduced cost and simplified structural integration with increased safety and reliability.

RAPT INDUSTRIES
6252 Preston Ave.
Livermore, CA 94551
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(724) 295-3330
Mr. George Gardopee
MDA 05-015      Selected for Award
Title: Optics Technologies for Cryogenic Sensors
Abstract:Silicon Carbide (SiC) is a promising new material for optical substrates and structures for use in advanced cryogenic sensor systems. However conventional optical manufacturing technologies use abrasive-based grinding and polishing which leaves significant subsurface damage and residual stresses in the material. These residual stresses can lead to degradation of the optical performance of the system once it is deployed. We propose to demonstrate rapid damage-free shaping of lightweight aspheric SiC mirror substrates using Reactive Atom Plasma (RAP) processing. This novel technology allows for rapid and deterministic shaping of mirror surfaces while simultaneously removing the subsurface damage created during previous grinding steps.

SCHAFER CORP.
321 Billerica Road
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 338-2865
Dr. William Goodman
MDA 05-015      Selected for Award
Title: Optics Technologies for Cryogenic Sensors
Abstract:MDA, Air Force, and Raytheon are interested in dimensionally stable, survivable optical coatings for operation in the visible and long wavelength infrared (8-12 microns), for temperatures as low as 35 K, for the Space Tracking and Surveillance System (STSS) Track Sensor Telescope. Schafer demonstrated a VIS/NIR dielectric coating at NASA MSFC that reversibly changed the figure of a SLMST mirror by only 0.5 nm RMS for cyclic testing between 300 and 25 Kelvin. A C/SiC mirror mount was part of the experiment. Under MDA Contract No. HQ0006-05-C-7149 performed for Army SMDC, Schafer designed, manufactured and flash x-ray tested a low emissivity, high-reflectance VIS/NIR/LWIR coating designed from individual elements in the periodic table. The testing was successfully performed in September 2005 for SLMST, SiC-SLMST and C/SiC mirrors. Under 2005 IRAD funding, Schafer produced an all C/SiC bolt-together sensor telescope for MDA and Raytheon. Thus, for this project, we propose to design and demonstrate a dimensionally stable (25-340 K) and survivable (space and x-ray) VIS/LWIR coating on C/SiC mirrors traceable to an all C/SiC STSS cryogenic telescope that is designed from the systems point-of-view. In Phase II Schafer would work with the government and Raytheon to fully space qualify the coating.

UES, INC.
4401 Dayton-Xenia Road
Dayton, OH 45432
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 426-6900
Dr. Amarendra K. Rai
MDA 05-015      Selected for Award
Title:Multifunctional Nanocomposite Coatings for Mechanical Assemblies of Space Optics
Abstract:Space tracking and surveillance systems require mechanical assemblies that operate in varying and extreme atmosphere and temperature conditions. For proper functioning of these mechanical assemblies in space for many years, highly stable lubricating and wear resistant coatings are needed. To this end, in this Phase I program UES proposes to demonstrate the feasibility of multifunctional nanocomposite coatings with embedded solid lubricant phases in such applications. A systematic test methodology will be used to evaluate the developed coating. Based on the evaluation results the developed coatings will be validated and ranked. Highly ranked coatings will be further developed in Phase II.

CREARE, INC.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Dr. Mark V. Zagarola
MDA 05-016      Selected for Award
Title:A Cryogenic Heat Transport Loop for Space-Borne Gimbaled Instruments
Abstract:A high-performance cooling system for gimbal-mounted infrared sensors is a critical need for future space-based target acquisition and tracking systems. A candidate approach uses a high performance cryocooler remotely located on the spacecraft platform combined with a high conductance, cryogenic heat transport system to exchange heat from the sensors to the cryocooler. The heat transport system must have high conductance, produce minimal parasitic heat loads, and impose minimal torque on the gimbal, in addition to the typical space requirements of lightweight, compact and reliable. To meet these challenging requirements, we propose to develop a single-phase gaseous heat transport loop consisting of a miniature cryogenic circulator; ultra-flexible transfer lines; and compact heat exchangers. The circulator design has heritage in the unit developed by Creare for the Hubble Space Telescope, which has operated at 70 K for over 3.5 years with no change in performance. During Phase I, we will prove feasibility of the concept by (1) producing preliminary designs of candidate heat transport systems for the Space Tracking and Surveillance System, and (2) performing flexibility and life tests on the transfer lines at cryogenic temperatures. During Phase II, we will fabricate and test the heat transport system at cryogenic temperatures.

K TECHNOLOGY CORP.
110 Gibraltar Road, Suite 223
Horsham, PA 19044
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(631) 285-6580
Mr. Mark Montesano
MDA 05-016      Selected for Award
Title:High Performance Passive Flexible Heat Transport Material
Abstract:Next generation space infrared sensing technologies will require revolutionary improvements in thermal transport and storage technologies. Flexible cryogenic and ambient cooling is essential to meet emerging requirements for these advanced systems. Enabling technologies to accommodate the increasingly compact and higher density Air Force and Department of Defense infrared sensing payloads are required. k Technology Corporation proposes a general technology development that permits the design of a high performance passive flexible cryogenic and ambient heat transport material. The conductivity of the proposed material system will exceed 1000 W/mK at all temperatures between 5K and 300K. In addition, the proposed technology development will allow the material system to be tailored and optimized for any temperature in this range at greater conductivity values. This proposed effort will develop a material system that can be specifically designed to satisfy Air Force requirements.

PEREGRINE FALCON CORP.
1072 B Serpentine Lane
Pleasanton, CA 94566
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(925) 461-6806
Mr. Robert Hardesty
MDA 05-016      Selected for Award
Title:Enhanced Cryocooler Component and Integration Technologies
Abstract:Peregrine Falcon Corporation and Phase 2 partner Northrop Grumman will significantly improve the overall performance of pulse tube cryocoolers by enhancing the thermal conductivity of structures internal to the cryocooler. This enables much more efficient heat removal at the warm end. Peregrine's proprietary process for incorporating high thermal conductivity material within a defined thermal path will be used to increase the heat flow in critical areas, and thereby improve the cryocooler performance, without increasing the overall mass. In the specific structure chosen for this Phase I SBIR effort, Peregrine will reduce the temperature differential from the warm end of the cold end to the thermal rejection surfaces by well over 50% from the current design while significantly reducing weight. The major benefit from this improvement will be the significant reduction of input power required by the cryocooler to meet the required cooling load. The improvement offered by this SBIR effort will result in 17 Kilograms of weight savings at the system level.

IRIS TECHNOLOGY CORP.
PO Box 5838
Irvine, CA 92616
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 975-8410
Mr. Edward J. O'Rourke
MDA 05-017      Selected for Award
Title:Novel, Nonlinear Control System for Cryogenic Coolers
Abstract:A novel, nonlinear electronic control system will be evaluated for use in the Stirling Cryocooler compressor drive circuit. This proven and low cost technology can be hardened for use in space and has the potential to improve overall efficiency while reducing conducted emissions into the source supply.

LGARDE, INC.
15181 Woodlawn Avenue
Tustin, CA 92780
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 259-0771
Mr. Anthony Long
MDA 05-018      Selected for Award
Title:Microsatellite-based Space Targets for Calibration and Test of Advanced Radar and STSS Technologies
Abstract:The use of micro-satellites to provide target complexes for BMD investigations can reduce program costs; targets would no longer need be launched every time a sensor test is desired However, the exoatmospheric flight of real threats lasts for only 20 minutes or so, while the orbiting targets may have been subjected to months of exoatmospheric flight. The design parameters for the two cases are clearly different. The targets placed in orbit for use over a year or so must be carefully designed to maintain realistic appearances typical of the much shorter-lived real threats.Studies are already under way to define methods of keeping the individual targets realistic, such as the use of simple torque rods for obtaining proper orientation, and using inflatables that then rigidize in orbit. A threat complex, however, consisting of both reentry vehicles (RVs) and balloon decoys, will tend to disperse over time due to the drag of the tenuous atmosphere, solar pressure, and ejection velocities. The purpose of the proposed study is to solve this problem so that not only can valid individual targets be provided, but also that the threat complex will retain appropriate viewing geometries and separation distances typical of a real threat.

MICROSAT SYSTEMS
8130 Shaffer Parkway
Littleton, CO 80127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 285-5153
Mr. Jeff Summers
MDA 05-018      Selected for Award
Title:Reconfigurable, Commercial-based Avionics for Responsive Microsatellite Targets
Abstract:The Missile Defense Agency is seeking novel techniques to enable coherent, accurate, and sustained operation of ground-based phased array radars. MicroSat Systems, a small satellite developer is proposing a low cost Intelligent Power and Data Ring (IPDR) avionics architecture. IPDR for Responsive Microsatellite Target Systems takes advantage of initiatives to integrate high performance, low cost commercial electronics and processors into spacecraft avionics. This architecture provides a near-term solution to reconfigurable avionics while distributing power and data management functions on a single circuit. By integrating the MSI protocol converter technology with the ABET Technologies Digital Current System, MSI provides a network with standardized attachment nodes that carries data and power on the IPDR. This network can host a variety of data protocols and implements a SpaceWire core to support high speed data transfer around the ring and any user-programmable protocol from the ring out to peripheral devices. The standardization of the node design enables full modularity and growth from a minimum of three nodes reducing spacecraft integration to a few days. Since the system is implemented with a common set of standard nodes instead of custom cards in a card cage, the hardware costs are only 40-60% of centralized systems.

PHYSICAL SCIENCES, INC.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Dr. Prakash B. Joshi
MDA 05-018      Selected for Award
Title:Variable Size, Repeatedly Deployable, Ultra-lightweight Space Targets [7286-160]
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a Microsatellite-based Target System (MTS) that can form and deploy extremely lightweight, hollow, spherical targets with good radar and optical reflectivity. The system will be capable of deploying single or multiple spherical targets from small injectors (~ 1 cm diameter) located around the spacecraft. Each target can be deployed in such a way that its final size can be varied from tens of centimeters to a few meters diameter depending on the need. This ability to repeatedly form targets of different sizes is a distinguishing characteristic of our approach, making it a truly polymorphic target system capable of changing optical/radar signature of a microsatellite. In Phase I, we will experimentally investigate materials and fabrication methods for the target. We will measure optical and radar reflectivity and its dependence on physical characteristics of the target. In Phase II we will develop protoflight hardware for integration and launch on a space mission, followed by space validation testing in Phase III.

GH SYSTEMS, INC.
655 Discovery Drive, Suite 302
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 428-0050
Dr. Jonathan Fisher
MDA 05-019      Selected for Award
Title:Radiation Hardened Optical Filters for Focal Plan Assemblies
Abstract:Missile Defense surveillance and interceptor sensor operations typically use cryogenically cooled infrared sensors that operate while being exposed to natural space radiation and possibly to nuclear weapon radiation, both of which have the potential to degrade system performance. USASMDC's Hardened Infrared Optical Components (HIROC) program test results indicate that cryogenically cooled optical filters are susceptible to low levels of ionizing radiation dose, and thus pose a potential problem in an operational scenario. A solution to this problem requires the development of radiation hardened infrared optical filters. The GH Systems' team, including Surface Optics Corporation and ATK Mission Research, is proposing a multi-phase program to develop and commercialize radiation hardened IR filters. The proposed Phase I effort will investigate the radiation damage mechanisms, develop strategies to fabricate radiation hardened IR filters, develop an overall technology development and test plan, and perform limited radiation testing and material characterization. Our planned Phase II efforts will include the finalization of radiation hardened design approaches, fabrication of filters, and radiation testing to provide design verification. The GH Systems' team plans to use current commercial processes to develop this radiation hardened optical filter providing prompt availability to MDA.

INNOVATIVE BUSINESSS SOLUTIONS, INC.
301 Concourse Boulevard, Suite 120
Glen Allen, VA 23059
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(727) 812-5555
Mr. Greg Sjoquist
MDA 05-019      Selected for Award
Title:Innovative Manufacturing Process Improvements
Abstract:Target discrimination capabilities using advanced seekers and seeker image processing is one layer of providing for advanced threats such as multiple target clusters. Multiple Kill Vehicles addressing a cluster of potential targets is another significant layer in the overall BMDO arsenal. IBSi is collaborating with STI Electronics, Inc of Madison, AL. and MilliSensor Systems and Actuators, Inc. of West Newton, MA as critical team members in this proposed effort. The tasks defined herein lead to a significant improvement in advanced miniature kill vehicle seeker imaging system capability as well as vehicle Guidance, Navigation and Control. The MKV Kill Vehicle (KV) program, which is presently base-lining a MEMS IMU, is a good candidate for a very compact integrated avionics and signal processor with embedded MEMS based IMU. The short duration mission lends itself to an IMU that has relatively larger drift rates compared to FOG based solutions but at an extremely beneficial volume and mass reduction. The objective of the proposed effort is to develop a fully functional MEMS sensor suite utilizing an embedded digital control loop implemented in a high performance Xilinx Virtex-4 FPGA. The sensor readouts will interface to an IMU block internal to the same FPGA package.

KYMA TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
8829 Midway West Road
Raleigh, NC 27617
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 789-8880
Dr. Drew Hanser
MDA 05-019      Selected for Award
Title:Manufacturing Process for Semi-insulating 4" Diameter GaN Substrates
Abstract:Large area semi-insulating GaN has the potential to impact the commercialization of many technologies such as power transistors, high frequency microwave amplifiers, and high-speed, high-power switching components. One of the limiting factors in many of these applications is the lack of commercially available large diameter substrates. This program will develop 4" diameter semi-insulating GaN substrates produced using a large area crystal growth reactor designed by Kyma Technologies. Applications of these substrates include high power transistors, high frequency power amplifiers, and high-speed, high-power switching components. The availability of high quality, highly uniform, semi-insulating GaN substrates could significantly improve the efficiency, lifetime and reliability of microwave power HEMTs. The overall objective of this proposal is to develop a manufacturing process for growing high quality, low defect density semi insulating GaN wafers up to 4" in diameter. These crystals will be grown to a sufficient thickness to produce freestanding GaN substrates by slicing wafers from the 4" boule. Applications of these substrates include high power transistors, high frequency power amplifiers, and high-speed, high-power switching components.

MCCARTER MACHINE, INC.
1312 Underwood Rd, PO Box 520
Deer Park, TX 77536
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(281) 476-4716
Mr. Douglas R. McCarter
MDA 05-019      Selected for Award
Title:Innovative Manufacturing Process Improvements
Abstract:In the search for a suitable beryllium substitute material, the Missile Defense Agency (MDA) has identified several candidates for use in Ground Based Missile Defense (GMD) and Low Cost Kill Vehicle (LCKV) programs. One of the candidates that the MDA selected for further study is Single Crystal Silicon (SCSi). Because SCSi is a brittle material, a critical component for success in the substitution process involves attachment issues. Brittle materials are not like ductile materials that allow threading and mechanical attachment. However, with frit bonding, attachment of brittle materials is possible through the use of metal inserts. Bonding joints, referred to as metallurgical joints, show promise in replacing mechanical joints. In the case of brittle materials, the metallurgical joint can be distributed over a significant area thereby minimizing local stress concentrations. Although, we have several proven innovative bonding processes for attachment, these processes need further improvement and qualification with emphasis on rapid, low-cost, high-quality manufacturing, attachment performance, and process repeatability in order to move the processes to the next Readiness Level. The objective of this proposal is to define and determine the feasibility of using frit bonding and/or solder when attaching hardware to brittle materials.

MICROWAVE BONDING INSTRUMENTS
2400 N. Lincoln Ave.
Altadena, CA 91001
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 296-6480
Dr. Nasser Budraa
MDA 05-019      Selected for Award
Title:Manufacturing for High Yield and Reliability of HgCdTe IR Detectors
Abstract:HgCdTe is without a doubt the most dominant material for infrared (IR) detection. Particularly at wavelengths of importance to the MDA program, the reliable operation of these detectors is paramount. MBI in this proposal, will apply its technology in material processing by microwaves to synthesize ohmic contacts on long-wavelength HgCdTe detectors. The formation of ohmic-contacts on HgCdTe and their long-term stability contributes a great deal to the responsivity, reliability, yield and hence to the cost of these delicate detectors. The mal-formation of ohmic-contacts on HgCdTe detectors is unique in that it can be a source of operational problems affecting the device performance due to optical, electrical, or thermo-mechanical origins. Addressing and solving this problem alone has a compounding beneficial effect on LW and VLW HgCdTe detectors from device detectivity (D), reliability, yield, and cost point of view. MBI offers a two-part approach to the formation of ohmic-contact on HgCdTe detectors, a) a novel processing method with many distinct advantages, and b) a set of new metallizations made possible by the processing technology. This project has wider implications in the HgCdTe-IR device manufacturing with prospects of replacing current long-duration annealing with a fast less costly process and equipment

MILLI SENSOR SYSTEMS & ACTUATORS
93 Border Street
West Newton, MA 02465
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(857) 229-1417
Dr. Donato (Dan) Cardarelli
MDA 05-019      Selected for Award
Title:Single-Chip MEMS IMU for Integrated Avionics and Seeker Image Stabilization for the MKV
Abstract:MSSA is developing a single-chip MEMS IMU sensor that integrates all the necessary inertial instruments on the same vacuum-encapsulated chip, which permits the use of the IMU in die form. MSSA has specified a high data-rate version of this MEMS IMU to provide both short-term guidance and seeker image stabilization for MKV kill vehicles. MSSA will collaborate with Innovative Business Solutions, Inc. and with STI Electronics, Inc. to implement a system concept developed by Lockheed Martin that combines the IMU sensor, FPGA electronics, the SPAR-X Image Processor and a mission computer into a highly integrated package that couples high-density electronics with passive thermal management. This revolutionary approach will result in a low cost, high performance integrated avionics suite applicable to MKV and other MDA interceptor programs. MSSA proposes to develop an enhanced version of the MEMS IMU that implements a high data rate gyro concept. In Phase I, MSSA will design and fabricate a MEMS IMU chip to prove the high data rate concept using existing instrument designs. The single-chip IMU integrated with FPGA electronics using the STI packaging technology will be a highly versatile MEMS IMU product that can be configured to address many different military and commercial applications.

RESONANT MICROSYSTEMS, INC.
610 16th Street, Suite 511
Oakland, CA 94612
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 634-2741
Dr. Shui-Lin Chao
MDA 05-019      Selected for Award
Title:Precision Low Cost Assembly Technique for Manufacturing of Seeker Optics
Abstract:Precise alignment of optical components is currently obtained by an iterative process of wavefront measurement, demounting, shimming, and re-mounting. With the planned introduction of multi-FPA and cryogenic cooling, the alignment process is anticipated to become more difficult and costly. To address this challenge, our team is developing an automated process with nanometer range alignment accuracy. Our team's experience in the areas of micro-welding, solder bump processes, precision alignment techniques and laser micromachining will be a key enabler towards this goal.

SILICON SPACE TECHNOLOGY CORP.
3620 Lost Creek Boulevard
Austin, TX 78735
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 891-9702
Mr. Wesley H. Morris
MDA 05-019      Selected for Award
Title:Innovative Manufacturing Process Improvements (Bulk)
Abstract:Silicon Space Technology (with LSI Logic and Jazz Semiconductor) proposes to demonstrate an innovative manufacturing process technology implementing our hardened-by-isolation (HBI) approach for near-term insertion into BMD discrete components. We will develop scaleable bulk test circuit elements using 130 nm technology enhanced by SEE and TID mitigation process modules supporting radiation-hardening and cryogenic performance of components fabricated in commercial foundries. Extensive modeling and simulation will demonstrate performance and radiation hardness in Phase I. Our team's expertise in commercial process integration, device development in leading-edge commercial technology, and radiation-hardening techniques using HBP technology is crucial to successful implementation of the radiation-hardened process modules. Silicon Space's HBI approach, combined with leading-edge silicon foundry manufacturing, provides fabrication processes enhancing capabilities, product quality and reliability, manufacturing yields and sub-systems and component performance while reducing unit costs, cycle time, and process variability. These innovations solve the pervasive design, fabrication, and sustainment manufacturing problems experienced by Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS). This program will allow rapid transition of the results into systems and subsystems being developed for the BMDS. Leading-edge CMOS foundries producing these products will achieve the previously unattainable goal of deploying the latest electronics while minimizing risk of mission failure due to space radiation.

SOLDERING TECHNOLOGY INTERNATIONAL, INC.
102 Tribble Drive
Madison, AL 35758
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 705-5511
Mrs. Casey H. Cooper
MDA 05-019      Selected for Award
Title:Integrated Avionics Manufacturing Concept: Imbedded Component/Die Technology (IC/DT)
Abstract:The need for increased reliability coupled with reduced size and weight has demanded the evolution of manufacturing process technologies for printed circuit board assembly. Imbedded Component/Die Technology (IC/DT) will advance electronics packaging to the next level by transforming two-dimensional component placement into a three-dimensional (3-D) assembly with integrated thermal management. IC/DT enables the 3-D configuration of multiple systems thus achieving the cost/weight ratio advantage of using the smallest form and fit factor components available in a circuit card assembly. The objective of this research project is to develop a conceptual design using IC/DT to improve component performance, system capability, and product reliability of advanced interceptor seeker electronics. Removal of component-level packaging reduces assembly weight, electrical failure opportunities, electrical and thermal impedance, and valuable circuit card real estate. In Phase I, a manufacturing and assembly design methodology will be developed to integrate multiple advanced interceptor seeker electronics, such as the seeker IMU and image processor, into a high-density, miniaturized, light weight assembly. In collaboration with LMSSC, MSSA, and IBSi, a low-cost, highly-integrated, high-performance avionics package for the MKV kill vehicle shall be developed. This design methodology may be applied to a myriad of military interceptor products.

ARXAN RESEARCH, INC.
3000 Kent Avenue, Purdue Technology Center
West Lafayette, IN 47906
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(765) 775-1004
Mr. Eric D. Bryant
MDA 05-020      Selected for Award
Title:Non-Performance Degrading Software Protection for Real-Time Processes
Abstract:Tampering with or reverse engineering mission critical software is a very serious and real threat to modern weapons systems. Any protection which significantly degrades the performance of the weapons system is not practical. The proposed system will perform AT-related computations on a reconfigurable multicore processor to allow important security processes to execute without degrading the performance of the system. To achieve this goal, we will team with Rapport, Inc. to test the feasibility of using their Kilocore technology with our existing software AT product to protect real-time systems.

GRAMMATECH, INC.
317 N. Aurora Street
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 273-7340
Dr. Colin Van Dyke
MDA 05-020      Selected for Award
Title:Ballistic Missile Defense Innovative Anti-Tamper Techniques
Abstract:Adversaries reverse engineer weapons systems to replicate a system's advanced capabilities or discover its weaknesses. Many of these critical systems are real-time systems. The restrictions of real-time have a significant impact on the implementation of anti-tamper technology. This work will build on our prototype for transforming source code and machine code to add state-of-the-art protection against reverse engineering. An optimizing planner will determine how to best apply the defensive transformations in order to maximize the degree of protection without violating the real-time constraints. We will also investigate transforms that are directed specifically toward protecting architectural features of real-time platforms.

IRVINE SENSORS CORP.
3001 Redhill Avenue, Building #4-108
Costa Mesa, CA 92626
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 435-8920
Mr. John Leon
MDA 05-020      Selected for Award
Title:Ballistic Missile Defense Innovative Anti-Tamper Techniques
Abstract:Irvine Sensors Corporation (ISC) proposes to develop a new innovative anti-tamper (AT) technique that demonstrates the capability to delay, make economically infeasible, the reverse engineering or compromise of critical U.S. BMDS weapon system technologies. This new technique is a "Memory Device Eraser Module" (MDEM). The MDEM provides an innovative AT scheme that protects the contents of information that use memory. The MDEM guards and erases the memory devices on demand in the event of tampering. The MDEM appears as any standard electronic component and is not dependent on system resources (power) to ensure its functionality. The ability to reverse engineer the MDEM is economically infeasible causing weeks (months) of analysis to replicate due to the non-standard packaging technique and inability to understand the physical operations of the MDEM due to an innovative technique. The architecture of the MDEM is "open" supporting integration into any weapon system platform without affecting the performance of their real-time processing requirements. A breadboard model is to be developed that demonstrates the MDEM's anti-tamper techniques and proof-of-concept by protecting an algorithm or key within the memory structure in Phase I. Results from the Phase I model will be used in designing the prototype in Phase II.

LUNA INNOVATIONS, INC.
2851 Commerce Street
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 552-5128
Mr. Barry Polakowski
MDA 05-020      Selected for Award
Title:Secure Software Platform for Real-Time Software Anti-Tamper
Abstract:Software reverse engineering has become a science of well-defined methods, tools, and philosophies. Known approaches - such as white-box, black-box, and gray-box attacks - and highly-intricate tools - such as debuggers, decompilers, and disassemblers - can be combined to reveal the secrets of software intellectual property and to steal once-secret code and data. Current approaches to software anti-tamper protection that utilize software mechanisms for security have proven largely ineffective when attacked by a well-funded enemy. The complexity of software anti-tamper approaches often lead to coding errors that have been exploited by disciplined attackers. In the case of real-time embedded software utilized by the Missile Defense Agency, the attacker could be a wealthy foreign government with a great deal of expertise, personnel, and resources. Luna Innovations will develop the Secure Software Platform (SSP) to protect real-time embedded software through robust hardware-accelerated software anti-tamper mechanisms. By leveraging the advantages of a hardware-assisted approach - better performance, better security, and reduced overall complexity - Luna expects to create a solution that significantly increases the required cost and time for a software reverse engineering effort. The SSP, which will play the central role in Luna's multi-layered approach to anti-tamper security, will enable robust security while maintaining easily characterized real-time performance.

MENTIS SCIENCES, INC.
150 Dow Street, Tower Two
Manchester, NH 03101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 624-9197
Dr. Tim Kostar
MDA 05-021      Selected for Award
Title:Rain Erosion Modeling for Hypersonic Thermal Protection System (TPS) and Structures
Abstract:Presently, no standard rain erosion reference (code, document(s), database, etc) exists for system designers and engineers to predict the material behavior of candidate materials for sub-sonic, sonic, and hypersonic mission profiles. Historically, individual companies have taken a shoot and look approach to this subject, and relied on past performance for flight predictions. Within the community, an attempt has been made to couple the material response to projected media, however, unfortunately, this information quickly becomes proprietary and hence, does not exist in the public media. This objective of this proposal is to develop coupled shock, impact, and material response model of a system during a rain event. Researchers will draw on historical data, recent sled test articles, and international publications made recently available to address the associated variables and develop the necessary numerical models. Sub-scale, and ultimately, sled tests will be conducted on several candidate materials and their performance will be compared / contrasted with the numerical model.

VANGUARD COMPOSITES GROUP/DR TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
7740 Kenamar Court
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 587-4210
Mr. Matt Thompson
MDA 05-021      Selected for Award
Title:Lightweight Integral Heatshield and Substructure with Integral EMI/Ground Plane/Lightning Strike Protection and Conformal Antennae for High Performance THAAD KV Interceptor Airframes
Abstract:The program objective is to develop and demonstrate the cost effective and producible lightweight Integral Heatshield and Substructure (IH&S) with integral EMI shielding/ground plane/lightning strike protection (EMI/GP/LSP) and integral conformal antenna aeroshell technology for the THAAD KV interceptor program. Conventional approaches for interceptor aeroshells use a high temperature fiberglass/phenolic heatshield secondarily-bonded to a separately fabricated carbon fiber reinforced polymer composite structure. The IH&S design concept was proven in the SMDC/MDA Composites and Advanced Materials '05 program to be a low cost, lightweight, and robust alternative. The enabling technology is the High Performance Vacuum Assisted Resin Transfer Molding (HyPerVARTMT) process used to infuse a single high temperature resin (YLA RS-9e poly-cyanate). However, the integral approach has not yet had opportunity to demonstrate through fabrication integral EMI shielding, an integral ground plane, and lightning strike protection currently a part of the flight test hardware nor conformal antenna technology. This Phase I study will investigate alternative lightweight conductive materials and demonstrate the feasibility of the lightweight IH&S concept with EMI/GP/LSP and integral conformal antenna aeroshell technology for the THAAD KV interceptor program. A Phase II program would develop and demonstrate a full scale prototype for insertion into the THAAD flight test program.

BOUNDLESS CORP.
2500 Central Avenue, Suite L
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 415-9029
Dr. John Olson
MDA 05-022      Selected for Award
Title:Centrifugally Cast Cathodes for High-Power, High-Capacity Lithium-Ion Batteries
Abstract:Boundless' new proprietary process to manufacture high-density battery electrodes promises both high energy storage capacity and high power capability. The breakthrough technology combines novel high-porosity polymeric binders and a new centrifugal casting technique to yield dense, high-capacity cathodes while maintaining ion mobility. Common cathode densification methods using traditional binders reduce porosity and ionic flux even though voids constitute nearly 50% of an undensified cathode. The project is expected to demonstrate that Boundless' proprietary high-porosity polymer will maintain sufficient porosity to support the high levels of ionic mobility and fast charge/discharge. Preliminary tests showed increases in active material density of 33% and increases in electrolyte wet-out of 80%, indicating probable enhancement of ion mobility and rate capacity. Centrifugal casting of battery electrodes is an entirely new concept that is enabled by the development of the new high-porosity polymeric binder material. This novel material, entirely distinct from traditional systems like those from Bellcore and Sony, has >80% void content, sub-micron pore sizes and substantial mechanical strength. With centrifugal casting, electrode porosity, mechanical integrity and packing density (specific capacity) are simultaneously optimized. Electrode capacity (mAh/cc) is projected to increase 50 to 100%, corresponding to higher cell energy density (Wh/liter).

ERIGO TECHNOLOGIES LLC
28 Chosen Vale Lane
Enfield, NH 03748
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 632-4156
Dr. Nabil Elkouh
MDA 05-022      Selected for Award
Title:Optimized Thermal Battery Heat Regulation
Abstract:Thermal Batteries are reliable, high energy density power sources that have very long shelf lives. Optimal performance of these batteries depends on the insulation material and detailed design. There have been many studies that have investigated the use of a particular type or class of insulation. These investigations have been useful in demonstrating insulation concepts, but they have not provided battery designers tangible design tools. Additionally, complex thermal battery models have been developed to explore the multicomponent transport and electrochemical interactions that occur in thermal batteries. While very valuable for research, these models are too complex and computationally intensive to be of practical use to battery designers. On this project, we will develop a computational tool specifically to assist designers in optimizing insulation for thermal batteries. In Phase I, we will create the computational framework based on the appropriate set of transport equations and a prototype of the user interface. The tool will be flexible enough to allow the designers to explore the use of multiple insulation strategies. In Phase II, we will refine the package, optimize the insulation for a specific MDA battery design, and then verify the package by building and testing the optimized design.

ISAC, INC.
201 East Side Square
Huntsville, AL 35801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 348-1724
Mr. Andrew B. Smith
MDA 05-023      Selected for Award
Title:HawkNest: Computer Forensic Listening Posts for Rapid BMDS Network Forensics
Abstract:Information Security and Assurance Corporation (ISAC, Inc.) proposes to develop an innovative HawkNest Computer Forensic Listening Post technology for the BMDS. The purpose of a Forensic Listening Post is to capture and store network forensic data at strategic points in the weapon system network for improved real-time and post mortem forensic analysis. The Listening Post will provide advanced analysis and forensic data synopsis for rapid forensic investigations. HawkNest features include: intelligent network capture and logging to minimize forensic data storage, innovative network forensic synopsis, and high assurance forensic data storage necessary for liturgical investigation. Network forensics is a wide open research field critically important to MDA because: 1. Host based forensic analysis requires the host to be taken off line for data collection. This will have an adverse operational readiness impact on the BMDS. 2. Host-based forensic analysis takes too much time. Forensics analysts have to travel from site to site to collect data. In a large, geographically disbursed network like the BMDS, days and weeks may pass before useful results are available. During a missile crisis, BMDS operators may only have a seconds or minutes to remedy the attack. In Phase I, ISAC will demonstrate feasiblity of a Forensic Listening Post with a proof-of-principle prototype.

RAM LABORATORIES, INC.
10525 Vista Sorrento Parkway, Suite 220
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 677-9207
Dr. Dean Mumme
MDA 05-023      Selected for Award
Title:Anomaly Detection Techniques to Detect Malicious Intruders
Abstract:MDA is searching for innovative virtual software solutions that provide measures of cyber security to take offensive and defensive measures in protecting and defending information, computers, and networks from disruption, denial of service, degradation, or destruction. Among the applications and technologies that MDA is seeking are those that can detect malicious intruders. This difficult to address threat must be handled by techniques that facilitate early and accurate detection and characterization of such threats by determining the differences between normal and abnormal user behavior. For this effort, we propose to implement technologies and services that utilize neural-networking concepts to detect anomalies within enterprise networks that stem from malicious insider threats. A further objective of this effort will be to ensure that our solution works with existing Commercial Off-The-Shelf and Government-Off-The-Shelf tools used to manage and analyze information management environments. This Phase I effort will develop a neural network technology for the detection of anomalies associated with malicious insider threats and demonstrate its use in a testbed environment. The Neural Network's Phase I development will consider both various encoding schemes and neural network architectures to train the network under "normal" conditions and detect emulated threats when hosted in our testbed environment

RETHER NETWORKS, INC.
99 Mark Tree Road, suite 301
Centereach, NY 11720
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(631) 467-4381
Dr. Lap-chung Lam
MDA 05-023      Selected for Award
Title:Program Semantics-Aware Intrusion Detection and Prevention
Abstract:One of the most dangerous cybersecurity threats is ``control hijacking'' attacks, which hijack the control of a victim application, and execute damaging system calls by assuming the identity of the victim process's effective user. These types of attacks are highly hazardous because commercial applications with such vulnerabilities appear to be wide spread, as shown in the rampancy of recent worms such as the SQL Slammer. System call monitoring has been touted as an effective solution to ``control hijacking'' attacks because it could prevent remote attackers from inflicting damage upon a victim system even if they can successfully compromise applications running on the system. However, the Achilles' heel of the system call monitoring approach is how to construct accurate security policy that could minimize false positives and negatives. Although various approaches have been tried to solve this problem, none of them is satisfactory. This project proposes a Program semantics-Aware Intrusion Detection system called PAID, which derives a security policy from an application's source code, and checks the application's system calls against the resulting policy at run time. Not only can PAID derive these policies completely automatically, but also the resulting security policy is tailored to individual applications and thus is highly accurate. Host-based intrusion detection based on system call monitoring is a well-known technique to provide the last line of defense against remote attacks. However, existing commercial or research host-based intrusion detection systems are plagued with the lack of a systematic approach to derive an accurate security policy for a given system. As a consequence, the security policy actually deployed in real systems tend to err on the conservative side and eventually generate too many false positives to render the system ineffective. The proposed PAID system effectively solves this problem by developing a tool that can automatically derive accurate security policies corresponding to the system call patterns of individual applications, thus reducing both false positives and negatives to the minimum. PAID therefore represents a giant step in closing the gap between current host-based intrusion detection systems and the actual needs of real-world IT systems.

SENTAR, INC.
4900 University Square, Suite 8
Huntsville, AL 35816
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 430-0860
Mr. Andrew Potter
MDA 05-023      Selected for Award
Title:COMBO
Abstract:Current solutions for computer network security focus narrowly on the computer network for detection and management of security problems. But computer networks do not exist in a vacuum. They exist within a physical environment, and threats arise, not as a result of virtual digital entities-they are caused by real people. The boundary between cyber-defense technology and physical surveillance technology is a harmful limitation on the ability of organizations to protect their information resources. In response to the need for integrated cyber and physical security, the Sentar team proposes to develop an enterprise security management console called COMBO. COMBO will include development of a Common Event Ontology for cross-domain knowledge representation and definition of a generic interface for information exchange between Sentar's Work-Centered Interface for Computer Network Defense (WCI-CND) and physical security systems, such as SYColeman's intelligent surveillance solution, Praetorian. Data streams obtained from video, proximity, motion, and biometric devices will be correlated with cyber-attack information to pinpoint and document the locations and personal identities associated with attacks and other suspicious activities. By bringing together Sentar's advanced technologies for computer network defense with SYColeman's intelligent surveillance solutions, COMBO will provide a full range of integrated capabilities for security situation awareness.

INTEGRATED MICRO SENSORS, INC.
10814 Atwell Drive
Houston, TX 77096
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(713) 748-7926
Dr. David Starikov
MDA 05-024      Selected for Award
Title:Ultra-Strong High-Temperature Bonding of Titanium to Ceramic Materials
Abstract:The objective of this project is development of novel ultra strong high-temperature bonding of titanium (Ti) to ceramic materials, through application of advanced nano- and micro scale Micro-Column Array (MCA) structures fabricated by laser ablation. The proposed manufacturing process will be extended from our recent innovations on the enhancement of bond strength using surface modification of adherent surfaces and modification of adhesive by the introduction of reinforcing components. The combination of these unique features will result in a revolutionary improvement of the bonds between titanium and ceramic materials. In addition to these features the bonding process is relatively inexpensive, environmentally safe, and universal. There are several advantages of the MCA-structured surfaces in contributing to the strength and stability of the brazed joints. Our preliminary results on adhesive bonding indicate that the bond strength increased more than 4 times is dependent on the bonding medium and hence can be extended to bonding of dissimilar materials using brazing alloys. Use of brazing alloys is expected to completely wet Ti side. We also plan to improve the wettability of the brazing alloy with ceramic surface by coating intermediate layers.

M CUBED TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
921 Main St
Monroe, CT 06468
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 454-8600
Dr. Prashant G. Karandikar
MDA 05-024      Selected for Award
Title:High toughness SiC and B4C
Abstract:Reaction bonded (RB) SiC and B4C offer high specific stiffness (modulus/density) comparable to beryllium (Be) and higher thermal stability (thermal conductivity/CTE) than Be. However, these materials have low fracture toughness (4 MPa m1/2 compared to 8-10 for Be) and hence have not been considered viable Be-replacement materials for the MDA systems such as the EKV, ABL, etc. M Cubed has demonstrated innovative approach to increase the fracture toughness of RB SiC by 50% to 6 MPa m1/2. In this Phase I, M Cubed will use this innovative approach to further increase the toughness of SiC and B4C through microstructural tailoring to make them competitive with beryllium. In addition, a current production component on the exo-atmospheric kill vehicle (EKV) platform will be fabricated as a demonstration component in the Phase I. In the follow-on Phase II program, the manufacturing technology will be further refined and scaled up. Multiple replicas of the EKV component will be fabricated and characterized to fully develop this component.

SAN DIEGO COMPOSITES, LLC
9340 Hazard Way, Suite A3
San Diego, CA 92123
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 751-0450
Ms. Christine Benzie
MDA 05-024      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Airframe Components for Missile Defense
Abstract:Next generation interceptor missiles are being designed to intercept incoming ballistic missiles during the boost portion of flight while the booster plume enhances target acquisition and tracking. Controlling the maneuverability of the payload during this critical segment of flight is the attitude control system (ACS) located at the aft end of the third stage shroud. The aft bulkhead of the third stage is positioned to not only provide a lateral connection between the third stage rocket motor and the third stage shroud, but also to be the primary platform for the ACS during third stage operation. The aft bulkhead is a critical component in the interceptor system because it provides the required strength and stiffness to the third stage during tactical operations. As demonstrated in previous manufacturing technology programs, a composite aft bulkhead can successfully provide weight reduction and increased performance compared to a metallic design. The Phase I program will focus on the validation of the joints between the aft bulkhead and the third stage shroud. Furthermore, innovative thermal protection materials for the bulkhead will be utilized to limit the aft bulkhead to characterized operating temperatures.

SMARTWEAR, LLC
1802 Ocean Park Blvd., Suite E
Santa Monica, CA 90405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 396-1339
Dr. Michael Pottenger
MDA 05-024      Selected for Award
Title:Ballistic Missile System Advanced Materials and Structures
Abstract:The proposed innovation focuses on advanced material structures based on the development of piezoelectric (PZ) polymer materials in textile form. PZ materials are of extreme interest in future Kill Vehicles. The structural responses created by the firing of the Divert Actuation System create stress requirements on the dynamic Line Of Sight Performance of the Sensor. This, in turn, requires that the sensor structure be extremely stiff, often driving the design away from low-cost alternatives. The possibility of using active damping as presented by PZ materials could enable a wide range of design configurations and low cost seeker materials for future Kill Vehicle designs. A second benefit of PZ materials would be utilizing the spun PZ materials in structures where the ability to determine a structural integrity "health check" could be a critical data point to ensure the required levels of Mission Assurance. Phase I will investigate PZ fiber and/or fabric elements in Kill Vehicle structures. Potential MDA applications enabled by the proposed innovation include vibration damping, structural integrity monitoring and energy harvesting.

SYSTIMA TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
1832 180th St. SE
Bothell, WA 98012
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 487-4020
Mr. Aaron Freiheit
MDA 05-024      Selected for Award
Title:Low Shock Stage Separation System For The KEI
Abstract:Systima Technologies, Inc. (Systima), in conjunction with San Diego Composites, LLC (SDC), is proposing to develop a comprehensive low shock stage separation system for the KEI. Systima is proposing to evaluate, design and develop low shock stage separation technology, while SDC will evaluate, design and develop lightweight and rigid composite interstage structures. The Systima and SDC team have the capabilities and experience to successfully develop a comprehensive and tightly integrated low shock separation system that will be ready for insertion into the KEI program. Typical (e.g. explosives-based) stage separation systems generate tremendously high shock loads. This shock energy is readily transmitted through the structure of the missile interceptor and into the kill vehicle, where sensitive components can be damaged due to the high shock loads. The development of low shock separation system technologies will permit the incorporation of electronic and optical components with greater sensitivity than is currently possible with existing stage separation systems. In addition, due to its mission requirements, the KEI program is looking to reduce the weight of KEI components and systems. Systima and SDC propose to incorporate composite materials into the design of the interstage structure to lower its weight while maintaining high stiffness.

WILSON COMPOSITE TECHNOLOGIES
1004 River Rock Drive, Suite 240
Folsom, CA 95630
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(916) 989-4812
Mr. Brian Wilson
MDA 05-024      Selected for Award
Title:Filament Wound Resin Transfer Molded Composite Pressure Vessel
Abstract:Advanced fiberous composites offer potential weight savings compared to metallic materials for application to aerospace vehicle pressure vessels. Current manufacturing processes such as wet resin or preimpregnated tow winding have significant limitations that inhibit material selection and design flexibility and subsequent weight and cost savings. The proposed program will investigate the feasibility of combining two proven low cost processes, filament winding and resin transfer molding (RTM), to fabricate very high quality, low weight composite pressure vessels. Specific improvements obtained by combining these two processes would include enhanced design flexibility by permitting the utilization of specialty woven or braided performs and the use of toughened resin systems. Part quality would also be greatly improved because RTM parts typically have very low void contents and superior fiber/resin distribution homogeneity.

ISAC, INC.
201 East Side Square
Huntsville, AL 35801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 348-1724
Mr. Patrick Gorman
MDA 05-025      Selected for Award
Title:IPv4 to IPv6 Transition Appliance (IPTA) for Improved Security and Survivability
Abstract:In this SBIR, ISAC, Inc. proposes to develop an innovative IPv4 to IPv6 Transition Appliance (IPTA) that allows IPv4 systems (including legacy systems) to transparently utilize the security features of the IPv6 core network infrastructure (including encryption and authentication). The IPTA will help facilitate the mandated DoD migration to IPv6 by reducing the complexity, cost, and time associated with IPv6 transition. The IPTA will be a plug-and-play appliance requiring no modification to legacy IPv4 systems. It will require minimal, if any, administrator training, setup, configuration, and maintenance. At the same time the IPTA will provide IPv4 systems access to IPv6 features such as Quality of Service (QoS), encryption, and authentication (IPSec). The IPTA will further provide IPv4 systems with increased security by providing an administrator with optional firewall and whitelist/blacklist capabilities. The IPTA will be designed to resist cyber attacks directed against it and the network. In Phase I, ISAC will perform an IPTA placement study and legacy system compatibility and mobility requirements analysis. At the end of Phase I ISAC present a proof-of-principle prototype demonstration.

REIFER CONSULTANTS, INC.
P.O. Box 4046
Torrance, CA 90510
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 530-4493
Mr. Donald J. Reifer
MDA 05-025      Selected for Award
Title:Secure Computing Infrastructure Technologies
Abstract:The proposed SBIR Phase I effort will produce a model to be used to accurately estimate the cost of securing the network infrastructure throughout the weapons system life cycle. The model will use the Work Breakdown Structure as its underlying basis to identify the costs involved. When appropriate, models like COCOMO will be used to predict costs for work packages. The model will be developed using the proven USC seven-step model building process. It will rely on experts to provide the initial calibration. Consensus will be built using Delphi techniques. An Excel prototype of the model will be built during Phase I using calibration data collected for that purpose. This Phase I effort will verify our design concept via a demonstration. Model accuracy will be computed and shown to provide confidence in the model's estimating abilities. Our Phase II effort will demonstrate the concept more fully to potential users who are interested in using the model to estimate the costs of infrastructure security on their systems.

REIFER CONSULTANTS, INC.
P.O. Box 4046
Torrance, CA 90510
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 530-4493
Mr. Donald J. Reifer
MDA 05-025      Selected for Award
Title:Secure Computing Infrastructure Technologies
Abstract:The proposed SBIR Phase I effort will produce a toolkit that will automatically locate and remove dead code, unwanted behaviors, suspicious or unnecessary code from COTS software executables. The toolkit will be built using COTS packages from an exploiter point-of-view. Using a disassembler, we will identify symbol table, functional flow and call-call tree information. We will mine this information to identify candidate unneeded, unused and dead code. We will then use pattern-matching techniques and templates to locate other suspicious code. Once the information is synthesized, we will use our toolkit to remove unnecessary and potentially malicious code from COTS packages according to user-directed scenarios. This Phase I effort will verify our design concept via a demonstration. Our Phase II effort will demonstrate the concept more fully to potential users who are interested in scaling the concept to systems with large amounts of COTS in them.

SENTAR, INC.
4900 University Square, Suite 8
Huntsville, AL 35816
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 430-0860
Dr. Leigh Davis
MDA 05-025      Selected for Award
Title:The Digital Microscope (DM)
Abstract:To address the critical issue of software defects and vulnerabilities in code, be it C, C++, Java or Visual Basic, Sentar proposes the Digital Microscope (DM). The DM simulates a native running environment in which a binary code can be encapsulated, analyzed, and tested for malefactor influence, as well as poor coding practices. The design of the DM will allow, for example, the testing of code through injection of timing mismatches, embedded codes, and buffer overflow attempts into the binary, all in a quarantined environment. It will also promote plug-and-play extensibility through the use of a multi-agent infrastructure for future enhancements such as security wrapper insertion, proof generation, and attack modeling and simulation. The resulting technology will substantially contribute to software vulnerability discovery and remediation by providing a comprehensive tool for validation of code safety prior to deployment.

GH SYSTEMS, INC.
655 Discovery Drive, Suite 302
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 510-8443
Mr. Mike Tostanoski
MDA 05-026      Selected for Award
Title:Two-Color Radiation Hardened Gamma-Ray Noise Suppressing FPA Design Program
Abstract:Radiation Hardened multi-color infrared (IR) focal planes are required for the US Navy Aegis Standard Missile 3 (SM-3) interceptor system. The key to meeting the system requirements for the SM-3 and other missile interceptor systems is the development of multi-color radiation hardened two-color long wave (LW) focal plane arrays (FPAs) with very high pixel operability. One of the shortfalls in current two-color IR FPA technology is the relative immaturity, in terms of transient gamma-ray/beta flux suppression capability, of the readout integrated circuits (ROICs) used. Several FPA manufacturers have demonstrated transient gamma-ray (or gamma) noise reduction in single color ROICs, but none of these FPA sources have addressed gamma noise suppression in multi-color ROICs. Innovative approaches are required to extend existing single-color mitigation techniques and develop new radiation noise mitigation technologies for two-color FPAs. The objective of this proposed Phase I effort is to design a radiation hardened ROIC which will be used in the development and production of an SM-3 two-color IR FPA. The proposed IR FPA will be hardened to radiation induced transient noise, have a high frame rate, simultaneously readout in two colors, and have an SM-3 compatible mechanical and electrical footprint.

DIGIBEAM
30251 Golden Lantern, Suite E522
Laguna Niguel, CA 92677
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 422-6625
Mr. Michael Zani
MDA 05-027      Selected for Award
Title:Resistless Fabrication and Radiation Characterization for Microelectronics with less than 65 nanometer Features
Abstract:NexGenSemi Holding Corp "DBA" DIGIBEAM will outline a feasibility study to perform medium to high-speed throughput semiconductor manufacturing with Digital Beam Processing (DBP). DBP is a modified resistless, maskless manufacturing technique (compliant to Executive Order 13329) that can be performed within a single cluster tool. Our plan is to introduce a disruptive technology that will allow a paradigm shift in manufacturing of integrated micro and nano electronics. This technology will eliminate the necessity for costly manufacturing facilities and significantly change the metrics in start-up costs for the industry. The founders of DIGIBEAM are the first and only to perform resistless, maskless patterned processing on the entire wafer level. Our complementary experience in the manufacturer of high-end semiconductor equipment makes us uniquely qualified to perform a feasibility study to deliver the technology from exploratory development to commercialization. The result of this Phase I effort will be a feasibility study and test plan for critial subsystems to meet all requirements as outlined in the SBIR topic.

COVEGA, INC.
10335 Guilford Road
Jessup, MD 20794
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 456-7102
Dr. Peter Heim
MDA 05-028      Selected for Award
Title:Radiation Hardened SLD and IOC Components for Fiber Optic Gyros
Abstract:The intent of this project is to improve the radiation hardness of the optical light source and the LiNbO3 integrated optical chip (IOC) to meet the fiber optic gyro (FOG) system objectives for scale factor error (long-term): < 10 ppm and bias drift stability: < 0.001 deg/hr under a total dose: > 300 kRads (Si). This will be accomplished by developing superluminescent LED (SLD) broadband sources with ultra-high temperature stability and IOC chips with increased radiation resistance through use of doped waveguides and proprietary buffer layer coatings.

INTERNATIONAL PHOTONICS CONSULTANTS, INC.
30 Tierra Monte NE
Albuquerque,, NM 87122
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 797-4799
Mr. Edward W Taylor
MDA 05-028      Selected for Award
Title:Space Radiation Hardened PM Fiber
Abstract:The research and development proposed herein addresses a critical deficiency existing in the space radiation survivability of high precision interferometric fber optic gyros (IFOGs), specifically the non-availability of a small diameter (80 micron), radiation hardened, polarization maintaining, optical fiber suitable for application to meet or exceed the IFOG performance goals of the space tracking and surveillance system (STSS) program. The International Photonics Consultants (IPC) Corporation and the Nufern Corporation, intend to demonstrate a novel approach for rapidly developing an economical 1550 nm, 80 micron diameter, radiation hardened, polarization maintaining (PM), single mode (SM), pure-silica core (PSC) optical fiber for integration and application to next generation precision rate gyros. The PM fiber will be demonstrated to perform in space radiation environments identified for the space tracking and surveillance system (STSS).

MICROELECTRONICS RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT CORP.
4775 Centennial Avenue Suite 130
Colorado Springs, CO 80919
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 507-0542
Dr. Dave Mavis
MDA 05-029      Selected for Award
Title:Radiation Hardened By Design Structure ASICs for Reliable Digital Components
Abstract:Recent advances in radiation hardening by design (RHBD) techniques for deep sub-micron semiconductor technologies enable fabrication of rad hard microcircuits through commercial foundries. By applying these techniques to an emerging single-mask, via-programmable structured ASIC architecture, we propose to design and develop a family of rad hard base arrays suitable for single configuration reticle, multi-project wafer lots through the 130 nm CMOS technology at the IBM Trusted Foundry facility. Our RHBD layout techniques have demonstrated strategic levels of hardness to total ionizing dose, single event latchup, and prompt dose. Our RHBD circuit techniques have demonstrated strategic levels of hardness to single event upset and single event transient. Our via programmable gate array (VPGA) structured ASIC approach has demonstrated advantages over conventional standard cell based ASIC for reducing non-recurring engineering costs, shortening design cycles, shortening development schedules, and significantly reducing component costs.

SCHAFER CORP.
321 Billerica Road
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 338-2863
Mr. Jeff Walters
MDA 05-029      Selected for Award
Title:Radiation Hard Electronic Components
Abstract:Schafer Corporation shall program the Virtual design into an FPGA and incorporate the Virtual FPGA into a system with a microprocessor, the three duplicated FPGA's, and other components. A very simplified description of the Virtual FPGA is a top level triple voter. The function of the microprocessor is to add versatility and decision making capability processes. The microprocessor would add the functionality of being able to reset the count type, instruction sets, time between clearing the error counters, and system restarts or power on resets of the Virtual FPGA. The microprocessor in the system architecture prompts the Virtual for error count data of the three FPGA's within the system and makes decisions based on the error count data.

SILICON SPACE TECHNOLOGY CORP.
3620 Lost Creek Boulevard
Austin, TX 78735
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 891-9702
Mr. Wesley H. Morris
MDA 05-029      Selected for Award
Title:Radiation Hard Electronic Components (Sierra)
Abstract:Silicon Space Technology (with Harris and LSI Logic) proposes to demonstrate innovative RH enhancement of an ASIC component, using improved RH manufacturing technologies, capable of reliable operation in the BMDS for its projected mission life. Specifically, we will develop a scaleable Sierra II Cryptographic Processor using 180 nm technology enhanced by SEE and TID mitigation process modules supporting radiation-hardening of components fabricated in commercial silicon foundries. Extensive modeling and simulation will demonstrate performance and radiation hardness in Phase I. Our team's expertise in commercial process integration, device development in leading-edge commercial technology, and radiation-hardening techniques using HBP technology is crucial to successful implementation of the radiation-hardened process modules. Silicon Space's HBI approach, combined with leading-edge silicon foundry manufacturing, creates a practical means to develop digital and analog electronic components capable of reliable operation in BMDS space and interceptor environments. The goal is achieving near-current-commercial product performance capable of surviving SEE and TID. This program will allow rapid transition of the results into systems and subsystems being developed for the BMDS. Leading-edge CMOS foundries producing these products will achieve the previously unattainable goal of deploying the latest electronics while minimizing risk of mission failure due to space radiation.

TELAZTEC LLC
15 A Street
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 229-9904
Douglas Hobbs
MDA 05-030      Selected for Award
Title:Radiation-Hard, High Performance AR Treatment For Star Tracker Optics and Sensors
Abstract:Conventional multi-layer thin film anti-reflection (AR) coatings are complex and exhibit short lifetimes when operating in space due to damage caused by thermal variations and radiation exposure. As a result there is an urgent need for a more durable AR treatment to suppress reflections of visible to near infrared light from the optics and imaging sensors contained in the Star Tracker instruments planned for the STSS program. An innovative type of high performance AR treatment for Star Tracker cameras is proposed that promises superior stray light suppression and increased lifetime in high radiation environments. Based on surface relief microstructures fabricated directly into the sensor window and imaging optic materials, the AR treatment completely eliminates the limitations due to stress, thermal mismatch, adhesion, radiation damage, complexity, narrow-band performance, polarization splitting, and cost associated with conventional multi-layer thin-film AR coatings. The proposed Phase I project will adapt the designs and methods developed in another ongoing MDA SBIR, a program that has demonstrated a radiation-resistant micro-structured AR treatment for HgCdTe infrared FPAs, to demonstrate an improved AR treatment for silicon-based FPAs operating on visible to NIR light. In addition, Star Tracker sensor manufacturers will be engaged and plans will be developed for integrating the improved AR treatment fabrication process into the chip manufacturing process in a Phase II effort.

VOXTEL, INC.
12725 SW Millikan Way, Suite 230
Beaverton, OR 97005
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(971) 223-5646
Mr. George Soli
MDA 05-030      Selected for Award
Title:Radiation Hard, High Precision, Agile Star Tracker
Abstract:In this program, Voxtel will demonstrate SOI-CMOS imagers for high-performance star tracking applications. Fabricating CMOS imagers on SOI wafers, allows the device and detector layers to be separated with an insulating layer, so each can be individually optimized and operated with separate ground returns. High QE and high MTF come from backside illumination and depleting the entire volume of detector through substrate bias and high resistivity silicon. SOI-CMOS circuits offer immunization from radiation and SOI-CMOS reduces parasitic capacitances, which eliminates substrate bounce, and transient coupling problems. SOI's planar structure also makes it easier to passivate surfaces for low dark-current. This advantage, in turn, makes the device more resistant to ionizing radiation. SOI also allows ADCs and other functions to be easily integrated on chip without degrading imaging performance. The resulting imagers have higher operating speeds, lower readout noise, and lower fixed-pattern-noise. In Phase I, we will fabricate, characterize, and radiation test prototype SOI CMOS imagers, and we will demonstrate how high frame rate, variable integration time, dynamic windowing enables tracking during high-rate slewing. In Phase II, we will fabricate a fully-functional 2Kx2K, 12-micron pixel SOI-CMOS star-tracking imagers, and we will perform extensive radiation and reliability testing.

ADVANCED POWDER SOLUTIONS
10010 Cucklebur
Houston, TX 77095
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(661) 373-1729
Mr. Dean Baker
MDA 05-031      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Materials for Radiation Hardening
Abstract:Understanding that saving weight without sacrificing performance on a vehicle is important, the objective of this program is to demonstrate Advanced lightweight materials (1.4-2.2 gm/cm3) materials that can have Radiation Hardened capability. These applications will have specific requirements of high thermal conductivity, low thermal conductivity, radiation resistance, Modulus, tensile strength, ductility, and machinability, to name a few. This Phase I program is designed to achieve this success without sacrificing performance and reducing overall costs for potential MDA components. Specific data for the various compositions of each engineered system will be generated and compared to MDA requirements under the Phase I. Both coupon level and Radiation testing and characterization will occur in Phase I. APS has assembled an expert team in the materials and characterization fields and has been provided overwhelming support to achieve a successful Phase I. The Phase II program will further define replacement parts and additional requirements for these unique materials.

HY-TECH RESEARCH CORP.
104 Centre Ct.
Radford, VA 24141
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 639-4019
Dr. Edward J. Yadlowsky
MDA 05-031      Selected for Award
Title:Light Weight Radiation Hardened Enclosures for Electronic Components on board Missiles and Spacecraft
Abstract:Nuclear radiation that penetrates the skin of an exothermic kill vehicle can damage sensitive electronic components on board. Radiation shields to protect these components must absorb the radiation (x-rays, neutrons, or gamma rays), absorb any cascade by-products, such as photoelectrons, and mitigate the effects of stress waves (shocks) generated by the absorption process. HY-Tech is proposing a multi-layer shield consisting of a high Z outer layer to absorb high energy x-rays (100-300 keV) and a porous B4C middle layer, which provides rigidity to the structure and moderates the neutron flux. The porous B4C layer absorbs photoelectrons emitted by the x-ray absorption in the outer layer and acts as an acoustic miss-match to mitigate shock wave propagation to the internal components. The Phase I effort will fabricate B4C samples with a high Z absorbing layer on one side. The transmission of 100-300 keV x-rays through this two-layered shield will be measured on a x-ray simulor. The neutron shielding and shock isolation properties will be calculated using analytical and numerical techniques.

TREX ENTERPRISES CORP.
10455 Pacific Center Court
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 245-6465
Dr. Colby A. Foss, Jr.
MDA 05-031      Selected for Award
Title:Chemical Vapor Composites Silicon Carbide for Radiation Hard Optics
Abstract:A program to develop chemical vapor composite silicon carbide (CVC SiC) mirrors with reflective coatings capable of maintaining high optical performance after exposure to high flux x-ray radiation is proposed. For the Phase I effort, Trex Enterprises' Advanced Materials Group will work with Raytheon Missile Systems to identify low atomic number (low Z) materials whose properties a) are suitable for high reflectance dielectric stack structures, and b) engender low emissivity such that background infrared radiation is minimized. Once suitable candidate materials are identified, Trex will fabricate during Phase I a limited number of test mirrors composed CVC SiC substrates with low Z dielectric stack coatings. These mirrors will be evaluated for optical performance and dielectric stack structural integrity. The proposed Phase I effort is prologue to a Phase II program which, if selected, would entail the fabrication of additional test mirrors for evaluation at a high intensity x-ray facility. While the primary focus of the proposed work is the development of low Z dielectric stacks for CVC SiC mirrors, the findings should be beneficial to radiation hard mirror technologies based on other forms of silicon carbide, and mirror materials in general.

CRYSTAL RESEARCH, INC.
48501 Warm Springs Blvd., Suite 103
Fremont, CA 94539
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(510) 445-0833
Dr. Suning Tang
MDA 05-032      Selected for Award
Title:A remote active T/R module using electro-optic true-time-delay line for X-band radars
Abstract:X-band Radar (XBR) is the primary fire control sensor, providing surveillance, acquisition, tracking, discrimination, fire control support and kill assessment for NMD systems. Crystal Research, Inc. (CRI) proposes a remote active T/R module using electro-optic true-time-delay line for X-band radars. Unlike any existing approaches, the unique feature of the proposed device is that a large number of different time-delayed signals can be generated simultaneously at a single output end based on innovative electro-optic Bragg gratings in a single-mode optical fiber. Another unique feature of proposed devices is the low signal propagation loss per unit length. This property makes the proposed device idea for remoting the transmitter/receiver (T/R) module in an XBR, which could have an antenna area of 123 square meters. The proposed device is particularly well-suited for remoting active arrays because it allows placement of each T/R module's receiver and exciter in any location of interest, where constrains of the size and weight can be significantly relaxed. In Phase I, we will demonstrate the advantages and feasibility of the proposed concept by designing and fabricating a remote active (T/R) module using electro-optic true-time-delay line for X-band radars.

GOMEZ RESEARCH ASSOC., INC.
4801 University Square, Suite 33
Huntsville, AL 35816
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-0154
Mr. Anthony Kikel
MDA 05-032      Selected for Award
Title:Development of Advanced Radar Technologies for Missile Defense
Abstract:The Fractal Noise Filter (FNF) has been demonstrated to filter Linear Frequency Modulated (LFM) waveforms from noise thus increasing the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). Further research is required to fully understand and develop the FNF device. This device is low cost, completely passive and self-contained. Its underlying principles of operation are based on electromagnetic near field interactions. This proposed research will investigate and construct a near field mapping approach that is consistent with fractal antenna near field patterns. Conventional near field measurement techniques are not capable of field mapping fractal antennas. Unconventional near field mapping and measurements will be researched to provide the critical data for a fractal noise filter design methodology. This effort will provide a mechanism for research and understanding of fractal structures and provide insight into how to design and optimize these structures for particular applications. This research is expected to be the basis for a new category of inexpensive, self-contained, compact SNR enhancement technology.

TLC PRECISION WAFER TECHNOLOGY, INC.
1411 West River Road North
Minneapolis, MN 55411
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(612) 341-2795
Dr. Timothy T Childs
MDA 05-032      Selected for Award
Title:Reconfigurable RF/Digital/Photonic Mix-Mode T/R MMICs Series (X-Band to W-Band)
Abstract:During Phase I, an X-Band to W-Band reconfigurable mix-mode digital/photonic/RF transceiver MMIC will be delivered that demonstrates >8 GHz of instantaneous bandwidth. The high speed digital circuits will demonstrate digital control and DSP capability on-chip with high sensitivity (low phase noise, low nose figure) MMW T/R section and ultra fast switching, 1.5m PIN diode on lattice-engineered, high power InP wafers. This will establish the basis for the low cost, production compatible, high power, multi-channel phase shifter antenna integrated mix-mode transceiver MMIC to be developed and demonstrated in Phase II. This technology will enable plug-and-play multiple waveform generation and processing capabilities for diverse RF applications.

GROUP4 LABS, LLC
1600 Adams Drive, Suite 112
Menlo Park, CA 94025
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 887-6682
Dr. Felix Ejeckam
MDA 05-033      Selected for Award
Title:Technologies for Low Power Density Phased Array Radars
Abstract:This Phase-I SBIR Army Proposal proposes the use of a new class of diamond-seeded solid-state material system for the manufacture of virtually all heat-generating solid-state electronics in X-band and Ballistic Missile Defense radar components and systems. In this proposal wherein much preliminary (DARPA-funded) work has already been demonstrated by the authors, all or most of the basic semiconductor devices in an electronic RF unit (e.g. GaN HEMTs, Power Amplifiers, etc.) are replaced with Semiconductor-on-Diamond based devices to enable nearly total and immediate heat extraction from the device's active region. Gallium Nitride-on-Diamond will be implemented here. Polycrystalline free standing CVD diamond - nature's most efficient thermal conductor - enables nearly perfect heat extraction from a "hot" device, owing to the extreme thermal conductivity of diamond (GaAs, Si, and SiC are 35W/m/K, 150W/m/K and 390W/m/K respectively; diamond ranges from 1200-2000 W/m/K depending on quality). In the proposed scheme, the device's active epitaxial layers are removed from their original host substrate and transferred on to a specially treated low-cost CVD diamond substrate using a proprietary low-cost manufacturable scheme. The semiconductor-on-diamond technology proposed here may be applied to Si, GaAs, GaN, SiC, SiGe, etc. at up to 8" in wafer diameter.

HITTITE MICROWAVE CORP.
20 Alpha Road
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 590-1112
Mr. Thomas E. Linnenbrink
MDA 05-033      Selected for Award
Title:Wafer-Scale Antenna (WSA) Tile for Low-Power-Density, Phased-Array Radars (9707)
Abstract:Hittite proposes to develop a WSA tile with which to build very large antennas for GMD, BMDS and SBX radars. A 10-GHz, WSA tile with integrated beam forming offers dramatically lower size, weight, power and cost relative to conventional phased-array antennas. The 127-element, 10-GHz O 10% tile contains all of the transmit, receive, and beam forming functions on a single, 8" (200 mm) silicon wafer. The tile includes distribution (or corporate feed) networks to connect each of the 127 element sites to a single input and single output The WSA tile will enable large radar systems with impressive performance. The rectangular (~ 2:1 aspect ratio), 9 m2 GMD/BMDS antenna uses 365 WSA tiles to produce 11.6 kW at 25% duty cycle and receive signals with more than 107 dB sensitivity. For the 300 m2, circular SBX antenna, 12,147 WSA tiles will produce 385 kW at 25% duty cycle and receive signals with nearly 153-dB sensitivity. All three antennas offer full fields of view > O 70,a. The Phase I effort will focus on developing low-cost, low SWaP circuitry suitable for large, low-power-density radars. Fully functional antenna sites will be demonstrated in Phase II leading to full WSA tile development in Phase III.

STRUCTURED MATERIALS INDUSTRIES
201 Circle Drive North, Unit # 102
Piscataway, NJ 08854
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 302-9274
Dr. Nick M. Sbrockey
MDA 05-033      Selected for Award
Title:Low Cost Phased Array Radars
Abstract:In this SBIR Phase I effort, Structured Materials Industries, Inc., www.structuredmaterials.com (SMI), in collaboration with two primary radar system suppliers, will develop affordable, low-power density phased array radars. Our proposed technical approach will combine two emerging (yet well proven) technologies; a tunable radar reflector array or "reflectarray" design, and tunable impedance devices based on tunable dielectric constant thin films. Together, these innovations will significantly reduce the cost and footprint of phased array radars without sacrificing performance. In Phase I, we will fabricate tunable impedance test structures on low cost substrates, based on barium strontium titanate thin films. We will also demonstrate the manufacturing processes to integrate the materials and device structures into a reflectarray design. In Phase II, we will build and demonstrate actual prototypes of low-cost phased array radar systems. In Phase III, we will commercialize the technology for both military and commercial applications.

APPLIED RADAR, INC.
210 Airport Street, Quonset Point
North Kingstown, RI 02852
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(401) 295-0062
Dr. William H. Weedon
MDA 05-034      Selected for Award
Title:Wideband Digital Beamforming Processor for Multi-Beam Phased Array
Abstract:The objective of the proposed effort is to develop a digital beamforming (DBF) processor capable of generating multiple simultaneous receive beams with a wide (>500 MHz) instantaneous bandwidth (IBW). This would offer a significant improvement over a similar DBF processor with 15 MHz IBW that Applied Radar, Inc. previously developed for AFRL. The wide bandwidth is necessary for a number of high-resolution SAR and GMTI radar applications of interest to MDA. The wideband digital beamforming offers a great deal of flexibility of the radar system, including multiple receive beams, adaptive null and beam steering, and improved performance through dynamic calibration. The DBF processor will be implemented using the latest FPGA technology, which allows for rapid hardware development, with processing implemented in firmware. A plug-and-play architecture allows different analog front-end modules representing different frequency bands to be utilized with a common DBF processor. When combined with the wideband digital T/R modules employing 2 GSPS A/D technology that Applied Radar is currently developing under separate related efforts, this DBF processor offers a significant advancement in radar capability over existing systems.

CAPESYM, INC.
6 Huron Drive, Suite 1B
Natick, MA 01760
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 653-7100
Dr. Shariar Motakef
MDA 05-034      Selected for Award
Title:Low Thermal Resistance High Power RF Devices
Abstract:The goal of this program is to improve the thermal performance of RF power devices, by reducing their internal thermal resistance. This work will benefit both High Voltage GaAs (HV-GaAs) as well as GaN and SiC RF devices.

COLORADO ENGINEERING, INC.
3272 Silver Pine Trail
Colorado Springs, CO 80920
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 388-8582
Mr. Lawrence Scally
MDA 05-034      Selected for Award
Title:Radar Advanced Receiver/Excitor (RARE)
Abstract:Colorado Engineering, Inc (CEI) is a woman owned business with a wealth of engineering expertise in the development of ASICs, boards, software and systems for DOD radar sensor systems. In recent years a lot of signal processing applications have been implemented with a homogeneous general purpose processor environment. The driving forces for utilizing these technologies in radar signal processing architectures have been programmability and I/O flexibility. These systems lack the processing speed and latency generated by hardware specific systems that utilize FPGAs and Application Specific Integrated Circuits (ASIC). These technologies execute signal processing functions on data in pipelined fashion analogous to an analog receiver. This yields the lowest latency system, which is a critical requirement in real-time radars. In most cases, this is by far is the best implementation for performance, cost, power and size. While historic FPGAs systems have programmability, they haven't had flexible I/O. The Radar Advanced Receiver/ Exciter architecture designed in this proposal satisfies the need for programmability, I/O configuration, power, and size, while maintaining the highest performance and the lowest latency.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive, Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5228
Dr. Alexander Davydov
MDA 05-034      Selected for Award
Title:High-Frequency MIMO Tracking Radar Transceiver for Ballistic Missile Defense
Abstract:We propose a high-frequency (HF) band multiple-input, multiple-output (MIMO) radar with distributed transmitter and receivers. The system will support both Line-of-Sight (LOS) and Over-the-Horizon (OTH) modes. The core of the transceiver is a simple correlation receiver which processes multiple waveforms and generates unified target reports. The transceiver will be implemented on a compact software-defined radio platform developed based on existing HF radar digital transceiver products. The transmitter/receivers communicate and synchronize with each other through GPS and ultra-wideband impulse transceivers.

OPTEOS, INC.
1340 Eisenhower place
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 973-6600
Dr. Kyoung Yang
MDA 05-034      Selected for Award
Title:Innovative Radar System Concepts and Architectures
Abstract:The goal of this SBIR project is the development of a fiber-coupled diagnostic system for the comprehensive Tx/Rx-mode calibration and performance-monitoring of large-scale phased antenna arrays. In the proposed calibration system, innovative electro-optic (EO) field sensors will monitor near-field amplitude and phase emanating from the array under observation during Tx-mode calibration, while compact, optically-activated RF emitters will provide reference incident fields to the array for the receive-mode calibration. Both EO sensor and RF emitter will be completely fiber-coupled and do not require any electrical connection. The pure optical signal from the EO sensors/RF emitters will be immune from electromagnetic interference, and the EO sensors/RF emitters can be very flexibly arranged and safely positioned within close proximity to the aperture of the antenna elements. The exceptional flexibility of the optical fiber, onto whose ends the very small EO sensors/RF emitters are attached, makes the proposed calibration approach a viable solution for the characterization of collapsible/deployable arrays, as well as other conventional arrays. The fiber-coupled array calibration system will open a new paradigm of array operation and maintenance, from accurate on-site calibration and real-time detection of malfunctioning cells, to the evaluation of the overall array operating condition.

AGUILA TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
310 Via Vera Cruz, Suite 107
San Marcos, CA 92078
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 752-4359
Dr. Alan Grieve
MDA 05-035      Selected for Award
Title:Innovative Active Array Radar Sensor
Abstract:Aguila Technologies, together with Sensis Corporation, proposes innovative and practical solutions for the assembly and thermal management of active phased array Transmit/Receive modules employing high power density wide bandgap electronic devices. Our approach involves mounting the wide bandgap die using advanced thermal bonding materials onto thermally-enhanced metal matrix composite packages to thereby efficiently extract heat from the devices, spread the heat by a combination of unique materials, and dissipate the heat to the system's cooling media via novel structures. Our approach builds upon already demonstrated materials, structures, and processes to provide packaging designs which are manufacturable and cost effective. The applications extend far beyond wide bandgap RF and power conversion electronics, to optoelectronics, high power processors, etc. It is fully compatible with system level design and implementation issues. In summary, our offering is an enabler for inserting new electronic device technologies into next-generation DoD and commercial systems.

CAPESYM, INC.
6 Huron Drive, Suite 1B
Natick, MA 01760
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 653-7100
Dr. Shariar Motakef
MDA 05-035      Selected for Award
Title:High Purity SiC Crystals by the HTCVD Process
Abstract:This program focuses on growth of uncompensated semi-insulating SiC crystals by using high purity precursor gases in a novel High Temperature CVD reactor. The crystal growth process is tailored to minimize release of impurities into the growth chamber and incorporation of these impurities into the growing crystal.

KYMA TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
8829 Midway West Road
Raleigh, NC 27617
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 789-8880
Dr. Drew Hanser
MDA 05-035      Selected for Award
Title:High Electrical Efficiency GaN FETs for Innovative Radar/RF Sensors
Abstract:Improving efficiency and reliability of GaN-based FETs is paramount in enabling system insertion, both of which are limited by thermal effects and self heating in the devices. One factor limiting high voltage and high efficiency operation of GaN HEMTs is leakage current between the gate and drain at high drain bias. Pure screw dislocations arising from the lattice mismatch at the SiC substrate and thread through the GaN and AlGaN epitaxial layers have been identified as a path for reverse-bias leakage currents in GaN. The availability of a low dislocation density GaN substrate would address these issues by reducing the dislocation density to 105 cm-2 or lower. The proposed Phase I SBIR effort will work to identify key factors in improving the efficiency, of GaN-based FET devices for application in radar systems. This program will investigate the impact of defects in and thermal conductivity of device structures on SiC and bulk GaN substrates. Thermal models of GaN-based FETs on GaN substrates with comparisons to SiC substrate-based devices will be used along with thermal imaging measurements of FET structures to identify critical factors in improving the efficiency and reliability of GaN-based FETs for radar and RF sensors.

METAL MATRIX CAST COMPOSITES, LLC (DBA MMCC, LLC)
101 Clematis Avenue, Unit #1
Waltham, MA 02453
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 893-4449
Dr. James A. Cornie
MDA 05-035      Selected for Award
Title:Advance Thermal Management of Large Multiband Phased Arrays
Abstract:The main issue preventing widespread use of x-band antennae systems throughout various military platforms is cost. Cheaper assembly processes, such as automated pick and place, are needed to produce antennas using wideband gap semiconductor materials such as GaN and SiC. Higher power and frequency pose challenges to the thermal design of the array. Advanced heat sinks are needed which are lightweight, CTE matched to GaN/SiC, highly thermally conductive, available in large sizes (22" x 22" x 1") in production quantities, and producible at low cost. Currently, the heat sink material with these collective attributes is aluminum graphite composites. Al/Gr heat sinks could be a technology enabler when it comes to manufacturability and producibility for future phased arrays. Though Al/Gr has merit for this application, several technical issues must be addressed to determine final applicability for use in large multi band phased arrays: corrosion resistance, soldering adaptability, and mechanical strength. Raytheon is currently developing large multi band phased arrays with emphasis on Al/Gr composite base plates. The basis of this program is to help MMCC develop Al/Gr technology to support Raytheon's multi band phased array. The emphasis of Phase I will entail corrosion prevention, structural suitability, and solder joint integrity.

WILLIAMS-PYRO, INC.
200 Greenleaf St.
Fort Worth, TX 76107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(817) 872-1500
Dr. Kevin Le
MDA 05-036      Selected for Award
Title:Reliable, Lightweight, Low Cost, and Volume Efficient Electrical Circuitry Development that Facilitates Integration and Checkout for the Space Tracking and Surveillance System (STSS)
Abstract:To facilitate faster assembly and improve the reliability of STSS satellites, Williams-Pyro, Inc. (WPI) proposes to develop a Multifunctional Flex cable, "MultiFlex." MultiFlex reconfigures cabling to improve the way cables are used in aerospace systems. MultiFlex consists of integrated micro-interconnects shielded by simple, low-cost, multi-layer EMI shielding for high data rate (e.g., USB 2.0). MultiFlex will be integrated with VLSI electronics to allow low-bandwidth communications on existing power distribution networks, which reduces satellite cabling and minimizes satellite volume and mass. More importantly, MultiFlex will have a built-in test feature with health indicators (LEDs), which significantly reduces touch labor and time for cable check out during satellite integration. MultiFlex offers the following distinct advantages over existing cabling configurations: (1) Highly integrated, flexible, low volume and mass; (2) Low cost, reliable, easy to fabricate and install; (3) Built-in test capability with health indicators; and (4) Integrated power line communication (PLC) technology.

BSEI
1453 Beulah Road
Vienna, VA 22182
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 759-4518
Dr. Terence W. Barrett
MDA 05-037      Selected for Award
Title:Broad Multi-Frequency Discrimination
Abstract:The ojective of this proposal is to develop a multi-frequency and multi-band RF sensor based on the MAP concept and capable of improving the performance affordability for discrimination of ballistic missile threats in complex countermeasure environments. The MAP radar/sensor enhances the detection, identification and location of targets using a priori knowledge of those targets, specifically the target's impulse response, h. The MAP transmitted pulse is the time reversal of the impulse response, h*, or complex conjugate of h, which convolves with the target. MAP differs radically from UWB and Chirp radars in that (1) an arbitrary carrier is used; (2) the TX signal envelope is modulated and bandlimited to the target's frequency response; (3) the duration of the TX signal can be as long as required. A major capability of MAP is the selective enhancement of designated target resonances, or minor resonances, in the presence of both clutter and jamming. At short range, MAP provies up to 24 dB S/N target echo enhancement. The exceeds the performance of chirp (FM) and UWB systems. The present proposal is specifically to design and simulate a MAP RF sensor establishing the effectiveness of target identification in the presence of countermeasures and clutter.

POLARIS SENSOR TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
200 Westside Square, Suite 320
Huntsville, AL 35801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 562-0087
Dr. Art Lompado
MDA 05-037      Selected for Award
Title:Broad Multi-Frequency Discrimination
Abstract:Intuition and some limited data sets suggest that polarization has strong potential to provide additional information in difficult detection scenarios in a variety of hypervelocity interceptor applications. The targeting of a boost phase missile requires a sensor that can both acquire the target and perform plume / hardbody discrimination. For midcourse scenarios, debris and decoy clouds, low thermal contrast, and target orientation determination ought to be measured by an active or passive imaging polarimeter. In re-entry phase, an imaging polarization sensor should provide aimpoint selection and orientation determination in the presence of a wake. Limited data exists to support these statements, however, and an instrument is needed for confirmation. Prior to instrumentation development, modeling needs to be done optimize instrumentation development and assess the feasibility for imaging polarimetry to impact missile defense applications. Polaris Sensor Technologies will perform an exploratory assessment of imaging polarimetry including modeling of the polarization signatures in BMD scenarios and establish constraints on instruments for further phenomenology studies as well as THAAD specific implementations.

CAPRARO TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
311 Turner Street Suite 410
Utica, NY 13501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 733-0854
Dr. Gerard T. Capraro
MDA 05-038      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Radar Data Fusion
Abstract:Accurately acquiring, tracking, discriminating and engaging a missile/warhead amongst closely spaced decoys immersed in clutter is a challenge for one or more radar systems. The objective of this proposal is to optimally design multi-sensor data collection, processing and fusion strategies when multiple radars and/or other sensors are employed to form a single integrated picture of the battlespace. Although the ambiguity function has long been recognized as an invaluable tool for assessing the performance of monostatic radars, it is only recently that extension of the ambiguity function concept to multistatic radars has been considered. The first extension was made to bistatic radars where it was shown that geometry can play a crucial role in the shape of the bistatic ambiguity function when plotted as a function of target range and velocity. More recently, extensions have been proposed for the general case of M receivers and N transmitters. It is proposed herein to fuse multiple receivers by employing the multistatic ambiguity function which enables evaluation of such important performance metrics as detection and false alarm probabilities, target resolution capabilities, target parameter estimation accuracies and clutter rejection.

TECHNOLOGY SERVICE CORP.
1900 S. Sepulveda Blvd, Suite 300
Los Angeles, CA 90025
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 268-1249
Dr. Paul D. Mountcastle
MDA 05-038      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Radar Data Fusion
Abstract:TSC will demonstrate multi-sensor three-dimensional Inverse Synthetic Aperture Radar (ISAR) imaging using both coherent and non-coherent wideband radar networks. TSC will extend its innovative algorithm called Space-Time Radar Imaging that images scatterers attached to a rigid body by modeling rotations with Euler's equations of motion and produces a precise estimate of the complete target motion state. TSC's technique for 3D radar imaging can potentially benefit from multisensor operation by exploiting the greater angular diversity afforded by geographically separated radars, to form an enhanced synthetic aperture as compared to a single radar. This greater angular diversity can produce three-dimensional images and unambiguously determine target motion over the widest possible set of missile engagement conditions. The extension of TSC's algorithm to multiple sensors also affords a significant opportunity for improved discrimination by combining signatures from diverse look geometries and bands. TSC will demonstrate 3D radar imaging for a coherent distributed network of next-generation forward-based X-band radars and a non-coherent network of sea-based radars with sufficient communication bandwidth to exchange the target motion state. TSC will also demonstrate super-resolution 3D radar imaging by fusing data from two radars operating at different frequency bands to create a synthetic ultra-wideband radar, via sparse band processing.

DNOVUS RDI
168 Peachtree Circle NE
Atlanta, GA 30309
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(404) 733-0469
Dr. Thomas Bevan
MDA 05-039      Selected for Award
Title:Influence of Discrimination Capability on Sensor Task Planning
Abstract:The US Missile Defense Agency (MDA) is presented with many challenges in integration of diverse set of sensors previously developed by US agencies as well as new sensors into an effective, layered sensor network for missile defense. The Quality Equation Sensor and Element Tasking System (QUESETS) concept will help the MDA deal with the challenge of tasking this sensor network. QUESETS is derived from mature methodologies that has been used to task US military intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) sensors. QUESETS involves construction of a discrimination information scale (object recognition scale), development of quality equations for each sensor and sensor mode (e.g. narrow and wideband). These quality equations will predict information discrimination capability for each sensor and provide look-ahead estimates that predict discrimination performance to support the human operator in optimizing the tasking of BMD sensors. A QUESETS quality equation relates sensor discrimination capability on an information discrimination scale to engineering collection (e.g. geometry) and quality parameters (e.g. resolution, impulse response, signal-to-noise, signal-to-background). This approach requires much less computation than high fidelity simulation and optimization and can meet the timelines for BMD planning and engagement operations. The QUESETS approach has ready commercial applications for assessing digital information transmission losses.

MAGNACOM, INC.
615 Discovery Drive, Suite B
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 895-2901
Mr. Timothy Carbonneau
MDA 05-039      Selected for Award
Title:Discrimination Planning Technique Development, Assessment, and Proof Of Principle Demonstration
Abstract:The purpose of this task is to demonstrate proof of principle software capable of selecting a sensor from a suite of sensor realizations that is best suited to provide critical discrimination information for a single pre-defined threat engagement. A sensor realization may be a specific sensor site for operational area planning or a specific sensor type for C2BMC inline discrimination sensor selection. Threat signature information, threat trajectory information, and discrimination timeline data are all inputs to the optimization process. The offline and inline planning software samples the signature data as presented to each sensor and sensor site by the threat object and collects both medium band and/or wideband feature measurements. A separation analysis will then performed on the computed (and stored) feature measurements to estimate what sensors or sensor sites provide promising discrimination performance for the proposed discrimination timeline. The available sensors or sensor sites will then be ranked according to their efficacy for discrimination support using several specifically defined measures of effectiveness (MOEs) that operate on the feature separation analysis results. The suitability of the MOEs will also be addressed relative to execution speed and their ability to predict actual classifier behavior.

MARK RESOURCES, INC.
3878 Carson Street, Suite 210
Torrance, CA 90503
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 543-4746
Dr. August W. Rihaczek
MDA 05-040      Selected for Award
Title:Discrimination Damage Assessment
Abstract:MARK Resources proposes to develop radar signal processing algorithms that provide capabilities for reliably assessing damage to targets in debris clouds and for determining its consequences on downrange discrimination. The damage assessment algorithms will employ a new radar resolution theory to find a damaged target in a debris cloud and extract its motion and detailed physical description (size and shape), including the nature of the damage (e.g., a torn-off segment, with the size and characteristics of the resultant cavity). The algorithms will apply both to an uprange radar assessing the result of an engagement and to a downrange radar identifying still viable targets. Algorithms will also be developed that, based on the detailed measurements of uprange damage, will determine any corruption of discriminants utilized downrange. Dependence of algorithm performance on radar bandwidth, wavelength, and PRF will be characterized. Lockheed Martin has joined us in this project, to help transition the damage assessment capability into the BMDS.

PHYSICAL SCIENCES, INC.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Dr. Peter Nebolsine
MDA 05-040      Selected for Award
Title:Algorithms for Discriminator Damage Assessment
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) and its subcontractor Corvid Technologies propose an innovative physics based approach to define and develop radar and EO/IR algorithms to assess damage to targets in post-intercept debris clouds and extract targets following non-lethal intercepts. Approaches to optimize data collection for integrated utilization of radars and optical sensors for missile defense are provided. The basis of the approach is to integrate predictive physics based modeling of RF & EO signature predictions to drive adaptive RF and EO sensor tasking, data collection and signature analyses. Thus, PSI will define and develop integrated approaches for adaptive tasking of RF and EO sensors. Emphasis will be placed on tasking RF and EO sensors for cases that optimize signal strength and post-impact scenarios with resulting debris that potentially generate tens of additional tracks and also significant amounts of untracked debris that alter the background levels of RF and EO sensors. Corvid Technologies will perform up to six high fidelity hydrocode damage/debris calculations. These calculations and analyzed data from Aegis BMD flight missions will be used to extract re-engageable targets. A learning machine approach will be explored to perform the automated adaptive tasking in Phase II.

SCITEC, INC.
100 Wall Street
Princeton, NJ 08540
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 921-3892
Mr. James Lisowski
MDA 05-040      Selected for Award
Title:Discrimination Damage Assessment
Abstract:As the BMDS evolves over the next decade, the community will be exposed to a substantially greater amount of data from successful intercepts in all phases of the tiered defense, including boost, mid-course and terminal. In order to perform the necessary battle management, command and control functions a net of sensors using both active RF sensors supporting the fire control, guidance and navigation functions, and some combination of airborne, space-based, or interceptor based EO/IR systems will be required. SciTec seeks to develop and demonstrate automated processing algorithms to exploit data from EO/IR systems to provide robust features and a scheme for fusion with RF to provide hit detection and kill assessment within the C2BMC system. Our approach to incorporating physics based features into a statistically meaningful scoring of the observation data enables algorithm developments in the presence of a currently sparse but expanding database. Use of our demonstrated "frequentist" approach to algorithm development, with roots in automated target recognition that degrades gracefully in the presence of missing or degraded sensor data, will allow for a natural integration of future sensor systems, including multiple EO/IR signatures, RF data, and engagement information.

AERO OPTICS, INC.
655 Deep Valley Drive, Suite 335
Rolling Hills Estate, CA 90274
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 541-1933
Dr. Blaine E. Pearce
MDA 05-041      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Feature Extraction Algorithm (AFEA)
Abstract:Defense against modern ballistic missiles requires discrimination between lethal and nonlethal objects within a large number of nearly identical threats. This MDA SBIR Topic "Advanced Feature Extraction Algorithm" (AFEA) has the objective of developing and demonstrating an algorithm that can contribute to this important function. It relies on matching multi-parameter simulations of the threat objects with measurements to infer the threat object geometry, motion, and thermal parameters. It relies on time resolved observations from passive and laser radar sensors. Phase I relies on a prior Aero Optics Phase I SBIR "Ladar Algorithms for Lethal Objects" (LALO) in which an inversion algorithm to extract object parameters was demonstrated. This earlier concept is augmented to account for multiple sensor platforms, improved convergence, shortened observation times and sensor noise. The algorithm is to be implemented in GPU software and hardware to speed computation and demonstrate applications to on-board, real-time processing. Phase I is a demonstration of the AFEA algorithm. Phase II will include further demonstrations, resolution of technical difficulties, and testing of the algorithm performance against large numbers and wide varieties of objects and engagements and selected flight test measurements.

EUTECUS, INC.
1936 University Avenue Suite 360
Berkeley, CA 94704
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(510) 540-9603
Dr. Csaba Rekeczky
MDA 05-041      Selected for Award
Title:MULTI-MODAL SPACE-TIME SIGNATURE ANALYSIS AND TRACKING SYSTEM
Abstract:We propose to develop novel space-time signature extraction algorithms and an associated reconfigurable multi-modal computational platform. In Phase I we will integrate a high-performance standalone vision system (Bi-i, EUTECUS) and a multi-spectral fusion system (Fu-P, IMAGIZE) built from state-of-the-art commercial and military components. This system will have a multi-spectral multi-target tracking and discrimination (MS-MTTD) capability handling multiple sensory inputs. Since the first Bi-i and Fu-P prototypes are already available there is a chance for rapid MS-MTTD prototyping by directly interfacing the two systems and synchronizing the associated software layers and algorithmic modules. It is expected that this prototype MS-MTTD system will enable enhanced warhead/decoy tracking and discrimination under difficult imaging conditions. The system will be able to perform low latency real-time analysis of large number of simultaneous potential targets based on static as well as kinematic and multi-spectral chromatic and thermal properties. This system will serve as the basis for subsequent Phase II development of a compact, ultra high-speed MS-MTTD platform which will enable the integration into various kill vehicles.

OPTRA, INC.
461 Boston Street
Topsfield, MA 01983
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 887-6600
Mr. David Mansur
MDA 05-042      Selected for Award
Title:High-Resolution, Laser-Heated High-Temperature Target Simulator
Abstract:We describe a versatile 512 x 512 pixel high-temperature target simulator based on the use of radiation from laser diodes to heat small (~100 micron) graphite chip target elements. By using laser diodes in this manner we can avoid the need to make electrical contact with the target chips, thereby minimizing thermal conduction paths from each chip; by enclosing the target chips in a small vacuum enclosure (~5 cm in diameter) we eliminate convective heat losses and minimize the possibility of oxidization of the target chips. We further propose the use of optical fibers to link the laser diodes to the target chips; in this way we can separate the laser diode arrays from the high-temperature target array, greatly simplifying operation of the target simulator in a 20K environment. Initial modeling suggests that at high temperatures the target elements can achieve thermal time constants on the order of 1 msec. Radiation by the target chips should very closely approximate blackbody radiation for wavelengths in the visible out to beyond 12 microns.

RESONANT MICROSYSTEMS, INC.
610 16th Street, Suite 511
Oakland, CA 94612
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 634-2741
Dr. Shui-Lin Chao
MDA 05-042      Selected for Award
Title:Micromirror Arrays for Scene Generation
Abstract:Our team is proposing an analog micromirror array for projector applications. Fabrication of the array does not follow the traditional monolithic integration paradigm. Instead, the process is separated into simplified modules. By streamlining the fabrication of the critical components, each part can be optimized without process interactions. As a result, state-of-the-art performance can be demonstrated with a simple tool set and minimal investment.

AERIUS PHOTONICS, LLC.
4160 Market St., Suite 6
Ventura, CA 93003
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 642-4645
Dr. Jon Geske
MDA 05-043      Selected for Award
Title:Projector of True Spectrum Dynamic IR Scenes (PTS-DIRS)
Abstract:Aerius Photonics has partnered with Raytheon Missile Systems to jointly develop a true-spectral (or hyper-spectral) projector system concept that will achieve, for the first time, the ability to project both apparent temperature and apparent emissivity over a broad temperature range and for a large format projector. The projector will project complex and dynamic targets with pixel level control of the object apparent temperature and emissivity. The projector will simultaneously be able to project the true-spectrum of high apparent temperature targets such as rocket plumes and other complex hyper-spectral target and hot-gas emission phenomena. Such a projector is based on a new approach and concept in advanced scene projector technology enabled by new advancements in steerable Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS) technologies. In its ultimate format, the scalable technology will be able to achieve 512x512 and 1024x1024 projection formats with <1ms pixel response times, 3000K+ apparent temperature projection, and true-spectral and emissivity control for the development and test of sophisticated multi-band and hyper-spectral sensors.

PROPULSION SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, INC.
848 Town Center Drive
Langhorne, PA 19047
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(267) 276-0181
Ms. Margaret W. Taylor
MDA 05-044      Selected for Award
Title:Plume Simulation Using Advanced Image Processing Techniques
Abstract:Missile exhaust plume radiant emission is a key observable for any missile defense system using optical sensors. Plume-to-hardbody handover and aimpoint selection algorithms are significantly influenced by the temporal and spatial variations of the highly visible exhaust plume signature. Current flowfield and signature tools cannot properly capture many signature trends observed by missile defense sensors. The objective of this effort is to develop data driven techniques to simulate plume observables more accurately, with emphasis on "real world" plume effects. This program seeks to develop innovative image processing tools, which couple together models and measurements using neural networks. The modeling of real world phenomena will be done using advanced CFD codes. Model corrections, obtained from comparisons with data will be applied via the application of image morphing techniques. In Phase I we will demonstrate that limited CFD calculations of highly complex real world plume phenomena can be leveraged via data corrections to other conditions. The tools and procedures developed under Phase I will be applied more generally to systems and phenomena of high priority to MDA.

SPECTRAL SCIENCES, INC.
4 Fourth Avenue
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 273-4770
Dr. Lawrence Bernstein
MDA 05-044      Selected for Award
Title:A Novel Method for Fast Rendering of Missile Plume Imagery
Abstract:Missile exhaust plume emission is the key observable for many of our missile defense sensor systems. High-fidelity plume signature models play a key role in the analysis and simulation of threat missile systems but they are too slow for applications requiring near real-time plume image generation. In order to address this and other limitations, Spectral Sciences, Inc. (SSI) proposes a novel data-driven algorithm suite for fast and accurate rendering of real-world plume imagery. The approach, dubbed FRAMES (Fast Rendering Algorithm for Missile Emission Scenes), involves tying model calculations spanning the scenario space of interest to more sparsely sampled field data (i.e., fewer trajectory points, spectral bands, viewing aspects, pixel size,.) and enables fast frame rate plume imagery (~100Hz) to be generated on a single PC over a very broad range of missile and sensor operational conditions. In Phase I, FRAMES will be demonstrated for a representative missile system in the enhancement region ( altitudes above 100 km). In Phase II, the approach will be extended to include more complex real-world effects and several missile systems of interest will be considered.

AERO OPTICS, INC.
655 Deep Valley Drive, Suite 335
Rolling Hills Estate, CA 90274
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 541-1933
Dr. G. Newton Freeman
MDA 05-045      Selected for Award
Title:Plume Rarefied Interference/Signature Model (PRISM)
Abstract:Low-thrust rocket engines (bus, vernier, divert, attitude control) operating at high altitudes can generate extended plume signatures with potential impact on forward-based missile-defense interceptor-seeker system performance. The signatures can include phenomena and features not exhibited for higher thrusts at lower altitudes. Advanced models and codes are required to account for all relevant chemical/physical phenomena from propellant combustion through engine performance to plume signature. To that end, relevant phenomena are identified and grouped by category (engine/core flow chemistry, plume/atmosphere molecular interaction, core/interaction spectral radiation) and evaluated against existing models and codes. Applicable tools and current deficiencies are identified and described. Methods are outlined to fill all apparent gaps and remedy all known deficiencies as the basis for a complete physical model incorporated in seamless simulation software supported by documented validation demonstrations.

PHYSICAL SCIENCES, INC.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Dr. David B. Oakes
MDA 05-045      Selected for Award
Title:Innovative Plume Signature Methodology for Low Thrust Propulsion Systems
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a unique experimental facility and methodology for developing accurate, validated plume codes for low thrust propulsion systems operating at high altitudes. The facility will include small-scale thrusters and a hypervelocity oxygen atom source (6 to 12 km/s) for simulating the plume conditions observed at high altitude. With this capability we will be able to systematically measure the contribution of reactions of each of the plume constituents of a specified thruster system to the plume radiance. The data from these measurements will be included in a state of the art Direct Simulation Monte Carlo (DMSC) code to develop a plume signature code for the thruster system. Plume signature predictions will then be compared to measurements obtained from the simulation facility to validate the code. In Phase I we will demonstrate our approach to developing a validated code by measuring the velocity dependent cross section for the reaction of hyperthermal oxygen atoms with one component of a thruster exhaust. The data will be input to the plume code, SOCRATES, and the plume radiance from the candidate reaction will be calculated under several observation scenarios.

SPECTRAL SCIENCES, INC.
4 Fourth Avenue
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 273-4770
Dr. Matthew Braunstein
MDA 05-045      Selected for Award
Title:Applying Novel Computational Chemistry Methods to Plume Signature Modeling of Low Thrust Propulsion Systems
Abstract:Understanding and modeling low thrust systems requires a fundamental understanding of the underlying physics and chemistry, which is not well known. Spectral Sciences, Inc. (SSI) proposes to develop and apply novel computational chemistry methods to quantify the key chemical processes giving rise to the plume signatures of low thrust systems. These processes will be integrated into the current suite of state-of-the-art propulsion system/plume modeling codes, including the Air Force Research Laboratory radiation and flow code, SOCRATES-P co-developed at SSI, enabling accurate end-to-end (combustion chamber to far field plume) simulation of low thrust plume signatures. In Phase I, we will develop and demonstrate two innovative techniques that will form the core of a new computational chemistry toolkit called DIVERT (Direct-dynamics Information for Very Energetic Reaction Trajectories) targeting low thrust chemistry. We will demonstrate the proof-of-concept through application of the method to key chemical mechanisms, integrate the results into SOCRATES-P, and validate them against field and laboratory data. In Phase II, experiments will be performed characterizing engine exhaust, the new modeling methods will be applied to all critical chemical reactions, and a wide-range of validation studies will be performed.

AERO OPTICS, INC.
655 Deep Valley Drive, Suite 335
Rolling Hills Estate, CA 90274
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 541-1933
Dr. G. Newton Freeman
MDA 05-046      Selected for Award
Title:Simulated Transient Evolutionary Plume Signature (STEPS)
Abstract:Nonsteady plume signatures can result from transient engine operating conditions (e.g., start-up, shut-down) or evolutionary vehicle flight conditions (acceleration, ascent). Current standard codes assume constant engine/flight conditions as for a steady engine burn in a ground static test. An advanced simulation capability is proposed to provide time-continuous multi-scale nonsteady plume signatures for transient/evolutionary engine/flight conditions throughout and beyond the boost phase. The simulation incorporates rigorous first-principles physical models and efficient stable numerical methods adopted from an existing steady-state simulation tool. The proposed innovative extension to nonsteady conditions is designed to provide reliable robust fully-automated on-line computations to support real-time dynamic engagement simulations.

SCITEC, INC.
100 Wall Street
Princeton, NJ 08540
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 921-3892
Mr. James Lisowski
MDA 05-046      Selected for Award
Title:Missile Plume Signature Evolution
Abstract:The objective of the proposed effort is to develop and deliver a real-time physics-based simulation capability for predicting threat plume signatures from launch to burnout. SciTec's approach is to address the dominant phenomenology in each altitude regime (e.g. data derived mixing of free stream air to enable complete combustion in the fully afterburning regime) and develop fast plume signature models. In Phase I of the effort, SciTec documents the current implementation of in-house plume signature models and identifies shortfalls, particularly in the areas of multi-phase and multi-nozzle flow. Concepts would be developed and prototyped for evolving the plume models to more accurately predict the intensity behavior in the most important regimes next, based on assessment of MDA requirements. Limited software development would occur in Phase I to design a unified functional flow between the low-altitude and high-altitude plume codes to permit launch-to-burnout simulations. In Phase II, SciTec would pursue strategies for improving the models based on the identified approaches by leveraging existing and emerging data on well-truthed and threat ballistic missiles. In Phase III, SciTec would incorporate these tools into future modeling and simulation architectures, such as BEST or end-to-end simulation tools at AFRL/MN or MSIC.

STELLAR SCIENCE LTD.CO
401 Serenity Ct SE
Albuquerque, NM 87123
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 296-7703
Dr. Irene A. Budianto
MDA 05-047      Selected for Award
Title:Object Recreation from Facet Representation to IGES and Primitive Representations
Abstract:Computer-aided design (CAD) modelers and signature simulation experts often must use multiple formats and types of geometric models representing the same object in order to support different applications. In the signature analysis domain, radar simulation generally requires faceted models, whereas accurate optical signature simulation requires smooth primitive-based models. Often the two models must be manually regenerated using different formats and tools, introducing possible manual errors or inconsistent results, because there is no way to convert automatically from faceted to primitive-based models. Stellar Science proposes to develop novel algorithms and software to autonomously convert from faceted models to primitive-based shape representations. For Phase I, we propose a method based on generating a multi-facet co-surface constraint matrix to test whether any collection of three or more facets can lie on the same quadratic surface. This quickly computed linear constraint enables the use of a straightforward hypothesize-and-test approach for grouping candidate facets into quadratic surfaces. Further processing groups planar surfaces into end-caps and boxes, computes the finite bounds and truncation planes of surfaces such as cylinders and cones, and generates IGES files containing the computed geometric primitives. Subcontractor SAIC will perform validation, ensure compliance with MDA models, and enable future BEST software integration.

IST-ROLLA
11560 Forest Lakes Drive
Rolla, MO 65401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(573) 429-6931
Mr. Michael Dancer
MDA 05-048      Selected for Award
Title:IGC and Estimation With Theta-D and Higher Order Sliding Mode Techniques
Abstract:A recently developed nonlinear controller called theta-D and the Higher Order Sliding Mode (HOSM) control are the centerpiece around which an Integrated Guidance and Control (IGC) scheme and a nonlinear filter technique are built to enhance the lethality of hit-to-kill interceptors and offer a means to increase the maneuver ratio advantage. This proposal includes the development of a 6DOF based IGC scheme that combines the guidance and control objectives into a single framework. Nonlinear filters utilizing theta-D and HOSM are proposed in order to improve the accuracy of the target maneuver estimates. Furthermore, a novel filter based on cost function formulation and a guidance law designed to enhance system observability are to be incorporated into the IGC architecture, and various spiraling and weaving target scenarios will be used to evaluate the proposed algorithms. The outcome of this research is expected to produce sound IGC designs, based on two theoretically rigorous techniques, that substantially decrease miss distance in hit-to-kill interceptors.

AEGIS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC.
631 Discovery Drive
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 922-0802
Mr. Derek Strembicke
MDA 05-049      Selected for Award
Title:Real-time Ladar Scene Rendering and Projection Component Technologies
Abstract:The objective of this Phase I SBIR proposal is to show the feasibility of integrating the key optical and electronic components of a multichannel laser modulator into a single multichip module (MCM). The module concept developed under this effort will consist of at least eight parallel channels capable of independently producing an analog amplitude modulated optical waveform. Integration will include data interface, high resolution timing control, waveform memory/buffer, digital-to-analog (DAC) converters, bias controllers, optical modulators, optical source input, and parallel optical output interface. This module will form the baseline for a both a massively parallel optical projector capable of stimulating flash-based LADAR sensors and a pluggable analog optical modulator for commercial communication applications.

RADIANCE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
350 Wynn Drive
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 489-3628
Mr. Tom Florence
MDA 05-049      Selected for Award
Title:Real-time Ladar Scene Rendering and Projection Component Technologies
Abstract:Real-time generation of waveforms to support Laser Radar Scene Generation require the implementation of high bandwidth, low-latency computational capabilities. Life cycle cost constraints dictate the use of commercial components and systems to achieve this objective. Parallel graphics engines based on commercial graphics processor units and flexible post processor stages can meet the performance requirements while avoiding the cost of custom architectures using novel computational approaches

DANIEL H. WAGNER, ASSOC., INC.
40 Lloyd Avenue, Suite 200
Malvern, PA 19355
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 644-3400
Dr. Eric C. Butts
MDA 05-050      Selected for Award
Title:Multi-sensor tracking techniques
Abstract:We propose to develop algorithms and software to fuse data from multiple sensor systems that are tracking ballistic missile threat(s) in order to provide a tactical picture of higher quality than that capable from any single sensor. We will build upon our previously developed Data Fusion Correlation Algorithm (DFCA). The DFCA is a multi-source track-to-track, multi-hypothesis data fusion system developed for missile defense applications. It uses computationally robust, efficient, and theoretically rigorous algorithms and accepts a wide variety of kinematic sensor input forms including raw contact data (statistically independent) as well as reports of track state (correlated in time). All are treated within a consistent Bayesian framework. Also, the DFCA contains algorithms to estimate covariance data from knowledge of sensor characteristics, tracking geometry, and data when absent. The primary focus of this effort is to develop algorithms to estimate spatial and temporal sensor biases, to mitigate the impact of these biases upon the data fusion picture, and to quantify the improvement upon the fused tactical picture.

DELTA EPSILON TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
1571 Sunstone Drive
McLean, VA 22102
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 314-8015
Mr. Michael C. Kleder
MDA 05-050      Selected for Award
Title:Multi-sensor tracking techniques
Abstract:An innovative, robust, real-time algorithm for multi-sensor tracking is proposed that mitigates sensor residual bias, mitigates inaccurate sensor track reporting, mitigates new or unobserved target capabilities, and improves correlation performance across all threat classes and environments. The innovation is founded in well-established trajectory physics and represents a disruptive improvement in the state-of-the-art of tracking technology.

RDAS, INC.
11003 E.Bradford Circle
Cerritos, CA 90703
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 379-4802
Mr. Augustus Hammond Green, jr.
MDA 05-050      Selected for Award
Title:Multi-sensor tracking techniques
Abstract:The proposed effort represents an extensive expansion of a predictive tracking technique that accurately tracks and predicts target movement for ground mobile targets and has been successfully demonstrated. The current set of algorithms for predictive tracking is confined to two-dimensional space and a network of sensors; the expansion is to three dimensions for sensor networks. In addition, the effort proposes a method that addresses both temporal and spatial registration as well as applying successfully completed results from other efforts where data is in one format for any given sensor to a common format that can be used by any other sensor to allow received information to be translated into its format or for use by any sensor or a command center within the network. This capability allows information to be communicated to any node in a sensor network. The completion of the effort will show how latency issues are overcome.

EDAPTIVE COMPUTING, INC.
1245 Lyons Road, Building G
Dayton, OH 45458
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 286-5431
Mr. David Barton
MDA 05-051      Selected for Award
Title:Software Formalisms
Abstract:Modern software development processes increasingly depend on complete specifications, the ability to execute the specifications expressed in a lightweight formalism, and the ability to verify properties expressed in that formalism. EDAptive Computing, Inc. (ECI) team has designed the Model Checking and Execution of Specifications using Lightweight Formalisms (ModSpec) program to deliver this combination. Our existing innovative technology building blocks will be augmented with model checking, computerized assistants, and multi-domain component libraries developed in Rosetta, a non-proprietary lightweight formal language. Specifically meeting the topic requirements this combination forms an end-to-end capability to enter or capture a technology-independent specification, evaluate it for completeness, check it for correctness, and report the results in an intuitive form. We will leverage our extensive experience with graphical systems entry, formal languages, formal methods in general, and model checking in particular. We will demonstrate the feasibility of ModSpec by extending an experimental foundation first produced under a related MDA project, or a suitable mutually agreed alternative. The Phase I result will clearly show that this powerful mix of innovative tools and mature methods will result in faster, more accurate, and more error-free software development, integration, reuse, and deployment.

HARMONIA, INC.
1715 Pratt Drive, Suite 2820
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 951-5901
Dr. Marc Abrams
MDA 05-052      Selected for Award
Title:Automated Software Analysis and Visualization
Abstract:Harmonia, Inc. is pleased to offer this proposal to develop the Software Analysis through Visual Extraction (SAVE) tool, a visual programming and architecture tool that works in conjunction with Harmonia's Legacy Analysis Workbench (LAW). SAVE is specifically targeted at modeling, visualizing, and extracting reusable code segments, design artifacts, and architectural components from complex, mixed-language software. SAVE is designed to help system engineers re-architect legacy systems by extracting design artifacts required for modern architectures such as the DoD (or C4ISR) Architecture Framework. Legacy software is modeled in a platform-independent XML syntax, allowing us to design analysis and visualization tools for the XML modeling language and apply them to multiple implementation languages. Our model is constructed by translating existing software in mixed legacy languages into the XML modeling language. We also identify metrics for evaluation. During this Phase I, SAVE components are chosen to fit the needs of the Missile Defense Agency, where prototype code from various sources must be reused to create new software entities, for example Mission Profiles in the Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS) Radar System, or software must be integrated into legacy platforms, such as the AEGIS system.

ATC - NY
33 Thornwood Drive, Suite 500
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 257-1975
Dr. Matthew Stillerman
MDA 05-053      Selected for Award
Title:Chipotle: A Peer-to-Peer System for Highly Distributed and Fault Tolerant XML Data Management
Abstract:ATC-NY, in collaboration with Cornell University and Architecture Technology Corporation, will design and build Chipotle, a distributed XML database targeting the needs of the MDA, other DoD operations, and commercial applications. The Chipotle system will be highly resistant to failures, require no centralized control (and thus present no central point of attack), and be highly robust in the face of component and network failure. Scalability and fault tolerance are provided by structuring the database system as a peer-to-peer (P2P) system. Building on previous work at ATC-NY and Cornell, Chipotle improves on existing P2P systems by supporting rich database queries, including XML XPath expressions, and by providing the security needed to enforce access policies and prevent the disclosure of information should a node be compromised. In addition, it will provide load balancing capabilities to handle varying query loads as well as heterogeneous nodes and networks.

STOTTLER HENKE ASSOC., INC.
951 Mariner's Island Blvd., STE 360
San Mateo, CA 94404
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(206) 545-1478
Mr. T. J. Goan
MDA 05-053      Selected for Award
Title:Efficient Search over Heterogeneous XML Databases in Unstructured Peer-To-Peer Networks
Abstract:We propose a new peer-to-peer system, Emerge, that will support expressive, structured queries over peers sharing XML data in heterogeneous formats. Our system utilizes a novel combination of features to combat the query routing and semantic interoperability problems that plague existing systems. Emerge dynamically builds a set of shortcuts that leverage the content and interest locality exhibited by search requests to gradually improve query routing performance over time. These shortcuts are designed to be modular, which allows them to be easily combined with other optimization approaches and remain functional independent of the query language used. To combat the inevitable information loss that occurs as data is passed between peers with heterogeneous schemas, our system utilizes information that can be observed passively, such as query cycles and returned results, to identify and refine faulty schema mappings. Phase I research and development of a proof-of-concept limited prototype will demonstrate the feasibility and utility of Emerge's query routing optimizations and bottom-up schema refinement and will lay the groundwork for its Phase II implementation and eventual commercialization.

UTOPIACOMPRESSION, CORP.
11150 W Olympic Blvd., Suite 1020
Los Angeles, CA 90064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 473-1500
Mr. Mark Davis
MDA 05-053      Selected for Award
Title:FabriX: An Efficient, Scalable and Secure Peer-to-Peer XML Database
Abstract:Modern database technologies are ill-suited to handle internet-scale (or larger) data management needs. For DoD, NASA, DoE and other government agencies, this presents a data management crisis since their mission-critical data repositories are growing at exponential rates and are already distributed in disconnected silos. UtopiaCompression Corp. proposes a novel peer-to-peer XML database architecture that builds on recent P2P research efforts combined with grid computing technologies to provide a scalable, fault-tolerant and secure storage and retrieval infrastructure for government and commercial applications. FabriX, the fabric for XML computing, uses efficient routing protocols to locate data items in a fabric of commodity computing resources, and uses novel, compact data structures to resolve XML-specific query operations without the need for full analysis of stored XML documents. FabriX also uses end-to-end security models built on top of web service security technologies to provide both scalable fully-distributed security as well as hardened, policy-based security with centralized management for medium-scale database models.

INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY, INC.
3250 Ocean Park Blvd., Suite 100
Santa Monica, CA 90405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 581-5440
Dr. Azad M. Madni
MDA 05-054      Selected for Award
Title:ActionVisualsT: Ontology-enabled, Multi-domain Agile Visualization of System-of-Systems Data
Abstract:The DoD Net-Centric Data strategy calls for making multi-domain data accessible to and visible for potential users. To this end, new and legacy DoD systems are being integrated into federated system-of-systems to increase the user's reach into distributed, multi-domain data sources. To promote shared understanding of data and to ensure effective use of the integrated data in unanticipated ways, DoD is investing in the integration of domain ontologies into multi-domain ontologies with a view to maximizing coverage of data from multiple domains in response to user queries. Specifically, the Air Force 45th Space Wing has an immediate need for rapid, flexible, and on-demand visualization of federated data from multiple domains in actionable form for timely and informed decision making during space launch and range support operations. Phase I of this effort is concerned with developing the requirements, general usage scenario, and candidate architectures for an agile, ontology-enabled system-of-systems data visualization capability that would be customizable to a variety of DoD, military, and commercial applications. The resultant system design is expected to provide effective solutions for data navigation, latency handling/compensation, visualization sharing, and data security.

KNOWLEDGE BASED SYSTEMS, INC.
1408 University Drive East
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 260-5274
Dr. Perakath Benjamin
MDA 05-054      Selected for Award
Title:Hybrid Framework for Information Visualization Enablers (HI-FIVE)
Abstract:This project will research, design, and demonstrate a Hybrid Framework for Information Visualization Enablers (HI-FIVE). We propose a novel, model-based "no-programming required" approach that leverages the proven IDEF family of methods, on web-services, and a proven data display format called Data Display Markup Language (DDML). HI-FIVE provides an extendible framework for rapidly developing, configuring, and managing displays that enable rapid and actionable understanding of "system of systems" data. HI-FIVE will provide critical enabling technology for enabling "rapid and flexible data visualization of federated data from multiple domains leveraging a unifying ontology of the relevant concepts from the different domains." Our solution will drastically mitigate the difficulties associated with achieving "system of systems situational awareness" arising from different problems, including the following (i) combinations of structured and unstructured data, (ii) diverse data formats, (iii) varying amounts of useful information in the data, and (iv) diverse visualization paradigms. The Phase I effort will (i) establish HI-FIVE requirements, (ii) formulate user-customizable data display methods, (iii) design the HI-FIVE architecture, and (iv) configure and demonstrate a prototype HI-FIVE system. The Phase II project will harden the software and demonstrate its benefits on a military application leading to rapid technology transition and commercialization.

EDAPTIVE COMPUTING, INC.
1245 Lyons Road, Building G
Dayton, OH 45458
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 286-5431
Mr. David Barton
MDA 05-056      Selected for Award
Title:Test-Ready Model for Flexible System-of-Systems
Abstract:Producing dependable, flexible system-of-systems that exhibit predictable behavior and fault tolerance during runtime is a daunting task. Although formal methods hold a lot of promise, there are several issues that have prevented its use in the mainstream. Specifically, use of formal methods requires very skilled and experienced users, some formal methods do not scale well as the system size grows, and manual translation is required to convert from formal specification models to software models for further implementation. EDAptive Computing team proposes an innovative, practical solution to address these problems. Our existing innovative technology building blocks will be augmented with intuitive specification capture techniques, computerized assistants for use of formal methods, and automatic translation to software models. Specifically meeting the topic requirements this combination forms an end-to-end capability to enter or capture a technology-independent specification, evaluate it for completeness, check it for correctness, generate error handling specifications and translate into software model for further implementation. We will leverage our extensive experience with graphical entry, formal languages, and formal methods. The Phase I results will clearly show that this powerful mix of innovative tools and mature methods will result in faster, more accurate, and more error-free software development, integration, reuse, and deployment.

TIME ROVER
11425 Charsan Ln.
Cupertino, CA 95014
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 507-2684
Dr. Doron Drusinsky
MDA 05-056      Selected for Award
Title:Trust-worthy Coordinated Attack and Byzantine Agreement: Tools, Protocols, and Assertions
Abstract:Trust-worthy distributed systems, such as the MDA Battle Manager (BM) System of Systems (SoS), require trusted coordination in the absence of ideal communication, i.e., when immediate and guaranteed broadcasting is not available. A fundamental issue for trust worthy distributed SoS is therefore attaining trustworthy agreement under real-life circumstances, when ideal communication does not exist. By agreement it is meant any agreement the BM might need to reach, such as agreement to particular weapon system to launch a kill. Two fundamental problems are: (i) Coordinated Attack (CA) -- when communication is unreliable and non-instantaneous how can a distributed team of generals decide on an attack, and (ii) Byzantine Agreement (BA) -- how can does this change if some generals are traitors (i.e., "faulty"). This proposal proposes working protocols and support tools for trust worthy CA and BA. Specifically, we suggest Phase I investigation and Phase II construction of: 1. Protocols using communicating UML statecharts augmented with recovery assertions. 2. Construction of a stochastic analysis simulator for the protocols of #1. The simulator will use item #3 below. 3. The extension of the StateRover white box test generator to generate a sample space for the stochastic analysis of protocols of item #1.

DECISIVE ANALYTICS CORP.
1235 South Clark Street, Suite 400
Arlington, VA 22202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 414-5088
Jessica Bradley
MDA 05-057      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Data Fusion
Abstract:The Missile Defense Agency's (MDA) Project Hercules has been charged with developing advanced algorithms for the Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS). Under the Decision Architecture task, a Battle Manager (the DABM) has been developed to model the end-to-end BMDS. This simulation testbed models the network-centric system-of-systems that make up the BMDS including sensors, weapons systems, and the C2BMC. Under this SBIR the DAC Team proposes two niche capabilities that are not currently addressed in the BMDS. We propose a novel combination of Dempster-Shafer Theory of Evidence and Bayesian Networks to perform advanced data fusion during an engagement. Additionally we propose an innovative Stochastic Programming technique to enhance Weapon Engagement Planning. These technologies, combined with DAC's experience in missile defense will result in algorithms suitable for prototyping in Phase I and Phase II; and integration and deployment in Phase III of this SBIR.

TECHFINITY, INC.
4505 Las Virgenes Road, Suite 117
Calabasas, CA 91302
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 878-9341
Mr. Jarrell D. Collier
MDA 05-057      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced, Robust Techniques in Missile Defense Resource Management Using Utility, Entropy, and Value of Information
Abstract:Utility and entropy are combined in a new definition of value of information that is used to achieve more robust, effective and more highly coordinated weapon and sensor resource management for missile defense. There are two related aspects. First, the calculation of probability of kill in battlespace analysis can be improved by accounting appropriately for the future changes in track accuracy. Entropy is a suitable metric for track accuracy. The resulting improved probability of kill values will enable the engagement planner to plan engagements with greater expected utility. The term utility is used here in the sense of the objective of engagement planning, and of the missile defense system as a whole such as probability of integrated system effectiveness. Second, once track entropy calculations are in place, it becomes feasible to feed data back to the sensor manager that enables it to calculate the rate of change of utility with respect to track entropy. With that information, the sensor manager can allocate sensor resources in a way that supports maximizing expected utility. Thus, the sensor resource manager and the weapon resource manager will be working together toward an explicit common goal such as probability of integrated system effectiveness.

THE CORE GROUP, INC.
PO Box 17068
Boulder, CO 80308
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 258-9256
Mr. Kevin F. Probst
MDA 05-057      Selected for Award
Title:Midcourse Target Identification (MCTID) Algorithm for Midcourse Threats Using Bayesian-Topological Feature Fusion and Classification
Abstract:The Midcourse Target Identification (MCTID) Algorithm for Midcourse Threats Using Bayesian-Topological Feature Fusion and Classification program will extend the previously developed Enhanced Target Identification (ETID) algorithm developed under a previous MDA program to the midcourse threat regime. ETID was built to identify boost phase threats by performing both topological threat classification and Bayesian probabilistic threat classification, and then fusing the two classification results. The ETID achieved a predicted 95% classification accuracy for a broad range of possible strategic and theater threat boosters. The MCTID will employ the same dual mode classification and target ID approach, but apply it to midcourse threat and decoy types. The goal of the MCTID is a 99% accuracy of correct classification. The proposed program will develop the algorithm, test it against real and simulated data, and report the results. The algorithm development will utilize dedicated software coding, as well as generalized COTS software packages for building the topological and Bayesian classifiers.

CHARLES RIVER ANALYTICS, INC.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Dr. Jonathan D. Pfautz
MDA 05-058      Selected for Award
Title:Meta-Information Visualization and Processing for C2
Abstract:Command and control in ballistic missile defense is characterized by large amounts of complex information that must be rapidly processed by the decision-maker. Part of this complexity is due to meta-information, or, characteristics of information such as uncertainty, staleness, etc. that add to the decision-making burden. Knowledge regarding this meta-information, and methods for effectively processing and portraying it, have the potential of not only relieving the decision-maker's workload, but also encouraging more battlespace-aware decisions. To address these needs, we propose to design and prototype a system for Meta-Information Visualization and Processing (MVP). Four core components characterize our approach. First, we will develop an ontology that explicitly incorporates meta-data and meta-information types in C2 data management tasks. Second, we will design and develop methods for calculating and extracting meta-information from incoming data and representing it in structure reflecting the ontology. Third, we will design visualization methods that incorporate meta-information. Fourth, we will demonstrate a software prototype implementing computational approaches and visualization methods for providing the commander with critical meta-information. We will leverage our team's expertise in data management and visualization design to rapidly develop the MVP system, interface it with representative data sets, and evaluate its potential to support DoD applications.

DATAMAT SYSTEMS RESEARCH, INC.
1600 International Drive, Suite 110
McLean, VA 22102
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 917-0880
Dr. Jerzy Bala
MDA 05-058      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Interactive C2 Knowledge Mining and Visualization System
Abstract:Amongst the most challenging technological tasks confronting the U.S. missile-defense program is the development of an integrated, high-performing and high-usability Command & Control Information System. The main goal of a C2 information system is to provide military operators tools that enable them to quickly and accurately filter and decipher massive amounts of battlespace data. Therefore, it is crucial that the C2 information system provide automatic mining operations and highly usable graphic interfaces to present actionable information to its military operators. This effort will propose the development of state-of-art techniques utilizing knowledge representation, advanced data mining and visualization technology for maximizing the utilization of heterogeneous data collected from distributed BMDS sensors. This project will design and integrate a general ontology for knowledge representation of objects, events and activities; an efficient and real-time interpretation technique; a novel data mining approach specially tailored for the knowledge base; and an interactive visualization for C2 operational decision makers.

MODUS OPERANDI, INC.
122 Fourth Avenue
Indialantic, FL 32903
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 984-3370
Mr. Tod Hagan
MDA 05-058      Selected for Award
Title:CloudWall: BMDS Ontology for Information Management
Abstract:The Missile Defense Agency (MDA) is charged with developing a Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS) to defend against missile attack on the United States or its allies. Performing this mission will require integration of a wide variety of different data sources to facilitate rapid and intuitive threat identification and response. The CloudWall toolset is envisioned to provide a scalable and extensible method of semantically integrating this data to accelerate the speed of decisions. The CloudWall approach is based on semantic integration through a runtime ontology that will empower sophisticated analysis and visualization tools both in real-time and for post event analysis.

IC TECH, INC.
4295 Okemos Road, Suite 100
Okemos, MI 48864
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(517) 349-9000
Dr. Gail Erten
MDA 05-059      Selected for Award
Title:Global Visibility Command and Control Logistics Technology for BMDS System
Abstract:Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS) maintenance costs are high, making up as much as 60-70% of the total system life-cycle cost. Moreover, inefficient maintenance policies and procedures can have adverse national security ramifications. We propose a Global visibility and Central Command approach to meet the maintenance and inventory management challenges. The proposed system consists of three components, which are (i) a fuzzy logic based parts subassemblies and assemblies inventory and maintenance management engine, (ii) a web-based collaborative central maintenance command application, and (iii) an RFID data collection and maintenance tracking infrastructure. The combination of these three elements addresses sustainment in the four areas of supportability, deployability, affordability, and suitability while maintaining a manageable footprint. Phase I work will first select a BMDS subsystem or equivalent to conduct the feasibility study on. Then, a fuzzy logic based engine will be designed and simulated under multiple failure and logistic scenarios. The mean time between critical failures (MTBCF) will be evaluated for multiple approaches. The result will be a quantitave measurement of how well the proposed fuzzy inference approach performs. Also during Phase I, RFID software and hardware elements will be investigated. Lastly, means of feeding most recent data to improve the fuzzy logic engine will be explored for better performance overall. Phase I work will conclude with a final report and Phase II recommendations.

LOGOBOTS LLC
30W084 Capistrano Court, #201
Naperville, IL 60563
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 527-0425
Dr. VC Ramesh
MDA 05-059      Selected for Award
Title:Logistics Technology for C2BMC
Abstract:C2BMC is an important component of BMDS. The logistics support tail sustainment challenges in C2BMC are related to the unusual spiral development process employed by C2BMC. Formal metrics such as MTTR and MLDT have not been defined. Nor have spare parts analysis, training needs analysis or documentation support issues been formalized. There is enormous scope for both process re-engineering and technical innovations (such as RFID) in the logistics support tail. This project will explore such innovations and quantify the ROI.

ANALATOM, INC.
562 Weddell Drive, Suite 4
Sunnyvale, CA 94089
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 734-9392
Mr. Ben Caldwell
MDA 05-060      Selected for Award
Title:Maintenance/ Monitoring Support Information Tools
Abstract:In this project, we propose to make a handheld tool that supports the maintenance engineer in evaluating the health of equipment or evaluating the scenarios available form sensor data. The unit will be based on a monitoring node with an additional GUI (Graphical User Interface) and firmware to make interaction simple and instantaneous. The proposed units uniqueness is in that it uses on-board processing to analyze data and immediately present the user with graphs, recommendations and access to data on similar scenarios and the outcome. Additionally, the system will allow the user to log their efforts and notes and transfer all this data to a central repository for further analytical analysis. The majority of enabling technology used in the unit comes as a spin-off from the advanced rate of development in the mobile phone industry. Low power and cost microprocessors and microcontrollers will be used to analyze data, run the GUI and communicate with sensors and systems. The coding to interface all the components and database will be also play a major roll in the project. Algorithms to efficiently process and present the data on the hand held unit as well as communicate with a central PC will be developed.

INSTRUMENTAL SCIENCES, INC.
P.O. Box 4711
Huntsville, AL 35815
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 881-9980
Mr. Jeffrey S. Yalowitz
MDA 05-060      Selected for Award
Title:Maintenance/ Monitoring Support Information Tools
Abstract:Military communications and weapons systems depend on the health of their components to perform reliably over extended periods of time. Maintenance is an important aspect of reliability, assuring that the equipment is on line and operational when it is needed. Military-developed and commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) equipment now co-exist in complex military systems. The trend toward electronic/networked maintenance documentation presents an opportunity to improve maintainer effectiveness, but new tools must be developed to manage interactions between the information sources and maintainers. Instrumental Sciences, Inc. (ISI) proposes an Automated Multimedia Maintenance Support Tool (AMMST) based on the artificial intelligence field of cooperative multi-agent distributed work environments. Our approach combines the multi-agent architecture with statistical analysis and maintenance decision-making technology that ISI has developed for Predictive Fault Detection applications to produce a distributed information management tool set that gathers relevant information from diverse sources upon user request or maintenance scenario identification, combines and filters the information, then formats it for multimedia interactive presentation to the user. The primary objectives of the Phase I research are to (1) determine the feasibility of the AMMST concept and (2) characterize the potential of the tool to reduce downtime, and thus to improve system availability.

FRONTIER TECHNOLOGY, INC.
26 Castilian Drive, Suite B
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 429-3302
Mr. Sam Boykin
MDA 05-061      Selected for Award
Title:Structured Approach for Business Case Planning of Missile Defense Systems
Abstract:Current pressures on the Department of Defense (DoD) budget are forcing managers to provide strong business justification for their programs or face serious budget reductions if not cancellations. Programs must prove their value, particularly to the operational elements, both in technical and economic terms. Programs must show that they are cost effective, can be developed, produced, and fielded on schedule, without an excessive amount of program risk, while providing the desired level of performance. In other words, a Business Case must justify that an initiative is an affordable solution that meets cost, schedule, and technical objectives before it is funded. This SBIR addresses this dilemma by investigating MDA policies, procedures, and program documentation, and formulating a methodology to put in place a Robust Business Case Analysis (BCA) process. The approach modifies or enhances the tools in the existing MDA "Investment Analysis" Toolset to build a Robust BCA generation capability. Phase I of this SBIR will demonstrate the feasibility of the "BCA Capability/Data Library" approach and prototype elements of the robust BCA capability's methodology. The Phase II program will fully develop a prototype tool and data library and validate its operation and accuracy.

MICROCOSM, INC.
401 Coral Circle
El Segundo, CA 90245
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 726-4100
Mr. Paul Graven
MDA 05-061      Selected for Award
Title:Comprehensive Business Case Analysis and Development System
Abstract:Microcosm, along with partners San Francisco Consulting Group, Booz|Allen|Hamilton, and Syncopation Software, propose to architect and develop processes and tools that will enable MDA to generate consistent, high-quality business case analyses to evaluate and manage its project portfolio. These tools and processes will provide a disciplined and structured approach for evaluation of new opportunities, as well as visibility into the status and potential value of existing programs. The model development processes will drive engagement with stakeholders on priorities and assumptions, enabling development of credible outputs focused on the specific needs of each audience. The team has extensive expertise in Return-on-Investment (ROI), cost modeling, and ROI analysis tool development and training. By combining experience with government tools and business case development processes with innovative approaches to ROI modeling and tools developed for commercial applications, we will create a project and portfolio analysis capability providing improved performance, accelerated delivery, and significant cost savings for emerging missile defense capabilities. During Phase I, the team will develop requirements and a preliminary tool and process architecture for MDA business case development. In addition, the team will prototype key elements of the analytical and process support tools, including user interfaces.

DATA FUSION CORP.
10190 Bannock Street, Suite 246
Northglenn, CO 80260
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(720) 872-2145
Mr. Kent Krumvieda
MDA 05-062      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced, Low Cost, Integrated Avionics
Abstract:Data Fusion Corporation (DFC) and Honeywell Aerospace Electronic Systems propose the development of a prototype, tightly coupled GPS/INS navigation/control system that is resistant to structured interference and jamming. This next-generation navigation system shall be employed in THAAD interceptor-seekers and other high-dynamic precision-guided munitions and platforms. By coupling a existing and future inertial navigation systems (INS) with a more robust GPS receiver, the performance per unit price shall be greatly improved.

INNOVATIVE BUSINESSS SOLUTIONS, INC.
301 Concourse Boulevard, Suite 120
Glen Allen, VA 23059
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(727) 812-5555
Mr. Steve Belvin
MDA 05-062      Selected for Award
Title:Evolution of the Systolic Processing Array -eXtensible (SPAR-X) Architecture for Advanced, Low Cost, Integrated Avionics
Abstract:In order to meet evolving advanced threats, missile defense systems must increase their target discrimination capabilities by using advanced seekers and seeker image processing. The objective of the proposed effort is to provide the advanced SPAR-X signal processing work already underway at Lockheed Martin - Sunnyvale to the THAAD next generation avionics development. In addition to THAAD, the MKV program is including an older form of the SPAR-X on the Kill Vehicle Mission Processor. The developed system would also be directly applicable to the MKV Carrier Vehicle and other MDA/GMD missile defense systems with advanced strap down seekers. The goal of the proposed effort is to build on the work that has a great deal of functionality but is targeted at a generation of FPGAs that is much less capable than today's offerings. The end result of the proposed effort is a baseline design concept that ports the Xilinx Virtex-2 based SPAR-X to a Xilinx Virtex-4 with an approach for a single chip solution. This would allow a more producible next generation THAAD, MKV Kill Vehicle Mission Processor and provide for future growth in using the SPAR-X system on MKV Carrier Vehicle and other strap down seeker signal processing systems.

WELKIN SCIENCES, LLC
102 S. Tejon Suite 200
Colorado Springs, CO 80903
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 520-5115
Mr. Blair Sawyer
MDA 05-063      Selected for Award
Title:HWIL Channel Simulator for Communication System Testing
Abstract:Welkin Sciences (WS) proposes to develop the Configurable Link Test Set II (CoLTS II), an affordable hardware-in-the-loop (HWIL) channel simulator design specifically for MDA test programs. Like the Defense Threat Reduction Agency's test sets, CoLTS II can distort real RF signals using the same disturbed propagation channel models found in COMLNK (a widely used software package for evaluating and testing modem designs hardened for HANE-disturbed channels). CoLTS II can also offset RF signals in delay and frequency to accurately emulate satellite and missile dynamics. The CoLTS II architecture will offer support for multiple channels (up to 40 in a single chassis) allowing for the testing of diversity receivers and Mulitiple In/Multiple Out(MIMO)communication system architectures.

AVENDA SYSTEMS
580 VALLEY WAY
MILPITAS, CA 95035
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 262-2615
Mr. Santhosh Cheeniyil
MDA 05-064      Selected for Award
Title:Secure Inter-Domain Collaboration (SIDCO)
Abstract:There are solutions available today to secure intra-domain VoIP traffic. This same type of security capability is needed to support cross-domain voice collaboration applications. Avenda Systems proposes a secure inter-domain collaboration enabling solution called SIDCO (Secure Inter-Domain Collaboration). SIDCO system will provide the architectural foundations to support all intra- and inter-domain secure collaboration requirements. SIDCO system will make use of standards as put forth by Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) and International Telecommunication Union - Telecom (ITU-T) Internet telephony standard bodies. Adhering to these standards also ensures that the proposed solution is interoperable with the large assortment of existing VoIP applications. Avenda Systems has the expertise to develop a practical and highly effective secure inter-domain collaboration system. Organizations, both military and civilian enterprises, can use this system to enable and secure their inter-domain collaboration. The technologies employed in this product are practical and innovative and have not been implemented in commercially available comparable products. Prototype development in Phase I will provide the knowledge and foundation for building a complete product in Phase II, and a commercially viable product in Phase III.

INFINITE GLOBAL INFRASTRUCTURES, LLC
480 E. Roosevelt Rd. Ste. 205
West Chicago, IL 60185
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 562-2427
Mr. David R. Beering
MDA 05-065      Selected for Award
Title:Missile Communication Alternatives and Trades
Abstract:End-to-end communications systems are often so complex that system designers have difficulty keeping track of the constraints, trades, interface requirements, and interdependencies among components. The Communications System Taxonomy (CommTax) and Toolkit proposed herein represents further refinement of an innovative tool that Infinite Global Infrastructures has recently developed internally to assist their own customers and stakeholders. The taxonomy (model) features three distinct views of the information system; providing physical views, logical views, and views of interdependencies among components, interfaces, and protocols. The CommTax Toolkit would be ideal for future MDA Communication designs, or to evaluate existing designs for upgrades or changes. The taxonomy conforms to the universally recognized Seven-Layer ISO model of describing networked information systems. This simple and visual design aid can improve the quality of future MDA communications system designs and shorten the design/evaluation timeline. Once the Phase I CommTax has been defined in terms of operational MDA systems, IGI proposes to refine the design in Phase II, focusing on two capabilities - first, the automation of system functionality yielding a graphical tool to support the analysis of complex tradeoffs associated with MDA systems, and next to implement the taxonomy in a physical testbed featuring operational RF and network components.

NOVA ENGINEERING, INC.
5 Circle Freeway Drive
Cincinnati, OH 45246
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 642-3157
Mr. Mark Geoghegan
MDA 05-065      Selected for Award
Title:Missile Communication Alternatives and Trades
Abstract:Nova and Harris propose to design a communication subsystem for the Carrier Vehicle (CV) of the Multiple Kill Vehicle (MKV) system. The design addresses both the short range (~50 km) exoatmospheric links to the miniature Kill Vehicles (KVs) as well as the long range (>1000 km) links to the ground based IFICS Data Terminals (IDTs). The Phase I work plan begins with gathering requirements for the CV communication subsystem, and then embarking on the top level design process. An integrated network management strategy will be analyzed and modeled to coordinate transmissions between the two communication networks. The top level design will be distilled into derived requirements for a prototype system to be built and demonstrated in Phase II.

AMPAC IN-SPACE PROPULSION
6686 Walmore Road
Niagara Falls, NY 14304
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 731-6335
Mr. Edward Gribben
MDA 05-066      Selected for Award
Title:Manufacturing Processes for Propulsion Technology
Abstract:Divert and attitude control systems (DACS) for Exoatmospheric Kill Vehicle (EKV) and Kinetic Energy Interceptor (KEI) applications have severe constraints with regard to system mass and handling safety. These systems typically employ heavy gas bottles and regulators for pressurization at the high pressures required and to meet safety margins for handling by personnel. AMPAC-ISP proposes to develop a concept design for a DACS pressurization system using a high response, controllable solid fuel gas generator to reduce overall system weight and cost, and mitigate personnel safety concerns. The system is planned to be launched unpressurized, eliminating personnel handling concerns and reducing tank structural requirements (weight), and would be charged immediately prior to separation. Solid fuel gas generators have been studied for attitude control of high velocity projectiles and can be tailored to be fast response (on the order of milliseconds) and provide repeatable impulse. Careful control of the fuel charge and additives results in a predictable quantity of gas produced from the reaction.

MATECH ADVANCED MATERIALS
31304 Via Colinas, Suite 102
Westlake Village, CA 91362
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 991-8500
Dr. Edward J. A. Pope
MDA 05-066      Selected for Award
Title:Weaveable HfC Structural Fiber Development and Scale-Up
Abstract:In this MDA Phase I SBIR program, MATECH/GSM proposes to further develop and scale-up HfC structural ceramic fiber to a level suitable for low rate initial production (LRIP) of HfC ceramic fiber tow during the Phase II program for weaving and structural CMC fabrication. The resulting UHT CMCs for such missile defense applications as zero-erosion solid rocket motor (SRM) nozzles and exit cones, hypersonic leading edge materials, and ballistic nose-tips. In this Phase I program, we have brought in key propulsion contractors Aerojet and Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne.

MATERIALS RESEARCH & DESIGN
300 E. Swedesford Rd
Wayne, PA 19087
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 964-6130
Mr. Kent Buesking
MDA 05-066      Selected for Award
Title:Development of Low Cost Needled C/SiC for TDACS Applications
Abstract:This proposal is submitted under topic MD05-066 and addresses the development of low cost, needled C/SiC for throttleable divert and altitude control systems (TDACS). The TDACS is being developed to guide the kinetic weapon of the Navy's Standard Missile-3 to the target. The throttleable solid rocket motor technology embodied in the TDACS increases the range, standoff distance, and engagement area of SM-3. A TDACS motor, which has been successfully ground tested by Aerojet, employed nee-dled C/SiC composites from General Electric Power Systems (GEPS) for some of the hot struc-tural components. While the GEPS components performed well structurally the material is time consuming and expensive to produce for two reasons. First the needled carbon fiber preforms are purchased from France, and second GEPS uses a dedicated furnace run to fabricate the com-posites. Furthermore, because the French-supplied needled preform is not optimized for the TDACS application, the performance and reliability of the needled C/SiC components can be improved if the material is designed based upon the requirements of the TDACS motor. This Phase I proposal seeks to 1) provide an alternate, inexpensive domestic source for needled C/SiC, and 2) design the composite so it exhibits properties that optimize its perform-ance in the TDACS application. The material will employ needled carbon fiber preforms manu-factured by Textile Engineering and Manufacturing (TEAM) in Slatersville, RI. The composites will be densified by Goodrich-Supertemp in Santa Fe Springs, CA leveraging their CMC produc-tion furnaces. The material design will be developed by Materials Research & Design (MR&D) using a combination of micromechanical and thermostructural models to audition needled C/SiC composites. The goal of the Phase I effort is to develop an improved, inexpensive, domestic source of needled C/SiC composites for TDACS applications. The program will be undertaken by a work-ing group of MR&D, TEAM, Goodrich, and Southern Research Institute (SoRI). MR&D will design and analyze the structures, TEAM will fabricate needled carbon fiber preforms, Goodrich will densify the C/SiC composites, and SoRI will measure the critical properties. The feasibility of the Phase I effort will be demonstrated by comparing the measured properties to the design goals.

FRONTIER ENGINEERING
5925 Indian Pointe Drive
Simi Valley, CA 93063
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 577-8771
Mr. Jim McKinnon
MDA 05-067      Selected for Award
Title:Low Cost, High Performance Liquid Divert and Attitude Control Systems (DACS)
Abstract:This proposal provides an innovative solution to eliminate the high pressure, cold gas pressure vessel used on typical liquid DACS systems by using gas generated by burning off some of the fuel in the main fuel tank as a mono-propellant. The DACS fuel would be a hydrazine blend such as M-75 to obtain good catalytic performance.

MONTCORP.
1445 Lakeview Lane
Whitefish, MT 59937
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(406) 862-9777
Mr. Blaine Wright
MDA 05-067      Selected for Award
Title:Low Cost, High Performance Liquid Divert and Attitude Control Systems (DACS)
Abstract:The most significant hardware costs on a missile interceptor propulsion system are associated with the thrusters, for which there are typically four divert thrusters and four, six, or eight attitude control thrusters per interceptor. Reducing the cost of the valve/injector for the bipropellant thrusters will result in a significant reduction of the interceptor propulsion system. Current high-performance divert and attitude control thrusters have integrated valve/injectors, which currently have long lead-times and high cost because of the serial manufacturing steps inherent with the valve and injector sharing a common body. Cost reduction of the valve/injector can be accomplished through design without sacrificing thruster performance. While maintaining the benefits of the integrated valve/injector, a study is proposed to design, build, and test hardware where the valve body and injector face are fabricated in parallel. The integration of the injector to the valve will occur after the valve and injector bodies have completed their individual fabrication steps, including drilling the injector orifices. In addition to the cost savings afforded by the parallel manufacturing steps, this design will allow laser-drilling of the injector orifices, which will reduce injector drilling times significantly.

SYSTIMA TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
1832 180th St. SE
Bothell, WA 98012
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 487-4020
Mr. Randy Hoskins
MDA 05-067      Selected for Award
Title:Self-Pressurizing, Self-Regulating Liquid Divert and Attitude Control System Propellant Supply System
Abstract:Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne supports the proposed program as a promising technology for a future upgrade to the THAAD DACS and other future DACS program applications. Systima Technologies is proposing an innovative Self-Pressurizing, Self-Regulating LDACS propellant supply system that eliminates the need for high-pressure propellant tanks and for tank pressurization systems. Because the concept does not require high-pressure propellant tanks, the propellant tank's pressure capability (wall thickness) can be minimized, resulting in a weight savings. Additionally because the tanks are not pressurized, the tanks can be shaped to the available space, dramatically increasing the packaging efficiency of the propellant tanks. Since a tank pressurization system is not required, neither are sophisticated tank pressurization system components, high-pressure pressurization tanks, or warm gas pressurization components required. These provide additional, weight, space and cost savings. Further, the elimination of the pressurized tanks eliminates the myriad of safety concerns with long-term storage of pressurized liquid propellants. The Self-Pressurizing, Self-Regulating LDACS Propellant Supply System concept employs gas fed back from the thruster to pressurize the propellants via simple differential-area piston pumps. The piston pumps are located downstream of the tanks and therefore eliminate the high-pressure propellant tanks and tank pressurization systems.

CORNERSTONE RESEARCH GROUP, INC.
2750 Indian Ripple Rd.
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-1877
Ernie Havens
MDA 05-068      Selected for Award
Title:Innovative Manufacturing of Hafnium Carbide Insulation Materials
Abstract:Cornerstone Research Group, Inc. (CRG) proposes to integrate MATECH's Hafnium Carbide (HfC) insulation system into CRG's innovative rotomolding manufacturing process in order to fabricate solid rocket motors with increased performance and improved manufacturability. CRG developed an innovative manufacturing process involving rotational molding, rotomolding, in a research program funded by the MDA for solid rocket motors. The benefit of this rotomolding technology is the ability to eliminate the mandrel from the manufacturing process of solid rocket motors by fabricating a mandrel in the rotomold that is structural enough for filament winding and can be used as an insulation material. MATECH Global Strategic Materials developed and demonstrated an innovative approach to high temperature zero erosion ablative combustion liner composite systems that exhibit zero erosion at 2400 C (4,352 F) and above in a research effort funded by the MDA. CRG is partnering with MATECH and plans to incorporate the HfC insulation system in the rotomolding system. The integration of the HfC material into CRG's rotomolding process offers the MDA an improved manufacturing process for a higher performing insulation material for solid rocket motors.

EXOTHERMICS, INC.
60 Route 101A
Amherst, NH 03031
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 732-0077
Mr. Stephen DiPietro
MDA 05-068      Selected for Award
Title:Highly Affordable Net- and Near-Net Forming of Fully Dense TaC for Boost Nozzle Applications
Abstract:Future aluminized propellant boost missile systems for DoD and MDA applications will create extremely severe conditions (temperature, pressure and particle impingement) in the nozzle region that will prevent conventional nozzle materials and designs to achieve the performance levels and costs that are being targeted for next-generation solid rocket motor (SRM) boost systems. The demonstration of zero or near-zero erosion in the throat area is a much sought after goal for SRM propulsion systems, since it offers direct payoff potential in the way of increased motor performance, reduced nozzle weight and lowered cost relative to current-generation of high performance rocket motors. For this Phase 1 SBIR effort, the materials system we propose for examination are based on high strength, net-formed, tantalum carbide (TaxC1-x) compositions and variants thereof; these ultrahigh temperature compounds will be fabricated by novel isostatic densification methods we have developed over the past few years. Due its extremely high melting point and predicted stability against aluminized propellant exposure, we anticipate that such TaC-based compositions will be able to withstand 3000 - 3500C propellant flame temperatures. The principal markets that would benefit from the availability of such ultrahigh temperature materials are in the MDA and DoD boost nozzle realm.

TOUCHSTONE RESEARCH LABORATORY, LTD.
The Millennium Centre, R.R. 1, Box 100B
Triadelphia, WV 26059
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(304) 547-5800
Mr. Brian L. Gordon
MDA 05-068      Selected for Award
Title:Metal Matrix Composite Axial Propulsion Missile Components
Abstract:The purpose of this project is to determine the feasibility of utilizing metal matrix composite (MMC) filament winding for manufacturing missile components for BMD systems. Through this effort Touchstone will demonstrate an innovative manufacturing process for advanced MMC materials that will enhance the performance of axial propulsion booster components for missile defense interceptors. Motor case analogs will be produced and evaluated by way of hydrostatic pressure testing. A trade study will also be performed to quantify the benefits of using MMC materials for applications that meet current and future MDA needs. This technology will provide a low-cost means of inserting MMC materials into BMD systems for improved performance.

DIGITAL SOLID STATE PROPULSION LLC
6150 Sunrise Meadows Loop
Reno, NV 89509
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(916) 813-2121
Dr. Wayne Sawka
MDA 05-069      Selected for Award
Title:Solid-State Electrically Controllable Rocket Motors For Safe Attitude Control Systems
Abstract:The invention of Electrically Controlled Extinguishable Solid Propellants (ECESP) over the last five years opens the door for completely new ways of controlling solid rocket motors. When the propellant is fitted with electrodes and a current of the required voltage is applied, the propellant ignites and continues to burn until the voltage is removed. Throttle control and multiple restarts have been demonstrated with complete extinguishment with end burning grains. Recently we have demonstrated small "no moving parts" solid propellant core and ending motors. Many of the problems associated with solid propulsion may be overcome as ECESP technology continues to emerge and develop. Not only are ECESPs controllable they would be extremely safe for shipboard use. We propose a proof of concept scale up of our solid-state microthrusters to demonstrate a re-starting, 20x throttling motor with ~10 pounds-force of thrust. Heat feed back data from grains and elevated pressure (to 500 psi) electrical strand tests with determine whether scale up beyond ACS thrusters to high burn rate, booster propulsion is feasible.

ORBITAL TECHNOLOGIES CORP.(ORBITEC)
Space Center, 1212 Fourier Drive
Madison, WI 53717
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(608) 229-2734
Mr. Dan Gramer
MDA 05-069      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Hybrid Rocket Motor
Abstract:ORBITEC proposes to develop MAELSTROM, an advanced hybrid rocket motor, to meet the demands of highly flexible boost propulsion for Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense applications. Key MAELSTROM features include: versatile energy management, high propulsive performance, inherent safety of a hybrid, non-toxic and insensitive propellants, and a long-term storable system. MAELSTROM combines four ORBITEC innovations: (1) an aluminized patented vortex-injected hybrid motor, (2) a dual-mode oxidizer injection system, (3) a patented MIRRAS surface regression sensor, and (4) an intelligent closed-loop oxidizer control system. The vortex injector generates a coaxial, bi-directional flow field that drives extremely high solid-fuel regression rates, allowing for short, compact fuel grain design. The high surface heat fluxes and serpentine flow path enables efficient combustion of high-energy metals. A second, conventional oxidizer injector located at the head-end of the grain provides both mixture ratio control and deep throttling capability. MIRRAS regression rate sensors provide feedback to the closed-loop oxidizer controller to achieve precise mission management. The proposed Phase I activities include modeling, design, a comprehensive hot fire test program, and detailed data reduction, with a focus on demonstrating a high-performance and versatile propulsion technology. Phase II will validate a full-scale prototype MAELSTROM motor for delivery to MDA.

VALLEY TECH SYSTEMS
424 W. Fourth St
Cloverdale, CA 95425
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(707) 696-5354
Mr. Russell Carlson
MDA 05-069      Selected for Award
Title:Highly Controllable Solid Propellant and Rocket Motor Propulsion Technology
Abstract:Over the last 15 years controllable solid propulsion development has aggressively pursued and demonstrated technologies that effectively emulate liquid propulsion performance. Future development is required that focuses on systems with longer operation time, higher thrust, faster thruster response times and greater impulse management. A key enabling technology to achieving these attributes is the development of a robust and repeatable ignition/re-ignition system. This technology enables a controllable solid propulsion system to manage packaged impulse, through reliable extinguishments and re-ignitions, delivering increased impulse flexibility. During our Phase 1 effort, advanced extinguishable solid DACS and booster system architectures are identified and traded using multiple advanced ignition/re-ignition candidate technologies. The result is an ignition/re-ignition system conceptual design that increases controllable solid propulsion performance and mission flexibility

COMBUSTION PROPULSION & BALLISTIC TECHNOLOGY CORP.
1217 Smithfield Street
State College, PA 16801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 238-6989
Dr. Kenneth K. Kuo
MDA 05-070      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Divert and Attitude Control (DACS) system for the Multiple (Miniature) Kill Vehicles (MKV)
Abstract:One possible method to intercept intercontinental ballistic missiles which deploy countermeasures is to use a "shotgun" approach, in which numerous small, cheap kill vehicles are deployed simultaneously in the hopes of scoring multiple hits. In order to be effective, such vehicles must be compact, inexpensive, reliable, and responsive. Miniaturizing a propulsion system is difficult because energetic materials may respond unpredictably at small scales in an intense combustion environment. We propose an innovative compact propulsion system, which will circumvent these concerns by using a liquid oxidizer as a coolant to prevent thermal effects from propagating through a pulse-operation-type motor. This system will utilize several self-contained gelled propellant charges. The oxidizing coolant will be injected into the motor from a bank of pre-pressurized tanks, maximizing the simplicity and manufacturability of the system; no pumps will be needed, and each propellant charge is modular and isolated from the others. The complete design will incorporate high energy density, high thrust, quick time response, high reliability, and relatively low expense. The probability of success for this project is high, since many energetic propellants have been developed by CPBT Corporation in previous SBIR studies. Commercialization of the new propulsion system has been planned for various applications.

SYSTIMA TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
1832 180th St. SE
Bothell, WA 98012
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 487-4020
Mr. Aaron Freiheit
MDA 05-070      Selected for Award
Title:MKV Restraint And Dispense System Technology Demonstration
Abstract:A critical aspect of the MKV system concept is the restraint and dispense of the individual KVs from the carrier/launch vehicle. The individual KVs need to survive launch and fly out towards incoming targets while the KVs are attached to the Carrier Vehicle (CV). As the CV approaches an incoming group of targets (re-entry vehicles and countermeasures), the KVs must be dispensed on controlled velocity vectors without inducing significant pitch, roll and yaw motions into the KVs. Even if the individual KVs can correct for motion errors induced during dispense, correcting these induced motions reduces the divert/control capability of the KVs. Systima is proposing to demonstrate the MKV Restraint and Dispense System Technology in a flight test. A flight test will confirm that there are no issues or difficulties when the technology is applied in the actual operating environment. This test will verify that the performance matches that experienced during previous ground tests and it provides additional confidence that the system is ready for integration with the CV and KV flight test hardware.

---------- OSD ----------

171 Phase I Selections from the 05.3 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
CORNERSTONE RESEARCH GROUP, INC.
2750 Indian Ripple Rd.
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-1877
Benjamin A Dietsch
OSD 05-A01      Awarded: 05APR06
Title:Multiple Tamper Event Detection Sensor
Abstract:Cornerstone Research Group, Inc. (CRG) proposes to design a novel multiple tamper detection and active anti-tamper (AT) scheme for use in new and existing weapon systems. A thorough understanding of tamper technologies in the industrial base is essential to developing new multi-mode detection devices. CRG will take an industrial base analysis approach to develop the data on tamper technologies in the industrial base. CRG will apply the information to design a multi-mode tamper detection tool capable of detecting and counting intrusion events and then zeroing or destroying critical weapon system components. The tamper detection tool can be embedded in a hard coat or attached directly to a subsystem board or multi-chip module (MCM). The CRG design will detect x-ray, ultrasonic, mechanical, SEM, chemical, and thermal attacks. CRG will determine the performance criteria of the detector, analyzing inputs/outputs, order of attacks, false negatives and false positives. Once a tamper event is detected, the device sends a signal to zero the MCM. CRG will leverage existing relationships with weapon system manufacturers to support the development of the technology and as an outlet for possible implementation and commercialization.

DYMAS RESEARCH, INC.
2910 Fox Run Dr.
Plainsboro, NJ 08536
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 275-4464
Dr. Wei Hu
OSD 05-A01      Awarded: 05APR06
Title:Low Profile Multi-Mode Tamper Detection Sensors
Abstract:DOD increasingly relies on advanced technology in its weapons for effectiveness on the battlefield. Military technology can be compromised following foreign sales to an ally, accidental loss, or capture during a conflict by an enemy. Anti-tamper (AT) is defined as the systems engineering activities intended to prevent or delay exploitation of essential or critical technologies in U.S. weapon systems. Detection of tamper events is key to anti-tamper technology. In this SBIR program, scientists at Dymas Research propose to develop a novel, miniature, low-cost tamper sensor, which is able to detect various tamper events. The experience gained in the previous development will greatly leverage and benefit to the proposed program.

IRVINE SENSORS CORP.
3001 Redhill Avenue, Building #3-108
Costa Mesa, CA 92626
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 444-8715
Dr. Volkan Ozguz
OSD 05-A01      Awarded: 05APR06
Title:Low Profile Ultra Thin Anti Tamper Sensor
Abstract:Protection of Critical Technologies (CT) requires Anti-Tamper (AT) techniques to protect, detect and react to reverse engineering attacks. The objective of this program is to develop a multi-mode, low profile tamper detection sensor capable of detecting a wide range of tamper events while remaining difficult to identify or disable by a reverse engineer. ISC's miniaturization packaging is a technology enabler for "low profile" integrated sensors. This effort will study manufacturing materials and processes to embed COTS components using Irvine Sensors unique technology tool set for this application. The program will focus on the manufacturability to integrate certain types of sensors and meets the manufacturing related SBIR priority status under Executive Order 13329. The ISC team will investigate various techniques of reverse engineering, determine the optimum sensor requirements, design a low profile sensor concept and report on measures of effectiveness based on a wide range of commonly expected tamper events. A plan to verify AT implementation through the ISC's process flow and additional system level procedures will be analyzed. This study will lead to an "advanced development" of hardware for hardware-in-the-loop testing in a potential phase II program.

RADIANCE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
350 Wynn Drive
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-0951
Mr. Joseph Frederick
OSD 05-A01      Awarded: 05APR06
Title:Low Profile Multi-Mode Tamper Detection Sensors
Abstract:The objective of this proposed effort is to research, develop and demonstrate a prototype of a multi-mode low profile sensor that will detect a wide range of reverse engineering attacks. This will be accomplished by creating a multi-layered sensor architecture into which a myriad of AT Sensors can be inserted. This effort uses the multi-layered approach to employ two complementary AT sensor technologies: micro-electro-mechanical-system (MEMS) vibrational sensors and nanoparticle doped thin film sensors. By combining these technologies, the sensor will be able to detect reverse engineering attacks from acoustic microscopy, mechanical grinding, X-rays, and focused ion beams (FIB). The effectiveness of this device will be measured in terms of metrics such as: variety of tamper events detected, shelf life, detectability, difficulty to disable once discovered, design flexibility, voltage and current characteristics under relevant environmental extremes, false alarm properties, cost, manufacturability, and operations and support (including R&M) impacts.

SYSTRAN FEDERAL CORP.
4027 Colonel Glenn Highway, Suite 210
Dayton, OH 45431
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 429-9008
Mr. Robert Gillen
OSD 05-A01      Awarded: 05APR06
Title:Low Profile Multi-Mode AT Sensor
Abstract:Systran Federal Corp. (SFC), along with our team members, proposes to develop a low-profile, multi-mode, tamper detection sensor for the purpose of protecting sensitive hardware and data from adversaries and reverse engineers. Several separate anti-tamper (AT) techniques currently exist, but are inadequate because of high cost, lack of effectiveness, difficulty in use, unreliability, and inability to work together in a single, multi-mode sensor. SFC will address these problems by both refining existing techniques and developing new techniques and schemes for putting these into practice. For example, our previously developed active AT circuit board coatings will be redesigned with materials that can detect several types of intrusion. We will rely on our previous AT experience for near-term solutions, while exploring advanced long-term AT techniques using technologies such as MEMS and nanotechnology.

SPACE PHOTONICS, INC.
700 Research Center Blvd.
Fayetteville, AR 72701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(479) 251-7884
Mr. Matthew Leftwich
OSD 05-A02      Awarded: 14JUL06
Title:Novel, Non-Intrusive Nanodeposition Technique for the Deposition of a Variety of Hardware Anti-Tamper Coatings
Abstract:This effort will focus on identifying new hardware design and protection techniques and technologies that will delay reverse engineering and exploitation, slowing an adversary as much as possible in compromising U.S. technologies when they fall under their control. To date, much Government and industry effort has focused on passive board/chip coatings and self-destruct concepts, but as the DoD AT organizations have evaluated them, the effectiveness and PEO and PM acceptance of these types of techniques has been limited. Other concepts that have been assessed by the AT community include manufacturing processes, obfuscation, encryption, active coatings, volume protection and other such techniques, and a variety of these and others will be evaluated during this proposed Phase I effort and during subsequent Phase II and other follow-on efforts. This effort will therefore focus on developing innovative deposition techniques utilizing a variety of emerging nanoparticle-based nano-coatings (NanoMesh) as one of several key non-intrusive hardware anti-tamper techniques (NIHATT) that may be applied to a variety of classified military, defense, and security devices.

SYSTRAN FEDERAL CORP.
4027 Colonel Glenn Highway, Suite 210
Dayton, OH 45431
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 429-9008
Mr. Robert Gillen
OSD 05-A02      Awarded: 18JUL06
Title:Intrusion Sensitive Material
Abstract:Systran Federal Corp. (SFC), along with our team members, proposes to develop an active circuit board coating which acts as a detection sensor for the purpose of protecting sensitive hardware and data from adversaries and reverse engineers. Several anti-tamper (AT) coating techniques currently exist, but are inadequate because of high cost, lack of effectiveness, difficulty in use, and unreliability. SFC will address these problems by both refining our existing techniques and developing new techniques and schemes for putting these into practice. We will rely on our previous AT experience for near-term solutions, while exploring advanced long-term AT techniques using technologies such as Direct Write technology. Especially important will be the performance of the coatings in extreme environments.

ENGINEERED COATINGS, INC.
P.O. Box 4702
Parker, CO 80134
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 593-0588
Dr. Frank M. Kustas
OSD 05-A03      Awarded: 05APR06
Title:Analyses of Coating Materials/Deposition Techniques and Device Designs for FIB-Resistant Systems
Abstract:The Office of the Security of Defense requires the development of novel methods or materials for circuitry or critical systems that are resistant to FIB examination. Application of new materials or device designs that retard the effectiveness of FIB probing must also offer minimal degradation in the normal performance of the devices. Engineered Coatings, Inc. and Analytical Solutions, Inc. propose to conduct a requirements analysis and then analytical studies to trade and rank candidate coating materials and device design modifications that will degrade the performance of FIB operation and/or induce vacuum system contamination. Key properties of candidate coating materials and device designs will be collected with subsequent analysis to trade against the requirements and enable a down-selection to the most promising coating and/or device design. Coating deposition methods, whether global or local, will also be evaluated for compatibility with normal device manufacturing operations. A design document will be developed that includes the requirements analysis, solution down-selection, and preliminary fabrication processing specifications. Plans for Phase II will be developed including fabrication of a brass board prototype article for subsequent FIB examination and demonstration of the effectiveness of the FIB-resistant technology.

RADIANCE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
350 Wynn Drive
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-0951
Mr. Joeseph Frederick
OSD 05-A03      Awarded: 07APR06
Title:Focused Ion Beam (FIB) Resistant Systems
Abstract:The objective of this research is to develop and demonstrate a nanoparticle-loaded thin film that can detect and discriminate X-ray and focused ion beam (FIB) radiation for tamper protection. The film can be micro-patterned directly onto electronic packages as an anti-tamper (AT) device. Research will include illuminating the film with X-ray or FIB radiation that will produce flashes of light which can be detected with on-chip optoelectronics. The film material can be patterned onto nanoporous ceramic that is used in the electronic component packaging process. Successful research and development could allow this film to be applied to the surface of the component ceramic cap and to the underside of the chip to provide low profile protection against X-ray and FIB attacks. It can also be embedded in the chip ceramic cap material where it would remain latent until it senses interrogation by X-ray or FIB radiation. The film requires no maintenance and since the material is highly stable it carries an extensive shelf life.

XIMAX TECHNOLOGIES CORP.LTD.
13555 Breton Ridge, #326
Houston, TX 77070
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 461-8323
Dr. Xiqun Zhu
OSD 05-A03      Awarded: 15MAY06
Title:Focused Ion Beam (FIB) Resistant Systems
Abstract:We propose a circuit design approach to enhance the tamper resistance against Focused Ion Beam (FIB) probing. Our approach is to break SINGLE clock network into MULTIPLE clock domains with the identical frequencies and phases. In the proposed clock generators design, the clock frequency for all domains will be kept within a small variation range. Therefore, FIB probing operation needs to keep up with the chip normal operation speed. However, the most advanced probe will increase the loading on the targeting nodes by at least one order of magnitude; the probed nodes will switch much slower than their normal operation speed. Thus a slower clock signal is required in order to get valid data stream from the probing nodes. Since the proposed clocking strategy will not allow clock slow down, the chip under probing can not function properly. The first order estimation shows that the difficulty to overcome this clock strategy increases exponentially with the number of the clock domain increasing. In contrast, the area/power penalty increases linearly with the number of clock domain increasing.

EIC LABORATORIES, INC.
111 Downey Street
Norwood, MA 02062
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 769-9450
Dr. Dharmasena Peramunage
OSD 05-A04      Awarded: 05JUL06
Title:Long-lived Power Source with Pulsed Current Capability
Abstract:The development of a battery-based power source for active anti-tamper technology is proposed. The battery will provide both primary power for tamper-detection sensors and secondary, latent power for tamper response. A hierarchical approach is proposed in which the battery is the core element providing power to the anti-tamper sensor and response components. A second level of anti-tamper protection is provided by an innovation in the battery design that initiates an anti-tamper response if an attempt is made to penetrate or disable the battery. A third level of anti-tamper protection is provided by using the battery as a protective cover for critical components. The key innovations are the selection of battery materials that provide a 10-year functional lifetime with pulsed-current capability, and the a packaging design that prevents undetected tampering of the battery. A dual-chemistry battery cathode is proposed that combines two active materials that together provide long-lived, low-level primary power and an on-demand pulsed secondary current capability. The principal Phase I objective is to fabricate a battery incorporating elements that detect battery tampering and to demonstrate the primary and secondary power capabilities of the battery.

QYNERGY CORP.
3800 Osuna Road NE, Suite 2
Albuquerque, NM 87109
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 890-6887
Dr. Christopher Eiting
OSD 05-A04      Awarded: 05JUL06
Title:Innovative Anti-Tamper Power Source
Abstract:Qynergy Corporation proposes to develop a unique power system for anti-tamper applications. Anti-tamper technology is used for protecting critical technology from being reverse engineered. Qynergy has developed a unique technology that converts energy from beta emitting radioisotopes into usable power. This QynCellT (betavoltaic power cell) is capable of delivering small amounts of power (micro to milliwatts) for long periods of time. The QynCellT is a solid state device and is hence capable of operating under the extreme temperature conditions necessary for anti-tamper applications. Successful completion of the proposed effort will result in the confirmation of the technical feasibility of the QynPackT for anti-tamper applications. It would answer all of the questions related to integration of the QynCellT to storage systems and position the technology for prototyping. At the end of Phase I, Qynergy will have identified an anti-tamper technology, designed a QynPackT and proven its feasibility for the prototype power cell that would be fabricated, integrated and tested with an anti-tamper device in Phase II. Primary uses of the QynCellT will be in applications where conventional batteries, solar cells and/or Plutonium-fueled radioisotope thermal generators (RTGs) are not practical. In most cases, the power solution will be constrained by the need to minimize the signature of the application, inability to recharge batteries due to remote operating conditions, or a need to avoid the use of highly energetic radioisotopes such as 33Pu. Such areas include power for remote sensors and space.

BARRON ASSOC., INC.
1410 Sachem Place, Suite 202
Charlottesville, VA 22901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 973-1215
Mr. Alec J. Bateman
OSD 05-A05      Awarded: 07APR06
Title:Development of an Anti-Tamper Operational Environment Sensor
Abstract:"Black-box" attacks have the potential to significantly diminish the technological advantage of the U.S. military while requiring relatively modest resources on the part of an adversary. The "black-box" attack is an attempt to understand the functionality of a system from an input-output perspective, without the need to fully reverse engineer the implementation. The attack typically involves testing a system in a laboratory environment where a wide range of input conditions can be systematically introduced. The knowledge gained from such an attack can be used effectively to develop countermeasures to U.S. systems. Anti-tamper hardware technology is needed to thwart such attacks and protect critical program information. We propose a research effort to develop an operational environment sensor to address the anti-tamper hardware need. During a "black-box" attack in a laboratory environment, the system configuration will typically be altered in some fashion to facilitate testing. Such alteration will affect the characteristics of the RF spectrum emitted by the device. Our approach employs an RF sensor capable of sweeping through a broad frequency range and detecting changes in the characteristic spectrum, which will be indicative of an attack.

DBI
101 Lacey's Spring Drive
Lacey's Spring, AL 35754
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 881-9372
Dr. David M. Burns
OSD 05-A05      Awarded: 11APR06
Title:Anti-Tamper Operational Environment Sensors
Abstract:The objective of this investigation is to demonstrate an innovative sensor designed to detect when a system has been removed from its operational environment.

EDAPTIVE COMPUTING, INC.
1245 Lyons Road, Building G
Dayton, OH 45458
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 281-0792
Dr. John Bellando
OSD 05-A05      Awarded: 07APR06
Title:Anti-Tamper Operational Environment Sensors
Abstract:Our proposal specifically addresses the stated requirements of the solicitation; we will develop and deploy tools, methods, and models for a low profile sensor capable of distinguishing a system's operational environment from a test environment in order to defend against "black box" attacks. . The proposed EDAptiver SAMURAIT solution builds on previous EDAptive Computing, Inc (ECI) knowledge and technology - itself innovative - to include a robust, non-interference, adaptable solution to providing anti-tamper monitoring of the environment under which a critical asset is functioning. The resulting capabilities will result in a "design for anti-tamper" methodology and tools with which we will monitor and protect a critical system component from extensive testing within a simulated environment, known as black box testing. The SAMURAI solution, complete with anti-tamper protection in the form of system monitoring and obfuscation, will then be synthesized and deployed within U.S. weapon systems. ECI will employ adaptive learning techniques to ensure robustness of the solution for a variety of military components and systems. Prior experience and new research has already shown that ECI's innovative tools suite will be clearly adaptive to OSD needs and operational conditions.

NVE CORP. (FORMERLY NONVOLATILE ELECTRONICS, INC.
11409 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 918-1155
Dr. Peter Eames
OSD 05-A05      Awarded: 01MAY06
Title:Magnetic Operational Environment Sensor
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR program will design and manufacture an environmental sensor that is sensitive to the earth's magnetic fields. The device is ideal for "black-box" attacks because it is sensitive to changing environmental conditions with and without power. The sensor requires no internal power supplies or batteries. The device is microelectronic compatible which allows it to be very small and extremely versatile. The "black box" can be many sizes and shapes from miniaturized microelectronic systems to large shipping containers. The device can be custom packaged or fully integrated with other ICs at the wafer level. The device works by storing one vector component of the earth's ambient magnetic field in a magnetically unstable array of lithographically patterned magnetic elements. When the protected volume is rotated, turned, or tilted, the sensor is exposed to varying ambient magnetic fields. This upsets the alignment of the magnetic elements, which can then be read when power has been restored. The sensor could be used to signal a self-destruct of critical systems or signal the erasure of important data.

SYSTRAN FEDERAL CORP.
4027 Colonel Glenn Highway, Suite 210
Dayton, OH 45431
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 429-9008
Mr. Robert Gillen
OSD 05-A05      Awarded: 07APR06
Title:AT Operational Environment Sensor
Abstract:Systran Federal Corp. (SFC), along with our distinguished research partner, proposes to develop an operational environment sensor for the purpose of protecting sensitive hardware and data from adversaries and reverse engineers by alerting a system when it has been removed from its intended environment and brought to a laboratory for reverse engineering. We will make use of a very novel, low-profile, zero-power varactor shunt switch developed by Dr. Guru Subramanyam of UDRI. This switch will act as a versatile proximity sensor that can be featured in a number of different sensor architectures. From an Anti-Tamper (AT) design perspective, this solution is excellent in that it is simple, compact and low-profile, is difficult to detect and to reverse engineer once detected, offers flexibility to be incorporated into many anti-tamper designs, should be stable under a wide range of environmental conditions, and is low-cost and low-power. These attributes make these proximity sensors difficult to detect, simple to monitor, and easy to integrate into a new or legacy system. This technology should also be easy to maintain over the life of the operational system and have a long shelf life.

AERONIX, INC.
1775 W. Hibiscus Blvd., Suite 200
Melbourne, FL 32901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 984-1671
Mr. Jeff Fisher
OSD 05-A06      Awarded: 26MAY06
Title:Secure Trusted Computing System-on-Chip
Abstract:Many currently fielded DoD electronic systems contain sensitive and sometimes classified software applications. These sophisticated systems incorporate embedded COTS processing devices which make them susceptible to reverse engineering using commercial off the shelf tools including emulators and debuggers. To address this problem, various anti-tamper techniques have been employed. Traditionally, these have been either at the device level or at the card/box boundary level. Each of these approaches has its benefits and drawbacks. Chip level coatings can be costly to apply, due to the special procedures and process steps outside of the normal semi-conductor fabrication flow. They also tend to have higher yield losses caused by the protective technology itself. These coatings are limited to protecting the sensitive information contained within a single device (or within a protected cavity such as a multi chip module). On the other hand, card and box level tamper mechanisms protect the information flow within a larger area of interest. Their limitation is that if an adversary is able to circumvent the tamper mechanism, all internal information is then available. The specific problem addressed by this SBIR is the protection of sensitive or classified information flowing between devices within a card and or a collection of circuit cards (e.g. box, sub-system, system). A family of system on a chip (SOC) components will be developed to support this paradigm. These devices will incorporate many of the Crypto Modernization tenets identified and developed by the NSA. The devices will be fabricated using the DoD/NSA sponsored trusted foundry facilities. They will be referred to throughout this proposal as the Trusted System on a Chip (TSOC).

CORRENT CORP.
1711 West Greentree Drive, Stuite 201
Tempe, AZ 85284
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 648-2360
Mr. Richard Takahashi
OSD 05-A06      Awarded: 21MAY06
Title:Secure Trusted Computing System-on-Chip
Abstract:This SBIR Phase 1 project proposes the feasibility study of secure trusted computing System-on-Chip. To prevent or delay the compromise of Critical Program Information, DoD is seeking operational embedded technology to provide the real-time encryption and authentication and "other" capabilities for protecting and processing information in tactical systems. Also, technology shall detect tampering of the element and Zeroize mission critical information to deter reverse engineering efforts. One avenue worth exploring to this end is the development of the secure trusted system-on-chip (SOC). Using a superset of Trusted Computing Group TPM standard logic embedded with a 32 bit RISC processor and collateral interfaces, a trusted SOC would provide a feasible solution to this need-which would also include a streaming encryption capability, and universal I/O for easy utilization. The trusted SOC would be embedded to secure a given system with anti-tamper capabilities. Our anti-tamper circuits will be all digital making the design portable across different foundries and processes. Our multi-layered approach to security protects against single point of failure thus making it extremely difficult to extract information, especially if the attacker has access to only a few chips. A concept design specification will be delivered at the conclusion of the project.

CORNERSTONE RESEARCH GROUP, INC.
2750 Indian Ripple Rd.
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-1877
Dr. Richard D Hreha
OSD 05-A07      Awarded: 05MAY06
Title:Assured Sanitization of Stored Data
Abstract:Cornerstone Research Group, Inc., proposes to evaluate and analytically validate the technical feasibility of three concepts for new materials and processes enabling data storage that can be discreetly sanitized by a mobile system operator under duress. In a manner analogous to burning paper documents and pulverizing their ashes, the technology resulting from this program will use materials and processes whose physics of erasure preempt any possible reconstruction of the original data. These new technology concepts include substitute materials for CD/DVD and hard drives and an entirely new optical data storage technology based on novel liquid crystal materials. Each concept offers a new data sanitization mechanism that poses no danger to the operator, can be easily and discreetly actuated, and will render the data forensically irrecoverable. Phase II development of technology found feasible in Phase I will yield significant advancement in the data protection vital for maintaining the current U.S. leadership in warfare technology.

LEWIS INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
P. O. 624, 534 Lawrence Street
Moulton, AL 35650
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 905-0775
Mr. James M. Lewis
OSD 05-A07      Awarded: 12MAY06
Title:Techniques and Processes for Rendering Mobile Technology Forensically Irrecoverable
Abstract:LIT Recommends: 1. Developing Self-Modifying FPGAs that self-scramble or destroy their own configuration EEPROM. 2. Evaluating Encrypted Memory Controller that encrypts data files. Data can be read back only through controller which may be destroyed if compromised. 3. Retrieval/destruction Initiation techniques which include: (a) Mechanical Actuation (b) External Key Actuation - using a real time clock module and/or miniature GPS module (or other RF key) so that data can only be retrieved at a specific time and location or only in the presence of a predefined serial or RF key. Attempted unauthorized access would then result in initiation of data destruction process. (d) Extended Timing - self destruct auto-initiates if the device is not recovered or accessed within a predetermined time. This technique is similar to item b except that no unauthorized access is required to start self destruct. This technique would be useful in applications such as missiles that should reach maximum range in a predetermined time or data loggers that should be recovered before a specific interval has expired.

SPACE PHOTONICS, INC.
700 Research Center Blvd.
Fayetteville, AR 72701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(479) 251-7884
Mr. Matthew Leftwich
OSD 05-A07      Awarded: 12MAY06
Title:Investigation of a Novel, Nano-Hardware Lock and Associated Software Anti-Tamper Techniques for Secure Memory and Memory Eraser Applications
Abstract:The NESL concept uses three techniques to form a protective shield around modern computer systems. The first layer is a novel method for generating and locking cryptographic keys to a unique computer system. The proposed, novel key locking system, though relatively simple, takes advantage of the complex and disparate natural phenomena occuring in a common nanomaterial. The second and third layer leverage this novel key system to protect primary and secondary memory from exploitation through encryption. The secondary memory system is protected with an encrypted file system, and the primary memory is protected with encryption when outside of the CPU.

INFOSCITEX CORP.
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 890-1338
Dr. Robert F. Kovar
OSD 05-A09      Awarded: 22JUN06
Title:Multi-Functional, Light-Cured, Anti-Tamper Coating
Abstract:The DoD has identified the need for advanced Anti-Tamper (AT) technologies to protect critical U.S. technologies from exploitation via reverse engineering. Current anti-tamper coating techniques commonly involve the use of flame-sprayed ceramic coatings for electronic components, which can cause thermal damage to underlying circuitry during application at elevated temperature. Infoscitex (IST) proposes to develop a sprayable, light-curable, anti-tamper coating (LCATC) that cures rapidly at ambient temperature into an adherent, multifunctional tamper-resistant coating. This low temperature cure capability coating system protects sensitive electronic components from potential thermal damage. The cured LCATC is hard, adherent, opaque to visible and infrared light, and obscures visualization by X-rays. It adheres strongly to electronic components and substrate, and is so durable that attempts to remove the coating by mechanical or chemical means destroys all evidence of underlying circuits and interconnects. In Phase I, IST will develop the LCATC, spray-coat simulated electronic component test specimens and demonstrate the ability to light-cure the LCATC into durable coatings that resist tampering via optical, mechanical and chemical methods. In Phase II, IST will refine and scale-up the LCATC, produce coated electronic components and initiate commercialization.

SPACE MICRO, INC.
12872 Glen Circle Road
Poway, CA 92064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 332-0702
Dr. Michael Featherby
OSD 05-A09      Awarded: 31MAY06
Title:Non-Thermally Cured, Active Coatings for Anti-Tamper Protection
Abstract:The use and effectiveness of anti-tamper technologies will help to more readily bring means of protecting our technology to a point of maturation that allows them to be used in current and new systems. To assist in this process, the efforts proposed here will provide Army and other DoD Program Managers a more cost effective set of tools to implement anti-tamper processes in critical U.S. electronics systems. The focus here is on innovative techniques to foil an adversary's reverse engineering of electronics microelectronics, modules, and boards. The approach described herein highly leverages cutting-edge existing commercially available semiconductor processes such as combustion chemical vapor deposition (CCVD) and atomic layer deposition (ALD), uniquely combined with fillers such as emerging nanotechnology materials (e.g. carbon nanotubes and buckyballs). The combination of these technologies appears to hold great promise for providing an effective anti-tamper approach.

SPACE PHOTONICS, INC.
700 Research Center Blvd.
Fayetteville, AR 72701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(479) 251-7884
Mr. Matthew Leftwich
OSD 05-A09      Awarded: 14JUN06
Title:Novel, Non-Intrusive Nanodeposition Technique for the Deposition of a Variety of Hardware Anti-Tamper Coatings
Abstract:This effort will focus on identifying new hardware design and protection techniques and technologies that will delay reverse engineering and exploitation, slowing an adversary as much as possible in compromising U.S. technologies when they fall under their control. To date, much Government and industry effort has focused on passive board/chip coatings and self-destruct concepts, but as the DoD AT organizations have evaluated them, the effectiveness and PEO and PM acceptance of these types of techniques has been limited. Other concepts that have been assessed by the AT community include manufacturing processes, obfuscation, encryption, active coatings, volume protection and other such techniques, and a variety of these and others will be evaluated during this proposed Phase I effort and during subsequent Phase II and other follow-on efforts. This effort will therefore focus on developing innovative deposition techniques utilizing a variety of emerging nanoparticle-based nano-coatings (NanoMesh) as one of several key non-intrusive hardware anti-tamper techniques (NIHATT) that may be applied to a variety of classified military, defense, and security devices.

SYSTRAN FEDERAL CORP.
4027 Colonel Glenn Highway, Suite 210
Dayton, OH 45431
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 429-9008
Mr. Robert Gillen
OSD 05-A09      Awarded: 19JUN06
Title:NTC Active AT Coatings
Abstract:Systran Federal Corp. (SFC), along with our team members, proposes to develop a low-temperature, active circuit board coating which acts as a detection sensor for the purpose of protecting sensitive hardware and data from adversaries and reverse engineers. Several anti-tamper (AT) coating techniques currently exist, but are inadequate because of high cost, lack of effectiveness, difficulty in use, and unreliability. SFC will address these problems by both refining our existing techniques and developing new techniques and schemes for putting these into practice. We will rely on our previous AT experience for near-term solutions, while exploring advanced long-term AT techniques using technologies such as MEMS and nanotechnology.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Dr. Scott Morrison
OSD 05-A09      Awarded: 30MAY06
Title:Novel Anti-Tamper Coatings for Microelectronics(1000-812)
Abstract:Triton Systems, Inc. responds to Army's need to This proposal addresses the Army's need to develop innovative tamper-proof, non-thermally cured coatings which prevents unauthorized individuals from reverse engineering of military microelectronics. We propose to develop tamper-proof, and photo-curable coatings that will protect military electronics against electromagnetic field (EMF), optical, X-ray and acoustic tools for reverse engineering. During the Phase I, Triton will demonstrate the feasibility studies to develop a photo-curable coating that will provide anti-tampering protection for circuit boards and military microelectronics. During Phase II, we will develop a design of experiments for the selected non-thermal curing coatings that were identified in Phase I for reliability and environmental testing of a fabricated prototype at Army testing facility. The performance of this fabricated prototype against multiple reverse engineering methods will demonstrate the effectiveness of the protection material's capability, based on successful Phase I results, and will demonstrate its effectiveness in several field tests.

ACCORD SOLUTIONS, INC.
3533 Albatross Street
San Diego, CA 92103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(619) 692-9476
Dr. Carl G. Murphy
OSD 05-A10      Awarded: 26JUN06
Title:Secure Processors
Abstract:Accord proposes a pioneering and innovative code-to-machine execution technology that preserves the encryption of executable instructions and data throughout all aspects of the execution cycle. At no time are instruction words or data values unencrypted. Crypto-reduced-instruction-processor-trusted-compu ters (CRIPTC) are not dependent upon reconfiguration or on machine uniqueness. CRIPTC memory and support chips are conventional. A CRIPTC machine has no standard functional units; each unit is synthesized by a crypto-synthesis compiler code builder combining aspects of cryptographic, very-long-instruction-word RISC compilers, hardware netlist synthesizers and chip place & route. The resulting CRIPTC instruction words form encrypted higher-level functional units. A 32-bit word has a key search space significantly greater than a 256-bit AES encryption. CRIPTC is a secure computer ideally suited to protecting critical technology in embedded real time or complex command and control processing. CRIPTC-based secure processing can be distributed outside secure sites, and applied within units which are subject to enemy capture. Accord will demonstrate a SystemC reference design that simulates bit-and-clock-accurate execution of the "never decrypted" CRIPTC instruction stream.

ARXAN RESEARCH, INC.
3000 Kent Avenue, Purdue Technology Center
West Lafayette, IN 47906
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(765) 775-1004
Mr. Eric D. Bryant
OSD 05-A10      Awarded: 21JUL06
Title:Security Amplification Through Data Splitting: Achieving High Security Using Moderately Secure Hardware
Abstract:For this project, we will research novel data-splitting techniques that can be used on COTS hardware to achieve similar effects as a specialized security processor, without relying upon expensive cryptographic operations. This is achieved through the technique of data splitting, and the use of k copies of the same moderately secure COTS hardware (where k is at least 2, and can be increased to increase the resulting security). If the probability of compromise of the data in the COTS hardware is p, then the probability of compromise of the proposed system is p^k because it is now necessary to completely compromise every one of the k copies to obtain the secret encryption keys or otherwise compromise the secret data.

CGO
3260 Clovewood Ln
San Jose, CA 95132
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 507-8359
Dr. Sukarno Mertoguno
OSD 05-A10      Awarded: 26JUN06
Title:Secure Processors
Abstract:This proposal described a family of techniques for providing code encryption beyond the first level of security provided by encrypting code and data in the memory and decrypting code and data in the caches inside the processor. The proposed technology, Deep Code Scrambling (DCS), was designed to work beyond and in conjunction with the first level of security, and hence providing a second level of security. In DCS, the decrypted code in the caches are virtual or scrambled codes, which need to be unscrambled in one of the processor pipeline stage before they become meaning full for the rest of the processor pipeline stages. Further more the Unscrambling key changes often and randomly, and hence providing another barrier for reverse engineering the internal algorithms of the codes.

SPACE MICRO, INC.
12872 Glen Circle Road
Poway, CA 92064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 332-0701
Mr. David R. Czajkowski
OSD 05-A10      Awarded: 08JUN06
Title:Secure Processor using Opcode Diversity
Abstract:Space Micro's Processor with Opcode Diversity (POD) is built from Space Micro's innovative security elements and tools, including our patent pending Object Level FirewallsT and AutoSafeT security technologies. The combination provides a low risk path for the development of a microprocessor integrated circuit that protects software and operating systems from software engineer's development station, through delivery and while operating in the POD. All elements of the POD are fully protected, including cache, execution units, input/output buses and external memory. Design features prevent access to executing opcodes while in operation. Space Micro's security technologies provide the capability to tie specific software to specific POD processors and authorized personnel, plus the capability to set security policy within the software itself. AutoSafe also addresses the software development environment and management of encryption keys, creating a system that can be used by minimally trained field personnel, plus automatically develop secure software with Protect, Detect and React capabilities.

CORRENT CORP.
1711 West Greentree Drive, Stuite 201
Tempe, AZ 85284
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 648-2360
Mr. Richard Takahashi
OSD 05-A11      Awarded: 13JUN06
Title:Secure Memory for Anti-Tamper (AT) Application
Abstract:This SBIR Phase 1 project proposes the feasibility study of an integrated secure memory architecture for storage of critical software code such as encryption keys; capable of securely, quickly and reliably erasing that code in a minimal or no-power state in the event of tamper or directed destruction. In a tactical or time critical situation, conventional memory wipe processes are too lengthy to complete. A better alternative to overwriting clear memory to an acceptable randomness is needed. It must leave memory effectively in a random state, and execute completely in milliseconds. A valid approach for these objectives is to use a system of encrypted memory. The data stored in memory, would appear to be effectively random without access to the keys and decryption mechanism. If data is encrypted with a strong algorithm which induces variability in the encrypted data, it is a practical impossibility to brute force decode the data without access to the key. Improperly secured key information compromises the encrypted data stored, a level of tamper security is required to prevent operation outside a specified range of operation thwarting some probing or reverse engineering attacks. A concept design specification will be delivered at the conclusion of the project.

LEWIS INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
P. O. 624, 534 Lawrence Street
Moulton, AL 35650
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 905-0775
Mr. James M. Lewis
OSD 05-A11      Awarded: 05JUN06
Title:Secure Memory for Anti-Tamper (AT) Application
Abstract:LIT proposes developing non-volatile memory constructed from blocks of SRAM configured for fast block erasure using a parallel erase technique. LIT proposes a memory controller capable of quickly rendering the data useless by means of a proprietary technique.

NVE CORP. (FORMERLY NONVOLATILE ELECTRONICS, INC.
11409 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 996-1636
Dr. James Deak
OSD 05-A11      Awarded: 07JUN06
Title:Zero-Remanence Anti-Tamper Cryptokey Storage Device
Abstract:The goal of this Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project is to research and develop a low-power, fast, non-volatile memory sufficient in size for storing encryption keys that has the capability to "zeroize" itself without data remanence in response to tampering and without applied power using a permanent magnet based technique. The device is intended for volumetric protection of analog and digital electronics systems. In addition to self-zeroization, the device has the capability to signal that a tampering event has occurred. The proposed anti-tamper memory device can be reprogrammed indefinitely and read by the protected hardware using a standard interface. Initially the device will be implemented as a stand-alone cryptokey memory for volumetric anti-tamper applications, but with further research and development, memory capacity could be increased, and it could be embedded into an integrated circuit package for protection of custom application specific integrated circuits (ASICs), field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs), or microcontrollers. The phase I program will use a combination of experiment and modeling to evaluate the effectiveness of the zeroization mechanisms, power requirements for reading and writing the device, and manufacturing feasibility.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Photonic Systems Div, 20600 Gramercy Pl, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Fang Zhang
OSD 05-A11      Awarded: 08JUN06
Title:Anti-Tamper Optical Secure Read/Write/Erase Memory
Abstract:To address the need for secure memory that can store and protect sensitive information and securely zeroize itself if tampering occurs, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Optical Secure Read/Write/Erase Memory (OSRWEM) system based on crosslinkable liquid crystal, a tunable liquid crystal source, a CCD chip, and use of light shaping diffuser with a tunable light source, which is a mature POC technology. This marks the ODRWEM structure compact, economical, similar to a flash memory in a cell phone. This read/write/erase nonvolatile memory can securely erase stored information, and is itself secure from unauthorized reading and X-ray tampering. In addition, the memory can be permanently destroyed by application of a few volts, making reverse engineering impossible. In Phase I POC will show the feasibility of the OSRWEM system by demonstrating its features in a simplified assembled system. In Phase II POC plans to develop a prototype to show how the OSRWEM can act as nonvolatile memory that can securely clear all sensitive information, and thus protect against successful tampering.

STRUCTURED MATERIALS INDUSTRIES
201 Circle Drive North, Unit # 102
Piscataway, NJ 08854
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 302-9274
Dr. Edwin M. Dons
OSD 05-A11      Awarded: 20JUN06
Title:Tamper Proof, Erase-on-Demand Memories
Abstract:Structured Materials Industries proposes to develop a self-powered Anti-Tamper device thermalization technology that is activated by either physical tampering or in response to an electrical signal generated by controller self-destruct circuitry or tampering detection circuitry. We will carry out this work with a major defense contractor and will demonstrate the technology for fielded military devices. Phase I will further demonstrate the concept, Phase II will address implementation hurdles and Phase III would see defense and potentially commercial fielded devices.

CORNERSTONE RESEARCH GROUP, INC.
2750 Indian Ripple Rd.
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-1877
Jason M Hermiller
OSD 05-A12      Awarded: 25MAY06
Title:Anti-Tamper Diffusion Mechanisms
Abstract:Cornerstone Research Group, Inc (CRG), proposes to develop an anti-tamper system that uses a diffusion mechanism to destroy a semi-conductor component upon tamper detection. CRG will integrate and apply a variety of its advanced materials technologies in a layered component-level defense. The integrated system will protect the component from tampering, safely and non-energetically destroy it if that initial defense is breached, and simultaneously protect adjacent components from collateral damage when the diffusion mechanism activates.

ENTERPRISE SCIENCES, INC.
14817 Silverstone Drive
Silver Spring, MD 20905
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 388-3838
Dr. Andrew Mostovych
OSD 05-A12      Awarded: 22JUN06
Title:High-Voltage-Discharge Self-Destruct Mechanisms
Abstract:This proposal presents a plan for developing and evaluating new high-voltage technologies capable of permanently destroying the functionality of semiconductor memory and processor circuits as well as any residual data remanence stored in these units. The envisioned technologies can be implemented on the chip, pc-board, or device platform level--equally effectively for new designs as well as retrofits of older equipment. This will allow for the quick physical self-destruction of critical components in secure systems should the systems be physically compromised. The proposed effort will evaluate, design, and demonstrate the technology in laboratory trials. The program in this proposal has the goals of laboratory implementation and verification of miniature "Marx-bank" pulsers that can be integrated into standard pc-board designs, as well as demonstration of on-command destruction of memory and processor semiconductors by high voltage discharge from these pulsers.

MIDE TECHNOLOGY CORP.
200 Boston Avenue Suite 1000
Medford, MA 02155
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 306-0609
Dr. Marthinus C. van Schoor
OSD 05-A12      Awarded: 31MAY06
Title:Shape Memory Alloy Destruction Mechanism (SMADM)
Abstract:In the event of a physical compromise of a secure system, it may be necessary to physically disable the critical components of the system to ensure that critical hardware and software are rendered not useable for reverse engineering. Mide proposes to utilize the unique properties of shape memory alloys to fragment electrical components and boards in the event of a physical compromise. Shape memory alloys experience a transition from martensite to austenite when they are heated above their transition temperature. In martensite the material is very malleable, in austenite the material returns to its memorized shape and is capable of providing significant force. Mide proposes to memorize the shape memory alloy in a wave pattern and insert it into a PC board or electrical component. In the event of a breach, a large amount of current would surge through the electrical system destroying the software and causing the entire system to heat, which would in turn actuate the SMA to physically destroy the board.

NANOHMICS, INC.
6201 East Oltorf St., Suite 400
Austin, TX 78741
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 389-9990
Dr. Don Patterson
OSD 05-A12      Awarded: 24MAY06
Title:Microchip MEMS Iron Maiden
Abstract:As a last resort, self-destruct technologies must be employed to protect sensitive electronic data. Squib-induced pyrotechnics and low energy electro-explosives that provide a controlled explosive force can be effective in the destruction of the silicon microchip. However, explosives and chemical reactants packaged with electronic devices pose safety, storage and disposal hazards even if the detonation mechanism is reliably safe. Likewise, electronic self-destruct methods require high power and homogenous field distribution to be effective at data disruption and run the risk of leaving the microcircuitry intact for visual inspection by an adversarial reverse engineer. As an alternative, Nanohmics proposed to develop a novel method to physically destroy the silicon microcircuity using a method of micromechanical pulverization. In this regard, a package-level MEMS device will be driven into the circuit side of a silicon microchip (e.g. microprocessor, memory, sensors). In the event of a triggered mechanical actuation , the MEMS device will impact the silicon surface resulting in massive fragmentation of the frangible silicon microchip. Physical fragmentation will render the microchip (e.g. microprocessor, flash memory, sensor) irrecoverably inoperable and the electronic content as well as the physical chip architecture untraceable.

QORTEK, INC.
1965 Lycoming Creek Road, Suite 205
Williamsport, PA 17701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(570) 322-2700
Dr. Gareth J. Knowles
OSD 05-A12      Awarded: 25MAY06
Title:Non-Energetics-Based Self-Destruct Mechanisms
Abstract:The new technological approach provides ability to implement physical destruction of semiconductor devices with an inexpensive and completely silent method that is non-energetic. The approach promises to be synergistic with AT applications at the microelectronics die and wafer level and appears to be compatible with standard fabrication tools either as a standard step during manufacture or possibly as a later security add-on. It will be virtually impossible to detect. Even if an adversary were successful in bypassing security systems and gained access to the security sensitive electronics device(s), the adversary will not be aware that the device has silently undergone a complete physical destruction mode. Even if an adversary were somehow to gain prior knowledge that that the anti-tamper security had been installed, there is not a thing that the adversary can do to prevent (selectable) annihilation of the chip to the point where it would be inordinately difficult, even with layer by layer scan (ION beam), impedance or removal techniques to recover any useful on either microelectronics design or stored data.

GALORATH, INC.
100 North Sepulveda Blvd., Suite 1801
El Segundo, CA 90245
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 414-3222
Mr. Daniel D. Galorath
OSD 05-CM1      Awarded: 06SEP06
Title:Cost Modeling Interoperability and Integration
Abstract:Cost information can improve projects and project decision making. But the project artifacts that can help determine costs are buried in enterprise systems such as supply chain, ERP, PLM, CAx and others. Although many of these systems rely on common data, differences in internal storage structures and nomenclature and lack of tool integration keeps stakeholders from receiving the decision support information needed to make programs most successful including overall costs, tradeoff capability, optimization ability, risk and uncertainty throughout the product cycle. Users must often reenter data at considerable time and expense. Some point-to-point solutions do exist between specific tools, but as the number of tools grows, this integration solution becomes unmanageable and the benefits of an integrated tool suite go unrealized. The project will integrate cost models with the artifacts using the FIPER framework resulting in better quality and reliability, improved flexibility, shorter cycle times, increased effectiveness and lower cost. This integration will result in more successful projects as managers, engineers and analysts make more informed decisions.

PRICE SYSTEMS, L.L.C
17000 Commerce Parkway , Suite A
Mt. Laurel, NJ 08054
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 740-0078
Mr. Larry Reagan
OSD 05-CM1      Awarded: 06SEP06
Title:Cost Modeling Interoperability and Integration
Abstract:Since 2000, PRICE Systems has invested over $7.9 million of our own money in the research and development of a new cost modeling framework. This framework is an open architecture which allows easier integration of cost models to other modeling environments. The intent is to develop one framework where a system can be modeled throughout its entire lifecycle. We call this methodology Affordability Simulation. The vision is to have one user interface where the system can be modeled. Through that interface, software, hardware, support, obsolescence, and any other aspect of the program can be modeled. Users would include the early designers, the program office, the implementers and logistic support teams. This requires not only a technical change, but a cultural change as well. Proven capability will help change the culture. With the funding from this OSD/DLA SBIR, PRICE Systems will expand our initial framework to include the ability to propagate the cost models through the life cycle of a program.

TEAMVISION CORP.
33305 1st Way South, B207
Federal Way, WA 98003
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(253) 661-9765
Mr. Stephen Metschan
OSD 05-CM1      Awarded: 06SEP06
Title:Cost Modeling Interoperability and Integration Framework
Abstract:TeamVision proposes to enhance and tailor its existing collaborative decision analysis technology, Framework CT to meet the requirements of an Integrated Threat, Mission, Performance, Design, Manufacturing, Support and Life Cycle Cost Analysis for Department of Defense (DOD) weapon systems. The result of this effort will provide the DOD with a powerful platform to design, model, and analyze systems, and coordinate related objectives from a holistic perspective. FrameworkCT is a unique and innovative approach, and its current features include an adaptive object database; enterprise-class security; Excel, MS-Project, and other desktop application integration; collaborative decision support; and massively parallel processing using networked desktop computing. This FrameworkCT `desktop application integration' approach has a significant largely untapped application potential in all areas of Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP), Manufacturing Resource Planning (MRP), and Product Data Management (PDM), and Cost as an Independent Variable (CAIV) while satisfying various additional objectives. To better align the current capabilities in Framework CT to the goals of DOD will require the integrating existing CAD/CAM/CAE and PDM systems used by DOD with FrameworkCT environment.

FRONTIER TECHNOLOGY, INC.
26 Castilian Drive, Suite B
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 429-3302
Mr. Sam Boykin
OSD 05-CM2      Awarded: 29AUG06
Title:Automated, Intelligent Life-Cycle Cost Modeling
Abstract:As the longevity of weapon systems continue to increase, operations and support (O&S) costs account for a larger percentage of the total system life-cycle cost. Yet O&S costs are often under estimated, especially early in the development cycle when 80% or more of the total ownership cost is "locked-in" by design decisions. Developers and planners require an approach to estimate the O&S cost impact of design changes quickly and with credibility. This includes identification of key O&S cost drivers, uncertainty, sensitivities and risk. Linking product and process models with built-in intelligence to sources of cost information will facilitate design trade-offs and help maintain a "living" cost estimate throughout the system's life cycle. This will ensure new military systems are both effective and affordable. This SBIR will enhance an existing O&S cost methodology and computer toolset that currently estimates system life-cycle costs. The existing toolset is the basis for affordability tools within several Air Force acquisition and research organizations. The Phase I program will demonstrate the feasibility of the enhanced capabilities to include seamless operation across the enterprise function and life cycle phases. The Phase II program will fully develop a prototype tool, validate its functionality, and deliver it.

GALORATH, INC.
100 North Sepulveda Blvd., Suite 1801
El Segundo, CA 90245
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 414-3222
Ms. Karen McRitchie
OSD 05-CM2      Awarded: 29AUG06
Title:Automated, Intelligent Life-Cycle Cost Modeling
Abstract:While suitable estimating methods exist to compute life cycle cost of systems, they can be difficult due to limited information available, especially in the early phases of a program. Another shortcoming is that they are often tied to static cost factors that give the cost analyst little to no understanding of design options on life cycle cost. Budgetary limitations and other constraints dictate that life cycle costs, particularly operations and support, need to be well understood before costs are locked in due to design decisions. Galorath will develop a framework for intelligent, automated life cycle costing that empowers the analyst to evaluate life cycle cost in a meaningful effective manner. Key focus areas will include the ability to estimate at any phase from concept to retirement, the ability to react to design decisions al all levels, from system configuration to detail parts, and the ability to transition from estimated values to known costs as a program progresses. The model would ideally be developed as a plug-in to Galorath's SEER-H hardware life cycle costing model. This model is currently used to cost systems of various sorts and the SEER-H customer base would be receptive first adopters of this enhancement.

IMPACT TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
200 Canal View Boulevard
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-1990
Dr. Michael J. Roemer
OSD 05-CM2      Awarded: 31AUG06
Title:Automated, Intelligent Life-Cycle Cost Modeling
Abstract:DoD is continually focusing on improving weapon system affordability through the use of automated, integrated computer systems dedicated to advanced logistics and support concepts, yet current cost models for acquisition, development and operations/support are typically performed independently and often do not account for newer technologies, such as condition-based maintenance (CBM+) that will help reduce future Operating and Support (O&S) costs. Impact and Boeing Phantom Works have teamed together to develop an integrated cost simulation capability to be used during program acquisition to accurately predict weapon system life-cycle costs. This will include updated cost models at the core of the architecture with surrounding databases that will be used to automatically populate required inputs. The application will be constructed with open systems architecture to facilitate data retrieval from disparate DoD databases, and will link component cost estimates with process related effects such as differing maintenance scenario. Parametric cost estimation will be employed at early phases of development when little data is available for the new system. Additionally, Impact will leverage previously developed/validated DoD engineering based O&S cost models when simulation, test and operational data become available. The combination of parametric and engineering cost modeling will enhance cost estimation as system development progresses.

GALORATH, INC.
100 North Sepulveda Blvd., Suite 1801
El Segundo, CA 90245
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 414-3222
Mr. Lee Fischman
OSD 05-CM3      Awarded: 14SEP06
Title:Requirements-Based Cost Models
Abstract:Large capital systems, particularly military hardware, are expected to last many years longer than the refresh cycle of their component technologies. Weapons systems will be fielded containing relatively obsolescent components, perhaps even before initial deployment. The question is, to what extent should obsolescence be allowed to impact mission requirements, and how can obsolescence costs best be mitigated? In today's cost estimating models, obsolescence is not even directly accounted for, despite its impact. As the pace of technological change quickens and technologies obsolesce more rapidly, the need to plan for and mitigate its effects will grow. Galorath will develop a complete obsolescence planning system and fully integrate this into its SEER-H hardware cost prediction tool. This will enable seamless integration of obsolescence awareness and planning with a complete development, production, operations and support cost analysis tool. SEER-H is among the most widely used, commercially available hardware costing solutions. The addition of obsolescence planning would translate into instant customer success and leverage DoD goals as an already large and growing user base gains access to it. These users are largely Defense contractors who would thus be able to engage in more sophisticated obsolescence planning for Government systems.

INRAD
11020 Solway School Road
Knoxville, TN 37931
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(865) 927-4134
Ms. Mary Ann Merrell
OSD 05-CM3      Awarded: 12SEP06
Title:Requirements-Based Cost Models
Abstract:Accurate projection of costs remains an intractable problem in the defense industry despite more than a decade of focus on affordability. The impact to DoD acquisition programs, from cost escalation and the cost of countering capability shortfalls, runs to billions of dollars annually. The objective of this proposal is to develop and demonstrate an ontology-based framework for requirements-based cost modeling. On-tologies offer a unique capability to manage the large knowledge bases and rule sets essential to understanding cost relationships in complex systems. InRAD's innovative approach uses a systems concept where domain-specific, plug-in compatible ontologies are populated with relevant knowledge for the products, processes, materials, and functions that must be considered in cost model. Product require-ments, captured using SLATE, DOORS, or similar tools, will be used to create a requirements-based life-cycle cost modeling framework structured to align with the ontology set. The resulting capability will enable engineering and production staff to draw on a far larger base of knowledge in projecting costs; re-fine estimates faster and with greater precision; better account for uncertainties and risks; and recalculate "on the fly" when requirements change or are traded off to define the optimal balance of cost and per-formance.

INTEGRATED PROJECT MANAGEMENT, INC.
10008 National Boulevard, Suite 222
Los Angeles, CA 90034
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 287-0800
Mr. Joel Fleiss
OSD 05-CM3      Awarded: 12SEP06
Title:Requirements-Based Cost Models (ROBUST - Requirements Ordered Budget Using Scheduling Tools)
Abstract:Project cost is a primary factor in determining which projects to implement. Projects always have an explicit or implicit set of requirements between client and developer. Requirements are usually specified using an outline metaphor where key project functionality is continuously broken down into sub-requirements using sub-paragraphs to clarify the detail. Unfortunately, this metaphor makes it difficult to accurately estimate project costs because it does not: >> Uniquely identify each requirement. >> Link each requirement to one or more of the project's tasks. >> Associate percentage of cost for each project task with the relevant requirements. >> Automatically adjust for new, deleted or changed requirements in a timely manner. What is needed is a new metaphor for specifying requirements that is conducive to establishing the one-to-one or one-to-many linkage between requirements and project tasks. IPM is proposing a system that will provide the ability to assure that each requirement is: >>> Understandable same by all stakeholders. >>> Uniquely identifiable. >>> Linkable to one or more scheduled tasks. >>> Able to link each scheduled task to one or more requirements. >>> Readily able to provide an accurate estimate of project cost at anytime.

INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY, INC.
3250 Ocean Park Blvd., Suite 100
Santa Monica, CA 90405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 581-5440
Dr. Azad M. Madni
OSD 05-CR1      Awarded: 18JUL06
Title:SimuTrainT: Simulation-based Training for Leader Performance Optimization
Abstract:Network-centric warfare (NCW) operations, especially against asymmetric threats requires a high degree of cognitive readiness on the part of warfighters especially leaders. Context awareness, in large part, is essential for cognitive readiness. Simulation-Based Training (SBT) potentially offers an effective means to train leaders in becoming context aware. However, traditional SBT has certain known drawbacks: lengthy development and maintenance cycles; and the need for live participants to be logged for a learner to practice team collaboration and decision making skills. This effort will overcome these problems through a combination of outcome-driven simulation (ODS), synthetic teammates, and template-driven vignette authoring capabilities. Specifically, ODS will dramatically reduce development time, lower computation requirements and allow for synthetic characters to play the role of coach/mentor, teammate and opponent. Phase I will produce a preliminary prototype for leadership training in team contexts.

JXT APPLICATIONS, INC.
2673 Commons Blvd, Suite 20
Beavercreek, OH 45431
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 306-5003
Mr. Terry Fulbright
OSD 05-CR1      Awarded: 13JUL06
Title:Optimizing Leadership Performance Through Context Awareness and Simulation Based Training in Network Centric Operations
Abstract:Two concepts that impact the preparation of future leaders are network centric operations (NCO) and effects-based operations (EBO). These emerging concepts are being formulated as we speak, yet they will be central to the set of dynamic leadership skills required in the future. In the NCO environment leaders will have the ability to be context-aware at all times thus increasing their ability to make timely and effective decisions. Future leaders must be prepared to capitalize on their ability to be context-aware by raising their state of cognitive awareness to prepare them for ongoing situational ambiguity, and to prevent information overload at all levels. These leadership skills will require new and innovative training techniques. Context Awareness Simulation Training for Leadership (CASTLE) is a network centric approach to providing future leaders just those skills, just as they're needed, in their familiar NCO environment. CASTLE will be readily accessible and rapidly reconfigurable by government subject matter experts to support current and evolving leadership training requirements. Feasible candidate computer-mediated training technologies and environments will be identified and assessed for applicability. These technologies will include the use of simulation, intelligent tutoring, educational games and exercises, and distributed training for individuals and teams.

TEKAMAH CORP.
4031 University Drive, Suite 200
Fairfax, VA 22030
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(571) 214-6550
Dr. Eric Allely
OSD 05-CR1      Awarded: 13JUL06
Title:Optimizing Leadership Performance Through Context Awareness and Simulation Based Training in Network Centric Operations
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is twofold: a) to develop preliminary methodologies to define and assess specific leadership performance and skills requirements that can be adapted for different warfighting and homeland defense missions that support current and evolving national and international requirements and b) design an innovative training method for development and delivery of dynamic leadership skills training in a range of multi-media environments. The joint training transformation initiative includes the exploitation of computer mediated learning environments for "just-in-time, any place-any where" with realistic representations of the human dimension of warfare. A particular emphasis is on the acquisition of leadership skills in tactical and operational environments inclusive of the continuum of military missions. The optimization and enhancement of human performance through just-in-time training is challenged by many factors: access to live mission rehearsal, individual background and experience, current practical knowledge of cultural and societal factors in the mission area of operation and lack of access to most recent "lessons learned". However, today's technology should make it possible to offer training through a variety of media that is reconfigurable for specific learning scenarios and will provide rapid acquisition of knowledge for a specific mission or job assignment.

COMMAND PERFORMANCE RESEARCH, INC.
1201 Waverly Dr.
Champaign, IL 61821
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(217) 621-3918
Dr. Anna T. Cianciolo
OSD 05-CR2      Awarded: 14FEB06
Title:Simulated Cognitive Leadership Challenges for Professional Forums
Abstract:Simulated leadership challenges are particularly effective in generating the discussion and interpersonal connections that are the heart of the Army Professional Forum (APF) and the source of its impact. Because asynchronous discussion on immediately relevant topics is critical to forum impact, efforts to enhance simulated leadership challenges must have knowledge sharing and professional conversation as their focus. To develop advanced simulated leadership challenges that enhance APF impact, CPResearch proposes to apply multi-media and computer-animated content presentation formats to traditional situational-judgment testing techniques. The Phase I effort will result in two simulated leadership challenges (one multi-media, one computer animated), which will be used to determine the feasibility of developing a Phase II library of ten advanced simulated leadership challenges. CPResearch further proposes to use the research results from designing the simulated leadership challenges as the basis for developing a Web-based tacit-knowledge vignette generator for rapidly generating text-based and multi-media leadership challenges. The Phase I effort will produce a prototype vignette generator that will be used to assesses the feasibility of developing a full-scale capability in Phase II. CPResearch will conduct this research-and-development effort in collaboration with subcontractor Auteur Media and two consultants experienced in Army leadership instruction and technology-enabled knowledge sharing.

VIALUNA GROUP
5729 Lebanon Rd
Frisco, TX 75034
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(972) 896-5462
Mr. Brett Hersley
OSD 05-CR2      Awarded: 14FEB06
Title:Simulated Cognitive Leadership Challenges for Professional Forums
Abstract:The current web-based cognitive leadership challenge application used by the Army does not meet requirements. This proposal outlines how to fulfill the existing opportunity to develop a web-based tool that integrates seamlessly with professional forums, provides leaders a dynamic system in which to showcase cutting-edge leadership challenges, engages participants in a user-friendly developmental interface, fosters learning that impacts performance, and displays the adaptability and portability necessary to commercialize across a wide array of Federal Agencies, as well as private, non-profit, and academic organizations.

APTIMA, INC.
12 Gill Street, Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(202) 842-1548
Dr. Craig Haimson
OSD 05-CR3      Awarded: 09MAR06
Title:J-MOC: Joint Measurement Operations Controller
Abstract:A new emphasis on increased joint operations requires a transformation in the way we train our troops. Training must teach our forces to both think and act jointly. As part of this initiative, the Joint National Training Capability (JNTC) is being developed in order to enhance training for our service branches, and interagency and multinational coalition partners by integrating live, virtual, and constructive (LVC) training environments. Clearly, the technological infrastructure required for large-scale distributed training events is significant, and the implementation of such an infrastructure represents an important step toward the actualization of effective distributed training for the joint community. However, by itself, simulation technology does not ensure effective training. True training requires a thorough identification of training objectives, reliable and valid performance measures that can determine whether or not those objectives have been met, and feedback to the trainees to assist their learning. Thus, there is a clear need for enhanced performance measurement and assessment capabilities in LVC environments. We propose to develop the Joint Measurement Operations Controller (J-MOC). J-MOC will include components that (1) configure a measurement collection plan (2) coordinate collection and storage of measurement data, and (3) display assessment results using mechanisms that support learning.

MYMIC LLC
200 High Street, Suite 308
Portsmouth, VA 23704
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 391-9200
Dr. Thomas W. Mastaglio
OSD 05-CR3      Awarded: 09MAR06
Title:A Methodology and Architecture to Support Joint Training Assessment and Feedback
Abstract:ABSTRACT TOPIC OSD05-CR3 A Methodology and Architecture to Support Joint Training Assessment and Feedback Joint Training is rapidly becoming not only common but a required approach to preparing service elements to execute their essential missions and qualifying them to meet their Title 10 obligations. Because it necessarily involves forces from a variety of locations coordinating their training times, activities, and scenarios, joint training is a significant resource consumer within the defense budget. It is becoming evermore critical for this joint training to be effective, not only resulting in improved unit proficiency for the forces participating, but also yielding enhanced levels of capability to execute the joint tasks in the Uniform Joint Task List (UJTL). Heretofore there has not been a requirement to assess such joint exercises because they were not commonly organized or executed and when they were, it was usually after the components of the forces involved had trained to an accepted level of proficiency as separate service elements. Today we must research methods and develop tools to assess joint training and provide the participating commands and units feedback on their performance.

SPEC OPS
325 Hill Carter Parkway
Ashland, VA 23005
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(804) 752-4790
Mr. Jeff Yates
OSD 05-CR3      Awarded: 09MAR06
Title:Automated Assessment of Joint Training and Education
Abstract:The technical challenge of this SBIR is to research and develop a capability which will maximize knowledge derivation from joint force training and operational events to positively affect operational readiness from experiences encountered in operational, training and experimental environments. We put forth the technical solution for application to this complex situation as "Knowledge Discovery from separate heterogeneous data and information sources." Strategic to operational to tactical military operations requires not only the networking of data but the communication of information for knowledge derivation to allow effective decision making at all levels of command. Operational readiness can be subjectively and objectively measured through the use of automated measures of effectiveness and measures of performance. Automation of these measures is now needed to support the vast amount of information available with the use of network centric operations. Distributed Knowledge Networks (DKNs) provides the key enabling technology for translating recent advances in automated data acquisition, digital storage, computers and communications into fundamental advances that support data analysis and knowledge derivation in complex systems. DKNs include computational tools for accessing, organizing, transforming, assimilating, and discovering knowledge from heterogeneous, distributed, possibly mobile, data and knowledge sources.

CAMBRIDGE ENVIRONMENTAL, INC.
58 Charles Street
Cambridge, MA 02141
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 225-0812
Dr. Igor Linkov
OSD 05-CR4      Awarded: 28FEB06
Title:Computer-Mediated Training Tools to Enhance Joint Task Force Cognitive Leadership Skills
Abstract:Ground component forces current and future are likely to perform operations in which they must be interdependent with the cultures of other Services, other governmental agencies, multi-national forces, and the populations of countries in which operations are occurring. Joint Task Force (JTF) staff member exposure to other services may be limited; they may not be familiar other Service competencies. Today's war also requires cognitive skills from a warfighter who must deal with social, cultural, and language barriers. The focus of this proposal is on overcoming these barriers through jointness in leadership training. In Phase I, we will conduct front-end analysis to determine the components of shared mental models of JTF staff members' understanding of jointness, cultural differences among the Services, and operational capabilities and environments where these issues are especially important. Based on this analysis, we will develop a computer-mediated training environment that can rapidly enhance the cognitive leadership skills required for ground component officers and non-commissioned officers to be effective in a Joint Task Force. We will deliver example exercises based on shared mental models designed to maximize JTF effectiveness. Performance metrics will also be developed that objectively measure leadership behavior and training progress utilizing the training software.

HEXAGON INTERACTIVE, INC.
6750 Wedgewood Place
Los Angeles, CA 90068
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 709-3812
Mr. Joseph Miranda
OSD 05-CR4      Awarded: 27FEB06
Title:CW21-JFLCC: Enhancing Joint Task Force Cognitive Leadership Skills
Abstract:Educators require quick and inexpensive methods to familiarize Joint Task Force staff with the "cultures" of other Services, governmental and non-governmental agencies, as well as multi-national forces and populations of other countries in which operations are occurring in order to integrate their operations in a joint warfighting environment. Joint staffs need to be better prepared to deal with the human issues especially the differences between the Services with respect to Doctrine, Organization, Training and Education, Materiel, Leadership and Personnel. Hexagon has been developing computer technologies since 1998 that incorporate concepts enabling simulation of the challenges of increased "jointness" amongst the services. Following enthusiastic evaluation of Hexagon's Cyberwar XXI (CW21) prototype by Air Force, Army and other educational entities in 2004, they reported that they required a rigorous classroom tool like CW21 rather than a converted entertainment product. This Phase I effort will research the needs of the grounds forces component in cooperation with Army and Marine educational establishments for a course mediated by a version of the CW21 software tool. The Phase II objective is to develop a JTF computer-mediated training program to rapidly enhance the cognitive leadership skills and collaborative effectiveness of ground component staffs in a Joint Operation.

STOTTLER HENKE ASSOC., INC.
951 Mariner's Island Blvd., STE 360
San Mateo, CA 94404
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 931-2700
Mr. James Ong
OSD 05-CR4      Awarded: 27FEB06
Title:Scenario-based Leadership Training for Joint Task Force Staff Officers
Abstract:Joint interdependence is a mindset that embraces the concept of purposeful reliance on other service and joint capabilities to maximize their complementary and reinforcing effects while minimizing service vulnerabilities. Interdependence requires a broad understanding of the different strengths and limitations of each service's capabilities and clear agreement about how those capabilities will be committed. High performance teamwork is enabled by better understanding of the processes, capabilities, and cultures of the other organizations. This proposed research will result in advanced, computer-mediated training systems that employ technologies such as lightweight simulations, story-driven learning, and automated performance assessment and after-action review that enable joint staff officers to identify, appreciate, and manage cultural differences and better understand the capabilities, processes and cultures of other organizations. During Phase I, we will carry out a front-end analysis to specify training requirements and evaluate promising learning technologies that achieve these instructional goals. These requirements will be based on a model to be developed during Phase I that relates components of team performance with specific behaviors affected by cultural differences and understanding of other organizations. We plan to use existing team performance and cultural models as starting points for this new integrated model. A limited software prototype will help us communicate our concepts in a tangible form and elicit feedback and further participation from prospective end user organizations such as the joint colleges.

THE WEXFORD GROUP INTERNATIONAL, INC.
8618 Westwood Center Drive, Suite 200
Vienna, VA 22182
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(334) 790-2289
Dr. James L. Mowery
OSD 05-CR4      Awarded: 28FEB06
Title:Enhancing Joint Task Force Cognitive Leadership Skills
Abstract:The Department of Defense has identified the need for computer mediated training to assist the Department's transformation. Wexford will implement a plan that is grounded in operational, technical and programmatic diligence to employ the Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System (JCIDS) methodology of functional needs, area, and solution analyses. This will identify capabilities, and capability gaps where cognitive skills are most relevant to ground forces of a Joint Task Force, and also lend themselves to use in simulation or distributed training. A post independent analysis and Phase II plan will be conducted. Wexford and Aptima's previous experience in this type of collaborative environment, focusing on the needs/gaps and determining how technical offerings meet the functional needs will ensure the proposed prototype solution is effective and acceptable to users.

INTELLIGENT DECISION SYSTEMS, INC.
5870 Trinity Parkway, Suite 200
Centreville, VA 20120
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 766-9631
Dr. Ellen Menaker
OSD 05-CR5      Awarded: 07MAR06
Title:Training a Joint and Expeditionary Mindset
Abstract:Intelligent Decision Systems, Inc. (IDSI) proposes to perform a front-end analysis to define a computer-mediated training support package that will help ground-component forces develop the cognitive and affective skills to meet the challenges of being part of a Joint and expeditionary force. These skills are critical for effective performance in such areas as Combat Arms, Combat Support, Combat Service Support, and Reserve and National Guard components. IDSI intends to team with Forterra Systems, utilizing their expertise in massive multiplayer online gaming (MMOG) and other computer-mediated training tools. This analysis effort will identify the components of the constructs associated with a Joint and Expeditionary Mindset and related human dimension and performance issues. It will also identify the skills and attitudes needed to attain maximum interoperability, adaptability, and survivability in a Joint operational environment; relevant gaps in current Joint skills training; and metrics to measure skill acquisition. The analysis will include an investigation of computer-mediated training methods and environments, to include distributed training, simulation, and MMOG. The data will be analyzed and synthesized to produce the framework and foundational materials for Phase II development of a learner-centric, immersive training environment to enhance learners' development of a Joint and Expeditionary Mindset.

JXT APPLICATIONS, INC.
2673 Commons Blvd, Suite 20
Beavercreek, OH 45431
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 306-5003
Mr. William Walsh
OSD 05-CR5      Awarded: 02MAR06
Title:Training a Joint and Expeditionary Mindset
Abstract:Joint operations demand that soldiers must be interdependent on cultures of other services, governmental and non-governmental agencies, multi-national forces and populations of countries in which operations occur. This effort investigates the human dimension issues including cross cultural clashes, communication difficulties among coalition forces and with the enemy, morale and performance issues from repeated deployments among others. This research will develop a set of methodologies/tools to predict such stressors and assess training methods to address the specific human dimension issues associated with long-term operations with coalition forces. Feasible candidate computer-mediated training technologies and environments will be identified and assessed for applicability in the development of a Joint and Expeditionary Mindset (JEMs) training capability. These technologies will include the use of simulation, intelligent tutoring, educational games and exercises, and distributed training for individuals and teams. Sample training vignettes or exercises addressing the emerging challenges of an Expeditionary Army for personnel of varied ranks and backgrounds will be designed.

THE WEXFORD GROUP INTERNATIONAL, INC.
8618 Westwood Center Drive, Suite 200
Vienna, VA 22182
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(334) 790-2289
Dr. James Mowery
OSD 05-CR5      Awarded: 28FEB06
Title:Training a Joint and Expeditionary Mindset
Abstract:The Department of Defense has identified the need for computer mediated training to assist the Department's transformation. Wexford will implement a plan that is grounded in operational, technical, and programmatic diligence to employ the Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System (JCIDS) methodology of functional needs, area, and solution analyses. This will identify capabilities, and capability gaps where cognitive skills are most relevant to a Joint Expeditionary mindset, and also lend themselves to use in simulation or distributed training. A post independent analysis and Phase II plan will be conducted. Wexford and Aptima's previous experience in this type of collaborative environment, focusing on the needs/gaps and determining how technical offerings meet the functional needs will ensure the proposed prototype solution is effective and acceptable to users.

ANACAPA SCIENCES, INC.
301 East Carrillo Street 2FL, P. O. Box 519
Santa Barbara, CA 93102
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 966-6157
Dr. Alan Spiker
OSD 05-CR6      Awarded: 09MAR06
Title:Innovative Training System to Accelerate Rapid Formation of Fully Functional Teams
Abstract:The purpose of this project is to establish the feasibility of an innovative training system to deliver advanced instruction in optimal leadership behaviors that promote cohesion in joint task force (JTF) teams. Termed Stalwart (System to Train Accelerated Leadership in Joint Warfighting Teams), this system will be a mix of on-line training modules and scenario-based small group exercises to get JTF team members and their leaders "up to speed" in high-value teamwork knowledge, skills, and attitudes (KSAs). Stalwart software will be a Windows-based network application where individual and team exercises can be adminis-tered using the public Internet or a local area network. Phase I will delineate Stalwart's content domain, instructional principles, and training infra-structure, and demonstrate feasibility by testing a demonstration prototype. Phase II will yield a turnkey training system that includes ISD-based training modules, functional software, vetted JTF scenarios, validated measures, and train-the-trainer materials. Given time and manpower shortages plaguing JTF training, Stalwart will impose a small training "footprint," as spin-up modules will be completed around the trainee's other duties, and team cohesion training will be organized around short-duration scenario frames. System effectiveness will be demonstrated through transfer of the targeted teamwork KSAs to a joint exercise environment.

MAK TECHNOLOGIES
10 Fawcett Street
Cambridge, MA 02318
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(913) 758-1956
Mr. Jim Lunsford
OSD 05-CR6      Awarded: 09MAR06
Title:Innovative JTF-HQ Staff Training System
Abstract:Today's dynamic, often uncertain, combined or joint operating environment drives a requirement for a better training capability targeted at ground combat decision makers in operational leadership positions within the Joint Task Force Headquarters (JTF-HQ), specifically the Combined / Joint Forces Land Component Commander (CFLCC) and other joint team members on a Combined / Joint Task Force (CJTF) staff. The military needs, as a key component of a new instructional strategy, a realistic, interactive training simulation that can mimic the strategic / operational level of war while creating decision-making opportunities for these senior leaders to gain experience prior to, and in conjunction with, on-the-job training. To solve this problem, MK Technologies will work with the customer, the joint military community and our supporting subcontractor, Klein Associates, to design (Phase I) and develop (Phase II) a prototype training system that will provide simulation-based experiential learning opportunities addressing mission essential competencies such as cooperative planning and skilled liaison along with an understanding of technology used in joint environments. We propose to leverage our separate, ongoing Phase II SBIR effort to create a similar Air Component Commander training system to design and build an effective, engaging, PC-based training simulation to support improved cognitive readiness training for JTF-HQ ground combat senior leaders.

MYMIC LLC
200 High Street, Suite 308
Portsmouth, VA 23704
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 391-9200
Dr. Thomas W. Mastaglio
OSD 05-CR6      Awarded: 09MAR06
Title:A Computer-Based Interactive Scenario Based Capability to Support the Training and Certification of Multi-Organization Teams
Abstract:MYMIC LLC proposes to establish the conceptual design during a Phase I Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) for an interactive, scenario-based capability that will support training and certification of leaders and teams comprising a Joint Task Force Headquarters. The approach will be rooted in learning theory from cognitive psychology, be implemented as extensions or applications of existing groupware systems and situate learning in context by using accurate operational scenarios. Learning objectives will be based upon Joint Doctrine and Concepts. Design and implementation will leverage corporate and consultant knowledge of emerging joint concepts, groupware systems already in use, and training development methodologies. Prototypical users will be involved in reviewing requirements, proposed designs and eventual implementation of the proposed training system.

AMERICAN SUPERCONDUCTOR
121 Flanders Road
Westborough, MA 01581
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 621-4243
Mr. John Voccio
OSD 05-D02      Awarded: 15FEB06
Title:High Specific Power, Rapid Start-up 95 GHz Source Technology
Abstract:In summary, the proposed Phase I work furthers our understanding of high-temperature superconducting (HTS) coils for gyrotron applications. A system trade study will be performed to minimize the overall weight of the system, while also maximizing the operating temperature, in order to minimize the cooldown time. Coupled thermal and mechanical finite element analysis will be performed to determine the imposed thermal cooldown stresses. These stresses will be compared to the known measured strength of the HTS coils, in order to determine the minimum allowable cooldown time. Then, a representative thermal mass will be designed, fabricated and tested under Phase I to validate the analytical model. The objective is technology-readiness for high power density rotating electric machines and magnet applications, such as gyrotrons. Under the ensuing Phase II program, a sub-scale 2G HTS magnet will be designed, fabricated and tested.

CALABAZAS CREEK RESEARCH, INC.
P.O. Box 330
Palo Alto, CA 94302
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 367-1149
Dr. Jeff Neilson
OSD 05-D02      Awarded: 15FEB06
Title:A W-Band, Permanent Magnet Gyrotron
Abstract:There is a requirement for high power, W-Band, RF sources for the Active Denial, non-lethal weapon system. Currently the RF source is a 95 GHz gyrotron producing approximately 100 kW and using a super conducting magnet. The weight, volume, cost, and logistics issues associated with the source and magnet impose considerable operational, support, and maintenance requirements and dramatically increase start-up time. An uninterrupted power supply is required to energize the superconducting magnet. Recent advances in rare earth permanent magnet technology allow compact magnets with peak fields up to 1.75 Tesla. This is sufficient for a second harmonic gyrotron producing RF power at 90 GHz. Previous research demonstrated that high efficiency gyrotrons can be achieved using second harmonic operation. Calabazas Creek Research, Inc. proposes to develop a high efficiency, second harmonic gyrotron producing 50 kW of continuous RF power at 90 GHz using a permanent magnet. CCR will team with Dexter Magnetic Technologies, Inc. and L3 Communications Titan Corporation to develop a prototype gyrotron compatible with an efficient, cost effective, deployable system. CCR will also investigate innovative energy recovery systems with the goal of increasing the efficiency to 60%.

CRYOMAGNETICS, INC.
1006 Alvin Weinberg Dr.
Oak Ridge, TN 37830
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(865) 482-9551
Mr. Adam Berryhill
OSD 05-D02      Awarded: 15FEB06
Title:High Specific Power, Rapid Start-up 95 GHz Source Technology
Abstract:Since the 1990's, applications requiring high power (>1 KW) millimeter wave energy have relied on either gyrotrons or multiple gryotwystron amplifiers. While the gryotwystron approach offers bandwidth and single point failure benefits, it is inherently more complex and larger than that of the single gyrotron. The gyrotron however requires a superconducting magnet to create the 3.7 Tesla field necessary for operation. Critical to the operation of the superconducting magnet and its start up is a closed cycle refrigeration system, or cryocooler, to cool the magnet to cryogenic (<100K) temperatures. With the advent of newer 2G superconducting material the maximum temperature required for operation of the superconducting magnet has been raised from 4 K to greater than 50 K. Typically cryocoolers for 4K operation have required greater than 8 kW of input power, provide cool down times in excess of 24 hours, and require compressors that orientation dependent. By using these new 2G superconductors and thus raising the operational temperature to 50 K it should be possible to reduce the input power requirement to less than 5 kW, provide cool down times less than 8 hours, and have an orientation independent cryocooler by developing a new cryocooler system specific to the requirements of gyrotron amplifiers.

ACULIGHT CORP.
11805 North Creek Parkway S., Suite 113
Bothell, WA 98011
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 482-1100
Dr. Anping Liu
OSD 05-D04      Awarded: 15FEB06
Title:High Energy Laser (HEL) Beam Combination
Abstract:Aculight proposes a new spectral beam combining (SBC) system to utilize higher power, broader linewidth, fiber lasers to meet the demanding requirements of high energy laser (HEL) applications. The system is scalable to up to 100 kW output with diffraction limited beam quality by spectrally combining a number of high power fiber lasers operating at slightly different wavelengths. The proposed approach is insensitive to the linewidth of individual lasers and allows the linewidth of individual lasers to be at least 100 times broader than that of the existing SBC systems. Increasing the linewidth of the individual lasers significantly reduces fiber nonlinear effects and allows multi-kW to be generated from the individual fiber lasers. As a result, fewer individual lasers are needed to achieve 100 kW near-diffraction-limited combined beam and a more compact, efficient and robust system can be built for HEL applications. We plan to complete a detailed design and analysis on the proposed system and demonstrate >8 W combined output with diffraction-limited beam quality by combining two broad linewidth fiber lasers. During the Phase II, we will demonstrate up to 1000 W combined output with near-diffraction-limited beam quality using four high power fiber lasers.

FIBERTEK, INC.
510 Herndon Parkway
Herndon, VA 20170
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 471-7671
Dr. Wiiliam E. Torruellas
OSD 05-D04      Awarded: 15FEB06
Title:High Energy Laser (HEL) Beam Combination for Enhancement of Fiber Laser Performance for Ranging and Tracking
Abstract:The development of eye safe fiber lasers for wavelengths with high transmission through the atmosphere, capable of operating single wavelength at short pulses (|1ns), high pulse energy, high average power, and high beam quality, require the development of appropriate active fiber designs as well as beam coupling concepts consistent with application requirements. These lasers can find use in long range target ranging and tracking systems such as the Active Ranging Sensor for the Airborne Laser System, in which case the proposed laser will allow precision ranging down to a few centimeters and high accuracy acceleration measurement, therefore, accurate trajectory determination. It can also be designed for space applications related with terrain mapping and sounding of the atmosphere, for which it will allow to obtain high range resolution.

METROLASER, INC.
2572 White Road
Irvine, CA 92614
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 553-0688
Dr. Vladimir Markov
OSD 05-D04      Awarded: 15FEB06
Title:Phase-Locked Array of Solid-State Lasers (PLASS)
Abstract:A new approach for multi-channel solid-state laser beam combining is proposed based on optical phase conjugation in a coupled-cavity laser configuration. The proposed scheme allows automatic synchronization of the channels' mutual coherency, thereby achieving maximum efficiency of combined beam oscillation with simultaneous compensation of introduced aberrations. It is proposed to use the laser medium as the nonlinear medium for FWM OPC due to its spatially inhomogeneous saturation in the interference field of the interacting beams. The proposed configuration allows scaling the laser system to the multi-kilowatt power level.

PD-LD, INC.
30-B PENNINGTON-HOPEWELL ROAD
PENNINGTON, NJ 08534
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 564-7900
Dr. Boris Volodin
OSD 05-D04      Awarded: 15FEB06
Title:High Spectral Density Modular Spectral Beam Combiner Based on Volume Bragg Grating Technology
Abstract:PD-LD, Inc. proposes to develop a novel approach to spectral beam combining utilizing the technology of monolithic volume Bragg grating (VBGT) spectral beam combiner (SBC) chips. The VBGT SBC chip is manufactured in a single monolithic piece of inorganic photorefractive glass. This technology offers high spectral resolution ( 0.2 nm/channel) in a very compact footprint (< 1 in2 for 10 channels), very high optical damage threshold (> 200 MW/cm2) and high total efficiency (80-90%). The VBGT SBC chips that combine 10 to 20 spectral channels will be integrated into a larger system as separate module, thus offering a path to higher combined power. Our approach will maximize the spectral density of beam combination and bring it to the Rayleigh resolution criterion with high total efficiency (80% combined efficiency is expected) and nearly diffraction-limited beam quality. The approach is independent of the source lasers, offers low polarization sensitivity, and is capable of handling individual channels of extremely high power (3 1 kW). This architecture is scalable to several hundred combined channels with 0.2 nm/channel spectral resolution.

VYTRAN CORP.
1400 Campus Drive West
Morganville, NJ 07751
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 972-2880
Mr. Eric Mies
OSD 05-D04      Awarded: 23FEB06
Title:High Energy Laser (HEL) Beam Combination
Abstract:Diode-pumped fiber lasers have been shown to be extremely compact, rugged and efficient, with output powers of 200 Watts to over 2 kWatts demonstrated. It has also been demonstrated that an array of individual fiber lasers can self-organize coherently with appropriate connectivity or "cross-coupling" at the output. This effect is completely passive, without the need for active phase, polarization or amplitude control, and can be achieved with an appropriately designed all-fiber output coupler. The technical objective of this Phase I proposal is to advance the design, modeling and fabrication techniques required for the production of such an optical fiber coupler, and to propose and model the architecture required for implementation of such a high-power laser system. This work will lay the foundation for a Phase II effort that will focus on implementing the designs and techniques developed in Phase I, with the goal of achieving stable, robust coherent combining of high-count fiber laser arrays, with the potential for acheiving an output power of 100 kWatts.

APPLIED PHYSICAL ELECTRONICS, L.C.
PO Box 341149
Austin, TX 78734
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 264-1804
Dr. jon r mayes
OSD 05-D05      Awarded: 15FEB06
Title:Increased PRF for Pulsed Power
Abstract:Pulsed power generators designed for driving High Power Microwave sources have generally been limited to resonant transformers and Marx generators, with each offering advantages and disadvantages. Both methods deliver high voltages with large amounts of energy, but the transformer-based method is large in volume, requires transformer oil and delivers pulses with slow rise times, while the Marx generator-based method typically requires a large number of components and is difficult to design for trapezoidal wave shapes. Each method is binary in operation - they work or they do not work - there is no graceful failure in either design. This proposal presents a novel Marx generator-based concept that overcomes the part-count issue, via a modular design, as well as the wave shaping problem, via sequential pulse delivery common with railgun power supplies. Furthermore, since the proposed design is based on a parallel generator topology, the system offers temporal agility, impedance agility and graceful failure.

DIVERSIFIED TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
35 Wiggins Ave.
Bedford, MA 01730
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 275-9444
Dr. Floyd Arntz
OSD 05-D05      Awarded: 15FEB06
Title:Increased PRF for Pulsed Power
Abstract:In this SBIR, DTI will develop and demonstrate solid-state Marx pulse generator technology supporting a compact microwave source with voltages up to 500 kV into 40 Ohms, 10 ns risetimes, and PRFs up to 1 kHz. Our proposed Phase I activity includes the development of a high performance, compact solid-state Marx cell, demonstration of a Marx pulse generator built of several such cells, and planning for compact, solid state DE / IP pulse power systems, capable of high pulse frequency, in Phase II and beyond.

SCI-ENG SOLUTIONS, LLC
3304 Lake Town Dr.
Columbia, MO 65203
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(573) 489-2776
Dr. Kenneth F. McDonald
OSD 05-D05      Awarded: 15FEB06
Title:Marxed-Coiled Transmission Line Pulse Generator
Abstract:The proposed pulse generator synthesizes the best old and new technologies to create the ultimate, compact pulsed power architecture that will be applicable to virtually any source that requires a high voltage, nearly rectangular pulse; and is particularly capable of optimally satisfying the demanding requirements of narrow band, High Power Microwave (HPM) sources such as Relativistic Magnetrons, Ubitrons, MILO's, Traveling Wave Tubes, Klystrons, radars, etc.. This technological breakthrough promises to provide one of the most reliable, compact, lightweight, and robust flight worthy pulse generator topologies possible; and is especially pertinent to critical flight or mobile missions such as the defeat of Improvised Explosive Devices.

SPARKTRONICS, INC.
2300 Chelsea Road , PO Box 1151
Palos Verdes Estates, CA 90274
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 529-8649
Dr. George Kirkman
OSD 05-D05      Awarded: 15FEB06
Title:Increased PRF for Pulsed Power
Abstract:Air Force directed energy systems using high power microwaves require an advancement in the state of the art of repetitive pulsed power systems. Present systems driving microwave sources are based on two circuit technologies: the resonant transformer and the Marx generator. Resonant transformers tend to be large and heavy while Marx generators are limited in pulse shaping and inefficiently deliver power to the load. We propose to develop a new pulse generator technology based on the multistage Blumlein generator with compact slow wave transmission lines.

ASR CORP.
7817 Bursera, NW
Albuquerque, NM 87120
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 830-3000
Mr. Michael D. Abdalla
OSD 05-D07      Awarded: 10FEB06
Title:Compact HPM Sources
Abstract:The MATRIX oscillator was developed as a tunable wideband HPM source for use by the AFRL in threat testing. The fundamental physics of hydrogen insulation used in the MATRIX oscillator as well as the overall topology limit the voltage-frequency-Q (VFQ) product of the current system. Through the application of dual-resonant topology and revised insulation, the output of the MATRIX oscillator concept may be extended to much higher VFQ product. The development of a high VFQ product topology source will yield more compact HPM sources for any given charge voltage and frequency capability.

EUREKA AEROSPACE
3452 East Foothill Blvd, Suite 528
Pasadena, CA 91107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 844-6662
Dr. James Tatoian
OSD 05-D07      Awarded: 15FEB06
Title:Tunable Compact High Power Microwave System
Abstract:Eureka Aerospace proposes to design and to fabricate a compact high-power microwave source capable of generating voltages of up to 300 kV and tunable in the 500 MHz-1000 MHz frequency range. In addition, the design will allow the operations PRFs in excess of 1000 Hz and small damping constant-yielding a relatively large duty cycle and thus large average power. The source will be fabricated using a tunable coaxial geometry Blumlein architecture. To sustain high PRF operations and fast switching time, the microwave generator employs multiple self-break hydrogen switches yielding multi-channeling in a cylindrical hydrogen-filled tank.

FARR RESEARCH, INC.
614 Paseo Del Mar NE
Albuquerque, NM 87123
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 293-3886
Dr. Everett G. Farr
OSD 05-D07      Awarded: 15FEB06
Title:Microwave Pulse Compressors
Abstract:High-Power Microwave fields between 500 MHz and 1 GHz can upset electronic equipment at a considerable distance. However, it remains challenging to find a suitable high-power microwave source for such fields. Such devices should have a bandwidth of 10-15%, reasonable efficiency, low cost, compact size, and peak power of about 1 GW. Existing sources, such as magnetrons, are both massive and expensive. Another source, the switched oscillator, is too small to store sufficient energy. Therefore, we propose developing a Microwave Pulse Compressor (MPC). Such devices are commonly used at particle accelerators at frequencies between 10 and 30 GHz, but they could be adapted to 500 MHz to 1 GHz. MPCs require only a medium-power source to drive them, so they have modest size and weight. MPCs can be built much larger than switched oscillators, so they can store much more energy. During Phase I we will design both a low-power and high-power version of the MPC. We will build the low-power version during Phase I. We will design the high-power version to operate somewhere within the frequency range of 500 MHz to 1 GHz, to be decided in consultation with AFRL, to be built in Phase II.

APPLIED PHYSICAL ELECTRONICS, L.C.
PO Box 341149
Austin, TX 78734
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 264-1804
Dr. jon r mayes
OSD 05-D10      Awarded: 15FEB06
Title:HPM Antennas
Abstract:The market for the APELC's helical antennas is immediate based on the needs of various military and commercial entities. The proposed ringdown system brings many more capabilities to DoD beyond air platform electronic warfare, such as to Homeland Security for stopping vehicles. The same system will be marketed for perimeter and border control, as well as for controlling area electronic systems, such as communications. This proposal couples APELC's successful Marx generator development with prior antenna efforts to bring high electric field strength, ring down signatures to mobile platforms.

FARR RESEARCH, INC.
614 Paseo Del Mar NE
Albuquerque, NM 87123
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 293-3886
Dr. Everett G. Farr
OSD 05-D10      Awarded: 14FEB06
Title:Folded Horn Antennas
Abstract:Antennas for radiating high-power mesoband electromagnetic signals are critical to the mission of upsetting electronics at a distance. High Power Microwave (HPM) weapons require highly efficient antennas that can fit into a small volume. An example of such an antenna is the half Impulse Radiating Antenna (IRA) driven by a switched oscillator source in the MATRIX system. However, the half IRA has a relatively low aperture efficiency of 25-35%, because it has been optimized for Ultra-Wideband (UWB) operation. To address this problem, we propose the folded horn. When operating at 500 MHz, this will have an aperture size of 0.3 X 1.2 meters (0.5 X 2 lambda), with a nearly focused aperture field, due to a parabolic bend. This design provides nearly uniform aperture illumination, with no losses due to spillover. Furthermore, two folded horns may be positioned back-to-back, to create a 1.5 X 3-meter aperture, both of which are driven by a dual source using a single trigger. When compared to a comparably sized half IRA operating at the same voltage, the folded horn will deliver 2.8 times the radiated field and 8 times the power on target, according to calculations provided here.

JADOO POWER SYSTEMS, INC.
181 Blue Ravine Road
Folsom, CA 95630
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(916) 608-9044
Mr. Murali Arikara
OSD 05-MT1      Awarded: 07SEP06
Title:High Energy Hydrogen Sources For Fuel Cell Applications
Abstract:The Navy has a current need for portable power sources providing power outputs from 20 to 250 W for long durations of time in small lightweight packages. Hydrogen air fuel cells are one of the most promising solutions to address this need. One significant issue surrounding the use of polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells is the storage of hydrogen. Metallic hydrides and even chemical hydrides, such as NaBH4, have low hydrogen storage capacity, below 4% by weight or 20 g/H2/L. Jadoo Power Systems and Technology Assement & Tranfer propose to develop a novel hydrogen fuel cartridge that will utilize borazane as a hydrogen storage medium, achieving storage densities of greater than 10% or 50 g/H2/L. Once interfaced with Jadoo's fuel cell, a typical power system will be able to meet the needs of a 2 week mission (1680 Whrs) with a weight of only 2.56 kg, while an equivalent system of BA5590 batteries would weigh 10.2 kg. The resulting system will be directly applicable to both military applications and to Jadoo's existing commercial products.

LYNNTECH, INC.
7607 Eastmark Drive, Suite 102
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 693-0017
Dr. Wayne Gellett
OSD 05-MT1      Awarded: 05SEP06
Title:Solid Borazane Hydrogen Storage and Generation System
Abstract:Lynntech proposes a hydrogen generator, coupled with Lynntech's previously developed alkaline fuel cell systems for portable applications, that offers advantages over battery power in size, operational time between refueling, and operations in military environments. With 19.6 wt% hydrogen, borazane (NH3BH3), a water soluble, non-cryogenic solid, is one of the most hydrogen rich solids available, and a promising means to deliver hydrogen for use in fuel cells. Lynntech offers a unique solid borazane based hydrogen generator capable of scalable rates of hydrogen production, real time control, including rapid start/stop operation, eliminating the need for heavy high pressure hydrogen storage vessels. For small fuel cell applications, the solid borazane based hydrogen generator is ideally suited for alkaline fuel cell systems, which are not affected by trace amounts of ammonia produced, but can also be used with PEM systems after the removal of the trace ammonium by a passive chemical filter, a simple process compared to hydrocarbon reformate purification. In Phase I, a first generation prototype hydrogen generator based on solid borazane will be built and tested in a variety of military environments, with parallel studies focusing its integration with Lynntech's scalable alkaline fuel cell system for portable applications.

MAINSTREAM ENGINEERING CORP.
200 Yellow Place, Pines Industrial Center
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Dr. Dwight D. Back
OSD 05-MT1      Awarded: 31AUG06
Title:Nano-Enhanced Hydrogen Storage Media for Fuel Cells
Abstract:Many current DoD systems use battery technologies that require extended mission capabilities with reduced volumetric and gravimetric impact. OSD is interested in developing manufacturable technologies with improved volumetric and gravimetric storage densities for hydrogen. Specific design goals are man transportable hydrogen sources with gravimetric and volumetric storage densities greater than 4% and 20 g H2/L, respectively. Metal hydride storage has reached the limits of hydrogen storage capacity over the past 25 years, and large leaps in storage capacity from about 5-6 wt.% are not expected. Increases beyond this will require much lower temperatures or higher pressures, or the media needs to be modified to enhance the storage capacity as well as sorption kinetics. Current metal hydrides can also be poisoned by impurities in the hydrogen, thereby reducing their usable capacity. Nano-structures can be integrated with solid storage media (i.e., directly attached), with potential impacts on storage density, impurity tolerance, and kinetics. This effort will demonstrate the feasibility and comparable performance of innovative solid hydrogen storage media integrated with nanomaterials. Mainstream has already demonstrated the manufacturability of these storage substrates, and project that the OSD volumetric and gravimetric steerage density targets can be met.

MILLENNIUM CELL
1 Industrial Way West
Eatontown, NJ 07724
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 544-5706
Dr. Richard Mohring
OSD 05-MT1      Awarded: 07SEP06
Title:High Energy Hydrogen Sources For Fuel Cell Applications
Abstract:Fuel Cell power sources offer numerous benefits over conventional primary and secondary batteries. The major technical challenge in the implementation of PEM fuel cells is a suitable hydrogen source. In particular, for portable power applications (20-250 W), there is a need to improve the energy density levels of the hydrogen sources to meet many of DoD mission requirements. Millennium Cell has gained significant experience in the development of portable hydrogen sources based on chemical hydrides such as sodium borohydride (NaBH4). In this effort, we will develop a novel approach towards hydrogen generation: reacting an acid solution with a solid sodium borohydride fuel blend. We will design, build and test, a scaleable 30 W hydrogen fuel system to controllably produce hydrogen based on the novel reactor design concept. A thorough safety analysis of the hydrogen generator system based on the design and selected materials will be performed, with a focus on operational safety and transportability. A proof-of-concept prototype that will meet or exceed the specified DoD requirements will be demonstrated at TRL 5.

TDA RESEARCH, INC.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 940-2321
Dr. Girish Srinivas
OSD 05-MT1      Awarded: 08SEP06
Title:Man Portable Hydrogen Generation System
Abstract:The soldier of the twenty-first century will need extended, field deployable, high energy density power sources to run electronic devices such as image displays, range finders, laptop computers, cellular phones, portable digital assistants, and other electronic devices. Currently, the military relies on battery packs which restrict the speed and tactical capability because their low energy density and excessive weight. Polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells hold the promise of being an efficient field power source for the twenty-first century soldier but require a simple, lightweight and reliable hydrogen source. TDA Research, Inc. (TDA) has developed a soldier-portable hydrogen generator for man-portable fuel cell systems. A preliminary system design has been carried out and preliminary tests in our laboratories have shown that our approach is feasible. In the Phase I project, TDA will to carry out detailed feasibility studies from chemical development to manufacturing and production. We will also design and fabricate a pre-prototype device. In the Phase II project, TDA make prototypes for field-testing.

ADVANCED MEMBRANE SYSTEMS, INC.
34 Sullivan Road, Unit #24
N. Billerica, MA 01862
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 439-9261
Mr. Garrin Samii
OSD 05-MT2      Awarded: 30AUG06
Title:Power Source Materials & Subcomponents Manufacturing Improvements
Abstract:Advanced Membrane Systems Inc. (AMS) proposes a 6-month research effort to demonstrate the feasibility of producing a separator for BA-5590 primary batteries. It is proposed to modify the formulation and process condition of an existing separator developed by AMS for lithium ion cells and make it more porous and suitable for BA-5590 batteries and deliver separator samples to DoD labs and battery manufactures for testing and qualification in BA-5590 batteries. The separator developed during this period will utilize AMS' patented wet technology for lithium ion batteries. The research work will be divided into five tasks. The estimated total cost for Phase I of this program is $99,982.

CONCORDE BATTERY CORP.
2009 San Bernardino Road
West Covina, CA 91790
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(336) 884-5370
Dr. David G. Vutetakis
OSD 05-MT2      Awarded: 30AUG06
Title:Improved Internal Connectors for Valve-Regulated Lead-Acid Batteries
Abstract:The objective of this program is to develop and demonstrate lightweight, low resistance internal connections for valve-regulated lead-acid aircraft batteries that are both easy to apply in the assembly process and highly reliable in service. These new connectors will be targeted for use in standard technology VRLA batteries with lead grids as well as advanced technology VRLA batteries with lead-coated aluminum grids. The specific goals are to achieve a 2 to 4 percent savings in the total battery weight and a 5 to 10 percent improvement in high rate performance. A further objective is to improve the vibration resistance of VRLA batteries. The objective of Phase I is to establish the technical feasibility of this new type of intercell connector in both standard technology aircraft batteries (with standard lead grids) and advanced technology aircraft batteries (with lead-coated aluminum grids).

MAXPOWER, INC.
141 Christopher Lane
Harleysville, PA 19438
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 256-4575
Dr. Mark Salomon
OSD 05-MT2      Awarded: 30AUG06
Title:Power Source Materials & Subcomponents Manufacturing Improvements
Abstract:MaxPower, Inc. is proposing a new approach to fabricate and manufacture separator membranes for Li and Li-ion batteries which meet U.S. Army objectives of efficient, rapid and economic manufacturing, and reduced "touched" labor based on automation. To meet these objectives, MaxPower is proposing to develop electrospinning technology employing readily available polymers to optimize parameters for manufacturing separator membranes for Li and Li-ion batteries. These new membranes are designed to possess superior mechanical strength, improved chemical and electrochemical stability, and improved conductivities over the temperature range of -40C to 70C. During Phase I, initial optimization of the technology will involve selection of polymers and electrospinning parameters which will be used to demonstrate automatic production of membranes with specific application to Li-ion batteries such as the BB2590. This new membrane technology will be used to construct and demonstrate Li-ion cells which are the building blocks for the BB-2590 battery. Although the demonstration will focus on the BB-2590 battery, it is important to note that this technology can be used in the manufacture of other types of batteries such as the BA5590 and BA5390 as well as other spirally wound and prismatic designs, and supercapacitors.

QUALLION LLC
12744 San Fernando Road, Building 4
Sylmar, CA 91342
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 833-2013
Dr. Hisashi Tsukamoto
OSD 05-MT2      Awarded: 21SEP06
Title:Power Source Materials & Subcomponents Manufacturing Improvements
Abstract:Quallion LLC will use this funding opportunity to create a secure, domestic supply of lithium ion precursor materials. In Phase I of this project, characterization of precursor materials from three different active materials will be characterized, and the information gathered will be used to produce functionally equivalent precursors. Additionally, a co-precipitation process will be installed at Quallion's facility for "right sized" production capability that is flexible enough to accommodate new and alternative cathode configurations.

T/J TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
3850 Research Park Drive, P.O. Box 2150
Ann Arbor, MI 48106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 213-1637
Dr. Michael R. Wixom
OSD 05-MT2      Awarded: 11SEP06
Title:Critical Precursors for High Rate Rechargeable Batteries
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR will develop a foundation for a secure and domestic supply of a reactant critical to the production of large format high-rate rechargeable batteries. In phase I, a variety of precursors and process equipment will be screened and qualified at laboratory scale. The laboratory scale process technology will be transferred to our subcontractor, an established industrial powder processor serving the metal powder market. With our subcontractor we will demonstrate pilot scale production of the reactant at their production facility. Our phase I objective will be to produce >10 kg/day of the reactant. This will meet anticipated demand for producing prototype large format cells for delivery under existing programs with our military customers. In addition to the reactant, the phase I deliverables will include a bill of materials for the process and a unit process cost model. For each consumable material used in the process we also will deliver a certificate of analysis defining the acceptance criteria. The phase I program will establish a foundation to continue scale up in phase II, with a focus on process control development and cost reduction.

AMBP TECH CORP.
275 Cooper Ave., Suite 112
Tonawanda, NY 14150
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 447-2587
Mr. Nehal Chokshi
OSD 05-MT3      Awarded: 08SEP06
Title:CIGS solar cell manufacturing improvements via Excimer Laser Processing
Abstract:AMBP Tech in collaboration with ITN Energy Systems will demonstrate its Excimer Laser Processing capabilities as an ideal solution to reducing the thermal budgets necessary to process high efficiency CIGS solar cells. This will allow the use of lightweight and cheaper polymer substrates, thus helping achieve lower costs and better manufacturability. In Phase I of the proposed work, AMBP Tech will demonstrate that Excimer Laser Processing does provide a route to low temperature budget processing, show the scaleability of the process and demonstrate a mini roll to roll processing system.

ANVIK CORP.
6 Skyline Drive
Hawthorne, NY 10532
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(914) 345-2442
Dr. Daniel Wright
OSD 05-MT3      Awarded: 13SEP06
Title:Ultra-Lightweight Photovoltaic Cells on Flexible Substrtaes for Energy Conversion Applications
Abstract:Portable devices that can generate electricity from solar power are very attractive for many defense applications, in particular for mobile defence units. Light and durable solar cell panels would greatly simplify the logistics of military operations, such as by eliminating heavy and cumbersome electricity generators and personal battery packs. Advances in amorphous silicon (a-Si) deposition and patterning have led to the development of ultra-light thin-film photovoltaic cells that can be rolled up for efficient storage. The main drawback of currently available devices is the low intrinsic mobility of a-Si, which leads to lower energy conversion efficiency. These drawbacks have thus far prevented thin-film photovoltaic cells from displacing the heavier and more rigid conventional solar cell devices that are based on single-crystal Silicon (c-Si). Standard methods for crystallizing a-Si require high temperatures that are incompatible with thin-film materials, which are often polymeric in nature. One of the most promising techniques for crystallizing silicon on flexible substrates is excimer laser crystallization, which involves using short pulses of ultraviolet (UV) emission from an excimer laser to locally heat a small area of an a-Si substrate. By scanning the laser beam in an appropriate manner over the entire substrate, large areas of single-crystal silicon can be formed. We propose to use our capabilities in excimer laser crystallization as well as our expertise in high-throughput lithography and direct batch photoablation to develop efficient, large-area, lightweight, thin-film photovoltaic devices.

ITN ENERGY SYSTEMS, INC.
8130 Shaffer Pkwy
Littleton, CO 80127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 285-5198
Dr. Garth Jensen
OSD 05-MT3      Awarded: 21SEP06
Title:Scaleable Evaporative Source Development for Multi-meter Wide Roll-to-Roll Flexible CIGS Photovoltaic Manufacturing
Abstract:Flexible, polycrystalline thin-film copper-indium-gallium-diselenide (CIGS) photovoltaics are receiving significant interest by the DoD due to their flexible nature, record efficiency, high specific power, low stowage volume, high stability in a space or airship environment, low-cost roll-to-roll deposition, and the ability to monolithically integrate for reduced integration cost and weight. Current manufacturing is limited to 15 cm and 30 cm wide widths due to challenges with the multisource evaporation process step. ITN and the Colorado School of Mines previously identified issues with evaporative sources and that modeling and experimentation led to a dramatic improvement in yield and device efficiency. In order to increase our plant capacity, our team will apply our multisource evaporation knowledge and our vast modeling experience to develop a scaleable evaporative source that can deposit CIGS onto `standard' webs in excess of one meter wide. In Phase 1, our team will utilize source modeling and specific experimental validation to identify the issues and potential solutions to expanding evaporation sources to accommodate multi-meter web widths. In Phase 2, we will optimize models, fabricate, and test wide evaporation sources in order to evaluate the applicability of this technology to our CIGS manufacturing process for space and near-space applications.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Electro-Op Holo Div, 20600 Gramercy Pl, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Alexander Parfenov
OSD 05-MT3      Awarded: 23SEP06
Title:Flexible Low-Cost Plastic Photovoltaic Solar Cell Technology
Abstract:To address the OSD need for innovative improvements in photovoltaic (PV) cell manufacturing technology, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Flexible Low-Cost Plastic Photovoltaic Solar (FLOPPS) cell and a low-cost production process to manufacture it. The FLOPPS cell consists of a composite layer over a conductive flexible substrate, coated with a transparent electrode and encapsulated in a transparent protective layer. Innovations in this manufacturing technology include 1) solar spectrum matching through doping with fullerene, improving solar conversion efficiency, and 2) use of low-temperature low-cost processes for coating polymer layers over flexible fiber-like substrates to produce surface/shape conformable PV cells. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the FLOPPS cell and fabrication technology by fabricating and testing prototype flexible photovoltaic foils and fibers that could be woven into soldiers' uniform or tent fabric as a limited-scale demonstration of the cell concept and manufacturing process. Phase II will further refine the solar cell design and develop a draft design of full-scale (productivity of 1000 sq. m/hr.) manufacturing equipment that will reduce solar cell production cost to below $0.10/kWh.

TDA RESEARCH, INC.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 940-2317
Dr. Silvia Luebben
OSD 05-MT3      Awarded: 07SEP06
Title:Implementation of Manufacturing of an Organic Transparent Thin Film Conductor for Flexible Solar Cells
Abstract:The U.S. Department of Defense has a need for a new generation of photovoltaics (PV) cells and arrays that are economic to make, flexible, rugged and can be constructed on a variety of flexible substrates including thin plastic sheets and fabrics. Transparent, highly conducting materials are needed to replace the brittle and expensive tin-doped indium oxide (ITO) and enable the fabrication of truly flexible solar cells and other electronic devices. During previous projects, TDA Research, Inc. (TDA) has developed conducting polymers that can be spin-coated from non-corrosive organic solutions on a variety of flexible substrates to produce highly transparent thin films of low surface resistance. Unfortunately, the large-scale production of TDA's materials is difficult because the current process is not optimized and therefore is poorly reproducible. Furthermore, the cost of production could be greatly reduced with a process that is re-designed to allow the recycle of spent reagents and solvents. During this SBIR Phase I project TDA will develop and begin to implement a cost effective and reproducible manufacturing process for producing optically transparent and electrically conducting polymers so that sufficient quantities of polymers can be routinely manufactured and used in the fabrication of economic solar cells and a variety of other flexible electronic devices.

EMF SYSTEMS, INC.
14670 Highway 9
Boulder Creek, CA 95006
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(831) 338-1800
Mr. David F.Smith
OSD 05-MT4      Awarded: 19SEP06
Title:High Performance and Low Cost Electrode Process
Abstract:A "right-sized" electrode production process is proposed which is based upon a re-engineered current collecting substrate for electrodes. The electrodes have an inordinate number of open pores which increase the discharge rate capability and efficiency by a significant amount. The electrode polarization of Ag2O electrodes is <210 mV at current densities of 2,000 ma/cm2 at 7oC ambient temperature. A benchtop machine based upon a design for a full production process will be fabricated and used first to produce Ag2O electrodes, then Zn electrodes for use in silver-zinc batteries. The benchtop machine will also be used to produce electrodes for evaluation in lithium-ion, Li-MnO2, Li-SOCl2, and electrochemical capacitors.

ERIGO TECHNOLOGIES LLC
28 Chosen Vale Lane
Enfield, NH 03748
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 632-4156
Dr. Nabil Elkouh
OSD 05-MT4      Awarded: 21SEP06
Title:Battery Powder Production
Abstract:Powder production is often the rate limiting step in thermal battery production. The current powder production technique for lithium-based alloys and electrolyte is costly, labor intensive, time consuming, and leads to highly variable product. Because of the extremely reactive nature of these materials, advances in this area are difficult because of the special care that must be taken in the selection of atmosphere and other process conditions. Direct melt-to-powder atomization practices are effectively used in the powder metallurgy industry to produce large volumes of high quality product. In this Phase I, we will prove the feasibility of adapting a similar process that is free of moving parts in the process stream. Our proposed innovation reduces the manual handling required, particularly in the molten state, and will lead to lower costs and higher quality. In Phase I, we will construct a facility to evaluate the design and process control parameters of the atomizer using a simulant. In Phase II, we will construct a dedicated powder production facility for the actual battery materials and use it to produce powder at prototypical production rates. This powder will be pressed into pellets that will be inserted into batteries and tested.

MAXPOWER, INC.
141 Christopher Lane
Harleysville, PA 19438
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 256-4575
Dr. Benjamin Meyer
OSD 05-MT4      Awarded: 21SEP06
Title:Nonrechargeable Battery Manufacturing Improvements
Abstract:The U.S. military is seeking improved methods of battery manufacturing which will enhance the ability of DoD-interest in battery manufacturers to produce nonrechargeable (primary) batteries. The current dough-batch teflonated process for making MnO2 cathodes is quite labor intensive and time consuming. Twin screw extrusion technology is an alternative method of manufacture which offers faster production times, reliability, reduced labor, and higher efficiency. Twin screw extrusion technology is inherently scalable for "right-sizing" production capacity leading to lower production costs and labor time. Building upon previous success in the extrusion of rechargeable Li-Ion (LiCoO2 and LiNi0.8Co0.2O2) PVdF cathodes, MaxPower proposes to adapt the twin screw extrusion process to Li/MnO2 primary cell technology. The main objective of Phase I is to demonstrate that the twin screw extrusion process is compatible with these primary battery systems. Phase II will incur further optimization of the cathode compositions and the introduction of CFx as an alternative candidate system to be selected for the production of BA-5390 batteries for the U.S military. With successful implementation of Phase I and Phase II, the twin screw extrusion processing method should readily transfer to the market scale for both military and commercial applications of primary Li/MnO2 battery systems.

QUALLION LLC
12744 San Fernando Road, Building 4
Sylmar, CA 91342
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 833-2002
Dr. Hisashi Tsukamoto
OSD 05-MT4      Awarded: 21SEP06
Title:Nonrechargeable Battery Manufacturing Improvements
Abstract:Quallion LLC will use this funding opportunity to create a domestic "right size" CFx material production line scaled to meet the limited demands of the aerospace and military markets. Additionally, a new D-size Li CFx battery production line will be installed at Quallion's facility for cost effective, low volume production with enhanced reliability, long-term supply guarantee and design flexibility.

YARDNEY TECHNICAL PRODUCTS, INC.
82 Mechanic Street
Pawcatuck, CT 06379
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 599-1100
Dr. Arthur Dobley
OSD 05-MT4      Awarded: 19SEP06
Title:Innovative Lightweight Metal-Air Cell Cases for Non-Rechargeable Batteries
Abstract:Some of the challenges of manufacturing batteries for military applications are: low quantities, sporadic demand, high price and various power sources. If a Multi-Functional Cell Case for Metal-Air Batteries, such as Lithium-Air, Aluminum-Air, and Zinc-Air could be created, then it would be possible to reduce cost, increase energy density and possibly allow the automation of the assembly process to further reduce cost. Molded cell cases allow for the production of any quantity of product at reasonable costs. Most of the metal-air chemistries have reached their maximum energy with current materials. The limiting factor is the weight of the cell case. Yardney's new concept of one lightweight plastic case design that is capable of producing cell cases for several types of metal-air batteries attacks this specific problem. These innovative cases are suitable for quick automated assembly. In this Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project, Yardney proposes to investigate this design concept using lightweight materials suitable for low cost and quick assembly. These cell cases will provide a high quality and lightweight energy storage device for military applications.

DYNAMIC STRUCTURES & MATERIALS, LLC
205 Williamson Square
Franklin, TN 37064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(615) 595-6665
Dr. JEFFREY PAINE
OSD 05-MT5      Awarded: 09AUG06
Title:Innovative Piezoelectric Air Pump Manufacturing Technology
Abstract:Dynamic Structures and Materials, LLC (DSM) proposes an innovative manufacturing technology for piezoelectric air pumps. The novel approach for manufacturing will take piezoelectric pumps, which have been generally designed and manufactured using a hand intensive process, from a laboratory stage to a production ready stage. Bringing the piezoelectric pump to a production stage will make them valuable as compact, efficient and quiet air-flow pumps for the emerging fuel cell market. Piezoelectric drive pumps have significant advantages over conventional electromagnetic driven pump technologies in the area of weight, reliability and low acoustic signature. The pump design will gain its "smarts" by incorporating an on board micro-controller to coordinate the pumping control and monitor flow output. The manufacturing improvements will focus on less expensive machining and production methods for compact flexure based mechanisms and assembly methods for reducing the hand intensive processes used in traditional piezoelectric device assembly.

LYNNTECH, INC.
7607 Eastmark Drive, Suite 102
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 693-0017
Dr. Brad Fiebig
OSD 05-MT5      Awarded: 05SEP06
Title:A Low Power, Low Noise, Electrochemically Driven Air Pump for Portable Fuel Cell Systems
Abstract:Lynntech proposes to develop a low power, low noise, electrochemically driven air pump for portable fuel cell systems. Air delivery is achieved using a dual-diaphragm pump actuated via Lynntech's highly energy efficient electrochemical pump. In Phase I a prototype pump will be developed to demonstrate the feasibility of a five-fold reduction in size and weight over conventional air pumps. Operation in cold environments will also be demonstrated. In Phase II fully functional air pumps will be developed, demonstrated, and delivered for third party integration and testing.

MESOSCOPIC DEVICES, LLC
510 Compton Street, Suite 106
Broomfield, CO 80020
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 466-6968
Dr. Jerry Martin
OSD 05-MT5      Awarded: 16AUG06
Title:Turboblower optimized for man-portable fuel cells
Abstract:Mesoscopic Devices proposes to develop an innovative fuel cell air delivery system that is smaller, 50% more efficient than competing approaches and produces less than one-quarter of the noise of conventional diaphragm compressors. Advanced air delivery systems using our approach will reduce the size of portable power systems and increase efficiency through reductions in parasitic power draw and increases in stack performance. Advances in warfighter's capabilities are being driven by enhanced electronics which require power levels that can best be supplied by fuel cell generators. Our advanced air delivery system will reduce the size, increase the efficiency and reduce the noise of these generators. Phase I will demonstrate feasibility through advanced component modeling and hardware demonstration. We will also evaluate manufacturing options in Phase I to provide a low-cost path to commercialization for military and consumer applications.

PAR TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
1000 Lucas Way, Suite B
Hampton, VA 23666
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 766-4533
Mr. Tim Michalski
OSD 05-MT5      Awarded: 21SEP06
Title:Lightweight Air Pumps/Blowers For Man Portable Fuel Cells
Abstract:Fuel Cell technology is making great strides in terms of efficiency and size and may soon replace the battery in portable power source applications. However, there are issues in the balance of plant surrounding the fuel cell stack that must be resolved before the technology can fulfill its potential. Specifically, traditional electric motor driven pumps are limited in terms of miniaturization and power efficiency; have life spans that fall far short of the fuel cell they support; and do not integrate well into small packages. PAR Technologies, LLC proposes that a piezoceramic based technology is a superior choice for fuel cell balance of plant applications. Unencumbered by the physical requirements of a rotor, windings, shafts, and bearings, piezoceramic air pumps occupy a fraction of the volume required by traditional devices and can be readily integrated into a variety of packaging possibilities. PAR's proprietary RLPT (Ruggedized Laminated Piezo) technology lends significantly increased efficiency when compared to any other solution and has a reliability that is measured in terms of billions of cycles with an MTTF over 100,000 hours. PAR Technologies, Inc. specializes in advanced Piezo Applications Research using its proprietary line of high performance Ruggedized Laminated Piezo (RLPT) actuators.

MESOSCOPIC DEVICES, LLC
510 Compton Street, Suite 106
Broomfield, CO 80020
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 466-6968
Dr. Joseph Poshusta
OSD 05-MT6      Awarded: 26SEP06
Title:Highly integrated reformer and SOFC power source for UUVs
Abstract:Mesoscopic Devices will demonstrate a novel approach to an integrated reformer, SOFC stack, and system design that will make fuel cell generators practical for unmanned underwater vehicle (UUV) applications. The new design will greatly reduce overall system complexity while simultaneously maximizing system efficiency and minimizing size. Simplicity, efficiency, and size are all critical parameters for UUV power generators that must be reliable and simple to use at sea while also achieving aggressive energy density goals. Preliminary system modeling indicates that the proposed approach will exceed an energy density of 400 W-h/L, and may reach beyond 550 W-h/L. This energy density, which includes the oxidant and storage system, is made possible by the expected high system efficiency of 42% and compact generator design. Phase I will prove technical feasibility by demonstrating key fabrication methods and operating performance of a subscale system based on the new technology.

TDA RESEARCH, INC.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 940-2349
Dr. Gokhan Alptekin
OSD 05-MT6      Awarded: 11AUG06
Title:Novel Fuel Reformer for Undersea Applications
Abstract:The major drawback to the use of fuel cells as electric generators in unmanned undersea vehicles (UUVs) is their inability to directly use battlefield fuels. In order to efficiently use heavy hydrocarbon fuels (e.g., JP-8, diesel, dodecane) in an air independent environment, the fuel must first be reformed to a hydrogen-rich synthesis gas stream in a highly energy intensive process which is inherently inefficient. TDA Research, Inc. (TDA) proposes to develop a novel fuel processor that allows the heat generated in the Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) stacks to be utilized to drive the endothermic steam reforming process. Due to the better heat management by coupling the reformer with the SOFC stacks, TDA's fuel processor operates very efficiently and minimizes the amount of fuel and oxidant storage needed to support the operation of the fuel cell. In Phase I, we will carry out a comprehensive design of a novel fuel processor that could convert dodecane and JP8 (with the proper desulfurization option) to a synthesis gas mixture that could run a 3 kWe SOFC. We will also demonstrate the key aspects of the proposed technology in bench-scale.

BOSTON-POWER, INC.
2200 West Park Drive, Suite 320
Westborough, MA 01581
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 366-0885
Dr. Sherman Zeng
OSD 05-MT7      Awarded: 12SEP06
Title:Rechargeable Battery Manufacturing Improvements
Abstract:A new manufacturing step is proposed which produces improved cathode electrodes for Li-ion batteries. This process enables fabrication of high density electrodes. The high density electrodes are implemented into Li-ion batteries that have improved capacity, rate capability, and superior life compared to state-of-art Li-ion batteries used in the industry today.

BOUNDLESS CORP.
2500 Central Avenue, Suite L
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 415-9029
Dr. John Olson
OSD 05-MT7      Awarded: 06SEP06
Title:Novel Manufacturing Process for High Power Laminated Lithium-Ion Batteries
Abstract:Boundless proposes to show the feasibility of an entirely new manufacturing process to enable efficient long-run or short-run production of a completely new, high-power, low-cost, lithium-ion polymer battery. Boundless will work with Lithium Technology Corporation to evaluate the feasibility of adapting existing battery manufacturing equipment to permit efficient short-run production and rapid run-to-run product changeover. The new battery incorporates only the best characteristics of lithium-ion polymer batteries and liquid-electrolyte cells: low cost, flexible lightweight packaging, flat profile for optimal thermal transfer and multi-cell stacking efficiency, laminated construction for simple scaling of size and form factor, exceptional ionic conductivity (high power), wide operating temperature range and long cycle life. The new process will produce batteries with standard liquid electrolytes and industry-standard lithium-ion electrodes (carbon anodes, lithium/metal oxide cathodes) laminated together using Boundless' novel high-porosity polymeric separator material. It requires no costly and problematic extractions or gellification steps. Unlike spot-tacking lamination techniques, power is maximized since none of the electrode/separator area is sacrificed, and 80%+ porous separator increases high-rate capability in lithium-ion cells to three or more times that of cells with commercial separators. The low-cost process may be readily adapted for use with standard industry fabrication equipment.

CONCORDE BATTERY CORP.
2009 San Bernardino Road
West Covina, CA 91790
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(336) 884-5370
Dr. David G. Vutetakis
OSD 05-MT7      Awarded: 15SEP06
Title:Plating System for Lightweight Valve-Regulated Lead Acid Batteries
Abstract:The objective of the proposed work is to develop and demonstrate a pilot-scale lead plating process to make lightweight grids for valve-regulated lead acid aircraft batteries. The lightweight grids consist of an aluminum core that is plated with a thin layer of lead or lead-tin alloy. The objective of Phase I is to determine the technical and economic merits of alternate manufacturing methods that are capable of producing grids of the required quality and quantity. A manufacturing capability equivalent to 25 batteries per day will be targeted for the pilot-scale operation. This capacity is sufficient to meet the near term demand of military aircraft that currently use VRLA batteries. The preferred manufacturing method will be selected and detailed in Phase I and will serve as the basis for follow-on work in Phase II.

GINER, INC.
89 Rumford Avenue
Newton, MA 02466
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 529-0530
Dr. Robert C. McDonald
OSD 05-MT7      Awarded: 06SEP06
Title:Rapid Method for Producing Uniform Lithium Ion Anodes for Low Production Demand
Abstract:A novel, cost effective method of manufacturing thin, very uniform anodes for Lithium Ion Battery electrodes in limited production quantities will be developed and demonstrated. The effort will focus on: 1) decreasing processing time; 2) reducing material waste in small lot sizes; 3) lower investment cost for equipment used in low production volumes; 4) improving electrode uniformity of thickness and composition. The last objective is intended to improve cycling performance of extended cycle life by eliminating local areas of excessive charge or discharge, due to imbalance of active materials. The proposed method provides better separation of active material particles in the electrode matrix, so that each particle is fully wetted with electrolyte and in contact with conductive carbon particles to reduce internal resistance and insure that all active material is utilized in charge/discharge cycles. The method is scalable and can be adapted to batch production of different electrode sizes.

MAXPOWER, INC.
141 Christopher Lane
Harleysville, PA 19438
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 256-4575
Mr. Frank Cassel
OSD 05-MT7      Awarded: 08SEP06
Title:Rechargeable Battery Manufacturing Improvements
Abstract:Current Li-ion technology with respect to its electrochemistry and manufacturing technique is still LiCoO2-based and packaged in cylindrical configuration popularly known as the "18650" cell. For larger cell sizes ranging from 10-100Ah, traditional parallel plate cell stacking technique is the most common cell assembly technique. In this Phase I project, MaxPower intends to introduce a fan-folding cell assembly concept and bring to it to a finalized design using an electrochemical system that would allow a direct comparison between this assembly system and the system currently developed for pilot scale manufacturing. In a parallel task, MaxPower will also develop an electrochemical system with greater inherent stability than the current lithium ion systems by building a limited baseline database using cells containing Li4Ti5O12 and a Li1.11Ni0.37Co0.18Mn0.37O2 as the negative and positive electrodes, respectively. This approach will produce a design for an automated machine that will be able to produce cells at an increased rate with built in flexibility as well as a lithium ion system that has a greater margin of safety on the cell level.

MATERIALS & ELECTROCHEMICAL RESEARCH (MER) CORP.
7960 S. Kolb Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 574-1980
Dr. Juan Sepulveda
OSD 05-MT8      Awarded: 01AUG06
Title:High Efficiency, Lightweight, Anode-Supported, Intermediate Temperature SOFC for Undersea Applications
Abstract:This Phase 1 SBIR OSD project proposes the development and testing of an anode-supported intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cell (ACN AS-IT-SOFC) that exhibits high electrochemical efficiency, high degree of fuel utilization (reformed JP-8, diesel, or dodecane), and low operating temperature characteristics intended for undersea applications or other commercial users. The proposed cell design is fuelled by in-situ reformed fuel like JP-8 or diesel and operates at a lower temperature of 600-800C (as compared to 800-1000C for conventional SOFC cells), at 0.55 V, 4.60 amp/cm2, and produces a power density of 2.5 W/cm2. The unit cell design is light resulting in cell stack configuration that produces 2 kW/kg requiring approximately 1 kW/L, including fuel and oxidant supplies as well as balance of plant components. Reliable cell performance is intended to endure at least 10,000 hours of operation before a major overhaul is required. The ACN AS-IT-SOFC technology to be developed is intended for quick scale up to plant-scale production after Phase II project execution. The innovative design for the ACN AS-IT-SOFC fuel cell makes use of a highly conductive porous anode manufactured using MER's PCM technology, a highly ionic conductor electrolyte, and a very efficient cathode.

MATERIALS & SYSTEMS RESEARCH, INC.
5395 West 700 South
Salt Lake City, UT 84104
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 530-4987
Dr. Joon-Ho Koh
OSD 05-MT8      Awarded: 18AUG06
Title:Interconnect Coating of Planar SOFC Stacks for Undersea Applications
Abstract:The development of an effective coating technology is proposed to be applied for planar SOFC stacks. In Phase I, a short stack with coated interconnects will be tested and compared to an identical stack with uncoated interconnects. Several coating methods will be evaluated. With the proposed coating strategy and the established SOFC technologies, a durable 1-3 kW SOFC system will be developed.

MESOSCOPIC DEVICES, LLC
510 Compton Street, Suite 106
Broomfield, CO 80020
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 466-6968
Dr. Joseph Poshusta
OSD 05-MT8      Awarded: 26SEP06
Title:Highly integrated SOFC power source for UUVs
Abstract:Mesoscopic Devices will demonstrate a novel approach to an integrated reformer, SOFC stack, and system design that will make fuel cell generators practical for unmanned underwater vehicle (UUV) applications. The new design will greatly reduce overall system complexity while simultaneously maximizing system efficiency and minimizing size. Simplicity, efficiency, and size are all critical parameters for UUV power generators that must be reliable and simple to use at sea while also achieving aggressive energy density goals. Preliminary system modeling indicates that the proposed approach will exceed an energy density of 400 W-h/L, and may reach beyond 550 W-h/L. This energy density, which includes the oxidant and storage system, is made possible by the expected high system efficiency of 42% and compact generator design. Phase I will prove technical feasibility by demonstrating key fabrication methods and operating performance of a subscale system based on the new technology.

BROADATA COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
2545 W. 237th Street, Suite K
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 530-1416
Dr. Matheos Kazantzidis
OSD 05-NC1      Awarded: 28JUL06
Title:Systematic Generation of Smarter Keys for Rapidly Deployable Authentication
Abstract:The Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) is seeking to research and develop mechanisms and systems for providing inter-operable, secure, dynamic authentication of individuals, systems, devices and processes in the tactical coalition environment. Broadata Communications, Inc. (BCI) proposes to develop an entirely new generic mechanism that has the capability to, construct appropriate in real-time, keys that can be tightly coupled to a security policy, an access control, or a system/human entity. This means that a single key can be used in an authentication protocol and be provided through current protocols, however, its authentication does not have to through a central certifying authority or a Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) of certifying authorities. The system can be used during a tactical coalition mission in mobile and non-mobile networks., and we call it "Smarter Key".

MAXIM SYSTEMS
1615 Murray Canyon Road, Suite 400
San Diego, CA 92108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(619) 574-2274
Mr. Tai Seibert
OSD 05-NC1      Awarded: 01AUG06
Title:Mission-oriented Authentication in a Multi-Domain Security Environment
Abstract:Using Phase I SBIR funding, MAXIM Systems will perform a comprehensive study of identity management and authentication products to determine ideal solutions for the problems associated with Mission-oriented Authentication (MOA). MOA is a common problem in any environment where users, systems, devices, or processes are authenticated on one domain, but must get controlled information from another. Traditional solutions of using a common centralized directory of user privileges limits scalability, while a decentralized authentication approach of mutual trust between domains does not allow new users or systems to join in a dynamic way because of the uncertainty of their credentials. Problems of this nature arise within most every coalition warfare environment, particularly when users or systems from different host nations must share classified information in often unpredictable ways to accomplish their mission goals. The same types of problems occur in the commercial world with supply chain networks and other collaborative environments involving proprietary or trade secret information. As part of this work, MAXIM will identify best of breed technologies and develop a roadmap for an ideal multi and cross domain MOA solution and associated architecture using current technologies to the maximum degree possible.

REFERENTIA SYSTEMS, INC.
550 Paiea Street, Suite #236
Honolulu, HI 96819
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 423-1900
Stacey Anfuso
OSD 05-NC1      Awarded: 31JUL06
Title:Cross Enclave Authentication Service (CEAS)
Abstract:A new approach is needed for effectively addressing the fundamental security requirement of authentication within a multi-national environment. The Cross Enclave Authentication Service (CEAS) will be secure, based upon the principle of `least privilege', with enforcement through discretionary and mandatory access controls (DAC and MAC). Technically, CEAS will be interoperable with a variety of credential identifiers and directory service mechanisms, and will be based upon an approach that will be acceptable to international partner coalitions. The solution defined within this proposal will allow users, devices and processes to be identified and authenticated in a multi-national mission oriented context based upon security clearance levels, releasability compartments and operational roles. Referentia Systems Incorporated (Referentia) and Sigaba propose to develop this system using the federated authentication architecture combined with the multi-level secure design. These concepts combined will enable US forces and their coalition partners to communicate securely and selectively based upon each user's clearance, role and need to know within the coalition enclave. The security roles assigned to an individual, process or device may be dynamically changed during a mission only by an authorized system administrator.

ASIER TECHNOLOGY CORP.
5068 West Plano Parkway, Suite 336
Plano, TX 75093
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(972) 738-8579
Mr. Kevin Henson
OSD 05-NC2      Awarded: 28APR06
Title:Cryptographic Search Engines for Sharing Data Across Multiple Security Domains
Abstract:Asier Technology is proposing an automated method for tagging, searching and sharing sensitive information across multiple security domains. This approach centers on a cryptographically enabled search engine and an automated method of adding XML meta-data to existing files to encrypting and store them securely. Off-the-shelf search engine and display software would be modified to cryptographically enforce information assurance policies end-to-end, across all security domains. In essence, an authorized and authenticated user would enter search criteria and receive results based on his or her role and responsibility. Different people would receive different results with the same search criteria. The sensitive material remains encrypted with a high degree of granularly as it is stored and processed; it is only decrypted when it is displayed on an authorized user's screen. Asier plans to leverage existing search engine and context sensitive data-mining algorithms and combine them with sound INFOSEC strategies to build a cross-platform system capable of handling the information retrieval and sharing needs of disparate agencies securely. We believe that is a near term solution to horizontal data fusion problems.

CYBERNEUTICS, INC.
503 Mountain Lake Avenue
Pearisburg, VA 24134
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 242-3386
Ms. Patti Craig-Hart
OSD 05-NC2      Awarded: 28APR06
Title:Just Enough Data Interoperability (JEDI)
Abstract:U.S. Combatant Commanders require seamless exchange of operational and intelligence information between combined forces, alliance partners, and the joint combatant commands in order to prosecute an expanding mission spectrum within a complex and dynamic global battlespace. The goal of confidential, multi-level information sharing over a single network for multiple communities of interest (COI), however, remains elusive. To address this shortfall, Cyberneutics proposes Just Enough Data Interoperability (JEDI) which instantiates a human-computer division of labor that combines network hardware, application software, and warfighter tactics, techniques and procedures (TTPs) for minimizing information latency while safeguarding operational and intelligence information from unauthorized disclosure. On the information technology side, JEDI is a template-based architecture for sharing just enough data, but no more, between diverse groups in a cooperative endeavor. This template supports plug and play integration of COTS and GOTS network and security functionality and scales to encompass separate, simultaneous COIs across common network transport where the owner of the information retains the control of access. On the human process side, JEDI concepts of operations (CONOPS) and their component TTPs are emergent phenomena, rather than restrictive and inefficient planning artifacts developed for specific missions and then modified haphazardly in time of crisis to suit particular circumstances.

ENKIA CORP.
75 5th St NW , Suite 354
Atlanta, GA 30308
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(866) 468-8882
Dr. Mark Devaney
OSD 05-NC2      Awarded: 02MAY06
Title:Intelligent Assistant For Just Enough Data Sharing Across Multiple Security Domains
Abstract:While recent efforts in cross-domain information sharing have developed platforms and infrastructure for information sharing, they do not address the question of the content of the information that is being shared. This project will develop the latter capability: identifying information that is (i) relevant and (ii) sharable. This is a key problem in "just enough" data sharing, especially in crisis situations when there is not enough time available for human users to make this determination. We propose an innovative approach to semi-manual and automatic "information review" that can: (i) identify documents that should/shouldn't be shared, given the topical relevance of those parts to the users and task context, and (ii) identify parts of documents that should/should not be shared, based on security level of the domain and potential users. Our approach will enable development of an "intelligent information sharing assistant" (IISA) which will help cooperating groups share information in an operational setting without cognitive overload.

STOTTLER HENKE ASSOC., INC.
951 Mariner's Island Blvd., STE 360
San Mateo, CA 94404
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(206) 545-1478
Mr. T. J. Goan
OSD 05-NC2      Awarded: 28APR06
Title:A User Centered and Adaptive Approach to Sharing Just Enough Data
Abstract:We propose an innovative approach to filling the need for tools supporting safe sharing in high OPTEMPO situations. A major objective for our Just Enough Data (JED) sharing system is supporting the expression of policy in a form that the user will find natural to the task while also being executable. More specifically, JED will utilize a core (fairly static) policy, as well as a dynamic operational policy which maintains the rules, exceptions, and temporary concepts that facilitate the task of human disclosure officers. Users will be able to specify portions of the executable policy that can be relied upon to make fully-automated information release decisions, as well as control the manner in which this policy will facilitate human review. The user interface will also provide for in-place policy adaptation - allowing users to further optimize sharing as well as provide feedback that can be used to refine certain elements of the policy interpretation logic. This piece-meal and adaptive approach to sharing automation will be key to establishing trust with human users while also increasing the rate of safe sharing. Phase I prototype development will provide a solid foundation for complete implementation in Phase II.

ASSETT, INC.
8616 Phoenix Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 365-7379
Mr. Dave McNichol
OSD 05-NC3      Awarded: 28MAR06
Title:Guaranteed Data Integrity in the GIG-NCES Environment
Abstract:Our approach is to merge two specific areas of our team's expertise to address the SBIR topic of guaranteed data integrity. The first exploits our knowledge and expertise gained in our IA work on DOD systems including the Defense Message System. The second utilizes and extends the foundational work accomplished by the Federated Trust Research Group (FTRG) in the Department of Computer Science at the University of Virginia. The FTRG is currently in year four of an on-going project to determine whether a web services approach is an effective technique for implementing the privacy and security requirements attendant to medical data in accordance with federal HIPAA regulations for multi-domain, multi-enterprise, medical networks supporting e-healthcare applications. To answer that question, UVa's FTRG has developed a security architecture that uses a standards-based approach, SAML, for authenticating users (humans and software), and XACML for resolving authorization issues. This IA framework is breaking new ground to develop effective techniques to achieve federation (trust exchange across trust domain boundaries such as different organizations). A prototype that implements these core functions of authentication, authorization, and federation has been developed. This research will extend these techniques to support guaranteeing data integrity in the GIG/NCO environment.

CFD RESEARCH CORP.
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4800
Mr. Michael Lee
OSD 05-NC3      Awarded: 23MAR06
Title:Data Integrity in Network Environments and Storage (DINES)
Abstract:In this SBIR program, CFDRC will develop and implement an innovative, multi-tiered data integrity software system named DINES to guarantee data integrity in the GIG-NCES environment. DINES uses digital signatures to guarantee the integrity of the data and meta-data, and provides mechanisms to optimize performance for permanent storage, network communication, and streaming data. DINES addresses deficiencies in current systems such as 1) the trust in signatures compromised in the future, 2) the lack of necessary meta-data information, 3) substantial network overhead, and 4) the use of expensive cryptographic operations. The unique, multi-tiered nature of DINES allows the integrity of data to be guaranteed. By employing the advanced Meta-data Request Protocol and using XML formatted meta-data, DINES ensures extensibility for future meta-data requirements. In Phase I, feasibility will be shown by implementing and testing the basic components and showing that DINES maintains data integrity in networks and storage systems. Existing data integrity systems will be examined to determine additional features to include in the Phase II prototype. In Phase II, the entire system will be designed and implemented by extending the best practices discovered in Phase I. Also in Phase II, new components will be added, such as a GUI. The completed system will be tested and benchmarked using realistic network applications.

PROGENY SYSTEMS CORP.
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 368-6107
Mr. Gary Sikora
OSD 05-NC3      Awarded: 23MAR06
Title:Guaranteed Data Integrity in the GIG-NCES Environment
Abstract:Our approach to the problem is to utilize IO metadata to convey provenance information. The JBI Metadata Repository then becomes the capturing system for provenance data. Reasoning capability becomes trivial following the capture of provenance data. Our pedigree system is modeled to allow for rapid formulaic reasoning. The trust management framework, coupled with the IMS Portal, provides the foundation for an Information Management System. Thru the IMS Portal the administrator may set trust levels of specific publishers to higher and lower levels. Publishers may be rewarded for providing reliable information and penalized when exceeding a level of unreliable publications. Hence publishers are discouraged from publishing inaccurate data which leads to the promotion of positive behavior in the JBI environment. Collaboration is implicitly supported by the trust framework. IO consumers will be able to utilize published data from unknown sources with the reliability that they require for their projects.

21ST CENTURY TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
4515 Seton Center Parkway, Suite 320
Austin, TX 78759
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 342-0010
Dr. Arthur Keen
OSD 05-NC4      Awarded: 25SEP06
Title:Situational Awareness using Graph Evaluation (SAGE)
Abstract:Current situational awareness methods on DoD networks focus on collecting ever-increasing amounts of network generated data while the resources to analyze it remain relatively fixed. The deployment of the Global Information Grid (GIG) will exacerbate this problem in expanding the size of defense networks by orders of magnitude while simultaneously increasing the mission criticality of these networks. In an attempt to address this problem, defense organizations have purchased commercial Security Information Management systems (SIMs) which collect and normalize the alert data into a relational database for further analysis. This convenient data organization has not increased situation awareness of monitored networks. There are no automated processes that can take advantage of these stores of collected information. Our solution, Situational Awareness using Graph Evaluation (SAGE), uses Social Network Analysis based statistical analysis, Graph Pattern Matching, and security domain ontologies in an innovative way to take advantage of terabyte sized SIMs to provide actionable intelligence and situational awareness. We will leverage our Army Research Lab funded Graph Matching Intrusion Detection System for detecting tactically coordinated attacks, as well as our Air Force Research Lab funded NETWAR for detecting strategic coordinated attacks and the DARPA funded TMODS project for detecting Terrorist Modus Operandi.

TRINETRA, LLC
1015 Grand Concourse #4H
Bronx, NY 10452
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(304) 685-3876
Mr. Sentil Selliah
OSD 05-NC4      Awarded: 25SEP06
Title:Mining Extant Security-Relevant Information to Yield GIG Situational Awareness and Actionable Intelligence
Abstract:Mining information produced by network and security devices is a vital component of any security operation. Over the years number of security devices and network services/devices that spit out information has significantly increased. Unfortunately, the methods to mine this data to extract meaningful information has remained unchanged, mostly focusing on intrusion detection systems and firewalls. The use of correlation of fusion of alerts usually yields no useful information about a network or the state of hosts that make a network. We focus on two major goals. First, we will focus on methods to identify the roles-of-hosts in a network using the normalized data source. Out of lot of noisy entries running this algorithm will classify hosts into a variety of categories, such as workstations, web servers, DNS servers, NATs, etc. Secondly, we will create heuristics and algorithms to detect zombies in large networks using the data source. This algorithm will be able to identify zombie-like behaviors within a network which can then be verified out of band. In both algorithms will also work on on-line mode for streaming data so that security personnel can monitor change of behavior of a host in real-time.

ASPIRIN SOFTWARE, INC.
1799 Croner Avenue
Menlo Park, CA 94025
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 325-2957
Mr. Brad Stone
OSD 05-NC5      Awarded: 27APR06
Title:Advanced Network Architectures for Prioritized Operations
Abstract:A service-prioritized agent network provides a self-healing, self-organizing infrastructure suitable for managing large-scale networks and systems. Cooperating agents negotiate services to perform and protect, and re-organize proactively and reactively in response to failures and security threats. Distributed agents function autonomously but share a common goal set and plans.

SENTAR, INC.
4900 University Square, Suite 8
Huntsville, AL 35816
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 430-0860
Mr. Andrew Potter
OSD 05-NC5      Awarded: 27APR06
Title:Active Resource Manager (ARM)
Abstract:The need for self-managing networks is readily apparent. As network systems become more vital to the organizational mission, they grow larger, faster, more complex, and more difficult to protect. However, developing a technology for effective self-management is challenging. The solution must have the ability to plan and carry out transitions from actual to desired state of the network within a complex, fluid environment. The proposed Active Resource Manager (ARM) will monitor and integrate data from an extensible set of network management resources, cyber-defense sensors, and executable policies. An Event Synthesis Agent will use fast graph comparison algorithms for consolidation and classification of network events. The consolidated events will be used by ARM Reasoning Agents for generation of Response Specifications. These Response Specifications will be used by the SNMP Interface Agent to define the executable commands for altering the network state. Agent marshalling will provide an evolvable problem solving process by means of intelligent selection of ARM Reasoning Agents, whose capabilities may be nominally redundant but whose relative strengths and weakness may vary. In the Phase I SBIR, Sentar will develop a detailed system design for self-managed networks and provide a demonstration of the response generation process in a lab environment.

STOTTLER HENKE ASSOC., INC.
951 Mariner's Island Blvd., STE 360
San Mateo, CA 94404
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(770) 969-3774
Mr. Charles Earl
OSD 05-NC5      Awarded: 27APR06
Title:Advanced Network Architectures for Prioritized Operations
Abstract:When a network is global in size, the idea that it can be adequately monitored and adjusted in real time by a limited human staff of operators rapidly becomes obsolete. Future networks will require much more approaches that assume a high degree of fully automated prioritization, fault recovery, and security responses than is possible with current manually-intensive administration approaches. The need for more automated administration is further increased by the rapidly increasing convergence of voice, data, and other forms of communications onto a single network architecture. Automatically fault-tolerant network management strategies will be needed to allow dynamic prioritization based on mission priorities, and will need to support capabilities such as self-healing and self-organization to accomplish rapid, effective automated management of resources. Our goal in this Phase I project is to design and prototype the core features of a system supporting these features.

21ST CENTURY TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
4515 Seton Center Parkway, Suite 320
Austin, TX 78759
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 342-0010
Dr. Arthur Keen
OSD 05-NC6      Awarded: 27APR06
Title:Security Policy Enforcement and Compliance System (SPECS)
Abstract:While the advantages of the Global Information Grid (GIG) cannot be overstated, the challenge of maintaining security policies effectively is a daunting task. This huge network incorporates a diverse array of components and is designed to be highly dynamic and mobile. Asserting control over the GIG is critical to operational success yet is often too cumbersome via traditional means. Although systems exist for managing security policy on enterprise-scale networks, they tend to assume relatively static network configurations in which updates are deployed largely manually. Along with being lengthy, labor-intensive operations, such reconfigurations can misinterpret or overlook governing security policies and controls, leaving portions of the network vulnerable to attack. We propose the Security Policy Enforcement and Compliance System (SPECS), a framework for managing security policy on super-sized, diverse and dynamic networks. SPECS automates policy management by encoding policies in an ontology to facilitate automated enforcement given operational requirements. By linking policies to the controls that enforce them, SPECS can rapidly deploy existing policies into new or changing operational environments, and it can update existing environments in response to changes in the policies themselves. This end-to-end modeling also enables SPECS to quickly assess compliance for assured levels of network security.

ATC - NY
33 Thornwood Drive, Suite 500
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 257-1975
Dr. David Rosenthal
OSD 05-NC6      Awarded: 27APR06
Title:Tool Support for Objective-based Network Policy Decisions
Abstract:The fast moving dynamics of future network centric warfare, i.e. changes in capability (significant gain or loss of infrastructure), changes in mission, changes in (coalition) partners and their roles, and responses to network attacks require the ability for rapid system reconfiguration. To avoid interruptions in the missions, it is critical for network managers to understand the impact of the decisions they are making. ATC-NY and Architecture Technology Corporation will develop PolicyProjector to ensure network managers have maximum visibility into the impact of their decisions. PolicyProjector will help network managers to assure that priority activities will be sustained, performance objectives will be met, security will be adequately controlled, and changes will not lead to unacceptable limitations on future configuration changes (e.g., inability to add a new coalition partner).

CYBER DEFENSE AGENCY, LLC
3601 43rd Street South
Wisconsin Rapids, WI 54494
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(612) 789-0559
Mr. Dan Thomsen
OSD 05-NC6      Awarded: 27APR06
Title:ESPANOLA - Evolutionary Security Policy Analysis Language
Abstract:Protecting critical information assets requires more than a best effort, it requires proof that the assets are protected. Proof requires formal analysis relying on solid foundations of mathematical analysis. However, field operators not trained in formal methods are responsible for managing the dynamic enterprise wide systems and ensuring the policy is correct. An integrated system is required that combines an easy to use paradigm with automatic verification of policy changes. Our solution called ESPANOLA creates simple to use policy objects for field operators. Each policy object contains the verification and mission requirements necessary to ensure any changes are automatically verified. This system can then be used to very policy changes in response to an attack, and automatically strength the security policy when the system is not under attack.

ISX CORP.
760 Paseo Camarillo, Ste. 401
Camarillo, CA 93010
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(678) 581-2019
Mr. David Van Brackle
OSD 05-NC6      Awarded: 28APR06
Title:Generic, Risk-Adaptive Security Policy (GRASP)
Abstract:Generic, Risk-Adaptive Security Policy (GRASP) will provide operators with a policy-based mechanism for managing security within a dynamic networking environment. GRASP will provide the means to specify, deconflict, and maintain policy, to apply, monitor, and enforce policy and to analyze and simulate the effects of policy. GRASP will achieve this by developing:  A Semantically-rich policy representation  An intuitive graphical user interface  Logically-rigorous tools for policy analysis, disclosure, and deconfliction  Empirical tools for policy analysis, disclosure, and deconfliction  Rigorous enforcement of policy over heterogeneous operational environments  Context-sensitive policy adaptation  Policy provenance and versioning tools

21ST CENTURY TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
4515 Seton Center Parkway, Suite 320
Austin, TX 78759
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 342-0010
Mr. Logan Gilbert
OSD 05-NC7      Awarded: 31JUL06
Title:Geographical Interdependency Awareness Tool (GIAT)
Abstract:21st Century Technologies, Inc. (21CT), leveraging our expertise and experience in threat, vulnerability, and criticality assessments throughout the Infrastructure Network, proposes GIAT, the Geographical Interdependency Awareness Tool, which will enable understanding